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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 439717 matches for " Fábio Gomes de Matos e; "
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Tratamento da depress?o
Souza, Fábio Gomes de Matos e;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44461999000500005
Abstract: the antidepressant treatment should be accomplished considering the patient?s biological, psychological and social aspects. in average, there are no significant differences in terms of efficacy among the different antidepressants but the profile in terms of collateral effects, price, suicide risk, tolerability shows great variation which implies in differences in the effectiveness of drugs for each patient. the therapy, therefore, should be individualized. the prophylactic prescription of antidepressants will depend on the intensity and frequency of the depressive episodes. the suicide risk should always be evaluated and if necessary ect should be prescribed. there is no ideal antidepressant, however, there is a large variety of drugs acting through different mechanisms of action which allows the possibility of therapeutic success in resistant depressions.
Tratamento do transtorno bipolar: eutimia
Souza, Fábio Gomes de Matos e;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832005000700010
Abstract: bipolar disorder is a complex disorder characterized by depression episodes, mania or hypomania and asymptomatic phases. the treatment aims at the control of acute episodes and prevention of new episodes. the pharmacological treatment was inaugurated with lithium. until the moment, lithium remains as the treatment with more favorable evidences in the maintenance phase. other treatments demonstrate efficacy in this phase, as valproate, carbamazepine and atypical antipsychotics. of the atypical antipsychotics, the most studied in this phase of treatment is olanzapine. more prospective studies are necessary to confirm prophylactic action of new agents.
Tratamento da depress o
Souza Fábio Gomes de Matos e
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 1999,
Abstract: O tratamento antidepressivo deve ser realizado considerando os aspectos biológicos, psicológicos e sociais do paciente. Na média, n o há diferen as significativas em termos de eficácia entre os diferentes antidepressivos mas o perfil em termos de efeitos colaterais, pre o, risco de suicídio, tolerabilidade varia bastante o que implica em diferen as na efetividade das drogas para cada paciente. A conduta, portanto, deve ser individualizada. A prescri o profilática de antidepressivos irá depender da intensidade e freqüência dos episódios depressivos. O risco de suicídio dever ser sempre avaliado e se necessário o ECT deverá ser indicado. N o há antidepressivo ideal, entretanto, atualmente existe uma disponibilidade grande de drogas atuando através de diferentes mecanismos de a o o que permite que, mesmo em depress es consideradas resistentes, o tratamento possa obter êxito.
Qualidade de vida e depress?o em mulheres vítimas de seus parceiros
Adeodato,Vanessa Gurgel; Carvalho,Racquel dos Reis; Siqueira,Ver?nica Riquet de; Souza,Fábio Gomes de Matos e;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102005000100014
Abstract: objective: to evaluate quality of life and depression among women who suffer domestic violence and to describe the socioeconomic profile of women who were abused by their partners and aspects of these abuses. methods: the study sample comprised 100 women who were abused by their partners and filed a complaint at the police office for women of the state of ceará, brazil. three questionnaires were applied: one for collecting demographic and violence data; the second one (ghq-28) one to evaluate general quality of life; and the third one (beck) to quantify depression. results: abused women are young, married, catholic, have children, low schooling and low family income. alcohol use and jealousy were the main reported factors leading to partner's abuse. of all, 84% of women suffered physical attacks. it was observed that 72% had depression symptoms; 78% had anxiety symptoms and insomnia; 39% had already thought of killing themselves, and 24% started taking anxiety medications after been abused. conclusions: data analysis suggests that domestic violence is associated with a negative perception by women of their mental heath.
Qualidade de vida e depress o em mulheres vítimas de seus parceiros
Adeodato Vanessa Gurgel,Carvalho Racquel dos Reis,Siqueira Ver?nica Riquet de,Souza Fábio Gomes de Matos e
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida e depress o nas mulheres vítimas da violência doméstica; estabelecer o perfil socioecon mico da mulher agredida pelo parceiro e as particularidades das agress es sofridas. MéTODOS: A amostra constituiu-se de 100 mulheres que sofreram agress o de seus parceiros e que prestaram queixa na Delegacia da Mulher do Ceará. Foram aplicados três questionários: o primeiro visa a obter dados demográficos e sobre a violência sofrida; o segundo (GHQ-28), sobre a qualidade de vida em geral; e o terceiro (Beck), quantifica o grau de depress o. RESULTADOS: O perfil da mulher agredida é: jovem, casada, católica, tem filhos, pouco tempo de estudo e baixa renda familiar. álcool e ciúme foram os fatores mais referidos como desencadeantes das agress es, tendo 84% das mulheres sofrido agress o física. Foi observado que 72% delas apresentaram quadro sugestivo de depress o clínica; 78% tinham sintomas de ansiedade e ins nia; 39% já pensaram em suicídio e 24% passaram a fazer uso de ansiolíticos após o início das agress es. CONCLUS ES: A análise dos dados sugere que a violência doméstica está associada a uma percep o negativa da saúde mental da mulher.
Cataract occurrence in patients treated with antipsychotic drugs
Souza, Valéria Barreto Novais e;Moura Filho, Francisco José Rodrigues de;Souza, Fábio Gomes de Matos e;Rocha, Camila Farias;Furtado, Fernando Ant?nio Mendes Lopes;Gon?alves, Tiago Bessa Almeida;Vasconcelos, Karla Feitosa Ximenes;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462008000300008
Abstract: objective: typical antipsychotic drugs, mainly phenothiazines, have been associated with cataract formation for over forty years. recently, there has been a concern about atypical antipsychotic drugs' potential for inducing this lenticular pathology. accordingly, we sought to determine the cataract rate and other ocular side effects in patients on long-term therapy with antipsychotic drugs. method: eighty outpatients with dsm-iv diagnosis of schizophrenia from two settings who met pre determined inclusion criteria were submitted to an ophthalmological evaluation for ocular abnormalities with emphasis in the lens and cornea. they were divided into two groups: group 1 (n = 52) comprised patients who had been predominantly on typical antipsychotics for at least two years and group 2 (n = 28) patients who had been predominantly on atypical antipsychotics for at least two years. results: cataract was found in 26 patients (33%) with predominance of anterior capsular cataract. the cataract rate among patients from group 1 (40%) was higher than among those from group 2 (18%). visual acuity was reduced in 21 patients (26%). no changes were observed neither in the cornea nor in the retina. conclusions: patients using antipsychotic drugs should be submitted to a periodic ophthalmological evaluation.
Intraocular pressure in schizophrenic patients treated with psychiatric medications
Souza, Valéria Barreto Novais e;Moura Filho, Francisco José Rodrigues de;Souza, Fábio Gomes de Matos e;Pereira Filho, Sergio Augusto Carvalho;Coelho, Suele Serra;Furtado, Fernando Ant?nio Mendes Lopes;Gon?alves, Tiago Bessa Almeida;Vasconcelos, Karla Feitosa Ximenes;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492008000500009
Abstract: purpose: in order to assess the occurrence of adverse ocular effects of antipsychotic drugs, we sought to evaluate intraocular pressure of schizophrenic patients treated with psychiatric medications. methods: twenty-eight outpatients with dsm-iv diagnosis of schizophrenia who met both the inclusion and exclusion criteria were submitted to an ophthalmic evaluation for ocular abnormalities which included intraocular pressure measurement with goldmann applanation tonometry. results: raised intraocular pressure was found in three patients (11%). abnormality in cup-disc ratio was seen in only one patient with cup-disc ratio asymmetry of 0.4. all these four patients were taking only ziprasidone. conclusions: patients using ziprasidone were found to have abnormalities in both intraocular pressure and cup-disc ratio.
Tratamento farmacológico do transtorno de personalidade limítrofe: revis?o crítica da literatura e desenvolvimento de algoritmos
Carvalho, André F.;Stracke, Cristiane B.;Souza, Fábio G. de Matos e;
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81082004000200007
Abstract: introduction: borderline personality disorder (bpd) is a psychiatric syndrome that causes significant morbidity and mortality to both inpatients and outpatients treated by mental health care providers. due to its relatively high prevalence in the psychiatric population, efforts are necessary to treat this problematic group of patients properly. objective: the aim of this paper is to review current evidence of the effectiveness of the various pharmacological approaches employed as part of the treatment plan designed for individuals coping with this illness. methods: for this purpose, the medline database was searched for clinical trials from 1986 to 2003. "borderline personality disorder" and "clinical trials" were used as descriptors. results: numerous works were retrieved, but very few controlled trials were available. noteworthy is the fact that virtually all classes of psychopharmacological agents were tested in this set of patients, often with modest and variable outcomes. due to methodological limitations observed in the vast majority of trials involving specific drugs in this group of patients, it was difficult to estimate the real benefit of the several agents tested. the most robust evidence exists for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, antipsychotics and divalproex. discussion: clearly, more well-designed clinical trials are needed, but the data reviewed suggest that drugs are effective in the treatment of target symptoms in these patients. psychotropics are useful when used in association with the psychotherapeutic approaches usually employed with borderline patients.
Some photosynthetic and growth responses of Annona glabra L. seedlings to soil flooding
Mielke, Marcelo S.;Matos, Elyabe M.;Couto, Virginia B.;Almeida, Alex-Alan F. de;Gomes, Fábio P.;Mangabeira, Pedro Antonio Oliveira;
Acta Botanica Brasilica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-33062005000400025
Abstract: an experiment was conducted with the aim to analyze the effects of soil flooding and leaf position on net primary productivity and whole plant carbon balance of annona glabra l. (annonaceae) seedlings, a highly flood-tolerant tree, native to the tropical americas. all seedlings survived a period of 56 days of flooding without symptoms of stress. flooding induced significant increments in root, stem and whole-plant biomass (p <0.01), and in the root:shoot mass ratio (p <0.05). measurements of leaf gas exchange were conducted at days four, 11, 18 and 56 after flooding, on the first (l1), fourth (l4) and seventh (l7) fully expanded leaves from the apex of each seedling. the mean values of stomatal conductance to water vapour (gs) and net photosynthetic rate (a) in the control seedlings were around 0.26 mol m-2s-1 and 8.8 μmol m-2s-1, respectively. significant reductions (p <0.05) in a were observed from l1 to l7 in controls at all four days of measurements. reductions in a with increasing leaf age also ocurred for flooded plants, but only at days four and 18. flooding induced significant changes in gs (p <0.05), reaching 65% of controls at day four but 152% of controls at day 56. based on the results we conclude that the high survival and growth rates of a. glabra seedlings are directly related to the capacity to mantain a high stomatal conductance and net photosynthetic rate under soil flooding.
Margem de seguran?a do meloxicam em c?es: efeitos deletérios nas células sangüíneas e trato gastrintestinal
Alencar, Marilac Maria Arnaldo;Pinto, Marília Taumaturgo;Oliveira, Diana Magalh?es;Pessoa, Adriana Wanderley de Pinho;Candido, Ivanilde Andrade;Virgínio, Camila Gomes;Coelho, Henrique de Souza Matos;Rocha, Marcos Fábio Gadelha;
Ciência Rural , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782003000300021
Abstract: this study investigated the margin of safety of the cox-2e inhibitor, meloxicam on blood cells and gastrointestinal tract of dogs. after a clinical and laboratorial examination, the dogs were distributed in the following groups: i (placebo; n=3), ii (piroxicam: 1.0mg kg-1; n=5), iii (meloxicam: 0.2mg kg-1; n=5), iv (meloxican: 1.0mg kg-1; n=5) and v (meloxican: 2.0mg kg-1; n=5). the drugs were given orally for 16 days. on the 17th day the complete hemogram was repeated and the euthanasia and necropsy were then accomplished. in group i there were no significative alterations. in group ii, all the dogs showed moderate episodes of vomit and diarrhea. the blood-cell profile was not modified. two dogs had hematocrit and hemoglobin reduction. in the necropsy, hemorrhagic spots and moderate gastroduodenal lesions were seen. the microscopic analysis revealed the presence of gastritis and ulcerative enteritis. in group iii, four dogs (80%) showed vomit and diarrhea, without alteration in blood-cell profile. the microscopic analysis showed mild lesions in the gastric mucosa and hemorrhagic spots in the duodenum of four dogs. histology showed lesions suggesting mild gastroenteritis. in group iv, all the dogs (n=5) showed vomit and blood diarrhea. four of them showed anemia (p <0.05). four and five dogs, respectively, had hematocrit and hemoglobin reduction. in addition, there was a significant (p<0.05) leukocytosis, neutrophilia and linfopenia in 60% of the dogs. the necropsy showed hiperemia, hemorrhage and severe gastric ulcers in all the dogs. in the microscopic analyses, gastroenteritis ulcerative was present in all the animals. in group v, the dogs (n=5) had serious vomit, diarrhea and melena episodes. the dogs that bore the treatment (n=4) had anemia and leukocytosis with neutrophilia and linfopenia significatives (p<0.05). all the dogs had hematocrit and hemoglobin reduction. in the necropsy, hemorrhages and severe gastroduodenal ulceration were seen. the microscopic an
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