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MODERNISM AS A FAILED UTOPIA: A POSTCOLONIAL CRITIQUE OF WOLE SOYINKA’S DEATH AND THE KING’S HORSEMAN AND NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND NGUGI WA MIRII’S, I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT
Etop Akwang
The Dawn Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Ever since becoming a hegemonic cultural project erected on the foundations of self-acclaimed Western cultural legitimizations or superiority, modernism has been fiercely criticized for failing in its civilizing mission in Africa and in the introduction of corruption. African literature, especially its modern dramatic expressions, internalizes many examples and instances of the failure of the modernist project, with the ascendancy of poverty and/or deprivation, and the cultural and spatial domination of Africa and Africans. Of the lot, Wole Soyinka’s Death and the King’s Horseman and Ngugi wa Thiong’o and Ngugi wa Mirii’s I Will Marry When I Want have been selected as thesis plays that provide explications on the status of modernism as a failed utopia. Our study relies on in-depth textual analysis pinioned on the cultural theory of Postcolonialism.
Trends in postpartum maternal morbidity in Ikot Ekpene a rural community in Southern Nigeria  [PDF]
Etim Inyang Ekanem, Efiok Eyo Efiok, Atim Edet Udoh, Etop Charles Anaikot
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2013.36090
Abstract:

Background: Postpartum maternal morbidity is becoming a major public health concern worldwide due to impact of modern development in feto-maternal medicine and maternal care. Major acute and long term maternal morbidities which may occur during obstetric management affect the life and reproductive career of women. Objective: To assess the trends, risk factors and pattern of postpartum maternal morbidity in Ikot Ekpene a local community in southern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: This was a 4-year prospective cross sectional observational study carried out in the maternity section of General Hospital Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria between 2008 and 2011. Parturients managed in the hospital for postpartum morbidity were recruited for the study. Relevant information was obtained from structured questionnaire administered to the patients and those extracted from other medical records in the course of managing the patients. This was analysed using the SPSS computer statistical package. Result: A total of 5760 women delivered during the period, of which 296 (5.1%) were treated for postpartum morbidity. Most of the patients (46.9%) were between 31 and 40 years old and 68.8% were of low educational background. Half of the deliveries with morbidity were conducted by unskilled attendants. The most common maternal morbidity encountered included primary postpartum haemorrhage (22.2%), genital sepsis (16.1%), and hypertensive disorders (12.8%). Anaemia (12.8%) and malaria (11.1%) were the commonest non obstetrics causes of morbidity. It was relatively more common with delivery attended by untrained personnel. There was significant reduction in morbidity in the last 2 years of this study. Conclusion: The incidence of postpartum morbidity in the Ikot Ekpene is still high with a downward trend over the years. Obstetric haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, anaemia and genital tract sepsis were the common causes and were commoner with delivery attended by unskilled personnel. It is hoped that supervision of deliveries by skilled medical attendants, improvement in general health and educational level will reduce postpartum morbidity in this rural community.

Weight Gain and Haematolgical Profile of Broiler Chicks Fed a Maize-Soyabean Diet Supplemented with Different Levels of Methionine, Sodium Sulphate and Sodium Sulphite
S.O. Akpet,A. Essien,E.E. Orok,S.C. Etop
International Journal of Poultry Science , 2009,
Abstract: An experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of substituting synthetic methionine with sodium sulphate and sodium sulphite in maize-soyabean diets fed to broiler chicks on weight and haematological profile. Two hundred and forty (240) unsexed Hubbard day old broiler chicks were fed iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous maize-soyabean diets (3,000 cal/kg and 22% crude protein) for four weeks. There were eight treatment groups, T1-T8, each replicated three times. T1 had no methionine, T2 had 3% methionine, T3 had 3% sodium sulphate, T4 had 3% sodium sulphite, T5 had 1.5% methionine and 1.5% sodium sulphate, T6 had 1.5% methionine and 1.5% sodium sulphate T7 had 1.5% methionine and 1.5% sodium sulphite while T8 had 1.5% methionine and 1% sodium sulphite. Chicks in T6 had the highest average weekly weight gain of 106.58 g while birds in T8 had the lowest average weekly weight gain (79.94 g). The average weekly weight gain of birds in T1, T2 and T5 did not differ significantly (p>0.05) from one another. Likewise the average weekly weight gain of birds in T1, T2, T3 T4 and T5 did not differ significantly (p>0.05) from one another. The average weekly weight gain of chicks in T7 and T8 which had the lowest weight gains, also did not differ significantly (p>0.05). All haematological parameters evaluated fell within safe precincts as stipulated in literature. Treatment 6 is therefore recommended for broiler starter rations alongside T2 and T5 because they did not differ significantly (p>0.05) from one another.
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