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The paper focuses on biodiversity—an issue that easily gets left out of consideration because it is hard to measure. While efforts to reduce over-fishing or conservation of water resources are relatively easy to discuss in quantitative terms, biodiversity in terms of plant species is usually covered by crude and even invalid figures. The paper begins by providing a brief historical overview of attempts to define biodiversity, going back to the early efforts in Africa to deal with conservation and showing how definitions have evolved overtime and how they have shaped conservation efforts. While the main focus of the paper is biodiversity conservation and the poor, the paper makes references to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and other important global conferences including the World Conference on Environment and Development and Convention on Biological Diversity. The paper finds that international conferences by and large do not adequately address the issue of biodiversity and the poor. The limited commitment shown by political leaders at the conferences should be a reason for global and local authorities to create an environment that enables communities to meet their daily needs, foster development and conserve biodiversity.
Using a posterior
approach from 2005 to 2011, this article seeks to answer the question: does
economic growth benefit the poor or not in the Republic of Congo? The study
found that across the country, the index of pro-poor growth has been positive
and superior to one, which is indicative of pro-poor growth, but it is pro-rich
in urban areas. However, the study conceals disparities in the regions due to
the constraints of informational orders. The study recommends specific policy
measures to increase, specifically household surveys in twelve regions in the
Republic of Congo to better understand the extent of poverty.