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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 367122 matches for " Félix Luis; Pérez Rodríguez "
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POLVO SEDIMENTABLE, ASMA BRONQUIAL Y ENFERMEDADES RESPIRATORIAS AGUDAS: San Antonio de los ba?os, 1994-2003
Hernández Fuentes,Carlos Eduardo; Rodríguez Pérez,Félix Luis; Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio;
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2009,
Abstract: bronchial asthma (ba) and acute respiratory infections (ari) are an important health problem in the world as well as in san antonio de los ba?os municipality. this research used the 238 samples of pollution air from 1994 to 2003 that were correlated with chronological series of ba and ari from the same period.the main results were that 75% of the samples of contamination surveillance system were over the normal levels of pollution.the annual average ari were 29 176 attentions and 9471 attentions on ba. ab monthly attentions rate were in a range of nearly 2000 at 9000 / 100000 inhabitants and between 22 700 and 34 000 attentions on ari. atmospheric pollution, measured by particulate air pollution above the standard 0.5 mg/cm 2/30 days it was increased between may to august. the biggest reports by air pollution proceeded to ari attention increased. ba was increased generally on march and april but when a pollution air decreased. the high level of pollution air may be an environment condition to increase the respiratory problems. further studies are necessary to contribute in this field.
POLVO SEDIMENTABLE, ASMA BRONQUIAL Y ENFERMEDADES RESPIRATORIAS AGUDAS: San Antonio de los ba os, 1994-2003 Settable dust, bronchial asthma and acute respiratory diseases
Carlos Eduardo Hernández Fuentes,Félix Luis Rodríguez Pérez,Antonio Pérez Rodríguez
Revista Habanera de Ciencias M??dicas , 2009,
Abstract: Las enfermedades respiratorias como el asma y las Infecciones Respiratorias Agudas (IRA), constituyen un importante problema de salud en el municipio San Antonio de los Ba os. En esta investigación, se emplearon 238 resultados de muestras de polvo sedimentable, correspondiente a 120 meses de observación en un período de 10 a os (1994-2003), procesadas en el Centro Municipal de Higiene y Epidemiología. Los datos de atenciones por IRA y crisis de asma se obtuvieron de la Dirección Municipal de Salud. Los resultados fundamentales consisten en que 75 % de la vigilancia de polvo sedimentable, estuvo por encima de la norma establecida (0.5 mg/cm2/30 días). A nivel municipal se reportan anualmente en promedio 29 176 casos notificados de IRA; así como 9 471 crisis de asma y se ubica dentro de los municipios que poseen alto riesgo por IRA. El análisis de la correlación y la tendencia por polvo sedimentable y las atenciones de IRA por 100 000 habitantes, reflejó que los picos de los mayores reportes por polvo sedimentable, anteceden a los mayores reportes de atenciones. Por otra parte, la comparación entre el polvo sedimentable y las tasas de atenciones por crisis de asma bronquial por 100 000 habitantes, arrojó que los picos de máxima contaminación por polvo sedimentable coinciden generalmente con mínimos de atenciones por crisis de asma bronquial. Todo ello sugiere que las crisis que ocurren ulteriormente, pueden ser asociadas con el polvo aún en suspensión. La condición de atmósfera cargada con concentraciones variables de polvo sedimentable, por encima de la norma estable-cida de 0.5 mg/cm2/30 días, pudiera exacerbar estas enfermedades respiratorias objeto de nuestro estudio. Bronchial asthma (BA) and Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI) are an important health problem in the world as well as in San Antonio de los Ba os municipality. This research used the 238 samples of pollution air from 1994 to 2003 that were correlated with chronological series of BA and ARI from the same period.The main results were that 75% of the samples of contamination surveillance system were over the normal levels of pollution.The annual average ARI were 29 176 attentions and 9471 attentions on BA. AB monthly attentions rate were in a range of nearly 2000 at 9000 / 100000 inhabitants and between 22 700 and 34 000 attentions on ARI. Atmospheric pollution, measured by particulate air pollution above the standard 0.5 mg/cm 2/30 days it was increased between May to August. The biggest reports by air pollution proceeded to ARI attention increased. BA was increased generally on March and A
Molecular method for the characterization of Coxiella burnetii from clinical and environmental samples: variability of genotypes in Spain
Isabel Jado, Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Jesús Félix Barandika, álvaro Toledo, Cristina García-Amil, Beatriz Serrano, Margarita Bola?os, Horacio Gil, Raquel Escudero, Ana L. García-Pérez, A. Sonia Olmeda, Ianire Astobiza, Bruno Lobo, Manuela Rodríguez-Vargas, José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Fernando López-Gatius, Francisco Pascual-Velasco, Gustavo Cilla, Noé F. Rodríguez, Pedro Anda
BMC Microbiology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2180-12-91
Abstract: To assess the variability of this organism in Spain, we have developed a novel method that consists of a multiplex (8 targets) PCR and hybridization with specific probes that reproduce the previous classification of this organism into 8 genomic groups, and up to 16 genotypes. It allows for a direct characterization from clinical and environmental samples in a single run, which will help in the study of the different genotypes circulating in wild and domestic cycles as well as from sporadic human cases and outbreaks. The method has been validated with reference isolates. A high variability of C. burnetii has been found in Spain among 90 samples tested, detecting 10 different genotypes, being those adaA negative associated with acute Q fever cases presenting as fever of intermediate duration with liver involvement and with chronic cases. Genotypes infecting humans are also found in sheep, goats, rats, wild boar and ticks, and the only genotype found in cattle has never been found among our clinical samples.This newly developed methodology has permitted to demonstrate that C. burnetii is highly variable in Spain. With the data presented here, cattle seem not to participate in the transmission of C. burnetii to humans in the samples studied, while sheep, goats, wild boar, rats and ticks share genotypes with the human population.
Resultados del Programa Nacional de Inmunización Antimeningocócica BC en menores de 1 a?o en Cuba
Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio; Dickinson Meneses,Félix;
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 1998,
Abstract: the meningococcal disease (md) is currently an important health problem all around the world. the va-mengoc-bc vaccin has been used in cuba since 1991, in children under 1 year of age, through the national immunization program (nip), and its results were assessed in this study. a descriptive study was carried out on morbidity and mortality due to md, and in concordance with the vaccine backgrounds of 237 cases diagnosed between january 1st., 1991, and december 31st., 1996; the vaccine effectiveness was also estimated. among the most important results there is the md rate in this age group, which has decreased from 49,9 to 13/100 000 inhabitants, while the vaccine coverage has increased over the 95 % to reach a vaccine effectiveness over the 90 %. the major incidence at 3 months of age was displaced, with greater frequency in non-vaccinated patients. the general mortality was of 15,2 %. it was concluded that the use of va-mengoc-bc as a part of the nip, decreased the morbidity and mortality due to the meningococcal disease in children under 1 year of age.
Resultados del Programa Nacional de Inmunización Antimeningocócica BC en menores de 1 a o en Cuba
Antonio Pérez Rodríguez,Félix Dickinson Meneses
Revista Cubana de Pediatr?-a , 1998,
Abstract: La enfermedad meningocócica (EM) constituye en la actualidad un importante problema de salud en todo el mundo. La vacuna VA-MENGOC-BC ha sido aplicada en Cuba desde 1991 a ni os menores de 1 a o mediante el Programa Nacional de Inmunizaciones (PMI), cuyos resultados se decidieron valorar con el presente estudio. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de morbilidad y mortalidad por EM y de acuerdo con los antecedentes vacunales de los 237 casos diagnosticados entre el 1ro. de enero de 1991 y el 31 de diciembre de 1996, y se estimó también la efectividad vacunal. Entre los resultados más importantes aparece la tasa de EM en este grupo de edad la cual ha disminuido de 49,9 a 13/100 000 habitantes, mientras la cobertura vacunal se ha incrementado por encima del 95 %, para alcanzar una efectividad vacunal por encima del 90 %. Fue desplazada la mayor incidencia a los 3 meses de edad, con una mayor frecuencia de enfermos en no vacunados. La letalidad general fue de 15,2 %. Se concluyó en que la aplicación de la VA-MENGOC-BC, como parte del PNI, disminuyó la morbilidad y mortalidad por la enfermedad meningocócica de los menores de 1 a o de edad. The meningococcal disease (MD) is currently an important health problem all around the world. The VA-MENGOC-BC vaccin has been used in Cuba since 1991, in children under 1 year of age, through the National Immunization Program (NIP), and its results were assessed in this study. A descriptive study was carried out on morbidity and mortality due to MD, and in concordance with the vaccine backgrounds of 237 cases diagnosed between January 1st., 1991, and December 31st., 1996; the vaccine effectiveness was also estimated. Among the most important results there is the MD rate in this age group, which has decreased from 49,9 to 13/100 000 inhabitants, while the vaccine coverage has increased over the 95 % to reach a vaccine effectiveness over the 90 %. The major incidence at 3 months of age was displaced, with greater frequency in non-vaccinated patients. The general mortality was of 15,2 %. It was concluded that the use of VA-MENGOC-BC as a part of the NIP, decreased the morbidity and mortality due to the meningococcal disease in children under 1 year of age.
Vacuna VA-MENGOC-BC: su repercusión sobre la enfermedad meningocócica en ni os de 1 a 4 a os
Antonio Pérez Rodríguez,Félix O. Dickinson Meneses
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 1999,
Abstract: La vacuna VA-MENGOC-BC ha sido aplicada a lactantes en Cuba desde 1991 mediante el Programa Nacional de Inmunizaciones (PNI) por lo que resultaba necesario evaluar sus efectos en los ni os de 1 a 4 a os incluidos en el grupo de mayor riesgo. Para esto se realizó un estudio descriptivo del comportamiento de morbimortalidad por enfermedad meningocócica (EM), se tuvieron en cuenta los antecedentes vacunales de los 145 casos ocurridos entre 1991 y 1996. Entre los resultados más importantes estuvo la tendencia decreciente de la densidad de incidencia (DI) de EM en todos los grupos de edad del período estudiado, el mayor descenso se destacó en los ni os de 1 a o con una DI de 10,8/100 000 ni os/a os al inicio del período y 0,68/100 000 ni os/a os al final. La distribución porcentual de la ocurrencia fue con predominio de los ni os de 1 a o al inicio de la ejecución del programa, con un cambio hacia los de 3 y 4 a os al final. Un alto porcentaje de ni os enfermos vacunados tenían más de un a o de inmunizados (promedio de 697,5 d). Hubo 35 fallecidos durante el período, el mayor descenso de la densidad de mortalidad (<1/100 000 ni os/a o) se observó a partir de 1993, y correspondió a los ni os de 2 a os el mayor riesgo de morir. De los fallecidos vacunados 73,1 % tenían más de 1 a o de inmunizados. La letalidad general resultó de 24,1 % y la más baja de 14,3 % en ni os de 1 a o de edad. Los cambios experimentados en el comportamiento de la EM en un grupo de tan alto riesgo atribuibles a la aplicación de la vacuna como parte del PNI, justifican plenamente su continuidad.
Efectividad de la vacuna antimeningocócica VA-MENGOC-BC? en el primer a?o de vida, Cuba, 1997-2008
Pérez Rodríguez,Antonio; Dickinson Meneses,Félix; Rodríguez Ortega,Misladys;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2011,
Abstract: introduction: meningococcal disease is an important health problem worldwide. since 1991 the vaccine va-mengoc-bc has been used in cuban under one-year old infants. objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the vaccine va-mengo-bc?. methods: for the evaluation after licensing this vaccine, all the infants affected by meningococcal disease between 1997 and 2008 were studied. results: a total number of 114 cases were recorded. the annual average incidence was 7.1 per 100 000 infants. the mean vaccinal effectiveness for the period was 84.0 %, ranging from 68 % to 104 %. the frequency of disease in unvaccinated children was 20.2 % (23/114); 79.8 % (91/114) within the vaccination age, but only 75.8 % (69/91) of them had confirmed the immunization date. only 26.4 % (24/91) had one single dose applied whereas 73.6 % (67/91) had completed their vaccination schedule (2 doses). the meningococcal disease prevailed in the first six months of life, declined afterwards and then started to rise again at 10 and 11 months of age. the meningeal form of clinical presentation predominated (89.5 %); case-fatality rate was 7.0 % (8/114), being 4,4 % for meningococcemia and 2,6 % for meningitis. conclusions: the vaccine va-mengoc-bc? effectiveness in infants was satisfactory. it is suggested that further analysis be made by a group of experts on the use of a booster dose.
Efectividad de la vacuna antimeningocócica VA-MENGOC-BC en el primer a o de vida, Cuba, 1997-2008 Effectiveness of the anti-meningococcal vaccine VA-MENGO-BC in the first year of life of Cuban children, 1997-2008
Antonio Pérez Rodríguez,Félix Dickinson Meneses,Misladys Rodríguez Ortega
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: la enfermedad meningocócica constituye un importante problema de salud mundial. Desde 1991 la vacuna VA-MENGOC-BC se aplica en Cuba a los ni os menores de 1 a o. Objetivo: evaluar la efectividad de la vacuna VA-MENGOC-BC . Métodos: para la evaluación poslicenciamiento de VA-MENGOC-BC se estudiaron los lactantes con enfermedad meningocócica notificados entre 1997 y 2008. Resultados: ocurrieron 114 casos para una incidencia media anual de 7,1/100 000 lactantes. La estimación de la efectividad vacunal media resultó de 84,0 %, oscilando entre 68 y 104 %. La ocurrencia de enfermedad meningocócica en los no vacunados fue de 20,2 % (23/114); 79,8 % (91/114) en lactantes con edad de vacunación y en 75,8 % (69/91) se precisó la fecha de inmunización. Tenían una sola dosis de vacuna aplicada 26,4 % (24/91) y 73,6 % (67/91) recibió el esquema completo (2 dosis). La enfermedad meningocócica predominó en los primeros 6 meses de edad, declinó a partir de este momento y comenzó de nuevo su ascenso a los 10 y 11 meses. Predominó la forma meníngea (89,5 %); la letalidad general fue de 7 % (8/114), con 4,4 % para la meningococemia y 2,6 % para la meningitis. Conclusiones: la efectividad de VA-MENGOC-BC fue satisfactoria. Se sugiere realizar un análisis por un grupo de expertos sobre la necesidad de aplicar una tercera dosis. Introduction: meningococcal disease is an important health problem worldwide. Since 1991 the vaccine VA-MENGOC-BC has been used in Cuban under one-year old infants. Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the vaccine VA-MENGO-BC . Methods: for the evaluation after licensing this vaccine, all the infants affected by meningococcal disease between 1997 and 2008 were studied. Results: a total number of 114 cases were recorded. The annual average incidence was 7.1 per 100 000 infants. The mean vaccinal effectiveness for the period was 84.0 %, ranging from 68 % to 104 %. The frequency of disease in unvaccinated children was 20.2 % (23/114); 79.8 % (91/114) within the vaccination age, but only 75.8 % (69/91) of them had confirmed the immunization date. Only 26.4 % (24/91) had one single dose applied whereas 73.6 % (67/91) had completed their vaccination schedule (2 doses). The meningococcal disease prevailed in the first six months of life, declined afterwards and then started to rise again at 10 and 11 months of age. The meningeal form of clinical presentation predominated (89.5 %); case-fatality rate was 7.0 % (8/114), being 4,4 % for meningococcemia and 2,6 % for meningitis. Conclusions: the vaccine VA-MENGOC-BC effectiveness in inf
Mujer y violencia: ¿un problema de salud comunitario?
Culay Pérez,Alexis; Santana Suárez,Félix; Rodríguez Ferra,Reynaldo; Pérez Alonso,Carlos;
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2000,
Abstract: a descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted aimed at knowing the behaviour of violence against women at the "ignacio agramonte" microdistrict belonging to the "tula aguilera" teaching polyclinic, in the municipality of camagüey, from august lst, 1997, to january 3lst, 1998. of a universe of 1 088 women aged 15-49, 310 were surveyed. the size of the survey was calculated by using the edipat statistical program. 226 women reported some type of violence, accounting for 72,9%. it was concluded that psychological violence was reported by half of the women, sexual violence by a third, and that physical violence was the ess reported. violence was mostly reported by women aged 30-39 with a preuniversitary educational level. most of the battered women did not ask for professional help
Mujer y violencia: un problema de salud comunitario?
Alexis Culay Pérez,Félix Santana Suárez,Reynaldo Rodríguez Ferra,Carlos Pérez Alonso
Revista Cubana de Medicina General Integral , 2000,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal con el objetivo de conocer el comportamiento de la violencia contra la mujer en el microdistrito "Ignacio Agramonte", perteneciente al policlínico docente "Tula Aguilera" del municipio Camagüey, en el período comprendido desde el 1° de agosto de 1997 al 31 de enero de 1998. De un universo de 1088 mujeres entre 15 y 49 a os se le realizó una encuesta a 310 mujeres - el tama o de la encuesta se calculó utilizando el programa estadístico nombrado EPIDAT- resultando que 226 mujeres reportaron algún tipo de violencia para un 72,9 %. Se concluyó que la violencia psicológica fue reportada por la mitad de las mujeres, la violencia sexual por una 3ra parte y la violencia física fue la menos reportada. La violencia fue mayormente se alada por mujeres de 30-39 a os con un nivel de escolaridad pre-universitario. La gran mayoría de las mujeres violentadas no solicitaron ayuda profesional A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted aimed at knowing the behaviour of violence against women at the "Ignacio Agramonte" microdistrict belonging to the "Tula Aguilera" Teaching Polyclinic, in the municipality of Camagüey, from August lst, 1997, to January 3lst, 1998. Of a universe of 1 088 women aged 15-49, 310 were surveyed. The size of the survey was calculated by using the EDIPAT statistical program. 226 women reported some type of violence, accounting for 72,9%. It was concluded that psychological violence was reported by half of the women, sexual violence by a third, and that physical violence was the ess reported. Violence was mostly reported by women aged 30-39 with a preuniversitary educational level. Most of the battered women did not ask for professional help
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