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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13914 matches for " Energy Targeting "
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Energy Targeting for a Brewing Process Using Pinch Analysis  [PDF]
Noah Tibasiima, Aldo Okullo
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2017.91002
Abstract: The rising cost of energy and environmental concerns have led the brewing industry to search for techniques of reducing energy consumption in brewery operations. In this paper, pinch analysis was applied to a typical Ugandan based brewery process to target for the energy requirements of the process. Hint software was used for the analysis. At the chosen ΔTmin of 10, the minimum cooling and heating utility requirements of the brewery studied were determined as being 4862.21 kW and 8294.21 kW respectively, with a pinch temperature at 68. It was observed that using the technique, 1806.59 kW of energy could be recovered through process to process heat exchange which presented an energy saving potential of 21.5%. It is recommended that results from this study could be used in the design or retrofit of a heat exchanger network of a brewery for improved energy efficiency. Considerations can also be made for other values of ΔTmin.
Research on the Marketing Strategy of New Energy Vehicles in SL Company  [PDF]
Jihua Zhang, Rong Wang
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.92020
Abstract: New energy vehicle is a technological revolution in the automotive industry, which has changed the pattern of the original automotive industry to a certain extent. Nowadays, energy consumption and environmental pollution are becoming more and more serious, therefore new energy vehicles are becoming the trend of future industry development. Governments spare no efforts to promote new energy vehicles. In the case of its broad market prospects, the market gives new energy automotive enterprises a cold response. In addition to the heading companies, such as Tesla, small new energy automobile companies are still struggling to increase market share. Based on this, this paper mainly focuses on the marketing strategy of SL New Energy Automobile Company. Firstly, we overview the marketing theory, and introduce the SL new energy automobile company. Then we use PEST (Politics, Economy, Society, Technology) and SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) to analyze the macro and micro environment of SL company. Then we use STP (Segmentation, Targeting, Positioning) to decide the target market selection and positioning. Finally, we put forward the marketing strategy from the four aspects of SL company’s product, price, place and promotion. Through this paper, we hope to have better marketing suggestions for enterprise managers, and hope to help the new energy automobile enterprise to promote market share.
Clinical Impact of Targeting Inaccuracy Due to Distortion of the Leksell Stereotactic Frame  [PDF]
Cécile Renier, Nicolas Massager
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2018.83026
Abstract: Background: Distortion of the Leksell stereotactic frame can occur during surgical and radiosurgical frame-based procedures. The targeting accuracies of surgical procedures such as DBS surgery or frame-based biopsy, or Gamma Knife radiosurgical procedures, are related to the stereotactic frame that is commonly referred to a non-deformable referential system. Objective: To evaluate the clinical impact of frame distortion on accuracy of targeting in various stereotactic procedures. Methods: We studied the influence of increasing levels of distortion of the Leksell frame both on surgical procedures using the stereotactic arch, and on radiosurgical procedures with the Gamma Knife. For surgical procedures we applied the Target Simulator of Elekta to a frame submitted to different levels of frame distortion, and we measured the modifications of accuracy of targeting. For radiosurgical procedures the Leksell frame was applied on an anthropomorphic phantom and modifications of target coordinates were measured by an imaging method using the stereotactic CBCT of the Gamma Knife ICON. Results: For surgical procedures, we found a linear relation between the amount of the frame distortion and the extent of the deviation from the stereotactic target using the stereotactic arch (R2 = 0.99709). The level of bending of the frame is also linearly related to the level of inaccuracy of stereotactic targeting based on acquisition of MRI and CTscan with the Elekta imaging boxes (R2 = 0.96825). The inaccuracy of targeting related to frame bending can be avoided by a systematic control at the end of frame placement and by the use of the CBCT of the Gamma Knife Icon. Conclusion: Distortion of the frame is a significant source of clinical inaccuracy of targeting for stereotactic procedures. Frame bending must be checked after each frame placement and corrected if needed to avoid targeting inaccuracy during stereotactic surgery and radio-surgery procedures.
An Inflation Targeting Regime in Egypt: A Feasible Option?  [PDF]
Tarek Ghalwash
Modern Economy (ME) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/me.2010.12009
Abstract: This paper addresses first whether scientific evidence—theoretical and empirical—exists to support the inflation targeting regime and, secondly whether inflation target is worthwhile for Egypt. The method in this paper builds on a literature review of the theoretical and empirical research in the field of economics. Our conclusion shows that there is incomplete evidence from a number of countries supporting the inflation targeting regime as an effective monetary policy framework for the achievement of macroeconomic stability. The paper concludes that the Central Bank of Egypt and the Egyptian economy is not yet ready for the implementation of an inflation targeting regime.
Review on nano-drugs  [PDF]
Yong Liu, Tian-Shui Niu, Long Zhang, Jian-She Yang
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.21006
Abstract: Nano materials is a new type of drug carriers with very promising application. In recent years, great progress was achieved in making drugs own the characteristics of targeted and con-trolled release via nanotechnologies. This paper addressed the capability of nano drugs on tar-geting to cells, penetrating through epicyte, controlled release and the security issues re-sulting from its using. We gave the prospect of nano drugs in biology and medicine applying.
Advances in Lung Cancer and Treatment Research  [PDF]
Xiaofei Wang, Baohui Han
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.48A006

With the advances in surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy over the last decades, the treatment strategies of lung cancer has been largely changed. In this review, we summarize recent advances in lung cancer and treatment research. We discuss current clinical management, highlight stage-specific therapy approaches, chemotherapy options for advanced-stage of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, along with new agents such as epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting tyrosine kinase inhibitors erlotinib and gefitinib, and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor crizotinib. We also give an outlook into NSCLC disease biology, focuse on the importance of EGFR activating mutations and the role of the tumor-microenvironment. Finally we summarize the new recommendations in treating small-cell-lung cancer (SCLC).

Current Possible Drug Therapies for Ovarian Cancer  [PDF]
Jungyeob Seoung, Young-Han Park, Chaechun Rhim, Sungju Kim
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2014.513122

Ovarian cancer is the most aggressive gynecologic cancer of the heterogenous phenotypes. Development of the new chemotherapeutic agents and drug delivery mode makes better outcomes for patient treatments. Optimal cytoreductive therapy followed by molecular targeting therapy, intraperitoneal chemotherapy and dose dense chemotherapy is a hot therapeutic concept in ovarian cancers. In our review, we will introduce recent therapeutic advances in epithelial ovarian cancer patients.

Generalization of the Thermal Dose of Hyperthermia in Oncology  [PDF]
Gyula Vincze, Oliver Szasz, Andras Szasz
Open Journal of Biophysics (OJBIPHY) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbiphy.2015.54009
Abstract: Hyperthermia has been a modality to treat cancer for thousands of years. During this time, intensive efforts are concentrated on determining the dose of the proper treatment, but the dominantly in vitro induced cellular death does not provide enough confidence for the clinical dosing. The cell-death by heat-monotherapy applications in laboratory experiments is difficult to apply in the complementary therapies in clinical applications. The newly developed nanotechnologies offer completely new possibilities in this field as well. Modulated electro-hyperthermia (mEHT, trade-name Oncothermia) is a nanoheating technology that has selective effects on membrane rafts and on the transmembrane proteins. This effect is thermal. The thermal action is in nanoscopic range which makes the phenomenon special. Our objective is to show the dose concept on this emerging method.
Is Egypt Ready to Apply Inflation Targeting Regime?
Ibrahim L. AWAD
Review of Economic and Business Studies (REBS) , 2008,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to answer the question ‘Is Egypt ready to apply IT regime? The researcher presumed that; a country is ready to apply IT regime once the prerequisites for IT regime are available. Comparing the current position of Egypt with some emerging market economies, the conclusions point to the following: (i) the CBE is not factually independent. Although the CBE has been granted legal independent instrument, the existence of the government representatives as voting members in the MPC and the coercion of the CBE to extend finance to the government are two elements sufficient to underpin the de facto independence of the CBE; (ii) inflation targets are expected to be missed under the possibility that the behavior of the CBE will be similar to the behavior of the majority of emerging market economies, i.e. adopting IT regime whereas implicitly targeting FX rate; and (iii) the current level of knowledge about some central issues of designing IT regime and the quality of the available data are not satisfactory to support the adoption of IT regime. The study concluded that Egypt is still not ready to apply IT regime.
Inflation targeting and the sacrifice ratio
Gon?alves, Carlos Eduardo S.;Carvalho, Alexandre;
Revista Brasileira de Economia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71402008000200003
Abstract: in this paper we show that economies that adopted the inflation targeting (it) regime have been able to "disinflate" less costly. the effect of it on the sacrifice ratio is not only statistically significant, but also economically very important. this result is all the more interesting given the lack ofrobust empirical evidence in favor of it. by significantly reducing the short-run costs of disinflation, it may render the attainability of lower inflation levels politically more feasible.
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