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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 308423 matches for " Eric J. Bakker "
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Spectral line identification of the ultraviolet spectrum of the peculiar post-AGB star HD101584 (F0Iape)
Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: The high-resolution (R = 10^4) near-ultraviolet IUE spectrum of the peculiar post Asymptotic Giant Branch (post-AGB) supergiant HD101584 (F0Iape) has been analyzed. In the wavelength range between 2500 and 3000ang, 291 out of 332 absorption features are identified. The main contribution comes from FeII, CrII and MnII. Most of the absorption features are blends from several absorption lines. This is mainly due to the intrinsic broad line profiles in the spectrum of HD101584 in combination with the many absorption lines which occur in the UV for a F-type spectrum. The list compiled gives for all measured absorption features between 2500 and 3000ang the measured central wavelength of the core of the profile, the equivalent width of the profile if this could be determined, the depth of the profile, an asymmetry factor, a quality factor and lists the transitions which are responsible for the feature. An analysis of the radial velocities of the absorption profiles will be give in a separate paper.
The velocity gradient in the pseudo-photosphere of the peculiar supergiant HD101584
Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: In this paper preliminary results are presented based on a study of the low and high resolution ultraviolet spectrum of the peculiar supergiant (post-AGB star) HD101584. By a comparison of the low resolution spectrum (1200-3200ang) with standard stars, the star is classified as an A7I, indicating an effective temperature of 8150 K, where literature quotes spectral type F0I. The Doppler shift of the FeII absorption lines in the high resolution spectrum (2500-3000ang) show a relation with the line optical depth. This suggests an expanding accelerating wind, c.q. pseudo-photosphere. The relation is extended by a factor 10^5 in optical depth by using available data from optical HeI and NI lines. The relation suggests that the radial heliocentric velocity of the star is at least 54.5km/s. From the Halpha line a velocity of 96km/s is measured for the terminal velocity of the wind.
The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126: the 12C12C/12C13C isotope ratio and 12C16O column density
Eric J. Bakker,David L. Lambert
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1086/306403
Abstract: We have made the first detection of circumstellar absorption lines of the 12C13C (Phillips) system 1-0 band and the 12C16O first-overtone 2-0 band in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD56126 (IRAS07134+1005). The rotational temperatures are lower for molecules with a higher permanent dipole moment. Derived relative column densities ratios are 12C12C/12C13C=36+-13, 12C16O/(12C12C+12C13C)=606+-230, and 12C16O/(12C14N+13C14N)=475+-175. The isotopic exchange reaction for 12C12C is too slow to significantly alter the 12C12C/12C13C ratio and the 12C12C to 12C13C ratio a good measure of half the carbon isotope ratio: 12C/13C=2 X 12C12C/12C13C=72+-26. A fit of the 12C12C excitation model of van Dishoeck & Black (1982) to the relative population distribution of 12C12C yields n sigma / I = 3.3 +- 1.0 X 1e-14. At r=1e16cm this translates in n=1.7e7cm-3 and dM/dt=2.5e-4Msol/year.
Time resolved spectroscopy of the post-AGB star HD56126
Rene D. Oudmaijer,Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1093/mnras/271.3.615
Abstract: We have investigated the report of Tamura and Takeuti that the Halpha line of the F-type post-AGB star HD56126 is variable on time scales of minutes. To this end, HD56126 was observed on two occasions with the William Herschel Telescope. Seventeen, respectively thirty spectra were taken within time span of 1.5 hours in order to detect any short term variations. We find that the Halpha line profile changed strongly over the two month interval, but no evidence is found for short term variability. The variability Tamura and Takeuti claim to find is probably due to the low signal-to-noise in their spectra.
The circumstellar shell of the post-AGB star HD 56126: the $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN isotope ratio and fractionation
Eric J. Bakker,David L. Lambert
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1086/305879
Abstract: We have detected circumstellar absorption lines of the $^{12}$CN and $^{13}$CN Violet and Red System in the spectrum of the post-AGB star HD~56126. From a synthetic spectrum analysis, we derive a Doppler broadening parameter of $b=0.51\pm0.04$ km~s$^{-1}$, $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN$=38\pm2$, and a lower limit of $2000$ on $^{12}$CN/$^{14}$CN and $^{12}$C$^{14}$N/$^{12}$C$^{15}$N. A simple chemical model has been computed of the circumstellar shell surrounding HD~56126 that takes into account the gas-phase ion-molecule reaction between CN and C$^{+}$. From this we infer that this reaction leads to isotopic fractionation of CN. Taking into account the isotopic exchange reaction and the observed $^{12}$CN/$^{13}$CN we find $^{12}$C/$^{13}$C$\sim 67$ (for $T_{\rm kin}=25$ K). Our analysis suggests that $^{12}$CN has a somewhat higher rotational temperature than $^{13}$CN: $T_{\rm rot}=11.5\pm0.6$ and $8.0\pm0.6$ K respectively. We identify possible causes for this difference in excitation temperature, among which the $N''$ dependence of the isotopic exchange reaction.
Lines of Circumstellar C2, CN, and CH+ in the Optical Spectra of Post-Agb Stars
Eric J. Bakker,David L. Lambert,Ewine F. van Dishoeck
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: Recent optical spectra of post-AGB stars show the presence of C2, CN, and CH+ originating in the circumstellar shell. We present here new, higher resolution spectra which provide constraints on the physical parameters and information on the line profiles. An empirical curve of growth for the C2 Phillips and CN Red system lines in the spectrum of HD 56126 yields b = 0.50 (+0.59, -0.23) km/s. CH+ (0,0) emission lines in the spectrum of the Red Rectangle have been resolved with a FWHM approx 8.5 pm 0.8 km/s. The circumstellar CN lines of IRAS 08005--2356 are resolved into two separate components with a velocity separation of Delta v = 5.7 pm 2.0 km/s. The line profiles of CN of HD 235858 have not been resolved.
Further evidence for the planet around 51 Pegasi
Artie P. Hatzes,William D. Cochran,Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1038/34369
Abstract: The discovery of the planet around the solar-type star 51 Pegasi marked a watershed in the search for extrasolar planets. Since then seven other solar-type stars have been discovered, of which several have surprisingly short orbital periods, like the planet around 51 Peg. These planets were detected using the indirect technique of measuring variations in the Doppler shifts of lines in the spectra of the primary stars. But it is possible that oscillations of the stars themselves (or other effects) could mimic the signature of the planets, particularly around the short-period planets. The apparent lack of spectral and brightness variations, however, led to widespread acceptance that there is a planet around 51 Peg. This conclusion was challenged by the observation of systematic variations in the line profile shapes of 51 Peg, which suggested stellar oscillations. If these observations are correct, then there is no need to invoke a planet around 51 Peg to explain the data. Here we report observations of 51 Peg at a much higher spectral resolution than those in ref.9, in which we find no evidence for systematic changes in the line shapes. The data are most consistent with a planetary companion to 51 Peg.
Photospheric composition of the carbon-rich 21 micron post-AGB stars IRAS 22223+4327 and IRAS 04296+3429
Leen Decin,Hans Van Winckel,Christoffel Waelkens,Eric J. Bakker
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: We present a detailed chemical analysis on the basis of high-resolution, high signal-to-noise optical spectra of two post-AGB objects IRAS 22223+4327 and IRAS 04296+3429. Both display the unidentified $21 \mu m$ feature in their IR-spectra. The spectroscopic indicators provide accurate atmospheric parameters of $T_{eff}$=6500 K, $log g=1.0$ and $\xi_t = 5.5 km/s$ for IRAS 2223+4327 and $T_{eff}$=7000 K, $log g=1.0$ and $\xi_t = 4.0 km/s$ for IRAS 04296+3429. Both photospheres are found to be metal-deficient with [Fe/H]= -0.4 and -0.7 respectively. C and N are found to be overabundant. The mean abundance of all the measured s-process-elements is [s/Fe]=+1.0 for IRAS 2223+4327 and +1.4 for IRAS 04296+3429. The distribution of the s-process elements can best be described as due to a distribution of neutron exposures with a low mean neutron exposure of $\tau_{0} = 0.2 mbarn^{-1}$. The 21 $\mu$m stars form an interesting sub-group in the total post-AGB sample of stars, not only for their IR characteristics, but also in a broader context of stellar (chemical) evolution theory. They show, in contrast to other post-AGB stars, that the 3rd dredge-up has been efficient during their AGB evolution. The mean neutron exposure is lower than expected for their metallicity.
The 218 day period of the peculiar late B-type star HD 101584
Eric J. Bakker,Henny J. G. L. M. Lamers,L. B. F. M. Waters,Christoffel Waelkens
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: We have searched for periodicity in the photometric and spectroscopic variations of the enigmatic star HD 101584 and found a long-term variability on a typical time scale of 1700 days (4.7 years) and a highly significant period of 218+-0.7 day. This period is most prominently present in the photometric indices which are a measure for the Balmer jump (Geneva d and Stromgren c). The Doppler velocities of the high-excitation photospheric absorption lines (HeI and CII) seem to be variable with the photometric period. Our data favor the 218 day period for the Doppler velocities with a small probability that the true period is 436 days. We argue that HD 101584 is a close (highly) eccentric 218 day binary system with a low-mass unseen secondary. The photometric and Doppler variations are attributed to changes in the velocity law and mass-loss rate of the stellar wind which lead to asymmetric line profiles and a phase dependent Balmer discontinuity. Binary interaction is responsible for the changes in velocity law and mass-loss rate leading to the observed phenomena.
Circumstellar molecular line absorption and emission in the optical spectra of post-AGB stars
Eric J. Bakker,Henny J. G. L. M. Lamers,L. B. F. M. Waters,Ton Schoenmaker
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1007/BF00667868
Abstract: We present a list of post-AGB stars showing molecular line absorption and emission in the optical spectrum. Two objects show CH+, one in emission and one in absorption, and ten stars show C2 and CN in absorption. The Doppler velocities of the C2 lines and the rotational temperatures indicate that the line forming region is the AGB remnant. An analysis of the post-AGB stars of which CO millimeter data is available suggests that the C2} expansion velocity is of the same order as the CO expansion velocity. HD56126 has been studied in detail and we find a mass-loss rate of Mdot=2.8e-4 Msol/yr, fC2=2.4e-8 and fCN=1.3e-8. The mass loss derived from C2 is significantly larger than Mdot=1.2e-5 Msol/yr derived from CO. We find that all objects with the 21mu feature in emission show C2 and CN absorption, but not all objects with C2 and CN detections show a 21mu feature.
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