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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3727 matches for " Ethics "
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Planeación estratégica para el fortalecimiento de la ética profesional de Enfermería en la filial Nuevitas
Milanés Céspedes,Niurkis; Bujardón Mendoza,Alberto; Tamarit Castillo,Odelaisy; Valdés Cervantes,Vilda Magalys;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2010,
Abstract: during the academic year 2008-2009, a descriptive, qualitative study was carried out to design a strategic plan to contribute to strengthening the professional ethical values of both professors and nursing students from nuevitas?s affiliate medical school. the universe comprised every subject involved in the nursing formation process. the sample included 100 % of new-formative-model students, as well as 100 % of categorized professors. results showed a deficient preparation of professors and students. the proposal?s effectiveness was assessed through evaluations, interviews, and analysis.
A Return to Objective Ethics in Business Education: A Faith Based Argument for Plato’s Virtue Ethics  [PDF]
Christian Ola, Eric Sartell
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2014.23020
Abstract: Business ethics is an idea that many students and practitioners believe cannot exist together, often the result of religious underpinnings and philosophical debates deemed too “soft”. It is our belief, however, that business ethics is quite relevant given the current landscape and that a new model should be introduced immediately to all business schools that hope to produce future business leaders, not just business people. This model implements proven neurological traits inherent to all people into widely accepted virtue-based ethical teaching of the world’s major religions, and by doing so, a new framework for teaching what was once an awkward discipline into an interactive, highly-applicable theory.
The Health Care Ethics: Overview of the Basics  [PDF]
Ahmed Bait Amer
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.92017
Abstract: In this overview we answers certain Questions in order to increase the awareness towards the basic of the health care ethics: what is ethics, what are the several fields of ethics connected to medical activities, what are the types of Ethical approaches in relation to the medical practice. Conclusion: Through understanding the basics of the ethics, the awareness of the medical ethics in the health care can be increased.
La moralité implicite du marché
Pierre-Yves Néron
Les Ateliers de l’éthique , 2010,
Abstract: In this article, I put forward an approach to business ethics that focuses on the notion of “implicit morality of the market”. I therefore try to identify the main components of this implicit morality of the market and expose the advantages of taking such a stance to think about the obligations of firms. In order to do so, I try to shed some light, drawing on recent works by Joseph Heath, on the potential normative role of the concept of market failures as articulated in economic theory. I finish by examining three problems that this approach is facing.RéSUMéDans cet article, je mets en avant une approche de l’éthique du commerce centrée sur la notion de moralité implicite du marché . J’essaie d’identifier les grands traits de cette moralité impli- cite du marché en plus d’exposer les avantages d’adopter une telle approche pour penser les obli- gations des firmes. Pour ce faire, je tente, en m’inspirant de travaux récents de Joseph Heath, de mettre en lumière le r le proprement normatif que peut jouer le concept de défaillances des mar- chés tel que développé dans la théorie économique. Je termine en examinant trois problèmes auxquels fait face l’approche proposée ici.
Ethical considerations in animal studies
Mehdi Ghasemi,Ahmad Reza Dehpour
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: Scientists undoubtedly owe their great advance and knowledge in biomedical research to millions of animals which they use every year in often-times extremely painful and distressing scientific procedures. One of the important issues in scientific research is to consider ethics in animal experimentation. Since this is a crucial issue in the modern era of medical research, in this paper, we have provided some guidelines (most of which have been adopted from Guidelines for Ethical Conduct in the Care and Use of Animals provided by American Association of Psychologists) which could be useful for researchers to design studies on a variety of animals.
Bioethics and the Law in Familial Cancer, a Practical Approach  [PDF]
Azua-Romeo Javier
Open Journal of Pathology (OJPathology) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpathology.2012.22009
Abstract: Hereditary cancers are the result of germline mutations in specific genes that increase susceptibility to cancer. This susceptibility is spread among family members according to different patterns of inheritance. Inherited susceptibility to cancer, does not imply the certainty of developing it in all cases. In this sense many questions have come out in recent years, not only in the medical sense but also in the field of bioethics and the law.
Bioethical Questions in Brazilian Scientific Research  [PDF]
Sonia Vieira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516130
Abstract:

It is considered here that the ethical behavior of the Brazilian scientific community leaves a lot to be desired. Motives for ethical lapses can be summed up by one only: the haste to grow at any price in order to earn prestige and wealth, setting at naught those who don’t have the political support of the institution. With this intent, many researchers publish whatever they can, neglecting the fact that scientific research should serve the interests of the community—not their own.

Physicians and Conflicts of Interest  [PDF]
Deborah Pimentel, Maria-Jésia Vieira, Jo?o Pedro Declerc F. S. Neves, Manoel Juvenal da Costa-Neto, Laís Costa Souza Oliveira
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.516128
Abstract:

In medical practice, the most commonly observed conflicts of interest are the ones existing in the relations between professionals and industries linked to health or between the former and health services. These relations are no longer a partnership in search of the best to be offered to patients and tend to take up a commercial role, in a seduction game where, each one, in their own manner, seeks benefits. The purpose of this study is to analyze the existence of these conflicts of interest, in an exploratory and qualitative study, with physician focal groups. The results were grouped in two categories: benefits received by physicians and the justifications provided by them for the establishment of these partnerships. The most common benefits are: percentages over orthoses and prosthetics received by the industry; discounts and credits on rent or condominium fees for exam indications and procedures; rewards offered by the pharmaceutical industry for the indication of their products. Physicians have pointed out as main determinants for ethical missteps that involve conflicts of interest, the character and family formation as well as the lack of denunciations. The fact that efficient and widespread laws for resolution of conflicts of interest do not exist makes it necessary to recognize their existence with mechanisms of management and transparency, perhaps as the only way to avoid negative interference in physician behavior.

The publication of ethically uncertain research: attitudes and practices of journal editors
Carla Angelski, Conrad V Fernandez, Charles Weijer, Jun Gao
BMC Medical Ethics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6939-13-4
Abstract: The Editor-in-chief of each of the 103 English-language journals from the 2005 Abridged Index Medicus list publishing original research were asked to complete a survey sent to them by email between September-December 2007.A response rate of 33% (n = 34) was obtained from the survey. 18% (n = 6) of respondents had published ethically uncertain or suspect research within the last 10 years. 85% (n = 29) of respondents stated they would always reject ethically uncertain articles submitted for publication on ethical grounds alone. 12% (n = 4) of respondents stated they would approach each submission on a case-by-case basis. 3% (n = 1) stated they would be likely to publish such research, but only with accompanying editorial. Only 38% (n = 13) give reviewers explicit instruction to reject submissions on ethical grounds if found wanting.Editorial compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki in rejecting research that is conducted unethically was difficult to ascertain because of a poor response rate despite multiple attempts using different modalities. Of those who did respond, the majority do reject ethically suspect research but few explicitly advise reviewers to do so. In this study editors did not take advantage of the opportunity to describe their support for the rejection of the publication of unethical research.The first formal request to editors of biomedical journals by the American Medical Association in 1912 asked them to "scrutinize carefully original papers submitted for publication" in the context of compliance with principles of medical ethics [1,2]. The Declaration of Helsinki (DoH) in 1964 specifically addressed the issue of publication when research is found lacking in any or all of its recommended tenets; "both authors and publishers have ethical obligations...reports of experimentation not in accordance with the principles laid down in this declaration should not be accepted for publication"[3,4]. Despite these regulations, attitudes and practices surrou
Bases éticas para desarrollar el deber ser en el proceso formativo de los profesionales
García Chediak,Yusimí; González Reynaldo,Eduardo Alfredo;
Humanidades M??dicas , 2012,
Abstract: from both the theoretical and empirical-critical perspectives, this paper deals with an up-to-date topic: the ethical sustentation of the ought to be. it starts from the corresponding diagnosis developed during the research process to determine the theoretical-methodological elements and their content, the latter conforms the bases of the ought to be and guarantees the ethical model within the educational process of future professionals. basing on both theoretical and empiric methods, it also presents the essential elements that contribute to ethics, particularly normative ethics, as well as to the historical development of ethical duties and attitudes that must characterize the social agents and agencies involved in professional education.
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