Abstract:
It is well known that some quantum and statistical fluctuations of a quantum field may be recovered by adding suitable stochastic sources to the mean field equations derived from the Schwinger-Keldysh (Closed-time-path) effective action. In this note we show that this method can be extended to higher correlations and higher (n-particle irreducible) effective actions. As an example, we investigate three and fourth order correlations by adding stochastic sources to the Schwinger - Dyson equations derived from the 2-particle irreducible effective. This method is a simple way to investigate the nonlinear dynamics of quantum fluctuations.

Abstract:
We use the 2 particle irreducible Schwinger-Keldysh effective action to set up consistent equations for the velocity and pressure correlations of a turbulent flow. We use these equations to derive the Kadanoff-Baym equations describing the relaxation to Kolmogorov turbulence in the absence of mean velocities.

Abstract:
We extend the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported by G. Gioia, P. Chakraborty and N. Goldenfeld (GCG) (G. Gioia and P. Chakraborty, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (2006), N. Goldenfeld, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044503 (2006)) to the case where drag is reduced by polymer additives.

Abstract:
We argue that the main mechanism for condensate collapse in an attractive Bose-Einstein condensate is the loss of coherence between atoms a finite distance apart, rather than the growth of the occupation number in noncondensate modes. Since the former mechanism is faster than the latter by a factor of approximately 3/2, this helps to dispel the apparent failure of field theoretical models in predicting the collapse time of the condensate.

Abstract:
We analyze a possible extension of Gioia and Chakraborty's momentum transfer model of friction in steady turbulent pipe flows (Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (2006)) to the case of time and/or space dependent turbulent flows. The end result is an expression for the stress at the wall as the sum of an steady and a dynamic component. The steady part is obtained by using the instantaneous velocity in the expression for the stress at the wall of a stationary flow. The unsteady part is a weighted average over the history of the flow acceleration, with a weighting function similar to that proposed by Vardy and Brown (Journal of Sound and Vibration 259, 1011 (2003); ibid. 270, 233 (2004)), but naturally including the effect of spatial derivatives of the mean flow, as in the Brunone model (B. Brunone et al., J. of Water Resources Planning and Management 236 (2000)).

Abstract:
In this topical review we discuss the connections between chaos, decoherence and quantum cosmology. We understand chaos as classical chaos in systems with a finite number of degrees of freedom, decoherence as environment induced decoherence and quantum cosmology as the theory of the Wheeler - DeWitt equation or else the consistent history formulation thereof, first in mini super spaces and later through its extension to midi super spaces. The overall conclusion is that consideration of decoherence is necessary (and probably sufficient) to sustain an interpretation of quantum cosmology based on the Wave function of the Universe adopting a Wentzel - Kramers - Brillouin form for large Universes, but a definitive account of the semiclassical transition in classically chaotic cosmological models is not available in the literature yet.

Abstract:
We show that the main results of the analysis of the friction factor for turbulent pipe flow reported in G. Gioia and P. Chakraborty (GC), Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 044502 (1996) can be recovered by assuming the Heisenberg closure hypothesis for the turbulent spectrum. This highlights the structural features of the turbulent spectrum underlying GC's analysis.

Abstract:
We derive the formulae of fluctuating hydrodynamics appropiate to a relativistically consistent divergence type theory, obtaining Landau - Lifshitz fluctuating hydrodynamics as a limiting case.

Abstract:
We show that the properties of spinor Bose-Einstein condensates allow us to build an analog Taub (axisymmetric Bianchi IX) Universe. We shall develop this proposal on the example of a rubidium condensate, where the relevant experiments are well within present day capabilities. A better Taub analog however would be built out of a collective Rydberg excitation.

Abstract:
We consider a closed Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe driven by the back reaction from a massless, non-conformally coupled quantum scalar field. We show that the back-reaction of the quantum field is able to drive the cosmological scale factor over the barrier of the classical potential so that if the universe starts near zero scale factor (initial singularity) it can make the transition to an exponentially expanding de Sitter phase, with a probability comparable to that from quantum tunneling processes. The emphasis throughout is on the stochastic nature of back reaction, which comes from the quantum fluctuations of the fundamental fields.