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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13403 matches for " Esmaeil Mohammad Nejad "
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Nurses Awareness of Patients Rights in a Teaching Hospital
Esmaeil Mohammad Nejad,Jamaloddin Begjani,Ghasem Abotalebi,Amir Salari
Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Patients' rights observance is one of the effective measures of patients' satisfaction of health care services. We performed this study at the aim of evaluation of nurses' awareness of patients' rights in a teaching hospital in Tehran.This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2010. In this study 156 nurses were randomly selected. Two-part questionnaire was used for data collection. The validity and reliability of questionnaire was determined and then it was distributed between subjects. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 15 using descriptive and inferential statistics. Our results showed that %58.33, %39.10 and % 2.56 of nurses have good, medium, and poor levels of awareness respectively. We observed a significant relationship between nurses awareness and work experience (P=0.008) and concurrent work in public and private hospitals (P=0.01). The most of the nurses (%95.51) were aware of "right to privacy protection and ensure confidentiality of information" and the least of them (%33.97) were aware of "right to receiving necessary information about the health care providers, the rate of tariff and insurance coverage".According to our survey it is concluded that implementation of Patients' Right Charter in this hospital is accompanied by some limitations which necessitates promotion of the nurses' awareness about patients' rights. Taken together in order to enhance nurses' awareness special measures and strategies should be considered.
Trilinear Hexahedra with Integral-Averaged Volumes for Nearly Incompressible Nonlinear Deformation  [PDF]
Craig D. Foster, Talisa Mohammad Nejad
Engineering (ENG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2015.711067
Abstract: Many materials such as biological tissues, polymers, and metals in plasticity can undergo large deformations with very little change in volume. Low-order finite elements are also preferred for certain applications, but are well known to behave poorly for such nearly incompressible materials. Of the several methods to relieve this volumetric locking, the \"\" method remains popular as no extra variables or nodes need to be added, making the implementation relatively straightforward and efficient. In the large deformation regime, the incompressibility is often treated by using a reduced order or averaged value of the volumetric part of the deformation gradient, and hence this technique is often termed an \"\" approach. However, there is little in the literature detailing the relationship between the choice of \"\" and the resulting \"\" and stiffness matrices. In this article, we develop a framework for relating the choice of \"\" to the resulting \"\" and stiffness matrices. We examine two volume-averaged choices for \"\" , one in the reference and one in the current configuration. Volume-averaged \"\" formulation has the advantage that no integration points are added. Therefore, there is a modest savings in memory and no integration point quantities needed to be interpolated between different sets of points. Numerical results show that the two formulations developed give similar results to existing methods.
Comparison of Neurite Density Measured by MRI and Histology after TBI
Shiyang Wang, Michael Chopp, Mohammad-Reza Nazem-Zadeh, Guangliang Ding, Siamak P. Nejad-Davarani, Changsheng Qu, Mei Lu, Lian Li, Esmaeil Davoodi-Bojd, Jiani Hu, Qingjiang Li, Asim Mahmood, Quan Jiang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063511
Abstract: Background Functional recovery after brain injury in animals is improved by marrow stromal cells (MSC) which stimulate neurite reorganization. However, MRI measurement of neurite density changes after injury has not been performed. In this study, we investigate the feasibility of MRI measurement of neurite density in an animal model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with and without MSC treatment. Methods Fifteen male Wistar rats, were treated with saline (n = 6) or MSCs (n = 9) and were sacrificed at 6 weeks after controlled cortical impact (CCI). Healthy non-CCI rats (n = 5), were also employed. Ex-vivo MRI scans were performed two days after the rats were sacrificed. Multiple-shell hybrid diffusion imaging encoding scheme and spherical harmonic expansion of a two-compartment water diffusion displacement model were used to extract neurite related parameters. Bielshowski and Luxol Fast blue was used for staining axons and myelin, respectively. Modified Morris water maze and neurological severity score (mNSS) test were performed for functional evaluation. The treatment effects, the correlations between neurite densities measured by MRI and histology, and the correlations between MRI and functional variables were calculated by repeated measures analysis of variance, the regression correlation analysis tests, and spearman correlation coefficients. Results Neurite densities exhibited a significant correlation (R2>0.80, p<1E?20) between MRI and immuno-histochemistry measurements with 95% lower bound of the intra-correlation coefficient (ICC) as 0.86. The conventional fractional anisotropy (FA) correlated moderately with histological neurite density (R2 = 0.59, P<1E?5) with 95% lower bound of ICC as 0.76. MRI data revealed increased neurite reorganization with MSC treatment compared with saline treatment, confirmed by histological data from the same animals. mNSS were significantly correlated with MRI neurite density in the hippocampus region. Conclusions The present studies demonstrated that neurite density can be estimated by MRI after TBI and MRI measurement of neurite density is a sensitive marker to MSC treatment response.
The Role of Water in Persian Gardens  [PDF]
Jamal-e-Din Mahdi Nejad, Hamidreza Azemati, Esmaeil Zarghami, Ali Sadeghi Habib Abad
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2017.71004
Abstract: The role of water in the formation of the first human habitats is a response to a biological need. But when above a need, home building and constructing residential complexes have a cultural meaning, architecture is emerged and water in human life has an artistic place and it is originated from the creativity of the artists and architects. Understanding the concept of water in architecture is understanding the concept of water architecture. Understanding the physical laws of water behavior is our emotions to the interaction of water and most importantly the role and allegory and its relationship with human life. Water is a paradoxical metaphor and along with soil, fire and air, consists of the four comprising elements of the universe. If someone asks us to define water, we say it is a colorless liquid which is the source of life, but is it really the definition of water in architecture and only in terms of the physical aspect, it is an interface between man and architecture? To answer this question, first we examine the available resources in this field and desk studies about the architectural spirit and then examine the water hidden side and the way it affects humans and architecture through descriptive-analytical method, so by contemplating in them, the question can also be answered. From the beginning, water was a vital element not only for the body but for the soul.
A NEW APPROACH TO DETERMINE THE DEPTH OF MODERN ANESTHESIA BASED ON DRUG - RECEPTOR PRINCIPLE (INTRODUCING A NEW TEST)
Mohammad Esmaeil Tashayod
Acta Medica Iranica , 1993,
Abstract: This paper deals with the assessment of the depth of the modern anesthesia. A new classification is proposed and a test is designed for monitoring the movement of the hand during complete relaxation.
The Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight in Children Aged 6 in Iran  [PDF]
Lornezhad Hamidreza, Kazemeini Hossein, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Amanollahi Aminda
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2016.64013
Abstract: Obesity is one of the most prominent problems imminent among all societies particularly in developing countries. WHO reported in the latest report that obesity was among the 5 causes of death in the world. In 2010, about 43 million under 5 years children were found to be overweight. At present about 35 million kids suffering from obesity live in developing countries and about 7 million overweight kids live in developed countries. Studies in Iran show that the prevalence of obesity is between 7 - 16 percent. According to this study, from 514,963 examined children (261,633 male and 253,330 female), 2.6 percent of children had severe obesity, 60 percent and 40 percent in males and females respectively. This study showed that 3.6 percent were obese, 57.5 and 42.5 in males and females respectively. Also overweight was 8.4 percent, 49.3 and 50.7 percent in males and females respectively. Overweight was found to be more common among female participants with 50.7 percent as opposed to 49.3 percent for males. However, obesity and severe obesity were found to be more common among males. Life style change is the best way to prevent obesity and also is the best way to control and treat it by increased activity and low food consumption. Because of the importance of nutrition in childhood growth and development and also the effect of childhood malnutrition on adult health, special notice to this issue is necessary.
Impact of E-Learning on Learning and Realizing Information Society
Mohammad Behrouzian Nejad,Ebrahim Behrouzian Nejad
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: With entering to information age, education is one of the important areas which were heavily influenced by information and information technology. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can be used as important and powerful tool to improve quality and efficiency of education. By means of e-learning the traditional teaching methods can be changed so that it is not necessary to attend in the classroom physically. In fact e-learning is a new paradigm of remote education. The continuous evolution of ICT requires that all citizens have the necessary skills to use these technologies and to access information for efficient individual functioning in the information society. This study will introduce main concepts of e-learning, information technology and information society. This study show that e-learning is a major and primary issue, so it is can be an alternative or replacement for traditional learning methods. Also this study examines the issues surrounding the implementation and impact of e-learning to achieve information society.
Microfacies and Sedimentary Environments of the Fahliyan Formation from the Southwest of Iran (Shiraz, Zagros)  [PDF]
Mahnaz Parvaneh Nejad Shirazi, Fatemeh Dashtaby Jahromi, Mohammad Bahrami
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.32008
Abstract:

The Fahliyan Formation is a carbonate sequence of Lower Cretaceous (Berriasian-Hauterivian) in age and was deposited in the Zagros sedimentary basin. This formation is a part of Khami Group and is a reservoir rock in Zagros Basin. This formation was investigated by a detailed petrographic analysis in order to clarify the depositional facies and sedimentary environment in the Kuh-e-Gadvan in Fars Province. Petrographic studies led to the recognition of nine microfacies that were deposited in four facies belts: tidal flat, lagoon, and barrier and shallow open-marine. An absence of turbidite deposits, reefal facies, and gradual facies changes indicate that the Fahliyan Formation was deposited on a carbonate ramp.

A Review of Epidemiology, Diagnosis and Management of Brucellosis for General Physicians Working in the Iranian Health Network
Seyed Mohammad Alavi,Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology , 2012,
Abstract: Although rare in industrialized countries, brucellosis continues to be a major public health problem in developing countries such as Iran. General physicians (GP) as well as health care workers (HCW) are concerned about brucellosis both as a public health problem as well as an occupational hazard. The aim of this article is to review the information about the epidemiology, immunopathogenesis, diagnosis and occupational risks associated with the prevention and treatment of brucellosis. Information obtained from previous investigations on brucellosis has yielded better knowledge about this illness. This information enables GPs to provide improved health services including preventive consultations, early diagnosis and treatment to attending people or patients at health care units.
The Causes and Risk Factors of Tuberculosis Deaths in Khuzestan
Alavi Seyed Mohammad,Salami Nejad
Acta Medica Iranica , 2009,
Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the 10 leading cause of deaths in developing countries. Understanding the cause and risk factors of TB death and lowering them can reduce its mortality rate. The aim of this study was to assess the cause and risk factors for death of tuberculosis. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in Khuzestan province in the south west of Iran, from 2002 to 2006. Medical records of tuberculosis cases over the 5-year period were reviewed and death data were analyzed. Including criteria were documented TB diagnosed based on National Tuberculosis Program (NTP). Extracted data were analyzed in SPSS 11.5 system and by chi squared test. One hundred and twenty five deaths (3.15%) with mean age of 48.96±10.03 years were detected. Risk factors for death were: cigarette smoking, diabetes, chronic peritoneal dialysis, MDR-TB, imprisonment, AIDS and injection drug usage. 93 deaths (74.4%) were directly attributed to tuberculosis. Overwhelming TB disease, hemoptysis, AIDS/HIV and MDR-TB were the cause of death with the rate of 69.9%, 11.8%, 9.7% and 8.6%, respectively. 32 (25.6%) deaths were due to medical problems unrelated to TB, among which were cardiovascular diseases, bacterial super infection and cancers with the rate of 25%, 21.9% and 15.6%, respectively. The deaths of TB not only are directly related to TB, but also are caused due to comorbid conditions. Overwhelming TB disease, hemoptysis, cardiovascular diseases, bacterial super infection and cancers are the main cause of death. MDR-TB, imprisonment, AIDS and injection drug usage are the main risk factors for TB mortality.
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