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ü FINCAN AY ADLI ESERDE BIREYCILIK, AZIM VE KAHRAMANLIK / INDIVIDUALISM, PERSEVERANCE AND HEROISM
Ercan KAMAZ
Journal of the Human and Social Science Researches (itobiad) , 2012,
Abstract: Bu makalede, Greg Mortenson’un ü Fincan ay adl eserinde Amerikan de erlerinden belki de ilk ü s ray alan bireycilik, azim ve kahramanl k konular incelenmi tir. Misyoner bir aile ge mi i olan Mortenson’un hayat n anlatan kurgusal olmayan bu eseri, K2’ye yapm oldu u bir t rman sonucu ortaya km t r. Kitab n as l yazar David Oliver Relin’dir, ancak olaylar ya ayan ki i Mortenson’un kendisidir, bundan dolay kitapta olan olaylar Mortenson’un a z ndan tekrar anlatm t r. Bu al ma ile bir da c n n nas l kahramana d nü tü ünü ara t r rken, Amerikan de erlerinin, gitti i yere bar g türmek i in okullar in a etme giri iminin temelini olu turdu unu g stermektir.This article examines the work of Greg Mortenson titled Three cups of Tea in terms of American values, maybe the first three of them such as; individualism, perseverance and heroism. Having a missionary background the book, which is a non-fiction work that tells about Mortenson’s life, came out as a result of climbing K2. The writer of the book is David Oliver Relin, but the person who has lived all the events has been Mortenson himself, therefore Relin has told everything again as if Mortenson was writing the book. This study aims to investigate how a mountaineer turns into a hero and show that American values form the basis for Mortenson’s attempt to build schools to promote peace for the area.
Changing Paradigms in Space Theories: Recapturing 20th Century Architectural History
Gül Kamaz Erk,Belknulls Uluonulllu
Archnet-IJAR : International Journal of Architectural Research , 2013,
Abstract:
Maximum 4-degenerate subgraph of a planar graph
Robert Luko?ka,Ján Mazák,Xuding Zhu
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: A graph $G$ is $k$-degenerate if it can be transformed into an empty graph by subsequent removals of vertices of degree $k$ or less. We prove that every connected planar graph with average degree $d \ge 2$ has a 4-degenerate induced subgraph containing at least $(38-d)/36$ of its vertices. This shows that every planar graph of order $n$ has a 4-degenerate induced subgraph of order more than $8/9 \cdot n$. We also consider a local variation of this problem and show that in every planar graph with at least 7 vertices, deleting a suitable vertex allows us to subsequently remove at least 6 more vertices of degree four or less.
Examination of Entrepreneurship from Humanistic Values Perspective  [PDF]
Ercan Yilmaz
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.33027
Abstract:

This study attempts to examine the influence of humanistic values people prefer on their entrepreneurship. The study is a qualitative study and the data were collected and analyzed using this method. Besides, relational screening model was used. The study group is composed of 482 students who were selected with random sampling method among students who attended various faculties at Selcuk University in 2012. In the study, Schwartz List of Values was used to measure individuals’ value preferences in their lives. Entrepreneurship Scale, which was developed by Yilmaz and Sünbül (2009), was used to measure their entrepreneurship tendency. In the study, it was revealed that there is a significant relation between humanistic values people prefer and entrepreneurship and, humanistic values explain entrepreneurship tendency.

Effect of Active and Passive Smoking on Asthma Exacerbations and Severity in Asthma Patients Followed up Regularly
Zeynep Ayfer Aytemur,?zen Kamaz Ba?o?lu,Aytül ?nal
Turk Toraks Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: Both active and passive smoking increase the risk of developing asthma and respiratory symptoms and decrease pulmonary functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of active and passive smoking exposure on asthma severity and exacerbations in patients treated and followed-up regularly by the same physician in a specialized asthma outpatient clinic. Material and Method: We used a questionnaire to assess the history, medications, severity and exacerbations of asthma, besides active and passive smoking exposure in 131 patients attending our asthma outpatient clinic and urinary cotinine levels were measured. Results: Mean age of the patients was 52.0±11.7 [93 females (71%)]. Thirty nine patients (30%) reported passive smoking exposure, whereas seven (5%) patients were current smokers. Urinary cotinine levels were high (>500 ng/ml) in only two patients with passive smoking exposure. The average number of asthma exacerbations was 1.5/year in patients exposed to passive smoking and 1/year in patients without exposure (p>0.05). The number of patients with intermittent (32% vs. 24%) and mild persistent (53% vs. 46%) asthma were higher in passive smoking patients whereas there were more patients without smoking exposure in the moderate persistent (13% vs. 22%) and severe persistent (3% vs. 8%) groups. Conclusion: We concluded that the percentage of current smokers was lower than the general population among asthma patients. This can emphasize the importance of educational therapy in the specific asthma outpatient clinic. On the other hand, we should improve the consciousness of the general public about asthma as one third of the patients were passive smokers.
The effect of iron deficiency anemia on plasma thyroid hormone levels in childhood
?lke ?zahi ?pek,Ebru Kamaz,Adbülkadir Bozaykut,Rabia G?nül Sezer
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2011,
Abstract: Aim: Studies concerning thyroid functions in iron deficiency anemia, which is frequently seen in childhood, are limited. So, the present study was planned to investigate the effects of iron deficiency anemia on thyroid hormone metabolism.Material and Method: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee (number:77, 04.11.2008) and prospectively conducted among 90 patients with iron deficiency anemia (study group) and 38 healthy children (control group) aged between 1-14 years. Complete blood count, iron, iron binding capacity, ferritin, TSH, TT4, TT3, fT4, fT3 were determined from all the children included in the study. Social Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 15.0 programme was used to analyze the data.Results: Gender and age distribution of the groups were not different while mean birth and height values of the study group were lower than the control group (p<0.001). TT3 and TT4 values were also statistically low in the study group (p=0.002, p<0.001, respectively). Comparing the fT4 and fT3 levels, there was no difference between the groups. There was a positive correlation between TT3-ferritin and TT3-transferrin saturation levels. Conclusions: Although our study suggests that iron deficiency anemia effects the total thyroid hormone levels, biologically active free thyroid hormone fractions are sustained within normal limits. Further studies are required to investigate the mechanism, reversibility and clinical perspective of this effect. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46: 129-32)
Effect of Isolation of Candida Species from Respiratory Specimens on Prognosis
Mehmet Sezai Ta?bakan,Yelda ?eviker,?zen Kamaz Ba?o?lu,Dilek Metin
Turk Toraks Dergisi , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: Candida species are often isolated from respiratory specimens of patients with a history of long duration of hospitalization, immunosuppression, diabetes, alcoholism, history of wide spectrum antibiotic or corticosteroid usage. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the effect of isolation of Candida species from respiratory specimens on prognosis.Material and Method: Patients in the Department of Chest Disease in whom Candida species had been grown in ≥2 respiratory specimens obtained at the same or at different time periods within the last two years were enrolled in the study. Demographic features of the patients, risk factors for fungal infection, and the effect of this infection on prognosis were evaluated.Results: Out of 47 cases (mean age 67.6±14.6 yrs, 33 males) enrolled in the study, 29 were diagnosed as pneumonia at admission. The most frequent species isolated was C. albicans (68.1%). Fifty bacterial agents were isolated from respiratory specimens of 29 patients (61.7%) initially or on follow-up along with Candida species. Immunosuppression was detected in 28 patients (59.6%). Mean duration of hospitalization was 22.3±15.2 days and 26 patients (55.3%) died. Radiologically, multiple-zone involvement, C. tropicalis isolation, high APACHE II score, co-existing bacterial infection, low PaO2/FiO2 ratio, and low albumin levels were found to be associated with mortality.Conclusion: This study showed that Candida species could also be isolated in respiratory specimens of non-immunosuppressed patients and mortality was high. It was concluded that bacterial co-infection and C. tropicalis isolation affected the prognosis negatively.
An adult patient with patent omphalomesenteric duct: Case report
Ahmet O?uz Hasdemir,Oktay Büyüka??k,Kahraman Dinler,Ercan Yal??n
Medical Journal of Bakirk?y , 2008,
Abstract: An adult patient with patent omphalomesenteric duct who presented with fecal umbilical discharge was excised with median incision. The omphalomesenteric duct was followed up to the junction with the small intestine and resection of this segment with the duct was performed. There were no postoperative complications. In the presence of feculent, bilious, seropurulent, or serous discharge at the umbilicus, omphalomesenteric duct or an intestinal umbilical fistula must be remembered in the differential diagnosis.
New Oscillation Results for Forced Second Order Differential Equations with Mixed Nonlinearities  [PDF]
Ercan Tun?, Adil Kaymaz
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.32023
Abstract: Some new oscillation criteria are given for forced second order differential equations with mixed nonlinearities by using the generalized variational principle and Riccati technique. Our results generalize and extend some known oscillation results in the literature.
Analysis of Teachers’ Attitude towards Internet Use: Example of Chemistry Teachers  [PDF]
Mehmet Tekerek, Orhan Ercan
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.33047
Abstract: Web technology is changing rapidly every day and the Internet has become a lifestyle for people all over the world. It is obvious that the life style of societies is in a process of change, as new habits are acquired. Even though Internet use is one of the new social habits, it is one of the most important factors that induce this change as regards the convenience it brings to communication and other areas. The widespread use of Internet implies the idea that it can also be more widely used for educational purpose. Since chemistry teachers have a very important function in education, the determination of teachers’ attitude towards Internet use is also important. In the literature it is possible to see many studies on teacher candidates’ attitude towards Internet use; however studies on appointed teachers’ attitude are not very common. In our study, which aims to determine the attitude of appointed chemistry teachers according to different variables, we used the Internet use attitude scale. Participant teacher’s attitude towards Internet use was analyzed and interpreted according to the variables of gender, years on the job, type of school at which they are teaching, and duration of their weekly Internet use. It was seen that a vast majority of the teachers have personal computers, they connect to Internet at home and have positive attitude towards Internet use. It was also seen that female teachers have more positive attitude than male teachers in use of Internet for social interaction and communication.
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