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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2781 matches for " Esther Fatsini "
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Investigar per desvelar els models de gènere en l’adolescència Research to identify gender models in adolescence Investigar para desvelar los modelos de género en la adolescencia
Isabel Carrillo,Pilar Prat,Rosa Guitart Aced,Esther Fatsini
Temps d'Educació , 2011,
Abstract: L’article presenta una investigació en l’àmbit d’estudi de l’educació i el gènere que adopta la metodologia de l’estudi de cas per visibilitzar i analitzar els models de gènere de les i els adolescents. En les conclusions s’apunten canvis en els gèneres que s’adopten, moviments que constaten que els models de gènere femení i masculí considerats més tradicionals estan en evolució, perduren trets però altres es reestructuren amb característiques diverses o evolucionen canviant el seu significat. Els resultats de la recerca són una contribució al coneixement sobre els models de gènere i constitueixen un document base per al debat i la reflexió pedagògica sobre les relacions entre educació, diferència sexual i ciutadania inclusiva ______________________________________________ L’article présente une recherche dans le domaine d’étude de l’éducation et du genre qui adopte la méthodologie de l’étude de cas pour découvrir et analyser les modèles de genre chez les adolescentes et les adolescents. Dans les conclusions, il note l’adoption de changements de perspective quant aux genres, de mouvements qui montrent que les modèles des genres féminin et masculin considérés comme les plus traditionnels sont en évolution, que perdurent cependant certains traits mais que d’autres se restructurent avec des caractéristiques différentes ou évoluent en changeant de signification. Les résultats de la recherche constituent une contribution à la connaissance sur les modèles de genre en même temps qu’un document de base pour le débat et la réflexion pédagogiques sur les relations entre éducation, différence sexuelle et citoyenneté inclusive The article describes research in the field of education and gender, using case studies as a methodology to examine and analyse the gender models of adolescents. The conclusions point to changes in the genders adopted, movements which reveal that the models of female and male gender considered traditional are evolving; some features remain but others are being restructured with a range of features or developing, changing their meaning. The results of the research are a contribution to knowledge of gender models and as a document represent a starting point for pedagogical debate and reflection on the relationship between education, sexual difference and inclusive citizenship El artículo presenta una investigación en el ámbito de estudio de la educación y el género que adopta la metodología del estudio de caso para visibilizar y analizar los modelos de género de las y los adolescentes. En las conclusiones se apuntan cambios en los géner
Data Aggregation: A Proposed Psychometric IPD Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Esther Kaufmann
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2018.81004
Abstract: Individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis was developed to overcome several meta-analytical pitfalls of classical meta-analysis. One advantage of classical psychometric meta-analysis over IPD meta-analysis is the corrections of the aggregated unit of studies, namely study differences, i.e., artifacts, such as measurement error. Without these corrections on a study level, meta-analysts may assume moderator variables instead of artifacts between studies. The psychometric correction of the aggregation unit of individuals in IPD meta-analysis has been neglected by IPD meta-analysts thus far. In this paper, we present the adaptation of a psychometric approach for IPD meta-analysis to account for the differences in the aggregation unit of individuals to overcome differences between individuals. We introduce the reader to this approach using the aggregation of lens model studies on individual data as an example, and lay out different application possibilities for the future (e.g., big data analysis). Our suggested psychometric IPD meta-analysis supplements the meta-analysis approaches within the field and is a suitable alternative for future analysis.
Evaluación pre-post de una actividad preventiva de la infección por VIH dirigida a los adolescentes de las comarcas del sur de Tarragona
Rebull Fatsini Josep,Reverté Simó Montserrat,Pi?as Forcadell Ismael,Ortí Llavería Amat
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2003,
Abstract: Fundamentos: La infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) es uno de los principales problemas de salud pública que tiene nuestro país. La educación preventiva ha demostrado ser un instrumento útil en la disminución de la enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar la efectividad de una intervención preventiva realizada en los Institutos de Ense anza Secundaria (IES) de las comarcas del Baix Ebre y el Montsià correspondientes a la Región Sanitaria de Tortosa, orientada a reducir el riesgo de transmisión del VIH y aumentar el conocimiento de dicha enfermedad. Método: Se realizó un estudio de intervención antes-después, sin grupo control. Se invitó a participar a 19 centros docentes, correspondientes a los cursos de 4o de Ense anza Secundaria Obligatoria y 1o de Bachillerato. La actividad consistía en un taller de 60-90 minutos de duración, adjuntando material didáctico. El instrumento de medida fue un cuestionario. Resultados: Aceptaron participar 12 centros, obteniendo 896 respuestas en el pre-test y 805 respuestas en el post-test. En el 52 % (10/19) de los ítems se observó un incremento, estadísticamente significativo, de las respuestas correctas en el post-test. En 4 de los 5 ítems (80%) sobre actitudes y en 5 de los 8 (62,5%) ítems sobre conocimientos generales de la infección se observó, después de la intervención, una mejora estadísticamente significativa. Sólo en 1 de los 6 ítems (16,6%) sobre los conocimientos en prevención se observó una mejoría estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: Las actividades preventivas en forma de talleres participativos son un buen instrumento para aumentar los conocimientos y mejorar las actitudes respecto al VIH/SIDA de los adolescentes que participan. Al no existir tratamiento curativo para esta enfermedad, la prevención desde el ámbito educativo es relevante para frenar el aumento de transmisión del VIH.
Biodiversity Conservation and the Poor: Practical Issues beyond Global Conferences  [PDF]
Esther W. Dungumaro
Natural Resources (NR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2013.44040
Abstract:

The paper focuses on biodiversity—an issue that easily gets left out of consideration because it is hard to measure. While efforts to reduce over-fishing or conservation of water resources are relatively easy to discuss in quantitative terms, biodiversity in terms of plant species is usually covered by crude and even invalid figures. The paper begins by providing a brief historical overview of attempts to define biodiversity, going back to the early efforts in Africa to deal with conservation and showing how definitions have evolved overtime and how they have shaped conservation efforts. While the main focus of the paper is biodiversity conservation and the poor, the paper makes references to the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and other important global conferences including the World Conference on Environment and Development and Convention on Biological Diversity. The paper finds that international conferences by and large do not adequately address the issue of biodiversity and the poor. The limited commitment shown by political leaders at the conferences should be a reason for global and local authorities to create an environment that enables communities to meet their daily needs, foster development and conserve biodiversity.

 

Economic Growth and Poverty: Pro-Poor Growth? In the Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Ngakoli Esther Victorie
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.46059
Abstract:

Using a posterior approach from 2005 to 2011, this article seeks to answer the question: does economic growth benefit the poor or not in the Republic of Congo? The study found that across the country, the index of pro-poor growth has been positive and superior to one, which is indicative of pro-poor growth, but it is pro-rich in urban areas. However, the study conceals disparities in the regions due to the constraints of informational orders. The study recommends specific policy measures to increase, specifically household surveys in twelve regions in the Republic of Congo to better understand the extent of poverty.

Patterns of Technology Transfer in Chinese Hotspots of Innovative Development — The Perspective of the Recipient Firms  [PDF]
Henning Kroll, Esther Schnabl
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2014.33012
Abstract: In China, as in other countries, pre-competitive research constitutes the basis of techno-economic development beyond imitation and adaptation. While acknowledging the nation’s concerted efforts to improve the situation, most empirical accounts of science-industry linkages in China remain sceptical about local universities’ ability to meaningfully transfer knowledge and technologies. Against this background, we change perspective and analyse the perceptions of selected technology-oriented firms in Beijing. Interestingly, we find that there is a notable core of technology firms with fairly close linkages to universities and research institutions.
Obesity: A Potential Pandemic for the 21st Century among the Youths in Zimbabwe  [PDF]
Esther Mufunda, Lynah Makuyana
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2016.62014
Abstract: Background: Obesity is now reported as an epidemic in many developed countries, and it is an emerging public health concern in developing, transitional, and newly developed countries. The incidence of obesity increases during adolescence and persists into adulthood and becomes irreversible. In addition to biological causes like inheritance, cultural factors (such as dietary knowledge, attitudes and behaviours), socio-demographic factors may also play a central role in the etiology of obesity. The aim of the study was to describe young adults’ knowledge and perceptions about obesity, with a focus on comprehensibility and meaningfulness of obesity in their daily lives and its health implications. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was used with 96 participants aged 18 - 35 years. The respondents’ body mass indices (BMI) were calculated from self-reported weights and heights. Descriptive analytical, statistical methods were used for data analysis. Results: The youths had good knowledge about obesity, its causes and associated complications. Generally, negative attitudes toward obesity were reported. Some perceived obesity as the ideal body image among today’s youths while others perceived obesity as something that was beyond their control. Identified knowledge gaps were in the area of obesity and nutrition knowledge, food preferences and implications to health. Knowledge deficit about obesity might lead to poor health-related behaviours with its associated complications. Conclusion: There is a need to intensify community-focused health education as a preventive strategy to empower the youths to take charge of their health and change their perceptions about obesity.
Zeno of Elea Shines a New Light on Quantum Weirdness  [PDF]
María Esther Burgos
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2017.88087
Abstract: After a brief reference to the quantum Zeno effect, a quantum Zeno paradox is formulated. Our starting point is the usual version of Time Dependent Perturbation Theory. Although this theory is supposed to account for transitions between stationary states, we are led to conclude that such transitions cannot occur. Paraphrasing Zeno, they are nothing but illusions. Two solutions to the paradox are introduced. The first as a straightforward application of the postulates of Orthodox Quantum Mechanics; the other is derived from a Spontaneous Projection Approach to quantum mechanics previously formulated. Similarities and differences between both solutions are highlighted. A comparison between the two versions of quantum mechanics, supporting their corresponding solutions to the paradox, shines a new light on quantum weirdness. It is shown, in particular, that the solution obtained in the framework of Orthodox Quantum Mechanics is defective.
Aspects of Sex Differences: Social Intelligence vs. Creative Intelligence  [PDF]
Ferdinand Fellmann, Esther Redolfi
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2017.74017
Abstract: In this article, we argue that there is an essential difference between social intelligence and creative intelligence, and that they have their foundation in human sexuality. For sex differences, we refer to the vast psychological, neurological, and cognitive science research where problem-solving, verbal skills, logical reasoning, and other topics are dealt with. Intelligence tests suggest that, on average, neither sex has more general intelligence than the other. Though people are equals in general intelligence, they are different in special forms of intelligence such as social intelligence and creative intelligence, the former dominant in women, the latter dominant in men. The dominance of creative intelligence in men needs to be explained. The focus of our research is on the strictly anthropological aspects, and consequently our explanation for this fact is based on the male-female polarity in the mating systems. Sexual dimorphism does not only regard bodily differences but implies different forms of sex life. Sex researchers distinguish between two levels of sexual intercourse: procreative sex and recreational sex, and to these we would add “creative sex.” On all three levels, there is a behavioral difference between men and women, including the subjective experience. These differences are as well attributed to culture as genetically founded in nature. Sexual reproduction is only possible if females cooperate. Their biological inheritance makes females play a decisive role in mate choice. Recreational sex for the purpose of pleasure rather than reproduction results from female extended sexual activity. Creative sex, on the contrary, is a specifically male performance of sexuality. We identify creative sex with eroticism. Eroticism evolved through the transformation of the sexual drive into a mental state of expectation and fantasizing. Hence, sex differences (that nowadays are covered up by cultural egalitarianism) continue to be the evolutionary origin of the difference between social and creative intelligence.
Unravelling the Quantum Maze  [PDF]
María Esther Burgos
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.98106
Abstract: The restoration of philosophical realism as the basis of quantum mechanics is the main aim of the present study. A spontaneous projection approach to quantum theory previously formulated achieved this goal in cases where the Hamiltonian does not depend explicitly on time. After discussing the most relevant flaws of orthodox quantum mechanics, a formulation of the spontaneous projections approach in the general case is introduced. This approach yields experimental predictions which in general coincide with those of the orthodox version and overcomes its main flaws.
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