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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 321542 matches for " F. L. Bukar "
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Cephalic Tetanus: A Case Report
M. A. Alhaji,U. Abdulhafiz,C. I. Atuanya,F. L. Bukar
Case Reports in Infectious Diseases , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/780209
Abstract: A case report of cephalic tetanus in a 2-year-old girl who was not immunized against tetanus following suppurative otitis media (SOM) is presented. This case is reported because of the rarity of cephalic tetanus associated with high mortality, to highlight the risk of cephalic tetanus as sequelae of SOM and the need for proper aural care and prompt treatment of SOM. Primary immunization of all eligible children as well as booster vaccination at appropriate time as an effective management strategy for tetanus is emphasized.
Female Genital Mutilation in Northeastern Nigeria  [PDF]
M. O. Amodu, M. T. Bolori, A. Kuchichi, Ibrahim Musa Ngoshe, F. L. Bukar
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105827
Introduction: Different forms of cultural practices are being practiced in Nigeria and other parts of the world. Some of such are beneficial while others lead to negative impacts. Female genital mutilation as one type of harmful traditional practices is a form of violence against women. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), practiced in many parts of the world, also known as female circumcision or female genital cutting (FGC), is the practice in which a female child undergoes a process involving the female external genital organ being removed partially or totally for nonmedical reasons, causing a lot of health and other problems during, shortly after the procedure and later in life. Objective: The objective of the study was to understand knowledge and thoughts of women towards female genital mutilation. Method: A cross sectional descriptive study. Results: Most of the respondents were aware of FGM but not as high as in the southern part of Nigeria. The majority knew the meaning of FGM and thought it as a harmful practice done for various reasons. Conclusion: FGM has negative impacts. It is highly recommended for government to enlighten parents more about menace of FGM through community and school health education.
Bacteria Flora Of The Anterior Genitalia Of The Sahelian Doe In Maiduguri-Borno State, Nigeria
Y M Bukar-Kolo, J D Amin, L T Zaria
Nigerian Veterinary Journal , 2007,
Abstract: The genital tract of animals especially the posterior part is known to harbour non-specific bacteria that are sometimes called the “normal flora”. Although the type of bacteria present and the role they play is not well understood, under stressful conditions they may cause disease (Hirsh, 1990). A variety of bacteria have been isolated from the genitalia of the doe and these include Staphylococci, Streptococci, Actinomyces, Pseudomonas, E. coli, Mycoplasma and Brucella species (Amin, 1988; Fasanya et al.,1987; Ababneh and Degefa,2006; Safiriyu et al., 2006). These organisms have been associated with disease conditions of the genitalia of animals. Adams, 1975 reported that isolation of pathogenic Staphylococci under normal and disease conditions of the genital tract revealed that they may be natural inhabitants of these organs but under conditions of stress such as following lambing, abortions etc they may cause metritis and infertility. Isolation of potentially pathogenic organisms from the normal genitalia of live and dead ewes has been reported previously (Hopwood, 1956; Amin 1988). Most of the reported cases were made from apparently healthy animals and in the absence of experimental infection; the true role of many of the isolates in reproductive disease has remained in doubt. Thus, this study was carried out to determine the ‘normal\' aerobic bacterial flora of the genitalia of apparently healthy sahelian does during different phases of the reproductive cycle.
Giant Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Parotid Gland
?mdat Yüce,Sedat ?a?l,Mala Bukar Sandabe,Ali Bayram
Erciyes Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common among all the tumors of the salivary glands and frequently affecting the parotid gland. The vast majority of these tumors are between two and six centimeter in size but cases of giant pleomorphic adenoma have been reported. We present a case of giant pleomorphic adenoma, which was treated successfully by surgery and weigh 1.2 kilogram.
Anti-plasmodia activity of leaf extracts of Calotropis procera Linn
SY Mudi, A Bukar
Biokemistri , 2011,
Abstract: The leaves of Calotropis procera were air dried, grounded and soaked with ethanol. The extracts obtained (29.79g, CP1) was fractionated sequentially using aqueous methanol with petroleum ether, chloroform and ethyl acetate respectively. The residue of ethanol extract (marc) was extracted with 5M HCl, basified and extracted with chloroform. These were labeled as CP1-01 to CP1-05 for the plant. Each of these fractions was phytochemically screened to detect the class of secondary metabolite present. The fractions obtained from the plant were found to be selectively active against brine shrimp larvae. These fractions were also subjected to antimalaria parasites bioassay. Fractions CP1, CP1-04 and CP1-05 were found to be active against tested organisms, withCP1-04 being the most active. CP1-04 was further subjected to activity guided column chromatography that led to the isolation of two pure compounds CP1-04-1 and CP1-04-61. Compound CP1-04-61 was found to be active against the malaria parasite. This was further purified and subjected to qualitative and quantitative analysis.
Antibacterial and antifungal effect of high pH and paraffin wax application on tomatoes, oranges and peppers
AM Magashi, A Bukar
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2007,
Abstract: The antibacterial and antifungal effects of high pH (9, 10) and paraffin wax were determined. Determination of antibacterial and antifungal activity of the combined treatments was achieved by aerobic mesophilic count of bacteria and fungi on the surface of the tomatoes, peppers and oranges using serial dilution and pour plate techniques and compared prior to and after 4 days of treatment with buffer (pH 9, 10) and wax for 3 min using dipping method. Reduction in bacterial and fungal count indicates antifungal and antibacterial activity. A bacterial count reduction of 84.3 (control), 63.4 (pH 9) and 78.2% (pH 10) and fungal count reduction of 53.6 (control), 43.4 (pH 9) and 73.5 (pH 10) were achieved after 4 days of treatment respectively. The study shows that the control (unwaxed) had similar antibacterial and antifungal effect as waxed fruits at pH 9 and 10, except for pH 10 that had higher reduction of fungal counts than the control, showing prospect of higher activity with wax at higher pH than 10.
Nigeria needs to take responsibility for its IDPs
Bagoni Alhaji Bukar
Forced Migration Review , 2012,
Abstract: There remain legal and policy challenges in assisting and protectinginternally displaced persons in Nigeria. The Government of Nigeria hasdrafted a national policy on IDPs but it has yet to be officially adopted.
Is There Any Difference of Financial Features between Bidder and Target Banks in Nigeria Mergers and Acquisitions?  [PDF]
Bukar Umar Bolori
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104729
The Nigerian Banking sector has suffered problematic times since 1999, when the sector was facing problems of corporate governance as identified by the Central Bank of Nigeria. However, CBN started embarking on a comprehensive reform agenda since that time and many measures have been taken to bring the sector on the right track by imposing an IMF Code of Good Practices on Transparency in Monetary and Financial policies. Mergers and Acquisitions (M & A) is a process “where two or more companies are combined to achieve certain strategic and business objectives”. Therefore, Merger and Acquisition seems as a means of achieving business and strategy objectives. The study examined the differences of financial features among bidder and target banks in the Nigerian commercial banking sector. The findings of paired t-test on financial features among bidder and target banks show that bidders and targets’ mean of each variable and financial features between bidder and target banks for 3 years (2002-2004) average indicates that bidders and targets’ mean of each variable are statistically different at 5%. Similarly, the findings for bidder banks’ performance of 5 years (2000-2004) before and 5 years (2006-2010) after mergers and bidder banks’ performance of 3 years (2002-2004) before and 3 years after mergers (2006-2008) are also statistically different at 5%. The study recommends that managers of large and efficient banks seeking to go for merger and acquisition should halt from targeting small and less efficient banks because it will lead to operational inefficiency.
Simulation Using Sensitivity Analysis of a Product Production Rate Optimization Model of a Plastic Industry  [PDF]
Mala Abba-Aji, Vincent Ogwagwu, Bukar Umar Musa
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2013.23018

This study analyzes the sensitivity analysis using shadow price of plastic products. This is based on a research carried out to study optimization problem of BOPLAS, a plastic industry in Maiduguri, North eastern Nigeria. Simplex method of Linear programming is employed to formulate the equations which were solved by using costenbol software. Sensitivity analysis using shadow price reveals that the price of wash hand bowls is critical to the net benefit (profit) of the company.

Cash Management, Revenue Sources and Cost Effective Methods of Revenue Collection at Local Government Level
Mustapha Gimba Kumshe,Kagu Bukar
International Journal of Basics and Applied Science , 2013,
Abstract: The main objective of this paper was to focus on the elements, objectives, goals and importance of cash management; and also to examine the sources of revenue and cost effective collections for local governments. The elements of cash management are identified as establishing bank relations, preparing cash flow statements, estimating collection receipts and analyzing cash flow and preparing a budget. Amongst the objectives of cash management is to ensure availability of cash resources at all times for efficient and unconstrained implementation of the annual budget. The primary goals of a good cash management system are to maintain adequate cash at hand to meet the daily cash requirements of the local government while maximizing the amount available for investment and to obtain the maximum earnings on invested funds while ensuring their safety. The local governments obtain their revenue through internal and external sources, the external sources of revenue includes federal statutory allocations and loans obtained from financial institutions and other agencies; while among the internal sources are revenue from market fees, fees collected from motor parks, street hawking fees, shop fees and other miscellaneous sources. Some of the cost effective methods of revenue collections are contracting out of revenue collections to private collection agency, designating collection points for convenience, application of e-collection method where the local governments device a means of allowing tax payers to pay their taxes online. It is recommended that proper management of funds, efficient accounting and auditing system is necessary for proper cash management.
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