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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10 matches for " Eyitayo Akoda "
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Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Carriage among Students at a Historically Black University: A Case Study
Hua Shen,Eyitayo Akoda,Kunyan Zhang
International Journal of Microbiology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/979734
Abstract:
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Carriage among Students at a Historically Black University: A Case Study
Hua Shen,Eyitayo Akoda,Kunyan Zhang
International Journal of Microbiology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/979734
Abstract: Background. Black people in the USA is afflicted with a higher rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection. This study determined the prevalence of MRSA carriage among black college students at a university setting. Methods. Hand and nasal swabs were collected and screened for MRSA by mannitol fermentation, coagulase, and DNase activities and their resistance to oxacillin. MRSA isolates were analyzed for antimicrobial resistance pattern, genetic profile for staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type, pulsed-field type, multilocus sequence type (ST), and the presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene. Results. MRSA was isolated from 1 of the 312 (0.3%) hand swabs and 2 of the 310 (0.65%) nasal swabs, respectively. All isolates lack multidrug resistance and have type IV SCCmec, characteristic of community-associated MRSA. These isolates were a ST8-MRSA-IVa-PVL(+) (USA300 strain), a ST8-MRSA-IVb-PVL(?), and a new MLST, ST2562-MRSA-IV-PVL(?), identified in this study. These isolates were thus not transmitted among students. Conclusion. We found a low rate of MRSA carriage among students in a black university. Our finding highlights the need of future study which involves multiinstitutions and other ethnic group to assess the association of black race with MRSA carriage. 1. Introduction Staphylococcus aureus, a bacterium commonly isolated from humans, is an important causative agent for skin and soft tissue infections, pneumonia, septic arthritis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and sepsis [1]. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains resistant to β-lactam antimicrobial agents have caused increased S. aureus infection and mortality [2, 3]. Black people in the USA is afflicted with a higher rate of MRSA infection as indicated by studies of pediatric patients, community-onset skin and soft tissue infections, right-sided endocarditis patients, and hospital patients [4–10]. A report by Klevens et al. [11] described significant race disparity through a surveillance program in 2004-2005: incidence rates of invasive MRSA infection were consistently higher among blacks than whites in all age groups. Overall, infection rate was more than twice as high, and mortality rate was 80% higher for blacks than for whites. The reason for these racial disparities is not known. It is well known that S. aureus carriage is a major risk factor for infection, and MRSA colonization as opposed to MSSA colonization is associated with an increased risk of infection [1–3]. A question needs to be answered is whether a higher rate
May His Will Be Done: A History of the Deeper Life Bible Church, 1973-2006
Winifred Akoda
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: Church formation and domestication in Nigeria has undergone several changes from the orthodox to the Pentecostal, especially with varying interests of giving Christian life a new meaning. In historical context, this accounts for the multiplicity of churches as it is being witnessed in Nigeria. One of such responses does not exclude indigenous response to the forces of socio-economic change. This is evident in the flamboyant life style of many of the quasi-autonomous church leaders whose watchword is on blessings and prosperity and not salvation. Yet the Pastor Williams Folorunsho Kumuyi led Deeper Life Church, stands remarkable in his discipline and conservatism of the Christian ethics. As a lecturer of mathematics at the University of Lagos in 1973, he started a Bible study group in his quarters at the University of Lagos known as Flat 2. The Bible Study Group members persuaded Kumuyi to form a church, which he did on Sunday 7 November 1982. This study will make a historical excursion into the history of the Deeper Life Bible Church from 1973. This paper takes into cognizance the concept of gender in the formation of images and doctrines in relation to the promotion of Masculinities through social constructs of the leadership of the Deeper Life at the expense of their female counterparts. This development in the quest to emulate the historical Jesus of Nazareth only succeeds to represent men’s idea of Christianity in a monolithic manner that reflects only masculinities.
Interpreting Women’s History with Museum Sources: An Experience in a Nigerian Museum
Winifred E. Akoda
Canadian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720110706.176
Abstract: Until recently, the history of women had remained largely neglected in a male dominated society. Thanks to women like Mary Bread and Gerda Lerner who laid the foundation for women’s history to be studied and documented. Works focusing on women gradually swelled bookshelves especially from the nineties of the last century. Some of these scholars, Marion Arnord (1997); Eva Rosander (1997); Nnaemeka and Korieh (2011) have promoted women’s history and placed their roles in correct perspective. This paper, realizing the imbalance in documenting women’s history with museum sources is an attempt at promoting, documenting, and placing in proper perspectives the history of women through the relics found in Jos Museum, Nigeria. The research concludes with an agitation for a Museum of Women’s History to inspire other women to create their own history. It also applauds women for their commitment to the economic, social and political transformation of their societies. Key words: The history of women; Imbalance; Museum sources; Political transformation
Effect of mixing time on the bed density, and microstructure of selective laser sintered (sls) aluminium powders
Olakanmi, Eyitayo Olatunde;
Materials Research , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14392012005000031
Abstract: the effect of mixing time on the homogeneity of aluminium powder blends and its sls processed density and microstructure has been explored with a view to providing a basis for quality control. the degree of mixing of the powder particles was quantified in terms of the standard deviation of the bed density of the blended powder. the accuracy of the degree of mixing of aluminium powder's blends obtained at the optimum blending time of 10 minutes is determined by the powder properties and this significantly influenced the powder's bed density. by increasing the mixing time above 10 minutes, particulate agglomeration which inhibit good packing of powdered particles occurs, thus, sintered density decreases and porosity increases. therefore, high porosity in the powder bed hinders effective thermal conductivity between aluminium particles, thereby, leading to deterioration of the sintered density and microstructure of the sls processed samples.
Titanium Dioxide as a Cathode Material in a Dry Cell
Duncan ALOKO,Eyitayo Amos AFOLABI
Leonardo Electronic Journal of Practices and Technologies , 2007,
Abstract: Titanium dioxide was proposed as an alternative cathode material in place of Manganesse (IV) oxide. TiO2 was found to be highly polarized when in an electric field and its surface area of adsorption of solution determined to be 1070.32 m2/g. The adsorption of alkaline anions (i.e. SO42- , NO3-, Cl- and Br-) were investigated. The anions were adsorbed between the layers of the cathode material thereby altering its surface texture for a better performance. Increase in concentration of the anions solution enhances greater electric surface charge. Thus, sulphate ion is having the best result as compared to other anions because of its highest electric charge and adsorption at 1M concentration of solution. This is in agreement with the relative position of ions in the electrochemical series in the decreasing order of electro- negativity as well as in the increasing order of preference for discharge.
Economic Analysis of Farming Household`s Health on Crop Output in Kwara State, Nigeria
Adewumi,Matthew Olaniyi,Mohammed Sherifat Ayinde,Opeyemi Eyitayo
Agricultural Journal , 2013,
Abstract: In ending the declining agricultural productivity in Nigeria, the health of farmers being the key factor in production should not be overlooked. Simple analysis of farmers` health status and indicators can be of great practical assistance to increased crop productivity. This study therefore provides some indices as a measure of farmers` health and examines the impact of such indices on farmers` crop output in some selected Local Government Areas of Kwara State, Nigeria. With the use of structured questionnaires in data collection and regression analysis in data analysis, the study reveals that the output of crops in the study area was affected by the health status of farmers .Among others, the study recommends that health insurance scheme be initiated, more health care facilities be provided at affordable costs to farmers. It also recommends the provision of rural infrastructures and revitalization of health extension services.
Productivity of Timber Processing in Ondo State, Nigeria
Adegboyega Eyitayo Oguntade,Temitope Enitan Fatunmbi,Joshua Adio Folayan
Sustainable Agriculture Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/sar.v2n1p1
Abstract: This study is aimed at evaluating the efficiency of timber processors in Ondo State, Nigeria, using Data Envelopment Analysis. Multi stage sampling technique was used to select two Local Government Areas with the highest number of sawmills, from each of which twenty saw millers were randomly selected, given a total of forty saw millers. Based on Constant Return to Scale Technical Efficiency, 35% of the saw millers were technically efficient while on the basis of Variable Return to Scale TE, 60% of the saw millers were technically efficient. About 35% of the saw millers were scale efficient. The Data Envelopment Analysis output revealed that 35% of the sampled saw millers were both technically and scale efficient and were hence operating at the most productive scale size. About 65% of the saw millers were operating at sub-optimal condition. Excesses in input utilization were observed in respect of total fixed cost, costs of electricity, servicing of mill, timber from forest reserve and operation of truck; and remuneration of labour. The inefficient firms should be encouraged to emulate the operating practices of the most productive firms so as to improve their performance.
Economics of Seed Yam Production Using Minisett Technique in Oyo State, Nigeria Economie de la production de semences d’igname à l’aide de la technique des minisetts dans l’Etat d’Oyo, au Nigéria Economía de la producción de semilla de ame mediante la técnica minisett en el Estado de Oyo de Nigeria
Oguntade Adegboyega Eyitayo,Thompson Olaniran Anthony,Ige Theresas
Field Actions Science Reports , 2011,
Abstract: The study evaluated the economics of seed yam production using the minisett technique in Oyo State, South West Nigeria. The analysis was based on input and output data collected from sixty yam (Dioscorea spp.) farmers and the existing market price in the area. The socio-economic characteristics of the respondents were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The structure of production costs was analyzed using percentages while gross margin analysis was used to determine the profitability of seed yam production using the minisett technique. Results of the analysis showed that seed yam production was dominated by men. The farmers had an average household size of 7.7 with a median of 7.0 and a mode of 7. Most of them were educated and had other occupations. The farmers assessed the technique as good, very good or excellent. The revenue per hectare of seed yam production was N337, 500. The total cost of production was N150,500 while the cost per seed yam was N16.72. On every naira invested in seed yam production using the minisett technique, farmers were expected to have N1.24 net returns. This shows that seed yam production using the minisett technique was a profitable venture in the study area. Labour costs alone accounted for 78.1% of the production cost. There is hence a need to deploy appropriate technologies to reduce these costs as a means of further reducing production costs and increasing the profitability of seed yams production using the minisett technique. L’étude portait sur l’évaluation de l’économie de la production de semences d’igname à l’aide de la technique des minisetts dans l’Etat d’Oyo, au sud-ouest du Nigéria. L’analyse était fondée sur les données d’entrée et de sortie recueillies auprès de soixante producteurs d’ignames (Dioscorea spp.) et sur les prix de marché actuels dans la région. Les caractéristiques socio-économiques des personnes interrogées ont été analysées à l’aide de statistiques descriptives. La structure des co ts de production a été analysée à l’aide de pourcentages, tandis que l’analyse de la marge brute a permis de déterminer la rentabilité de la production de semences d’ignames à l’aide de la technique des minisetts. Les résultats de cette analyse ont montré que la production de semences d’ignames était dominée par les hommes. Chez les producteurs, la taille moyenne du ménage était de 7,7 personnes, la taille médiane de 7,0 personnes et la taille modale de 7 personnes. La plupart des producteurs étaient instruits et avaient d’autres métiers. Les producteurs ont évalué la technique comme bonne, très bonne ou excellent
The Practice of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Its Sociodemographic Determinants amongst Nursing Mothers at a Tertiary Health Care Institution in South East, Nigeria  [PDF]
Henry N. Chineke, Anthony C. Iwu, Kevin C. Diwe, Chukwuma B. Duru, Kenechi A. Uwakwe, Eyitayo E. Emmanuel, Uche R. Oluoha, Ugochukwu C. Madubueze, Emmanuel U. Ndukwu, Ikechi Ohale
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.74006
Abstract: Background: Breastfeeding is a natural and critical act that provides nutrients and energy for the infant and young child; and through a public health intervention such as exclusive breastfeeding, it improves the survival rates of the infant. Objective: To determine the breastfeeding practices and the sociodemographic determinants of exclusive breastfeeding amongst nursing mothers present at the Imo state university teaching hospital Orlu. Methods: A cross sectional analytical study design was used that included all nursing mothers present within a 4 week study period. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics. Chi square statistics were computed to determine significant associations and binary logistic regression was used to determine sociodemographic predictors of exclusive breastfeeding practice. P value was set at 0.05 significant level. Results: While most of the respondents were aware of exclusive breastfeeding (92.5%), only 24% of the respondents were practicing exclusive breastfeeding. Work and school activities, and the feeling that breast milk was insufficient for the needs of the baby were the reasons for not practicing exclusive breastfeeding for a majority of the respondents (56.6%). Furthermore, 61% of those that were practicing non-exclusive breast feeding gave a cereal or infant formula in addition to the breast milk for 3 to 6 months. It was further revealed that there were statistically significant relationships between breastfeeding practice and maternal age (p = 0.003), level of maternal education (p = 0.005) and maternal occupation (p = 0.006). Conclusion: Understanding and taking into cognizance the sociodemographic characteristics will enable the design, and adequate delivery of appropriate and effective strategies that improve exclusive breastfeeding practice.
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