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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13202 matches for " Eric; Sebrié "
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Tobacco industry success in Costa Rica: the importance of FCTC article 5.3
Crosbie,Eric; Sebrié,Ernesto M; Glantz,Stanton A;
Salud Pública de México , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342012000100005
Abstract: objective: to analyze how the tobacco industry influenced tobacco control policymaking in costa rica. materials and methods: review of tobacco industry documents, tobacco control legislation, newspaper articles, and interviewing of key informants. results: during the mid-to-late 1980s, health ministry issued several advanced (for their time) smoking restriction decrees causing british american tobacco (bat) and philip morris international (pmi) to strengthen their political presence there, resulting in passage of a weak 1995 law, which, as of august 2011, remained in effect. since 1995 the industry has used costa rica as a pilot site for latin american programs and has dominated policymaking by influencing the health ministry, including direct private negotiations with the tobacco industry which violate article 5.3's implementing guidelines of the world health organization framework convention on tobacco control (who fctc). conclusions: the costa rica experience demonstrates the importance of vigorous implementation of fctc article 5.3 which insulates public health policymaking from industry interference.
Políticas de etiquetado en los paquetes de cigarrillos: situación actual en América Latina y el Caribe
Sebrié,Ernesto M;
Salud Pública de México , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342012000300012
Abstract: in 2002, brazil became the first country in the region to implement pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packages. since the adoption of the fctc/who in 2005, nine more countries adopted pictorial labels and six passed legislation that is pending of implementation. the message content and the picture style vary across countries. seventeen countries have banned brand descriptors and nine require a qualitative label with information on constituents and emissions. since 2005, important progress has been achieved in the region. however, countries that have ratified the fctc have not yet implemented all the recommendations of article 11 guidelines.
Energy Consumption-Economic Growth Nexus: Does the Level of Aggregation Matter?
Mehdi Abid,Maamar Sebri
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy , 2012,
Abstract: This study investigates the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic performance for the total economy as well as for industry, transport, and residential sectors for Tunisia during the period 1980-2007. The application of Vector error correction model (VECM) for non-stationary and cointegrated series suggests that causality directions at aggregated and disaggregated levels are mixed. However, the findings have important policy implications. While at the level of the total economy, energy plays an important role in development of Tunisian economy, it seems not to have an impact on economic performance at sectoral level. We conclude that results appear to be dependent on the level of aggregation and therefore policy advices should be given with caution.
The so-called "Spanish model" - Tobacco industry strategies and its impact in Europe and Latin America
Nick K Schneider, Ernesto M Sebrié, Esteve Fernández
BMC Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-907
Abstract: Tobacco industry documents research triangulated against news and media reports.As an alternative to the successful implementation of 100% smoke-free policies, several European and Latin American countries introduced partial smoking bans based on the so-called "Spanish model", a legal framework widely advocated by parts of the hospitality industry with striking similarities to "accommodation programmes" promoted by the tobacco industry in the late 1990s. These developments started with the implementation of the Spanish tobacco control law (Ley 28/2005) in 2006 and have increased since then.The Spanish experience demonstrates that partial smoking bans often resemble tobacco industry strategies and are used to spread a failed approach on international level. Researchers, advocates and policy makers should be aware of this ineffective policy.The World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), which was ratified by 174 parties (as of September 2011) including Spain, calls inter alia for the implementation of comprehensive smokefree policies [1]. In January 2006 the Spanish government enacted its former "tobacco control law" (Ley 28/2005), which implemented many measures covered by the FCTC (restrictions on tobacco sales, comprehensive advertising bans, smoking bans at workplaces, etc.), but also allowed owners of "small" hospitality venues (smaller than 100 m2) to choose whether smoking should be allowed in their venues or not [2]. Between 2006 and 2010, tobacco taxes have risen, overt promotion has decreased, overall exposure to second hand smoke has declined, and access to cessation advice and services has increased. Muggli et al. thoroughly described the genesis of this legislation and Granero et al. showed the involvement of different actors, especially those favouring Tobacco Industry interests [3,4]. In this case study we restrict our focus to the so-called "Spanish model" of non-smokers' protection in hospitality venues and its simil
Cigarette labeling policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: progress and obstacles
Sebrié,Ernesto M; Blanco,Adriana; Glantz,Stanton A;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000800019
Abstract: objetive. to describe cigarette labeling policies in latin america and the caribbean as of august 2010. material and methods. review of tobacco control legislation of all 33 countries of the region; analysis of british american tobacco (bat)'s corporate social reports; analysis of information from cigarette packages collected in 27 countries. results. in 2002, brazil became the first country in the region to implement pictorial health warning labels on cigarette packages. since then, six more countries adopted pictorial labels. the message content and the picture style vary across countries. thirteen countries have banned brand descriptors and nine require a qualitative label with information on constituents and emissions. tobacco companies are using strategies commonly used around the world to block the effective implementation of who framework convention on tobacco control (fctc)'s article 11. conclusions. since 2002, important progress has been achieved in the region. however, countries that have ratified the fctc have not yet implemented all the recommendations of article 11 guidelines.
The role of organized civil society in tobacco control in Latin America and the Caribbean
Champagne,Beatriz Marcet; Sebrié,Ernesto; Schoj,Verónica;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000800031
Abstract: civil society has been the engine that has permitted many of the accomplishments seen in tobacco control in latin america and the caribbean. however, the role of civil society is not clearly understood. civil society plays five main roles: advocate, coalition builder, provider of evidence-based information, watchdog and service provider. some of these roles are played weakly by civil society in the region and should be encouraged to support beneficial societal change. civil society working in tobacco control has evolved over the years to now become more professionalized. the who framework convention on tobacco control and the bloomberg initiative to reduce tobacco use have brought about significant change with positive and negative consequences. strengthening civil society not only supports the tobacco control movement but it provides competencies that may be used in many ways to promote change in democratic societies.
Implementation of smokefree workplaces: challenges in Latin America
Griffith,Gillian; Cardone,Antonella; Jo,Catherine; Valdemoro,Ami; Sebrié,Ernesto;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000800033
Abstract: latin america is at the forefront of global progress in smokefree workplaces. comprehensive smokefree laws have been implemented in four countries, and in many cities, states and provinces. more than 130 million people in latin america are now protected from secondhand tobacco smoke. nevertheless, a survey of tobacco control advocates and governments in latin america found several challenges to progress in smokefree workplaces: the need for voluntary workplace programs where there is no smokefree legislation; weak legislation or lack of comprehensive national smokefree laws; tobacco industry attempts to undermine progress with smokefree laws or overturn existing laws via litigation; lack of compliance with laws; the need for monitoring and evaluation of smokefree laws; the need to make better use of mass media campaigns; and strengthening civil society. however, much progress has already been achieved to address these challenges, in particular through collaborations and the exchange of experience and expertise across latin america.
Smokefree Policies in Latin America and the Caribbean: Making Progress
Ernesto M. Sebrié,Verónica Schoj,Mark J. Travers,Barbara McGaw,Stanton A. Glantz
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph9051954
Abstract: We reviewed the adoption and implementation of smokefree policies in all Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) countries. Significant progress has been achieved among LAC countries since the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) was adopted in 2005. Both national and sub-national legislation have provided effective mechanisms to increase the fraction of the population protected from secondhand tobacco smoke. Civil society has actively promoted these policies and played a main role in enacting them and monitoring their enforcement. The tobacco industry, while continuing to oppose the approval and regulation of the laws at legislative and executive levels, has gone a step further by litigating against them in the Courts. As in the US and elsewhere, this litigation has failed to stop the legislation.
Informing effective smokefree policies in Argentina: air quality monitoring study in 15 cities (2007-2009)
Schoj,Verónica; Sebrié,Ernesto M; Pizarro,María Elizabeth; Hyland,Andrew; Travers,Mark J;
Salud Pública de México , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342010000800011
Abstract: objective. to evaluate indoor air pollution in hospitality venues in argentina. material and methods. pm2.5 levels were measured in a convenience sample of venues in 15 cities with different legislative contexts following a protocol developed by roswell park cancer institute. results. 554 samples were collected. across all 5 smokefree cities the mean pm2.5 level was lower during daytime vs. evening hours, 24 vs. 98 pm2.5 respectively (p=.012). in the three cities evaluated before and after legislation, pm2.5 levels decreased dramatically (p<0.001 each). overall, pm2.5 levels were 5 times higher in cities with no legislation vs. smokefree cities (p<0.001). in cities with designated smoking areas, pm2.5 levels were not statistically different between smoking and non-smoking areas (p=0.272). non-smoking areas had significantly higher pm2.5 levels compared to 100% smokefree venues in the same city (twofold higher) (p=0.017). conclusions. most of the participating cities in this study had significantly lower pm2.5 levels after the implementation of 100% smokefree legislation. hence, it represents a useful tool to promote 100% smokefree policies in argentina.
Les complications urétérales de la coelio-chirurgie en gynécologie. Cas clinique et revue de la littérature
S Boughizane, L Sebri, N Haddad, M Malek, R Kacem, M Bibi, F Mosbah, H Khairi
African Journal of Urology , 2004,
Abstract:
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