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The Right to a Fair Trial in Times of Terrorism: A Method to Identify the Non-Derogable Aspects of Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
Evelyne Schmid
G?ttingen Journal of International Law , 2009,
Abstract: Contrary to what is often asserted in debates on the “war on terror”, international law provides specific rules on what is allowed in bringing suspected terrorists to trial. This article suggests a method to identify the minimum fair trial rights which have to be provided to every accused, irrespective of his or her status in international law and irrespective of whether the situation amounts to an armed conflict or not. This essay proceeds from the assertion that human rights law applies in peacetime as well as in times of emergency, including in armed conflict. Because the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights prohibits any derogation measures inconsistent with the State’s other obligations under international law, the so-called principle of consistency lends itself as the tool to identify which aspects of Article 14 of the Covenant must be considered non-derogable. The article concludes that those aspects of fair trial which are common to the legal regimes dealing with both types of armed conflict – international and non-international – are also part of customary international law and provide the minimum yardstick from which no reduction is permissible.
Diagnosis and treatment of lumbosacral discospondylitis in a calf
Evelyne Muggli, Tanja Schmid, Regine Hagen, Barbara Schmid, Karl Nuss
BMC Veterinary Research , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1746-6148-7-53
Abstract: A 5.5-month-old calf was presented with difficulty in rising, a stiff and slightly ataxic gait in the hind limbs and a shortened stride. The lumbosacral region was severely painful on palpation.Radiographic examination confirmed lumbosacral discospondylitis. Medical treatment with stall rest was instituted over six weeks. Radiographic and ultrasonographic follow-up examinations showed lysis of the endplates initially, then collapse of the intervertebral space at the lumbosacral junction and progressive sclerosis in the periphery of the lytic zones. Four weeks after institution of treatment, the calf could rise normally and the general condition gradually had returned to normal. The calf was discharged after 6 weeks and was sound at 3.5 months clinical and radiographic follow up examination. Thereafter, it was kept on alpine pastures without problems and was pregnant 1 year after the last examination.This report shows that recovery from lumbosacral discospondylitis is possible in heifers, provided that treatment is started before major neurologic deficits have developed and is continued for an extended period of time.Discospondylitis is defined as inflammation and infection of an intervertebral disk accompanied by osteomyelitis of the neighbouring vertebral bodies [1,2]. This disease has been reported in many domestic animals [3-7], but is generally rare. It is diagnosed more often in dogs and pigs than in cattle and horses [8,9].The most common cause of discospondylitis is haematogenous spread [1,10] of bacterial infection and less commonly fungal infection [1]. The disease is characterised by a chronic progressive course with clinical signs that include increased sensitivity in the area of the affected vertebrae, difficulty in rising and progressive neurological deficits, although signs may vary depending on the localisation and severity of the lesion. Other less specific signs may include pyrexia, anorexia and depression [1].Imaging techniques such as radiography
Evelyne Evelyne,Juniarti Juniarti
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan , 2003,
Abstract: Only limited empirical evidence has confirmed the relationship of information resulted by management information systems and the management performance. One of the previous research indicated that the information with certain characteristic leads to improve performance (Nazaruddin 1998). Based on the previous research finding, this study is intended to examine the relationship between the characteristic of information and the managerial's performance. Indicators to measure the characteristic of information consist of broadscope, aggregation, integration and timeliness, while performance of management represented by the capability of manager in making planning, in achieving target, and in playing their role outside of the company. This research results revealed that in general there is a correlation between the characteristic of information consists of broadscope, aggregation, integration and timeliness and the performance of manager, eventhough the degree of correlation vary depend on the management need in achieving their performance. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Hanya sedikit bukti empiris yang menunjukkan hubungan antara informasi yang dihasilkan oleh sistem informasi akuntansi manajemen dengan kinerja manajemen. Salah satu penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan bahwa informasi dengan karakteristik tertentu dapat meningkatkan kinerja (Nazaruddin 1998). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji hubungan antara karakteristik informasi dan kinerja manajerial. Indikator untuk mengukur karakteristik informasi adalah broadscope, agregasi, integrasi dan timeliness, sedangkan kinerja manajerial diwakili dengan faktor kemampuan manajer dalam membuat perencanaan, mencapai target dan melakukan kiprahnya diluar perusahaan. Hasil penelitian ini secara umum menunjukkan bahwa terdapat korelasi antara karakteristik informasi yang terdiri dari broadscope, agregasi, integrasi dan timeliness dengan kinerja manajerial, meskipun tingkat hubungan tersebut bervariasi tergantung pada kebutuhan manajer dalam mencapai kinerja mereka. Kata kunci: kinerja, karakteristik informasi, sistem informasi manajemen.
Modernes déhumanités
Grossman, Evelyne;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2010000100004
Abstract: the discovery of the twentieth century is that language is man's inhuman essence. this divides him and makes of him other to himself (freud, lacan), that which he will never "really" possess, and to which he will always be a "stranger" (derrida, deleuze), the infinity whose eternal whisper threatens to make him mad (blanchot, artaud...). if the inhuman is in the heart of what is human, how can we reinvent another cultural and political "humanism" for the twenty-first century?
Un cas de polysémie logique : modélisation de noms d’action en fran ais ambigus entre processus et artefact
Evelyne Jacquey
Traitement Automatique des Langues , 2007,
Abstract: This paper describes a modeling in a logical framework of the semantic content of a class of action nouns in French that are ambiguous between a processive interpretation and a resultative one in which these nouns refer to new objects in the world that are created by the process - artefacts. The first part of the paper is about an explanation of the properties that show why these ambiguous action nouns can be considered as logical polysemic words. The second part deals with the necessary extensions that have been realised in ordre to modelise their ambiguous semantic content. These extensions are added to a previous modelisation based on the notion of dotted types and their modelings in the framework of typed λ-calculus.
La télévision dans les démocraties. Années 30-années 1980
Evelyne Cohen
Amnis , 2004, DOI: 10.4000/amnis.767
Abstract: Entre les années 1930 et les années 1980, la télévision s′est transformée en acteur essentiel du débat et de la vie politique, sociale, culturelle des démocraties occidentales. A la fin de la deuxième guerre mondiale la télévision s′associe à l′expression des idéaux démocratiques de la société. Entre 1945 et 1980, à travers plusieurs étapes, l′audiovisuel tend à échapper au contr le de l′Etat. Une nouvelle télévision voit le jour. Entre los a os 1930 y los a os 1980, la televisión se convirtió en un actor fundamental del debate y de la vida política, social, cultural de las democracias occidentales. Cuando acaba la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la televisión participa a la difusión de los ideales democráticos. Entre 1945 y 1980, el mundo audiovisual tiende a escapar al control del Estado. Una nueva televisión nace en ese momento. Between the thirties and the eighties, television was transformed into an essential actor on the political, social and cultural scene of Western democracies. At the end of World War II, television started to be associated with the expression of the democratic ideals of society. Between 1945 and 1980, throughout several stages, the audiovisual gradually escaped State control. A new television was born.
La transmisión de una herencia política: memorias del exilio en Francia
Evelyne Ribert
Amnis , 2011, DOI: 10.4000/amnis.1512
Abstract: Desde mediados de los 90, se puede observar en Espa a una multiplicación de iniciativas dirigidas a dar a conocer la memoria de los antifranquistas, iniciativas inéditas hasta ese momento. En Francia también surgieron acciones similares. El pacto del olvido que dominó durante a os en la esfera pública espa ola, no permite inferir aquello que se contó a los familiares en la esfera privada, a fortiori en Francia. Qué fue de la transmisión que se vivió durante la Guerra Civil en las familia...
La educación en medios en Francia: difícil consolidación, perspectivas futuras Media education in France: a hard consolidation with good prospects
Evelyne Bevort
Comunicar , 2007,
Abstract: Francia ha tenido, desde hace más de un siglo, un relevante papel en la educación en medios, con un espíritu muy innovador, incluso casi combativo en pro de una idea de escuela y de los propios medios. Los numerosos trabajos y textos teóricos que se han ido generando han enriquecido bastante las múltiples prácticas, dando sentido de esta forma a la ense anza, pero siempre se ha trabajado más en una óptica pedagógica y cultural , sin llegar a una integración global con los contenidos impartidos en la escuela. Sin embargo, hoy parece que nos dirigimos hacia una consagración más oficial en el seno del sistema educativo en su conjunto. Y es en este preciso momento, cuando el conjunto de prácticas mediáticas está en proceso de redefinición, cuando urge una reflexión a fondo sobre los modos de conocimiento en la era de la sociedad de la información. For at least one century, France has played a relevant role in media education using an innovative and even fighting spirit model. Research has enriched the field but the model has never become really integrated into school. However, it is nowadays that an official integration of media education into the educational system can be observed, so it is now when redefinition and deep reflection on media education are needed.
De la complementariedad a la voluntad de Aplanar los Andes: representaciones de la naturaleza y pensamiento económico y político en el Perú del siglo XX
Mesclier, Evelyne
Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'études Andines , 2001,
Abstract: DE LA COMPLéMENTARITé à LA VOLONTé D APLANIR LES ANDES : REPRéSENTATIONS DE LA NATURE ET PENSéE éCONOMIQUE ET POLITIQUE AU PéROU AU COURS DU XXèME SIèCLE. La représentation la plus courante du territoire péruvien à l échelle nationale est celle qui le divise en trois régions dites naturelles , la costa, la sierra et la selva. Mais cette division et chacun de ses éléments peuvent prendre différents sens et ont orienté la réflexion politique tant t vers l idée d une complémentarité entre ces trois ensembles et entre les étages écologiques qui les composent, tant t vers celle d une opposition insurmontable entre les Andes et leur piémont c tier - le piémont amazonien n étant que plus rarement au centre des débats -. Cette seconde traduction de la nature semble aujourd hui la plus influente et la représentation négative de la montagne comme espace de pauvreté et d isolement tend dans le contexte du néolibéralisme à l emporter sur celle, plus positive et tout aussi construite, qui présente les Andes comme un territoire ayant permis la conservation d une culture indigène authentique. La representación más común del territorio peruano a nivel nacional es la división en tres regiones consideradas como naturales , la costa, la sierra y la selva. Pero esa división y cada uno de sus elementos pueden tener diversos significados, de tal forma que guiaron la reflexión política en ocasiones hacia la idea de una complementariedad entre las tres partes y entre los pisos ecológicos que las componen, y otras veces hacia la de una oposición insalvable entre los Andes y su piedemonte coste o (mientras el amazónico suscitaba menos interés). La segunda de estas traducciones de la naturaleza parece ser hoy en día la más influyente: la representación negativa de la sierra como espacio de pobreza y de aislamiento tiende, dentro del contexto del neoliberalismo, a prevalecer sobre aquélla, más positiva e igualmente producto de una construcción, en la cual los Andes aparecen como un territorio que ha hecho posible la conservación de una auténtica cultura indígena. FROM COMPLEMENTARITY TO FLATTENING THE ANDES : REPRESENTATIONS OF NATURE AND ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL THOUGHT IN 20TH CENTURY PERU. The most frequent representation of Peruvian territory which makes up Peru is that which divides it into three natural regions: the coast, the sierra (highlands) and the tropical forest. Hopwever this division and each of its component parts can be interpereted in different ways either orienting political thought towards the notion of a complementary relationship between these th
Pérou: vers une redistribution des populations rurales andines? Changements dans la société paysanne et évolution de l'organisation de l'espace
Mesclier, Evelyne
Bulletin de l'Institut Francais d'études Andines , 1993,
Abstract: Les résultats préliminaires du recensement de 1993 offrent de nouveaux éléments pour l analyse des modifications survenues dans la distribution des populations rurales au Pérou, au cours des trente dernières années. Malgré les migrations vers les villes et vers la forêt amazonienne, la population rurale se maintient dans certaines régions, en particulier des Andes, plus facilement que dans d autres. à l échelle du pays, ce maintien donne l impression d une certaine inertie. à plus grande échelle, cependant, sont perceptibles les stratégies d agriculteurs en général pluriactifs, cherchant à utiliser au mieux de leurs intérêts les possibilités existentes dans le cadre d organisations spatiales régionales en cours d évolution, comme le montre l exemple du sud péruvien. PERú: HACIA UNA REDISTRIBUCIóN DE LAS POBLACIONES RURALES ANDINAS? CAMBIOS EN LA SOCIEDAD CAMPESINA Y EVOLUCIóN DE LA ORGANIZACIóN DEL ESPACIO. Los datos preliminares del censo de población y vivienda de 1993 ofrecen nuevos elementos para el análisis de las modificaciones producidas en la distribución de la población rural del Perú, en el curso de los últimos treinta a os. A pesar de las migraciones hacia las ciudades y hacia la selva, la población rural se mantiene dentro de ciertas regiones, en particular en los Andes, con más facilidad que en otras. A escala nacional, esta permanencia da la impresión de una cierta inercia. Sin embargo, a mayor escala, puede percibirse las estrategias de los agricultores, los cuales participan en una variedad de actividades económicas. Como lo demuestra el ejemplo del sur peruano, éstos buscan utilizar para su propio beneficio las posibilidades existentes en el marco de las organizaciones espaciales regionales que se encuentran en curso de evolución. PERU: TOWARDS A REDISTRIBUTION OF THE ANDEAN RURAL POPULATION? CHANGES IN PEASANT SOCIETY AND THE EVOLUTION OF THE SPATIAL ORGANIZATION. The preliminary data of the 1993 census offer new elements for the analysis of the transformations in the distribution of the rural population in Peru in the last thirty years. In spite of the migratory movements to the cities and to the Amazonian forest, the rural population has stayed in some regions, particularly in the Andes, with less change in comparison to others. From a national scale, this situation gives the impression of a sort of inertia. However, if this situation is observed from a closer perspective, it is possible to perceive the strategies of the peasant population, which is involved, in several economic activities. The peasants aim to use for their benefit
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