oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2020 ( 201 )

2019 ( 1048 )

2018 ( 1284 )

2017 ( 1271 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 713134 matches for " Emmanuel Adémólá Anígilájé "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /713134
Display every page Item
Prevalence and predictors of urinary tract infections among children with cerebral palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria  [PDF]
Emmanuel Adémólá Anígilájé, Terkaa Terrumun Bitto
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2013.34063
Abstract:

Background: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are prone to urinary tract infection (UTI), a common cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. However, there has been no report regarding the prevalence of UTI among this group of children inNigeria. Objectives: The study aims at determining the prevalence and the possible predictors of UTI in children with CP compared to age and sex matched children without CP. Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among consecutive children with CP at the Neurologic Clinic in the Paediatric Department of the Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria, from December 2011 to May 2013. Results: The age range of the studied population was between 2 and 15 years with a mean age of 8.63 ± 3.83 years including 30 males and 22 females. UTI was confirmed in 20 (38.5%) children with cerebral palsy compared to 2 children (3.8%) without CP (p value 0.000). Among children with CP, Escherichia coli was the commonest organism isolated in 9 (9/20, 45.0%), Streptococcus faecalis in 4 (20.0%), Staphylococcus aureus in 3 (15%), while both Proteus spp., and Klebsiella spp., were isolated in 2 children (10.0%) each. Escherichia coli was also found in the 2 children without CP. All the organisms were resistant to co-trimoxazole, nalidixic acid, nitrofuratoin and amoxiclav, while they were 100% sensitive to ceftriazone and the quinolones. In a univariate regression, analysis only moderate to severe gross motor dysfunction predicted the risk of UTI (OR = 54.81, 95%CI, 2.27 - 1324.00, p value 0.014). Conclusion: Efforts should be put in place to aid mobility among children with CP in order to reduce risk of UT.

Prevalence and Predictors of Urinary Tract Infections among Children with Cerebral Palsy in Makurdi, Nigeria
Emmanuel Adémólá Anígilájé,Terkaa Terrumun Bitto
International Journal of Nephrology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/937268
Abstract: Background. Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are prone to urinary tract infection (UTI). Methods/Objectives. The prevalence and the predictors of UTI among children with CP were compared to age- and sex-matched children without CP at Federal Medical Centre, Makurdi, Nigeria, from December 2011 to May 2013. Results. The age range was between 2 and 15 years with a mean age of years including 30 males and 22 females. UTI was confirmed in 20 (38.5%) CP children compared to 2 children (3.8%) without CP ( value 0.000). Among CP children, Escherichia coli was the commonest organism isolated in 9 (9/20, 45.0%), Streptococcus faecalis in 4 (20.0%), and Staphylococcus aureus in 3 (15%), while both Proteus spp. and Klebsiella spp. were isolated in 2 children (10.0%) each. Escherichia coli was also found in the 2 children without CP. All the organisms were resistant to cotrimoxazole, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, and amoxiclav, while they were 100% sensitive to ceftriaxone and the quinolones. In a univariate regression analysis, only moderate to severe gross motor dysfunction predicted the risk of UTI ( , 95% CI, 2.27–1324.00, value 0.014). Conclusion. Efforts should be put in place to aid mobility among CP children in order to reduce the risk of UTI. 1. Introduction A child with cerebral palsy is having a difficulty in neuromotor control, a nonprogressive brain lesion, and an injury to the brain that occurred before it was fully matured [1]. Cerebral palsy is a common cause of childhood morbidity [1]. This morbidity comprised seizure disorders, mental retardation, abnormalities of vision, problems with respiratory muscle, and lower urinary tract dysfunctions. [1] The lower urinary tract dysfunctions are manifested symptomatically as urinary incontinence, urgency, frequency, hesitancy, and urinary tract infection [2]. Possible reasons for the propensity to urinary tract infections include vesicoureteral reflux and incomplete bladder emptying resulting from detrusor hyperreflexia and detrusor sphincter dyssynergia [2–7]. In addition, the impaired cognition and the inability to communicate bladder fullness and the need to void, together with an impaired mobility, may also explain the tendency to urinary retention and the attendant risk of urinary tract infections [2, 8]. A prevalence of 2.2–32.5% of urinary tract infections among cerebral palsy patients has been reported by authors from developed countries [2, 9, 10]. Unfortunately, there has been no report of UTI among patients with cerebral palsy in Nigeria. This study therefore aims at determining the
Evaluation of titanium dental implants after early failure of osseointegration by means of X-ray photoelectron spectoscopy, electron microscopy and histological studies  [PDF]
P. Lázaro, M. Herrero, F. J. Gil
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2010.311139
Abstract: In this work, we analysed 56 clinically failed and retrieved implants by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and histological studies. The surface contamination was compared to that of unused control implants and with that of the same implants after cleaning in a basic medium. The surfaces of the unused implants presented considerable contamination. In particular, high levels of carbon were detected. The nature of this C was elucidated by XPS analysis of the lubricant used in the machining process. The same contamination was observed in the retrieved implants. Histological studies were carried out by means of light microscopy. Fibrosis and granulomatous lesions were detected in the tissues. XPS analysis indicated the presence of traces of other elements (Na, Ca, Zn, S, F, etc.) that were not related to impurities in cpTi. We examined a cleaning process in a basic medium that eliminates the organic components of the implant surfaces. The cleaned implants were implanted in the patients and the results were excellent. None of the implants failed in following 7 months.
Responsabilidad por malpraxis médica: la vía extrajudicial
Hernández Moreno,J.; Hernández Gil,M.L.; Hernández Gil,A.;
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2002, DOI: 10.4321/S1135-76062002000200002
Abstract: in this paper we make a critical study of the extrajudicial answer to responsibility for medical malpraxis. first some of the problems of the ordinary process of law are considered; these could induce us to consider other methods, which, however, never exclude the law; we also consider the state of the question in other countries, which have been pioneers in the implantation of these extrajudicial systems, noting particularly those of the european union and the united states. these proceedings are then examined in our own country, paying special attention to mediation, conciliation and arbitration, making a conceptual study and an evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of their application in practice, with a final criticism of the same.
Responsabilidad por malpraxis médica: la vía extrajudicial Medical responsibility for malpraxis: the extrajudicial channel
J. Hernández Moreno,M.L. Hernández Gil,A. Hernández Gil
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2002,
Abstract: En este trabajo se hace un estudio crítico de la respuesta a la responsabilidad por malpraxis médica por vía extrajudicial. Se consideran en principio algunos de los problemas que tiene la vía judicial ordinaria, que pueden aconsejar otros métodos, que en ningún caso la excluyen, y el estado de la cuestión en diversos países, que han sido pioneros en la implantación de estos sistemas extrajudiciales, prestando atención especial a los de la Unión Europea y Estados Unidos. Se examinan después estos procedimientos en nuestro país, con especial atención a la mediación, conciliación y arbitraje, haciendo un estudio conceptual y valoración de las ventajas e inconvenientes de su aplicación en la práctica, y finalmente una crítica de los mismos. In this paper we make a critical study of the extrajudicial answer to responsibility for medical malpraxis. First some of the problems of the ordinary process of law are considered; these could induce us to consider other methods, which, however, never exclude the law; we also consider the state of the question in other countries, which have been pioneers in the implantation of these extrajudicial systems, noting particularly those of the European Union and the United States. These proceedings are then examined in our own country, paying special attention to mediation, conciliation and arbitration, making a conceptual study and an evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of their application in practice, with a final criticism of the same.
Leisure Sickness: A Biopsychosocial Perspective
Guus L. Van Heck;,Ad J.J.M. Vingerhoets
Psychological Topics , 2007,
Abstract: Leisure and vacation are generally associated with feelings of relaxation and well-being. However, there is also evidence suggesting that some people feel particularly ill and develop symptoms especially during weekends and vacations. The focal points of this article are the exploration of the antecedents and consequences of this phenomenon, pointing out the need of systematic research on its prevalence, phenomenology, background, and the putative mechanisms involved. The paper concludes with a discussion of some possible effective interventions
Standardized Metadata for Human Pathogen/Vector Genomic Sequences
Vivien G. Dugan, Scott J. Emrich, Gloria I. Giraldo-Calderón, Omar S. Harb, Ruchi M. Newman, Brett E. Pickett, Lynn M. Schriml, Timothy B. Stockwell, Christian J. Stoeckert, Dan E. Sullivan, Indresh Singh, Doyle V. Ward, Alison Yao, Jie Zheng, Tanya Barrett, Bruce Birren, Lauren Brinkac, Vincent M. Bruno, Elizabet Caler, Sinéad Chapman, Frank H. Collins, Christina A. Cuomo, Valentina Di Francesco, Scott Durkin, Mark Eppinger, Michael Feldgarden, Claire Fraser, W. Florian Fricke, Maria Giovanni, Matthew R. Henn, Erin Hine, Julie Dunning Hotopp, Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi, Jessica C. Kissinger, Eun Mi Lee, Punam Mathur, Emmanuel F. Mongodin, Cheryl I. Murphy, Garry Myers, Daniel E. Neafsey, Karen E. Nelson, William C. Nierman, Julia Puzak, David Rasko, David S. Roos, Lisa Sadzewicz, Joana C. Silva, Bruno Sobral, R. Burke Squires, Rick L. Stevens, Luke Tallon, Herve Tettelin, David Wentworth, Owen White, Rebecca Will, Jennifer Wortman, Yun Zhang, Richard H. Scheuermann
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0099979
Abstract: High throughput sequencing has accelerated the determination of genome sequences for thousands of human infectious disease pathogens and dozens of their vectors. The scale and scope of these data are enabling genotype-phenotype association studies to identify genetic determinants of pathogen virulence and drug/insecticide resistance, and phylogenetic studies to track the origin and spread of disease outbreaks. To maximize the utility of genomic sequences for these purposes, it is essential that metadata about the pathogen/vector isolate characteristics be collected and made available in organized, clear, and consistent formats. Here we report the development of the GSCID/BRC Project and Sample Application Standard, developed by representatives of the Genome Sequencing Centers for Infectious Diseases (GSCIDs), the Bioinformatics Resource Centers (BRCs) for Infectious Diseases, and the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), informed by interactions with numerous collaborating scientists. It includes mapping to terms from other data standards initiatives, including the Genomic Standards Consortium’s minimal information (MIxS) and NCBI’s BioSample/BioProjects checklists and the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI). The standard includes data fields about characteristics of the organism or environmental source of the specimen, spatial-temporal information about the specimen isolation event, phenotypic characteristics of the pathogen/vector isolated, and project leadership and support. By modeling metadata fields into an ontology-based semantic framework and reusing existing ontologies and minimum information checklists, the application standard can be extended to support additional project-specific data fields and integrated with other data represented with comparable standards. The use of this metadata standard by all ongoing and future GSCID sequencing projects will provide a consistent representation of these data in the BRC resources and other repositories that leverage these data, allowing investigators to identify relevant genomic sequences and perform comparative genomics analyses that are both statistically meaningful and biologically relevant.
Effects of Aquajogging in Obese Adults: A Pilot Study
Eveline J. M. Wouters,Annemieke M. A. Van Nunen,Rinie Geenen,Ronette L. Kolotkin,Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets
Journal of Obesity , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/231074
Abstract: Aim and Method. To examine in obese people the potential effectiveness of a six-week, two times weekly aquajogging program on body composition, fitness, health-related quality of life, and exercise beliefs. Fifteen otherwise healthy obese persons participated in a pilot study. Results. Total fat mass and waist circumference decreased 1.4 kg (=.03) and 3.1 cm (=.005), respectively. The distance in the Six-Minute Walk Test increased 41 meters (=.001). Three scales of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite questionnaire improved: physical function (=.008), self-esteem (=.004), and public distress (=.04). Increased perceived exercise benefits (=.02) and decreased embarrassment (=.03) were observed. Conclusions. Aquajogging was associated with reduced body fat and waist circumference and improved aerobic fitness and quality of life. These findings suggest the usefulness of conducting a randomized controlled trial with long-term outcome assessments.
Effects of Aquajogging in Obese Adults: A Pilot Study
Eveline J. M. Wouters,Annemieke M. A. Van Nunen,Rinie Geenen,Ronette L. Kolotkin,Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets
Journal of Obesity , 2010, DOI: 10.1155/2010/231074
Abstract: Aim and Method. To examine in obese people the potential effectiveness of a six-week, two times weekly aquajogging program on body composition, fitness, health-related quality of life, and exercise beliefs. Fifteen otherwise healthy obese persons participated in a pilot study. Results. Total fat mass and waist circumference decreased 1.4?kg ( ) and 3.1?cm ( ), respectively. The distance in the Six-Minute Walk Test increased 41 meters ( ). Three scales of the Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite questionnaire improved: physical function ( ), self-esteem ( ), and public distress ( ). Increased perceived exercise benefits ( ) and decreased embarrassment ( ) were observed. Conclusions. Aquajogging was associated with reduced body fat and waist circumference and improved aerobic fitness and quality of life. These findings suggest the usefulness of conducting a randomized controlled trial with long-term outcome assessments. 1. Introduction Of the more than 1 billion overweight adults, at least 300 million are obese (Body Mass Index [BMI]?? 30?kg/ ) [1, 2]. Obesity increases the risk of chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular disease [3–5], type II diabetes mellitus [6, 7], and osteoarthritis [8, 9] in adults. Quality of life is severely reduced in obese persons [10, 11], and it is related to the degree of overweight [12]. Both obesity and living a sedentary life have been associated independently with decreased quality of life [13] and stress regulation [14]. Physical exercise, combined with dietary adjustments, massages, and baths, has been recommended for obesity since Hippocrates (fourth century BC) [15]. Aerobic exercise produces less weight loss compared to caloric restriction programs [16]. Some recent studies, however, give evidence for weight loss, especially abdominal weight loss, as a result of exercise without caloric restriction [17–19]. Given the benefits for both physical and mental health [20], exercise has been widely recommended to reduce the health risks associated with overweight and obesity, even if the weight loss is minimal [19, 21, 22]. However, there is a substantial elevated risk of injuries in obese persons, especially sprains and strains [23]. Physical exercise in water is a possibility to try to increase physical and mental health of obese persons without the risk of injuries. Aerobic activities in water have been found to be effective to improve aerobic fitness [24], and the effect on body composition has been demonstrated to be similar to weight-bearing aerobic exercise on land [25]. Aquajogging is a specific form of
Newcastle disease in white Pekin ducks: response to experimental vaccination and challenge
Nishizawa, M;Paulillo, AC;Nakaghi, LSO;Nunes, AD;Campioni, JM;Doretto Júnior, L;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2007000200008
Abstract: a total of 120 pekin ducks were distributed at random into four experimental groups, vaccinated or not against newcastle disease (nd): g1 (ulster 2c strain), g2 (b1 strain), g3 (lasota strain), and g4 (nonvaccinated group). at 60 days of age, all groups were challenged with a pathogenic nd virus (ndv) suspension, and a group of specific pathogen free (spf) chicks (g5) was also inoculated. cloacal and tracheal swabs from all birds were collected after six, 14, 20, and 30 days post-challenge for virus isolation. ndv was isolated in 100% of spf chicks. pekin ducks from all groups, vaccinated or not, did not show any nd clinical signs, demonstrating that these birds are not susceptible to nd clinical disease. in the control group (g4), the virus was isolated 20 to 30 days after challenge, suggesting their possible ndv carrier state. in the vaccinated groups, no virus was isolated. this demonstrates that vaccination of white pekin ducks against ndv is important to reduce ndv shedding in the field.
Page 1 /713134
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.