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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 404372 matches for " Emma Edith; Bustos M "
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INTERVENCIóN EDUCATIVA PARA MODIFICAR EL APORTE DE HIERRO ABSORBIBLE EN MUJERES NO EMBARAZADAS EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION TO MODIFY THE LEVELS OF ABSORBED IRON IN NON PREGNANT WOMEN
Emma Edith Biolley H,Luis Humberto Bustos M,Carolina Alejandra Daroch H,Marion Thamara Guerrero W
Revista Chilena de Nutricíon , 2012,
Abstract: Se realizó un estudio en 49 alumnas entre 18 y 25 a os de edad, de la Universidad de La Frontera, matriculadas el a o 2009 con exámenes bioquímicos (hemoglobina y ferritina) y encuestas alimentarias, para determinar modificaciones en el aporte de hierro absorbible y en los niveles séricos de hierro, antes y después a una intervención educativa alimentaria enfocada a favorecer la biodisponibilidad de hierro dietario. Después de la intervención se detectaron cambios favorables ya que el aporte de vitamina C aumentó de 67 a 125 mg (p<0,001), la concentración de hemoglobina varió de 13.2 a 13.4 g/dl (p<0,001), y disminuyeron los depresores de absorción de hierro dietético de 100% a 6,1% (p=0,008). Se identificaron importantes cambios cualitativos respecto a la correcta selección y combinación de alimentos contribuyendo así a disminuir la deficiencia de hierro en las participantes. Se aportan antecedentes actualizados sobre la calidad de hierro en la dieta y deficiencia de hierro en mujeres en edad fértil. Biochemical tes ts (hemoglobin andferritin) and dietary surveys were carried out in this study to determine changes in absorbable iron intake and serum levels of iron, before and after an educational intervention aimed to promote food dietary iron bioavailability in 49 non pregnant women between 18 and 25 year of age students from La Frontera University who were enrolled in this institution in 2009. Favorable changes were detected in vitamin C intake which increased from 67 to 125 mg (p<0.001), and hemoglobin from of 132 to 13.4 g/dl (p<0.0065). A significant a decrease in factors on the non-heme iron absorption depressants from 100% to 6.1% (p = 0.008) was observed. Important qualitative chances on the adequate selection and combination of types of food were identified which contributes to improve iron absorption.
INTERVENCIóN EDUCATIVA PARA MODIFICAR EL APORTE DE HIERRO ABSORBIBLE EN MUJERES NO EMBARAZADAS
Biolley H,Emma Edith; Bustos M,Luis Humberto; Daroch H,Carolina Alejandra; Guerrero W,Marion Thamara; Morales F,Dilia Stefany; Ramos N,Natalia Soledad;
Revista chilena de nutrición , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-75182012000100004
Abstract: biochemical tes ts (hemoglobin andferritin) and dietary surveys were carried out in this study to determine changes in absorbable iron intake and serum levels of iron, before and after an educational intervention aimed to promote food dietary iron bioavailability in 49 non pregnant women between 18 and 25 year of age students from la frontera university who were enrolled in this institution in 2009. favorable changes were detected in vitamin c intake which increased from 67 to 125 mg (p<0.001), and hemoglobin from of 132 to 13.4 g/dl (p<0.0065). a significant a decrease in factors on the non-heme iron absorption depressants from 100% to 6.1% (p = 0.008) was observed. important qualitative chances on the adequate selection and combination of types of food were identified which contributes to improve iron absorption.
BIOSEGURIDAD EN LA PRESCRIPCIóN Y TRANSCRIPCIóN DE TERAPIA MEDICAMENTOSA ENDOVENOSA
Rivas R,Edith; Rivas L,Angélica; Bustos M,Luis;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532010000200006
Abstract: the mistakes in the process of medication in your phases, it is a medicine problem, that involves risks for the user, the quality of attention of the services, the professional exercise (fiscal year) and the development of those who are the persons in charge of this process. the objective were: a) to determine the bioseguridad in the prescription and transcription of therapy medicines endovenous, b) relate legibibility in prescription and transcription in the service of neonatology. hospital dr. hernán henríquez aravena. temuco, 2008-2009. study of transverse court, with sample probabilistic of 125 prescriptions of medicines endovenous. the compilation of the information across instrument of american academy of pediatrics validated and adapted to the aims of the study. the analysis in stata v 10.0. it was considered: chief's ethical assent service and of the direction of the hospital. together, the parents of the new born signed informed assent. in prescription: 33, 6% does not fulfill the safety standard. in scale of incorrect actions, category "an incorrect action" 20, 0 % and 3, 2 % "all the incorrect actions". in transcription: scale of incorrect actions, throws "an incorrect action" 1, 6 % and "two incorrect actions" 0, 8 %. in the evaluation of the transcription of medicaments without indication, there were not medicaments transcribed without indication. all the associations were significant, p: 0, 0000. to assure the nonexistence of mistakes in the process of prescription and transcription of medicines must be our goal, taking into account the presence having of adverse factors. on the other hand, we must establish biosecurity protocols, subject to evaluation as indicators of process and outcome, as required by policies and management quality embedded in the health reform. in this context, nurses should encourage an guarantor role in their actions carefully. is expected to encourage research to generate performance indicators and tracers of quality applicable
VALORES EXPRESADOS EN ESTUDIANTES DE ENFERMERíA: TEMUCO - CHILE, 2009
Rivas R,Edith; Rivas L,Angélica; Bustos M,Luis;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532011000200008
Abstract: introduction: the values and skills of nurses (i) are facilitators of professional socialization and basic for decision-making. objectives: to relate personal values expressed in nursing students in their 4th semester, universidad de la frontera (ufro). temuco - chile, 2009. methodology: cross-sectional, correlational study. purposive sample of 70 students of fourth semester of nursing. data collection, through the personal values profle instrument (portrait values questionnaire). results: on a scale of core values, the total average score was 4.8, considered important, according to likert scale, ranging from 3.6 to 6.7. scale of secondary values, whose total average score was 5, considered important, with a range of 3.6 to 6.7. significant core values relationship between level of advancement and curriculum (p = 0.026) and between mapuche with secondary values (p <0.0001). conclusions: the core values were considered important by the students studied, where the value “giving meaning to life” has the highest average score. in addition, significant difference between these values and have repeated courses previously, was observed. also, as for secondary values, significant difference between the mapuche and these values, was found. the personal development is enhanced by their personal and professional values and discipline must be structured so that from the philosophical perspective, language and values, can create strategies that enable active and reflective guide and put forward professional in harmony with its social context.
Errores en prescripción y transcripción de medicamentos endovenosos en Servicios Pediátricos, Hospital Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena: Temuco, 2008-2009
RIVAS R,EDITH; RIVAS L,ANGéLICA; BUSTOS M,LUIS;
Revista médica de Chile , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872010001300008
Abstract: background: errors in the prescription and transcription of medications in pediatric services is a source of adverse events that can be prevented. aim: to determine and compare the frequency of prescription and transcription errors for intravenous drugs in four pediatric services in a regional general hospital. material and methods: cross sectional analysis of a probabilistic sample of 500 prescriptions of intravenous medications. information was gathered using an instrument from the american academy of pediatrics. results: the detected prescription errors were illegible indications in 20%, lack of dosing indication in 11%, omission of the administration route in 24% and omission of the frequency of administration in 15%. transcription errors were illegible transcription in 3%, not transcribing all indicated medications in 4% and transcription of medications that were not prescribed in 3%. twenty one percent of prescriptions and 6% of transcriptions had at least one incorrect action. in the different services studied there was a significant association between the percentage of incorrect prescriptions and transcriptions and between illegible prescriptions and transcriptions. conclusions: a high percentage of errors in prescription of intravenous medications and their transcriptions, was detected in these services. a better quality of care control is required.
Errores en prescripción y transcripción de medicamentos endovenosos en Servicios Pediátricos, Hospital Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena: Temuco, 2008-2009 Frequency of prescription and transcription errors for intravenous medications in four pediatric services
EDITH RIVAS R,ANGéLICA RIVAS L,LUIS BUSTOS M
Revista médica de Chile , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Errors in the prescription and transcription of medications in pediatric services is a source of adverse events that can be prevented. Aim: To determine and compare the frequency of prescription and transcription errors for intravenous drugs in four pediatric services in a regional general hospital. Material and Methods: Cross sectional analysis of a probabilistic sample of 500 prescriptions of intravenous medications. Information was gathered using an instrument from the American Academy of Pediatrics. Results: The detected prescription errors were illegible indications in 20%, lack of dosing indication in 11%, omission of the administration route in 24% and omission of the frequency of administration in 15%. Transcription errors were illegible transcription in 3%, not transcribing all indicated medications in 4% and transcription of medications that were not prescribed in 3%. Twenty one percent of prescriptions and 6% of transcriptions had at least one incorrect action. In the different services studied there was a significant association between the percentage of incorrect prescriptions and transcriptions and between illegible prescriptions and transcriptions. Conclusions: A high percentage of errors in prescription of intravenous medications and their transcriptions, was detected in these services. A better quality of care control is required.
BIOSEGURIDAD EN LA PRESCRIPCIóN Y TRANSCRIPCIóN DE TERAPIA MEDICAMENTOSA ENDOVENOSA PRESCRIPTION AND TRANSCRIPTION BIOSECURITY IN ENDOVENOUS DRUG THERAPY
Edith Rivas R,Angélica Rivas L,Luis Bustos M
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2010,
Abstract: Los errores en el proceso de medicación en sus diferentes fases es un problema que involucra riesgos para el usuario, así como en la calidad de atención de los servicios. Los objetivos fueron: a) Determinar la bioseguridad en la prescripción y transcripción de la terapia medicamentosa endovenosa, b) Relacionar legibilidad en prescripción y transcripción en el Servicio de Neonatología, Temuco 2008-2009, con el propósito de generar un diagnóstico de eventos adversos en la prescripción y transcripción de la terapia medicamentosa endovenosa. Estudio de corte transversal, con muestra probabilística de 125 prescripciones de medicamentos endovenosos. Recolección de información a través de instrumento del American Academy of Pediatrics. Análisis en STATA v10.0. Se consideró: asentimiento ético de jefe Servicio y de la Dirección del Hospital. Conjuntamente, los padres de los neonatos firmaron consentimiento informado. En prescripción 33,6% no cumple el estándar de seguridad. En escala de acciones incorrectas, categoría "Una acción incorrecta" 20,0% y 3,2% "Todas las acciones incorrectas". En transcripción, escala de acciones incorrectas, arroja "Una acción incorrecta" 1,6% y "Dos acciones incorrectas" 0,8%. En la evaluación del ítem transcripción de fármacos sin indicación, no hubo fármacos transcritos sin indicación. Todas las asociaciones fueron significativas, p: 0,0000. Asegurar la inexistencia de errores en el proceso de prescripción y transcripción de medicamentos debe ser nuestra meta, teniendo en consideración la presencia de factores adversos. Por otra parte, se deben establecer protocolos de bioseguridad, sujetos a evaluación como indicadores de proceso y de resultado, según requieran las políticas en materia de calidad y gestión inmersas en la Reforma en Salud. En este contexto enfermería debe propiciar un rol garante en sus acciones de cuidado. Se espera que la investigación realizada incentive a generar indicadores de resultados y trazadores de calidad, aplicables en los diferentes centros hospitalarios del país. The mistakes in the process of medication in your phases, it is a medicine problem, that involves risks for the user, the quality of attention of the services, the professional exercise (fiscal year) and the development of those who are the persons in charge of this process. The objective were: a) To determine the bioseguridad in the prescription and transcription of therapy medicines endovenous, b) Relate legibibility in prescription and transcription in the Service of Neonatology. Hospital Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena. Temuco, 2008-2009. S
VALIDACIóN DE ESCALA DE VALORACIóN DEL DOLOR EN RECIéN NACIDOS EN UNA UNIDAD DE NEONATOLOGíA VALIDATION OF A SCALE OF ASSESSMENT OF PAIN IN INFANTS IN NEONATAL UNIT
Angélica Rivas L,Edith Rivas R,Luis Bustos M
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2012,
Abstract: La escala de valoración de dolor de Givens permite determinar presencia y magnitud del dolor que presentan los Recién Nacidos (RN) hospitalizados en Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI), para así poder valorar de manera constante este signo vital y tomar las medidas necesarias para atenuar la sensación dolorosa. Sentir dolor es un estado no deseable, donde se ve alterado el patrón fisiológico y el estado de conciencia de los ni os; se hace necesario aplicar de manera constante escalas que permitan visualizar la magnitud real y tomar medidas de prevención y cuidado enfermero, favoreciendo la tranquilidad de los RN. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo validar la escala Neonatal Pain Assessment Scale de Givens, en la Unidad de Neonatología, Hospital Dr. Hernán Henríquez Aravena, durante el período abril - septiembre de 2010. El estudio utilizó un dise o de corte transversal, donde se determinó validez y confabilidad del instrumento. La investigación permitió entregar un instrumento válido y confiable para medir presencia y magnitud del dolor en RN. Así, se determinó un coeficiente alfa de Cronbach de 0,78 y un porcentaje total de varianza de 57,72. El análisis sugirió la eliminación de dos ítemes de valoración, quedando con dos dominios (Conductual y Fisiológico), estableciéndose que la Neonatal Pain Assessment Scale es adecuada para su objetivo de valoración, constituyendo un aporte en unidades de cuidados neonatales, contribuyendo al propósito de mejorar la calidad de hospitalización de estos usuarios y otorgando cumplimiento a la norma ministerial y calidad de los cuidados. Givens Neonatal Pain Assessment Scale, allows determining the presence and the degree of pain in Newborns (RN) hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICU) present, in order to constantly assess the vital signs and take the necessary measures to reduce pain sensation. Feeling pain is an undesirable state, where the physiological pattern and the children consciousness state is altered; it is necessary to consistently apply scales that helps illustrate the real magnitude as well as adopting preventive actions and nursing care, to promote tranquility of the RN. The research, aimed to validate the Givens Neonatal Pain Assessment Scale at Neonatal Unit from Dr. Hernan Henríquez Aravena Hospital, during the period April to September 2010. The study uses a cross-sectional design, which determined validity and reliability of the instrument. The research delivers a valid and reliable instrument to measure the presence and degree of pain in neonates. Thus, we determined a Cronbach′s alpha of
VALORES EXPRESADOS EN ESTUDIANTES DE ENFERMERíA: TEMUCO - CHILE, 2009 VALUES EXPRESSED IN STUDENTS OF NURSING: TEMUCO - CHILE, 2009
Edith Rivas R,Angélica Rivas L,Luis Bustos M
Ciencia y Enfermería : Revista Iberoamericana de Investigacíon , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: Los valores y las competencias en las(os) enfermeras(os) son facilitadores de la socialización profesional y elementales en la toma de decisiones. Objetivos: Relacionar los valores personales expresados en alumnos de cuarto semestre de la Carrera de Enfermería de la Universidad de La Frontera (UFRO) el 2009 con sus aspectos sociodemográficos y curriculares y con el perfil educacional-laboral de sus padres. Metodología: Estudio transversal-correlacional, muestra intencionada de 70 alumnos de cuarto semestre de Enfermería. Recopilación de información a través del instrumento Perfil de Valores Personales (Portrait Values Questionnaire). Resultados: En Escala de Valores Centrales, la puntuación promedio total fue de 4,8, considerada importante, según escala Likert, con un rango de 3,6 a 6,7. En Escala de Valores Secundarios, la puntuación promedio total fue de 5, considerada importante, con un rango de 3,6 a 6,7. Relación significativa entre Valores Centrales y nivel de avance curricular (p= 0,026) y entre etnia mapuche con Valores Secundarios (p <0,0001). Conclusiones: Los valores centrales fueron considerados importantes por los alumnos estudiados, donde el valor dar sentido a la vida presenta la mayor puntuación promedio. Además, se observó diferencia significativa entre estos valores y el haber repetido cursos previamente. Asimismo, en valores secundarios existió diferencia significativa entre la etnia mapuche y estos valores. El desarrollo de la persona se ve acrecentado por sus valores personales y profesionales, así la disciplina debe estar estructurada de tal manera que desde la perspectiva filosófica, del lenguaje y de valores se puedan generar estrategias activas y reflexivas que permitan orientar y situar al futuro profesional en armonía con su contexto social. Introduction: The values and skills of nurses (I) are facilitators of professional socialization and basic for decision-making. Objectives: To relate personal values expressed in nursing students in their 4th semester, Universidad de La Frontera (UFRO). Temuco - Chile, 2009. Methodology: Cross-sectional, correlational study. Purposive sample of 70 students of fourth semester of nursing. Data collection, through the Personal Values Profle instrument (Portrait Values Questionnaire). Results: On a scale of core values, the total average score was 4.8, considered important, according to Likert scale, ranging from 3.6 to 6.7. Scale of secondary values, whose total average score was 5, considered important, with a range of 3.6 to 6.7. Significant Core Values relationship between le
PERFIL SOCIO- FAMILIAR EN ADULTOS MAYORES INSTITUCIONALIZADOS: TEMUCO, PADRE LAS CASAS Y NUEVA IMPERIAL
Sepúlveda R,Catalina; Rivas,Edith; Bustos M,Luis; Illesca P,Mónica;
Ciencia y enfermería , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95532010000300007
Abstract: the aging process produces important lifestyle changes in the population with a significant impact on the volume and distribution of the social burden of disease. the united nations (uno) suggests that it is a sequential, cumulative and irreversible phenomenon beginning at age 60 where the human being experiences physical, emotional and social changes which progressively damage the body until it is incapable of dealing with environmental circumstances and conditions. objective: to learn about the socio-family profiles of institutionalized older adults in temuco, padre las casas, and new imperial during the year 2009. specific objectives: to identify individual characteristics - family, social status, social relationships, satisfaction with life, general health status, negative memories, level of family and social dependency, institutional attention and type of relationship with the consumption of alcoholic beverages in institutions in the towns of temuco, padre las casas and new imperial. methodology: a cross-sectional correlation study was carried out with a sample of 80 institutionalized older adults. data collection was carried out with the quality of life questionnaire validated for older adults, as elaborated by inga and vara and adapted to the study objectives. descriptive analyses were carried out (with frequency distribution, means, averages, standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics (with pearson’s chi-squared test). results: the average age was 78.1 years old, 15.0% were mapuche, 55.0% were male, 11.2% were unable to read or write, 32.5% were single. 18.7% received no pension; 40.5% had no contact with their children and were abused having been hit or pushed (15.1% more than ten times). 52.5% never engaged in physical activity or played or worked with friends (gardening, errands, strolls, games of chance, etc.). in relationship to life satisfaction (18.7% thought almost daily about being dissatisfed with their current life), 70% had a disease w
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