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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 471092 matches for " Enrique; García-Herrera "
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Análisis de Modelos de Lechos Fuente en Multietapa, utilizando la Distribución del Tiempo de Residencia de los Sólidos
Arriola-Guevara,Enrique; Guatemala-Morales,Guadalupe M; García-Herrera,Tania; García-Fajardo,Jorge A;
Información tecnológica , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07642007000100019
Abstract: a comparative analysis of flow models developed for the solids in a multistage spouted bed system designed by arriola (1997), is presented. models for the residence time distribution, suitable for commercial applications in processing seeds and grains, has been selected in the study. the experimental residence time distribution function was obtained by the stimulus-response technique using colored particles. four models were compared: three compartment models, and the stirred-tank-in-series model. evaluation of these models showed that the compartment models are more suitable for commercial applications. the statistical analysis allows to conclude that the best model, due to its simplicity, is the compartment model proposed by arriola
Estudio Preliminar de las Propiedades de la Semilla de Limón Mexicano (Citrus aurantifolia swingle) para su Posible Aprovechamiento
Arriola-Guevara,Enrique; García-Herrera,Tania; Guatemala-Morales,Guadalupe M; García-Fajardo,Jorge A;
Información tecnológica , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07642006000600015
Abstract: key properties of seed of mexican lime (citrus aurantifolia swingle) were studied for potential uses by the food industry. characteristics considered included physical properties, composition, toxicity to rodents (average lethal dose and chronic toxicity), as well as germicidal activity (inhibition rings and germicidal effectiveness). the seed contained 21% protein, 39% vegetable oil and 29% fiber, particularly lignin. the seed could potentially be used as a basic component for nutritional supplements or functional food products. the toxicity was nil, and thus seed derivatives were safe for human consumption. some germicidal effectiveness was found against candida albicans, 85.77% (starting population = 0.304*108 ufc/ml), and against escherichia coli, 91.447% (starting population = 190*108 ufc/ml), suggesting seed extracts could be used as an ingredient in germicidal products.
Estudio Preliminar de las Propiedades de la Semilla de Limón Mexicano (Citrus aurantifolia swingle) para su Posible Aprovechamiento Preliminary Study of the Properties of Mexican Lime Seed (Citrus aurantifolia swingle) for its Possible Uses
Enrique Arriola-Guevara,Tania García-Herrera,Guadalupe M Guatemala-Morales,Jorge A García-Fajardo
Información Tecnológica , 2006,
Abstract: Se obtuvieron propiedades clave de la semilla de limón mexicano (Citrus aurantifolia swingle) para su posible aprovechamiento en la industria de alimentos. Se consideraron propiedades físicas, composición, toxicidad en roedores (prueba de dosis letal media y toxicidad crónica) y actividad germicida (prueba de halos de inhibición y efectividad germicida). La semilla contiene 21% de proteínas, 39% de aceite vegetal y 29% de fibra, especialmente lignina en cantidad considerable, lo que hace viable su uso como materia prima para nutracéuticos o alimentos funcionales. La toxicidad de la semilla resultó nula por lo que es apta para el consumo humano. Se encontró cierta efectividad germicida para Candida albicans 85.77% (población Inicial = 0.304*10(8) UFC/ml) y para Escherichia coli 91.447% (población Inicial = 190*10(8) UFC/ml), por lo que puede ser usada como ingrediente en germicidas. Key properties of seed of Mexican lime (Citrus aurantifolia swingle) were studied for potential uses by the food industry. Characteristics considered included physical properties, composition, toxicity to rodents (average lethal dose and chronic toxicity), as well as germicidal activity (inhibition rings and germicidal effectiveness). The seed contained 21% protein, 39% vegetable oil and 29% fiber, particularly lignin. The seed could potentially be used as a basic component for nutritional supplements or functional food products. The toxicity was nil, and thus seed derivatives were safe for human consumption. Some germicidal effectiveness was found against Candida albicans, 85.77% (starting population = 0.304*10(8) UFC/ml), and against Escherichia coli, 91.447% (starting population = 190*10(8) UFC/ml), suggesting seed extracts could be used as an ingredient in germicidal products.
Análisis de Modelos de Lechos Fuente en Multietapa, utilizando la Distribución del Tiempo de Residencia de los Sólidos Analysis of Models of Spouted Bed Multistage Systems using the Residence Time Distribution of the Solids
Enrique Arriola-Guevara,Guadalupe M Guatemala-Morales,Tania García-Herrera,Jorge A García-Fajardo
Información Tecnológica , 2007,
Abstract: Se presenta un análisis comparativo de modelos de flujo desarrollados para los sólidos de un sistema de lechos fuente en multietapa (multistage spouted bed) dise ado por Arriola (1997). Se seleccionaron modelos de distribución del tiempo de residencia de los sólidos adecuados para la aplicación comercial del sistema en el tratamiento de granos y semillas. La determinación experimental de la función de distribución del tiempo de residencia se llevó acabo mediante la técnica estímulo-respuesta utilizando partículas coloreadas. Se compararon cuatro modelos: tres de compartimentos y el de tanques-en-serie. La comparación de esos modelos mostró que los de compartimentos son los más apropiados para aplicaciones comerciales. El análisis estadístico permite afirmar que el modelo más recomendable, debido a su simplicidad, es el modelo de compartimentos propuesto por Arriola A comparative analysis of flow models developed for the solids in a multistage spouted bed system designed by Arriola (1997), is presented. Models for the residence time distribution, suitable for commercial applications in processing seeds and grains, has been selected in the study. The experimental residence time distribution function was obtained by the stimulus-response technique using colored particles. Four models were compared: three compartment models, and the stirred-tank-in-series model. Evaluation of these models showed that the compartment models are more suitable for commercial applications. The statistical analysis allows to conclude that the best model, due to its simplicity, is the compartment model proposed by Arriola
Mapping the Structure and Dynamics of Genomics-Related MeSH Terms Complex Networks
Jesús M. Siqueiros-García, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Rodrigo García-Herrera, Andrea Robina-Galatas
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092639
Abstract: It has been proposed that the history and evolution of scientific ideas may reflect certain aspects of the underlying socio-cognitive frameworks in which science itself is developing. Systematic analyses of the development of scientific knowledge may help us to construct models of the collective dynamics of science. Aiming at scientific rigor, these models should be built upon solid empirical evidence, analyzed with formal tools leading to ever-improving results that support the related conclusions. Along these lines we studied the dynamics and structure of the development of research in genomics as represented by the entire collection of genomics-related scientific papers contained in the PubMed database. The analyzed corpus consisted in more than 49,000 articles published in the years 1987 (first appeareance of the term Genomics) to 2011, categorized by means of the Medical Subheadings (MeSH) content-descriptors. Complex networks were built where two MeSH terms were connected if they are descriptors of the same article(s). The analysis of such networks revealed a complex structure and dynamics that to certain extent resembled small-world networks. The evolution of such networks in time reflected interesting phenomena in the historical development of genomic research, including what seems to be a phase-transition in a period marked by the completion of the first draft of the Human Genome Project. We also found that different disciplinary areas have different dynamic evolution patterns in their MeSH connectivity networks. In the case of areas related to science, changes in topology were somewhat fast while retaining a certain core-stucture, whereas in the humanities, the evolution was pretty slow and the structure resulted highly redundant and in the case of technology related issues, the evolution was very fast and the structure remained tree-like with almost no overlapping terms.
On the quality of climate proxies derived from newspaper reports – a case study
D. Gallego, R. García-Herrera, R. Prieto,C. Pe a-Ortiz
Climate of the Past (CP) & Discussions (CPD) , 2008,
Abstract: One of the main problems in climate reconstruction from documentary sources is the evaluation of the quality of non instrumental meteorological records in absence of instrumental observations to perform a calibration. In these cases it is mandatory to envision different approaches to assess the climatic signal in a reconstruction. This work is aimed to test the consistency of a snow frequency reconstruction in the central Argentinean Andes by studying the synoptic patterns related to the occurrence of precipitation in this area. While the original reconstruction covers the period between 1885 and 1996, the insufficiency of overlapping instrumental data limited the calibration to a short 15-year interval. In this paper we evaluate the performance of the reconstructed series for the entire 45-year period between 1958 and 1996 by analyzing the displacement in the jet stream and the patterns of geopotential height related to anomalies in the reconstructed snow frequency series. Previous works have linked the precipitation in the central Andes to the ENSO through the Pacific South American mode. We also have found this connection between ENSO and the reconstructed precipitation. Finally, it is shown that the ENSO relationship is the cause of a significant link between the precipitation anomalies in the central Argentinean Andes and the ice extent around the Antarctic Peninsula.
On the quality of climate proxies derived from newspaper reports – a case study
D. Gallego,R. García-Herrera,R. Prieto,C. Pe?a-Ortiz
Climate of the Past Discussions , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper, the quality of a reconstruction of daily snow frequency in the central Andes is evaluated by studying the atmospheric patterns related to anomalies in the reconstructed series. The origin of precipitation anomalies in this part of the world is relatively well known and is has been related to the El Ni o/Southern Oscillation cycle through the Pacific South American pattern, which implies changes in the subtropical jet across the Pacific, the blocking activity in the Southeastern Pacific and the ice formation around the Antarctic Peninsula. We found that the reconstructed series of snow frequency reproduces every expected anomaly pattern related to precipitation in the central Andes during the period 1958–1996. The methodology developed can help to validate reconstructed series in absence of instrumental data to perform a direct calibration. In addition, it provides a physical link between the variability of a climate proxy and the underlying atmospheric dynamics.
A shift in the spatial pattern of Iberian droughts during the 17th century
F. Domínguez-Castro, R. García-Herrera, P. Ribera,M. Barriendos
Climate of the Past (CP) & Discussions (CPD) , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper, series of drought occurrence and drought extension in the Iberian Peninsula are constructed for the 1600–1750 period from seven rogation series. These rogation ceremony records come from Bilbao, Catalonia, Zamora, Zaragoza, Toledo, Murcia and Seville. They are distributed across the Peninsula and include the areas with the most characteristic Iberian climate types, influenced by the Atlantic and the Mediterranean conditions, described from modern data. A seasonal division of the series shows that spring is a critical season for rogation series in most of Iberia, being Bilbao the only site were the highest number of rogations is detected for a different season. The annual analysis of the series shows a dramatic difference between the first half of the 17th century when droughts are characterized by its local character; and the rest of the period, when they affect to broader regions or even to the whole Peninsula. The analysis of spring series confirms the existence of the two periods detected in the annual analysis. Finally, secondary documentary sources are used to further characterise the two most extended droughts in the period, 1664 and 1680, and to verify the extension of the areas affected by droughts recorded through rogation series.
Extreme summer temperatures in Iberia: health impacts and associated synoptic conditions
R. García-Herrera, J. Díaz, R. M. Trigo,E. Hernández
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO) , 2005,
Abstract: This paper examines the effect of extreme summer temperatures on daily mortality in two large cities of Iberia: Lisbon (Portugal) and Madrid (Spain). Daily mortality and meteorological variables are analysed using the same methodology based on Box-Jenkins models. Results reveal that in both cases there is a triggering effect on mortality when maximum daily temperature exceeds a given threshold (34°C in Lisbon and 36°C in Madrid). The impact of most intense heat events is very similar for both cities, with significant mortality values occurring up to 3 days after the temperature threshold has been surpassed. This impact is measured as the percentual increase of mortality associated to a 1°C increase above the threshold temperature. In this respect, Lisbon shows a higher impact, 31%, as compared with Madrid at 21%. The difference can be attributed to demographic and socio-economic factors. Furthermore, the longer life span of Iberian women is critical to explain why, in both cities, females are more susceptible than males to heat effects, with an almost double mortality impact value. The analysis of Sea Level Pressure (SLP), 500hPa geopotential height and temperature fields reveals that, despite being relatively close to each other, Lisbon and Madrid have relatively different synoptic circulation anomalies associated with their respective extreme summer temperature days. The SLP field reveals higher anomalies for Lisbon, but extending over a smaller area. Extreme values in Madrid seem to require a more western location of the Azores High, embracing a greater area over Europe, even if it is not as deep as for Lisbon. The origin of the hot and dry air masses that usually lead to extreme heat days in both cities is located in Northern Africa. However, while Madrid maxima require wind blowing directly from the south, transporting heat from Southern Spain and Northern Africa, Lisbon maxima occur under more easterly conditions, when Northern African air flows over the central Iberian plateau, which had been previously heated. Full Article (PDF, 1417 KB) Citation: García-Herrera, R., Díaz, J., Trigo, R. M., and Hernández, E.: Extreme summer temperatures in Iberia: health impacts and associated synoptic conditions, Ann. Geophys., 23, 239-251, doi:10.5194/angeo-23-239-2005, 2005. Bibtex EndNote Reference Manager XML
Assessing extreme droughts in the Iberian Peninsula during 1750–1850 from rogation ceremonies
F. Domínguez-Castro,P. Ribera,R. García-Herrera,J. M. Vaquero
Climate of the Past Discussions , 2011, DOI: 10.5194/cpd-7-4037-2011
Abstract: Among the different meteorological risks, droughts are the ones with the highest socio-economical impact in the Iberian Peninsula. Drought events have been largely studied in the instrumental period, but very little is known about the characteristics of droughts in the preinstrumental period. In this work, new series of rogation ceremonies identify severe droughts within the period 1750–1850. The overlapping of the rogation series with some instrumental series served to identify some climatic characteristics of rogation ceremonies: a) during spring, rainfall deficits needed to celebrate rogation ceremonies are smaller than in any other season; b) when the number of location celebrating rogations increases in a region the hydrological deficit on each location increases as well. On the other hand, it was found that the periods 1750–1754 and 1779–1783 are probably the driest periods of the 101 analyzed years. Both show an important number of rogations all over the Iberian Peninsula and during all the seasons. The most extended drought of this period occurred during the spring of 1817, affecting 15 of the 16 locations studied. This drought was influenced by the Tambora eruption (1815). The study of the climate footprint of this eruption and its comparison with similar situations in the series suggest that the spring drought of 1824 may be associated with the eruptions of the Galunggung and Usu volcanoes (1822). Further studies are required to confirm this fact and understand the atmospheric mechanisms involved.
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