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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4273 matches for " Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin "
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Heredo-Familial Expression of Ametropia among Siblings of a Nigerian Family  [PDF]
Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Sylvia Iquo-Abasi Akpan
Open Journal of Genetics (OJGen) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojgen.2016.64008
Abstract: A case series of 4 siblings who had auto-refraction and subjective refraction, refinement was with 0.25 Jackson Cross Cylinder. Presenting complaint was either blurring of distant vision or missing eye glasses. The eldest sibling started using eye glasses at 15 years of age while the other siblings commenced much earlier. Presenting visual acuities in 7 eyes ranged from 6/9 to 6/18, one eye of the eldest sibling had visual acuity of 6/36. Spherical errors had gender bias with the males more likely to be hypermetropic and the females more likely to be myopic. However, cylinder powers and axes were closely related in all siblings. It was concluded that heredo-familial traits could partly account for some of the striking similarities noted in the outcomes of refraction among the siblings.
Reducing Diabetic Blindness in Far-Flung Sub-Saharan Rural Communities: Odot, Nsit-Atai as a Case Study  [PDF]
Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Margaret Mboho
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101117
Abstract: Background: Odot is the head-quarter of Nsit-Atai local government, 70 kilometers from Uyo, the Akwa-Ibom state capital. About 5000 population has a Comprehensive Health Center, a Primary Health Centre and 2 Health Posts to meet its enormous health needs. Additionally, the workers in these health facilities are neither trained nor equipped to render eye care services. Patients with systemic diseases with potentially debilitating effects on vision come to the urban tertiary referral health center at terminal blinding stages. This trend requires an urgent attention to curb diabetic blindness among often vibrant working population. Objective: To explore how scheduled vision screening exercises can help reduce blindness from diabetic mellitus in this rural community. Methodology: Major databases including National library of Medicine PubMed were searched for relevant data. Additional information was obtained by on-sight assessment of the index community. Conclusion: From community health standpoint, vision screening remains a cheap avenue to arrest diabetic blindness in Nsit-Atai and similar set-ups around the world.
Health Seeking Behaviours of Patients Attending Primary Eye Care Centre in Nigeria  [PDF]
Emmanuel Olu Megbelayin, Yewande Olubunmi Babalola
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101489
Abstract: Purpose: To determine health seeking behaviour in relation to non-orthodox eye medication use among patients attending a primary eye health center in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study of consecutive respondents. Participants’ socio-demographic profile, types and pattern of harmful traditional eye medications (HTEMs) use were obtained using a pre-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was by SPSS version 20.0. Results: Of the 303 patients enrolled in the study, 153 (50.5%) were males and 150 (49.5%) were females. The age range was from 13 years old to 94 years old with a mean of 53.8 ± 17.05 years old. Majority of the subjects (74.3%) used orthodox medical outfits for their eye care needs. The prevalence of use of HTEMs was 11.9%. Common forms of TEMs used were herbs 24 (66.7%), sugar water 3 (8.3%), breast milk 3 (8.3%) and onions 6 (16.7%). There was statistically significant association between age and use of HTEMs (p = 604.27, X2=< 0.001, 95% CI = 0.000 - 0.010), and health seeking behaviour (p = 808.70, X2=< 0.001, 95% CI = 0.000 - 0.010). Conclusion: Eye care providers and health care managers must have good knowledge of the various factors that negatively influence utilization of eye care services and be responsive to them.
Removal of Safranin-O from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption onto Kaolinite Clay  [PDF]
Kayode O. Adebowale, Bamidele I. Olu-Owolabi, Emmanuel C. Chigbundu
Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences (JEAS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jeas.2014.43010
Abstract: In this study, Natural Raw Kaolinite (NRK) clay was used as an adsorbent for the investigation of the adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic parameters of a cationic dye Safranine-O, also known as Basic Red 2 (BR2) from aqueous solution. The effects of pH, temperature, initial dye concentration and contact time on the adsorption capacity were evaluated and the adsorbent was characterized by XRD, BET and FTIR. The pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order kinetic models and the intraparticle diffusion model were used to describe the kinetic data and the rate constants were evaluated. The experimental data fitted very well with the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and also followed intraparticle diffusion model revealing that diffusion is not only the rate-controlling step. The Langmuir Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevic adsorption models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms and the isotherm constants were also determined. The Langmuir model agrees with experimental data well. The activation energy, change of Gibbs free energy, enthalpy and entropy of adsorption were also evaluated for the adsorption of BR2 onto NRK.
Corruption and the Problem of Development in Nigeria
Olufayo Olu-Olu
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The whole problem of development in Africa especially in Nigeria could be summed up in one word-Corruption. It has eaten deep into the fabric of the Nigerian society. This has earned her the second most corrupt nation in world. This study examines the issue of corruption and its attendant consequences to the Nigeria society. It takes a cursory look at the goal of the society against the background of the embarrassing level of corruption. The study however made some recommendations for combating this ugly monster.
Waged Labour and the Domestic Behaviour of Female Employees in Ekiti State
Olufayo Olu-Olu
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The study examines the behavioural consequences of the multiple role of Women both in the world of work and as wives, mother and homemaker on their involvement behaviour at the home front. A representative sample of 174 respondents from four major professions in Ekiti State were selected for the study. Questionnaire was the major instrument of the research and findings reveal that the dual role of women adversely affect the conjugal relationship between the spouses and their children. Recommendations were made at the end of study for improvement.
Pure Water Production and Management in Ekiti State (an Exploratory Study)
Olufayo Olu-Olu
International Business Management , 2012,
Abstract: The study examines the socio-economic impacts of the production and sales of pure water in Ekiti State. It highlights the various governmental policies on the method of production and distribution of pure water to the people and their attendance effects on both the producer and final consumers. Findings reveal that the production of wholesome pure water unregulated by the relevant governmental agencies has been one of the major causes of water borne disease such as cholera and typhoid fever in the state. It was however suggested that government should empower the National Agency for food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) with the necessary legal backing to see to the implementation of the regulated policies to ensure standards in the production and management of pure water in the state.
Child Neglect, Youth Involvement in Okada Transportation Business and The Incidence of Road Accident in Ado-Ekiti
Olufayo, Olu-Olu
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The study, in the main, examines the causes and consequences of the neglect of children on the incidence of motorcycle road accidents n Ado-Ekiti, the State capital. A random selection of three hundred and nineteen commercial motorcyclists, popularly called Okada riders, were made and questions relating to their socioeconomic background, their perception of Okada transportation business and the incidence of road accidents were asked. Findings revealed a significant relationship between all the variables above which justifies the research basic objectives. Appropriate suggestion were therefore given to forestall future occurrence of such menace.
Olu Ojo
Lex et Scientia , 2008,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the social responsibility of business organizations in Nigeria. It examines the extent of their involvement in the concept of social responsibility with a view to recommend the strategic importance of being socially responsible to all the stakeholders. The methodology employed was that the researcher examines the Annual Reports and Accounts of randomly selected companies and compared their turnover with their investment in social responsibility. The result revealed that these companies have contributed infinitesimal amount of their gross earnings in social responsibility. Thus, they need to increase their involvement in social responsibility to boost their reputation capital.
Olu Ojo
Lex et Scientia , 2008,
Abstract: This paper examines the practice of franchising as a strategy by which entrepreneurs can expand their venture and make substantial return from their investments. The paper tries to explore the extent to which franchising is being practiced in Nigeria and the resultant effect of franchising on the national economy. The study was done by taking intensive study of Nigerian business world to see the extent of the practice of franchising system of business. The result of this study shows that franchising is not well known or practiced in Nigeria. Only a handful of business entities such as the Nigerian Bottling Company and some fast food companies have been engaged in franchising. The paper recommends that government should create a greater awareness of the franchise strategy so that more investors will be aware of it and invest in it. This will create more employment opportunities, reduce poverty level, and ultimately improve the Gross Domestic Product of the nation.
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