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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3214 matches for " Euming Chong "
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Developmental Programming of Hypertension and Kidney Disease
Euming Chong,Ihor V. Yosypiv
International Journal of Nephrology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/760580
Abstract: A growing body of evidence supports the concept that changes in the intrauterine milieu during “sensitive” periods of embryonic development or in infant diet after birth affect the developing individual, resulting in general health alterations later in life. This phenomenon is referred to as “developmental programming” or “developmental origins of health and disease.” The risk of developing late-onset diseases such as hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), obesity or type 2 diabetes is increased in infants born prematurely at <37 weeks of gestation or in low birth weight (LBW) infants weighing <2,500?g at birth. Both genetic and environmental events contribute to the programming of subsequent risks of CKD and hypertension in premature or LBW individuals. A number of observations suggest that susceptibility to subsequent CKD and hypertension in premature or LBW infants is mediated, at least in part, by reduced nephron endowment. The major factors influencing in utero environment that are associated with a low final nephron number include uteroplacental insufficiency, maternal low-protein diet, hyperglycemia, vitamin A deficiency, exposure to or interruption of endogenous glucocorticoids, and ethanol exposure. This paper discusses the effect of premature birth, LBW, intrauterine milieu, and infant feeding on the development of hypertension and renal disease in later life as well as examines the role of the kidney in developmental programming of hypertension and CKD. 1. Introduction Despite the availability of a number of treatment options for hypertension, cardiovascular, and renal disease, the prevalence, morbidity, and mortality of these diseases in children and adults remain very high [1]. Therefore, elucidation of the causality and pathogenesis of these diseases is critical. Studies by Widdowson and McCance in the 1960s demonstrated that acceleration or retardation of the rate of growth induced by malnutrition during early postnatal life in rats led to distinct and different effects on anatomical, physiological, and chemical development [2]. In the 1980s, studies by Barker demonstrated that systolic blood pressure in older children is inversely related to their birth weight [3]. Around the same time, Brenner hypothesized that early loss of nephron mass results in hyperfiltration of remaining nephrons leading to subsequent hypertension, proteinuria, and progressive kidney injury [4]. These and subsequent studies have provided initial evidence that a suboptimal in utero environment may predispose or “program” an individual to an increased risk of
An Applied Study to Image-G Transmission in Chinese Literary on Gestalt Perception Laws  [PDF]
Chong Su
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2017.76020
Abstract: As a significant school in contemporary cognitive science, gestalt psychology provides theoretical framework for the multidimensional research on cognitive study. The organization of gestalt perceptual principle provides conceptual model to the psychophysical field and has an overwhelming impact on various gestalt perception laws. Gestalt perception laws’ major theoretical perspectives make them as the methodological principle of gestalt image (image-G) study in cognitive translation which could be viewed from both mental and conceptual perspectives. By employing gestalt perception laws, the paper focuses on making a tentative and exploratory study of gestalt image transmission in Chinese literary translation and thus aims to discover translators’ conceptual mental experience of image-G transmission in Chinese literary translation through their cognitive processing.
Optimal Interpolatory Wavelets Transform for Multiresolution Triangular Meshes  [PDF]
Chong Zhao, Hanqiu Sun
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.23044
Abstract: In recent years, several matrix-valued subdivisions have been proposed for triangular meshes. The ma-trix-valued subdivisions can simulate and extend the traditional scalar-valued subdivision, such as loop and subdivision. In this paper, we study how to construct the matrix-valued subdivision wavelets, and propose the novel biorthogonal wavelet based on matrix-valued subdivisions on multiresolution triangular meshes. The new wavelets transform not only inherits the advantages of subdivision, but also offers more resolutions of complex models. Based on the matrix-valued wavelets proposed, we further optimize the wavelets transform for interactive modeling and visualization applications, and develop the efficient interpolatory loop subdivision wavelets transform. The transform simplifies the computation, and reduces the memory usage of matrix-valued wavelets transform. Our experiments showed that the novel wavelets transform is sufficiently stable, and performs well for noise reduction and fitting quality especially for multiresolution semi-regular triangular meshes.
A New Communication Framework for Networked Mobile Games  [PDF]
Chong-wei Xu
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2008.11004
Abstract: This paper introduces a two-layer UDP datagram-based communication framework for developing networked mobile games. The framework consists of a physical layer and a data-link layer with a unified interface as a network communication mechanism. A standalone two-player mobile game, such as a chess game and the like, can be easily plugged on to the communication framework to become a corresponding networked mobile game.
The Economic Motion  [PDF]
Li Choy Chong
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.34042

This paper investigates the way economics moves, in other words we study the characteristics of economic dynamics by itself that is by abstracting from the single generating context, whatever this might be. We would like to concentrate on the fundamental mechanism “moving” the economic system and determining its business cycle, its crisis, its development and so on. In this way we are offering an extremely new perspective about economic dynamics, as we do not consider its elements as separate but we hold them as part of a single phenomenon, the evolution of an economic system. We argue that by considering this point of view, economic dynamics cannot be determined by a system in eternal equilibrium only occasionally disturbed by some exogenous shock. We demonstrate that economics is evolving continuously and economic phenomena (such as economic crisis) have to be interpreted as a variation in its velocity.

Attitude and Needs of Thai People in Selecting Domestic Low-Cost Airlines  [PDF]
Sittichai Charoensettasilp, Chong Wu
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2013.32023

This research studies about attitude and needs of Thai people in selecting domestic low-cost airlines. 400 randomly selected samples include Thai people living in Bangkok and used to travel by airlines. Research methodology includes random convenience sampling technique that use questionnaire to gather data. At significance level of 0.05, demographic factors including gender, age, education level, monthly income, and occupation do not affect attitude and needs of Thai people in selecting domestic low-cost airlines. However, service marketing mix (7P’s) influence attitude and needs of Thai people in selecting domestic low-cost airlines. Place mostly affects attitude and needs of Thai people in selecting domestic low-cost airlines, following by Product, People, Process, and Physical Evidence which demonstrate similar ranking, while Price and Promotion are among the bottom ranking.

Research on PPP Mode in Ecological Governance in China  [PDF]
Pingping Sun, Chong Ren
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.56016
Abstract: The research explores the cause of the inefficiency of the traditional ecological management model by analyzing the fragmentation of internal governance structure and the marginalization of external governance subjects. Then, on the basis of the core concept of PPP model, taking the current new normal economy into consideration, the research analyzes the necessity and feasibility of introducing the PPP model in the field of ecological governance in china. Finally, the implementation path of the ecological management PPP model is discussed in three aspects—the promotion for the implementation of the PPP project, risk management in PPP project and performance evaluation of PPP project.
The Application Research of WBC Morphology Combined with NAP in the HFMD Co-Infection of Children  [PDF]
Chong Liang, Guosheng Su
Open Journal of Applied Biosensor (OJAB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojab.2018.51001
Abstract: In this manuscript the authors have studied the application value of White blood cell morphology combined with neutrophils alkaline phosphatase staining integral value in treatment of pediatric HFMD combined with infection. They showed that comparing the NAP positive rate of HFMD co-infection with the NAP positive rate of other three groups respectively—reference group, HFMD group and anti-infection HFMD group—the t value is 25.7964, 28.2326, 28.3696 and the values of P are 0.0000; Comparing the NAP integral value of HFMD co-infection with the NAP integral value of other three groups respectively, which are reference group, HFMD group and anti-infection HFMD, the t value is 35.8687, 36.2664, 36.1374 and the values of P are 0.0000. They concluded that it is useful to apply WBC morphological examination combined with the positive rate and integral value of NAP staining to diagnose and treatment HFMD.
Belatedly diagnosed acute motor axonal neuropathy after cardiac surgery  [PDF]
Chong Tae Kim, Todd Beery
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.27105
Abstract: Surgery has been reported a rare cause of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), but a recent retrospective study reported a much higher incidence rate for post-surgical patients. There are several case reports of GBS presenting after cardiac surgical procedures. All these cases were diagnosed as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP). We described a case of acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) after cardiac surgery. Clinical features were reviewed along with spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) analysis. Sequential electrodiagnostic studies (EDx) were performed. This case represented a rare complication of AMAN with urinary retention after cardiac surgery.

The Problem of Time  [PDF]
Li Choy Chong, Luisella Balestra
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.53026

Time is a difficult topic for the scientist. This paper investigates how this particular subject is considered in economics today and what the implications are. We demonstrate that today orthodoxy has avoided to treat the temporal element, creating a dangerous contradiction at its inside. A reconsideration of time has to be formulated, since the reintegration of the chronological entity offers better interpretations for several phenomena such as economic crisis.

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