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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 168671 matches for " Erin E. Curcio "
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Travel in Pregnancy: The Impact of Zika  [PDF]
Erin E. Curcio, Jonathan D. Baum, Debra Gussman, Mark Martens
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2017.710107
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to examine current travel patterns and behaviors of pregnant women. METHODS: We developed a questionnaire adapted from a publication by Kingman and Economides to examine the travel behavior of women during pregnancy in a suburban community. RESULTS: A convenience sample of 102 patients completed the travel questionnaire. Forty-six (45.1%) traveled during the current pregnancy. Thirty-one (30.4%) traveled more than once. A total of 257 trips were taken by the participants: 113 (43.9%) trips were taken in the first trimester, 87 (33.8%) in the second and 59 (22.9%) in the third trimester. Trip length ranged from 2-90 days with a mean of 11 days. Reasons for travel included: 193 (75.1%) for leisure, 37 (14.4%) work related, 10 (3.9%) trips for emergencies, and 3 (0.4%) trips for relocation.?Eighteen women (17.6%) traveled internationally. One (1.0%) woman was hospitalized while traveling. Manner of travel was as follows: car 167 (65.0%), plane 67 (26.1%), train 13 (5.1) %, bus 10 (3.9%) and none by boat. Nineteen (41.3%) women sought travel advice. Thirteen (68.4%) asked for advice from a doctor, 2 (10.5%) from a nurse, 2 (10.5%) from family and/or friends, 1 (5.3%) from the Internet and 1 (5.3%) from a travel book. Seventeen (37%), traveled without suitable insurance. DISCUSSION: Travel rates during pregnancy have remained surprisingly stable over the past 60 years. Almost 50% of our cohort traveled during pregnancy, and the majority did not seek advice prior to travel. In light of new infectious disease threats, obstetric practice and advice needs reassessment. The majority of travel during pregnancy remains optional. Improved patient education and consultations prior to travel could decrease health risks.
Let the Games Begin! Engaging Students With Field-Tested Interactive Information Literacy Instruction (Book Review)
Erin E. Payton
Journal of Library Innovation , 2012,
Abstract: A review of Theresa R. McDevitt's Let the Games Begin! Engaging Students With Field-Tested Interactive Information Literacy Instruction.
Experimental use of a native isolate of Phlebiopsis gigantea: efficacy and eco-sustainability.
Motta E,Annesi T,D’Amico L,Curcio G
Forest@ , 2009, DOI: 10.3832/efor0578-006
Abstract: Heterobasidion annosum is an important pathogen, causing conifer root and butt rot. In Italy it attacks Pinus species both in mountain and in coastal plantations. Its diffusion is greatly enhanced during thinning, as its aerial inoculum germinates on new wounds or freshly cut butts. During thinning in the Castel Fusano Pinus pinea forest (Rome, Italy), in 2002-2005, a biological control trial was carried out for preventing new disease centres of a North American population of H. annosum, whose airborne spores were abundantly present. In particular, in February 2003 a suspension prepared with a native isolate of Phlebiopsis gigantea, previously studied in controlled environment, was applied on 23 butts. Observations on efficacy and persistence of the isolate in the treated stumps were carried out thirty months later. The pathogen was never detected in the stumps treated. Moreover, it was impossible to re-isolate from the upper part of the butts the P. gigantea individual isolate which had been profusely applied. These results confirm that the used isolate is an efficient biological control agent on P. pinea against the exotic isolates of H. annosum, and it is safe from an ecological point of view, as it does not trouble the natural succession of micro-organisms in butts.
A Model of Blood Flow in a Circulation Network
Weihua Ruan,M. E. Clark,Meide Zhao,Anthony Curcio
Mathematics , 2002,
Abstract: We study a mathematical model of a blood circulation network which is a generalization of the coronary model proposed by Smith, Pullan and Hunter. We prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution to the initial-boundary value problem and discuss the continuity of dependence of the solution and its derivatives on initial, boundary and forcing functions and their derivatives.
A Hyperbolic System in a One-Dimensional Network
Weihua Ruan,M. E. Clark,Meide Zhao,Anthony Curcio
Mathematics , 2002,
Abstract: We study a coupled system of Navier-Stokes equation and the equation of conservation of mass in a one-dimensional network. The system models the blood circulation in arterial networks. A special feature of the system is that the equations are coupled through boundary conditions at joints of the network. We prove the existence and uniqueness of the solution to the initial-boundary value problem, discuss the continuity of dependence of the solution and its derivatives on initial, boundary and forcing functions and their derivatives, develop a numerical scheme that generates discretized solutions, and prove the convergence of the scheme.
Incentivos y desincentivos de la industria farmacéutica privada para la I+D de nuevos medicamentos
Curcio, Pasqualina Curcio;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001000017
Abstract: the authors present a model with factors that influence research and development decisions by the pharmaceutical industry: risk of disease transmission and possibility of control; case-fatality and the presence of cure or treatments; income; number of persons who demand the medicine; and opportunity costs for the company. companies tend to invest in markets with inelastic demand (highly contagious diseases with no possibility of controlling transmission and/or very lethal diseases without treatment) and/or where there is a large population or high per capita income. companies tend not to invest in markets where marginal costs exceed marginal income, particularly when costs increase permanently as a consequence of rising opportunity costs generated by foregoing profit in other markets. in such cases, policies to subsidize r&d are not effective, and policies must be orientated towards strengthening basic and applied research by public institutions.
La investigación y desarrollo de la vacuna del sida: Costo de oportunidad para la industria farmacéutica privada
Curcio Curcio,Pascualina;
Revista Venezolana de Economía y Ciencias Sociales , 2009,
Abstract: investment by the pharmaceutical industry in r&d for the aids vaccine represented only 10% of total resources invested for this purpose in 2004. this article argues that consumers? income levels are not a significant factor determining investment decisions, nor do intellectual property rights produce any incentive. there are other factors related to the demand for the vaccine and the market performance of antiretrovirals which exert influence on the industry decisions. the extraordinary benefits obtained by the industry within antiretroviral markets (due to monopoly conditions) represent an opportunity cost within the vaccine market which is permanently increasing. these high opportunity costs mean that the industry does not find investment in r & d at all attractive. push and pull policies are not appropriate to encourage the industry; they have to be directed to regulating the antiretroviral sale monopoly and to strengthening the capacity of public and non profit institutions in order for them to develop the vaccine.
Los derechos de propiedad intelectual y el mercado de medicamentos para el tratamiento del HIV-SIDA
Curcio Curcio,Pasqualina;
Revista Venezolana de Economía y Ciencias Sociales , 2007,
Abstract: the creation of monopolies on the basis of conceding exclusive rights for the production and commercialization of products is prejudicial in the case of those whose demand is inelastic, as is the case of medicine for treating aids. the monopoly that exists in the pharmaceutical industry raises prices, restricts production and allows only 20% of the cases to be treated. the author offers a proposal designed to increase the regulation of the industry with a view to responding to the demand while, at the same time, allowing the industry to cover its research and development costs and remain profitable
Challenges to the Programmatic Implementation of Ready to Use Infant Formula in the Post-Earthquake Response, Haiti, 2010: A Program Review
Leisel E. Talley, Erin Boyd
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084043
Abstract: Background and Objectives Following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, infant and young child feeding was identified as a priority nutrition intervention. A new approach to support breastfeeding mothers and distribute ready-to-use infant formula (RUIF) to infants unable to breastfeed was established. The objective of the evaluation was to assess the implementation of infant feeding programs using RUIF in displaced persons camps in Port-au-Prince, Haiti during the humanitarian response. Methods A retrospective record review was conducted from April–July, 2010 to obtain data on infants receiving RUIF in 30 baby tents. A standardized data collection form was created based on data collected across baby tents and included: basic demographics, admission criteria, primary caretaker, feeding practices, and admission and follow-up anthropometrics. Main Findings Orphans and abandoned infants were the most frequent enrollees (41%) in the program. While the program targeted these groups, it is unlikely that this is a true reflection of population demographics. Despite programmatic guidance, admission criteria were not consistently applied across programs. Thirty-four percent of infants were undernourished (weight for age Z score <?2) at the time of admission. Defaulting accounted for 50% of all program exits and there was no follow-up of these children. Low data quality was a significant barrier. Conclusions The design, implementation and magnitude of the ‘baby tents’ using RUIF was novel in response to infant and young child feeding (IYCF) in emergencies and presented multiple challenges that should not be overlooked, including adherence to protocols and the adaption of emergency programs to existing programs. The implementation of IYCF programs should be closely monitored to ensure that they achieve the objectives set by the humanitarian community and national government. IYCF is an often overlooked component of emergency preparedness; however to improve response, generic protocols and pre-emergency training and preparedness should be established for humanitarian agencies.
Squares from D(–4) and D(20) Triples  [PDF]
Zvonko ?erin
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2011.15052
Abstract: We study the eight infinite sequences of triples of natural numbers A=(F2n+1,4F2n+3,F2n+7), B=(F2n+1,4F2n+5,F2n+7), C=(F2n+1,5F2n+1,F2n+3), D=(F2n+3,4F2n+1,F2n+3) and A=(L2n+1,4L2n+3,L2n+7), B=(L2n+1,4L2n+5,L2n+7), C=(L2n+1,5L2n+1,L2n+3), D=(L2n+3,4L2n+1,L2n+3. The sequences A,B,C and D are built from the Fibonacci numbers Fn while the sequences A, B, C and D from the Lucas numbers Ln. Each triple in the sequences A,B,C and D has the property D(-4) (i. e., adding -4 to the product of any two different components of them is a square). Similarly, each triple in the sequences A, B, C and D has the property D(20). We show some interesting properties of these sequences that give various methods how to get squares from them.
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