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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2018 matches for " Emily Papsin "
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Contralateral Ear Occlusion for Improving the Reliability of Otoacoustic Emission Screening Tests
Emily Papsin,Adrienne L. Harrison,Mattia Carraro,Robert V. Harrison
International Journal of Otolaryngology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/248187
Abstract: Newborn hearing screening is an established healthcare standard in many countries and testing is feasible using otoacoustic emission (OAE) recording. It is well documented that OAEs can be suppressed by acoustic stimulation of the ear contralateral to the test ear. In clinical otoacoustic emission testing carried out in a sound attenuating booth, ambient noise levels are low such that the efferent system is not activated. However in newborn hearing screening, OAEs are often recorded in hospital or clinic environments, where ambient noise levels can be 60–70?dB SPL. Thus, results in the test ear can be influenced by ambient noise stimulating the opposite ear. Surprisingly, in hearing screening protocols there are no recommendations for avoiding contralateral suppression, that is, protecting the opposite ear from noise by blocking the ear canal. In the present study we have compared transient evoked and distortion product OAEs measured with and without contralateral ear plugging, in environmental settings with ambient noise levels <25?dB SPL, 45?dB SPL, and 55?dB SPL. We found out that without contralateral ear occlusion, ambient noise levels above 55?dB SPL can significantly attenuate OAE signals. We strongly suggest contralateral ear occlusion in OAE based hearing screening in noisy environments. 1. Introduction Audiometric testing in general is best carried out in a low noise environment. Indeed most clinical testing is done in sound attenuating booths, where background noise levels are typically below 20?dB SPL (for frequencies of audiometric interest). For performing behavioral (pure tone and speech audiometry) and physiological tests (auditory evoked potentials and OAEs) the focus has been on maintaining a good signal to noise ratio for the test signals presented. The issue addressed in the present study pertains not to the test ear but to the contralateral ear that may or may not be occluded. In neonatal or newborn hearing screening with OAEs most protocols do not specify any occlusion or plugging of the nontest ear (e.g., [1–11]). However, such screening tests are routinely carried out in a noisy hospital or clinic environments. Newborn babies may be screened in patient’s rooms, clinical areas, or a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), where ambient sound levels can be as high as 60–70?dB SPL (e.g., [12–16]). The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that sound levels in an NICU should not exceed 45?dB, but most often this is not the case. Indeed a review by Konkani and Oakley reveals that ambient noise levels in typical NICUs can exceed 80?dB
Reducing Stigma Barriers to Help-Seeking Behaviors among College Students  [PDF]
Emily Reichert
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.310134
Abstract: College students suffer disproportionately from depression, an illness with significant consequences that, untreated, escalates in severity. A review of literature reveals that seeking help for this health issue is often stigmatized, reducing the likelihood of treatment. While the literature identifies the types of stigma, less is known about the communicative processes involved in stigma coping. This paper applies Meisenbach’s (2010) Theory of Stigma Management Communication (SMC) to this issue, suggested strategies researching depression stigma coping as well as new and promising intervention strategies to increase help seeking rates among college students.
Do You Know where Your Money Is? Product Disclosure Statements for Discretionary Investment Services  [PDF]
Emily Lou
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2013.41006

New Zealand capital markets currently do not serve retail investors well, creating investor skepticism regarding participation. A recent Reader’s Digest survey rated financial advisers among the least trustworthy of professions. This article maps the legal implications of the new measures introduced by the Financial Markets Conduct Bill 2011 to guard investor interests in relation to financial products and services. The paper provides a useful critique of the proposed reforms, in particular, whether the “Product Disclosure Statement” (PDS) and the new licensing of fund managers will give retail investors confidence in investing through financial intermediaries. The paper concluded with recommendation for New Zealand regulator to obtain inspiration from overseas model.

Balancing the Budget through Social Exploitation: Why Hard Times Are Even Harder for Some  [PDF]
John Tropman, Emily Nicklett
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.22015
Abstract: In all societies needs and wants regularly exceed resources. Thus societies are always in deficit; demand always exceeds supply and “balancing the budget” is a constant social problem. To make matters somewhat worse, research suggests that need- and want-fulfillment tends to further stimulate the cycle of want-seeking rather than satiating desire. Societies use various resource-allocation mechanisms, including price, to cope with gaps between wants and resources. Social exploitation is a second mechanism, securing labor from population segments that can be coerced or convinced to perform necessary work for free or at below-market compensation. Using practical examples, this article develops a theoretical framework for understanding social exploitation. It then offers case examples of how different segments of the population emerge as exploited groups in the United States, due to changes in social policies. These exploitative processes have been exacerbated and accelerated by the economic downturn that began in 2007.
The Effect of Wealth Inequality on Higher Education Outcomes: A Critical Review  [PDF]
Emily Rauscher, William Elliott III
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2014.44029
Abstract: American society reflects considerable class immobility, much of which may be explained by the wide gaps in college completion rates between economically advantaged and disadvantaged groups of students. First, we discuss the factors that lead to unequal college completion rates and introduce assets as an explanation often ignored by stratification scholars. We then discuss how a legacy of wealth inequality has led to wealthy students having an advantage at the financial aid bargaining table over low-income and minority students. We conclude by discussing how asset-building policies such as children’s savings accounts offer a potential policy strategy to alter the distributional consequences of the current financial aid system and help level the playing field.
Annual acknowledgement of reviewers
Emily Crow
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-13-28
Abstract: Edgardo AbalosArgentinaIshag AdamSudanKristina Adams WaldorfUSARichard AdanuGhanaAbdallah AdraLebanonEbenezer AfolabiUnited KingdomA. J. AgopianUSAYenita AgusIndonesiaSaifuddin AhmedUSAStella AkinleyeNigeriaOluwarotimi AkinolaNigeriaMohammed AliAustraliaNiloufer AliPakistanGambo AliyuUSAFernando AlthabeArgentinaElizabeth AlvarezCanadaCharles AmehUnited KingdomNawal AmmarCanadaKatie AndersUnited KingdomAnne-Marie Nybo AndersenDenmarkLorraine AndrewsIrelandGeorgios AndroutsopoulosGreeceDiddy AntaiNigeriaLaura ArbourCanadaMegan ArbourUSABronia ArnottUnited KingdomTengiz AsatianiGeorgiaTigistu Adamu AshengoUSANathalie AugerCanadaIlona Autti-R?m?FinlandStella BabalolaUSARegan BaileyUSABeth BaileyUSAPatricia BaileyUSARachel BakkerNetherlandsIleana BaldiItalyMridula BandyopadhyayAustraliaRuben BarakatSpainLesley BarclayAustraliaJanine Barden-O'FallonUSASarah BarnettUnited KingdomSuzanne BarrUnited KingdomFernando BarrosBrazilRobert BasazaUgandaJuliet BedfordUnited KingdomGiorgio BedogniItalyKatrien BeeckmanBelgiumCecily BegleyIrelandMireille BekkerNetherlandsRoberto BelluItalyMarie BergSwedenThomas BergholtDenmarkJo?o BernardesPortugalHind BeydounUSANita BhandariIndiaSohinee BhattacharyaUnited KingdomZulfiqar BhuttaPakistanSibhatu BiadgilignEthiopiaPauline BinderSwedenColin BinnsAustraliaLinda BirchUnited KingdomMary Anne BiroAustraliaAndrew BisitsAustraliaMaureen BlackUSAAndrew BlannUnited KingdomFrank BloomfieldNew ZealandJennifer BlumUSAEric BlythUnited KingdomLisa BodnarUSAAmy BonomiUSAMatthias BorchertGermanyCarol BowerAustraliaMarek BrabecCzech RepublicAmy BranumUSALeanne BrickerUnited KingdomAnna Brytek-MateraPolandSherri BucherUSAAnne BuistAustraliaEmmanuel BujoldCanadaJorge BurgosSpainJessica BurkeUSAJoanne CacciatoreUSALeonie CallawayAustraliaDoris CampbellUnited KingdomMichael CannonUSAWaldemar CarloUSAMary CarolanAustraliaGiancarlo CastamanItalyLaura CaulfieldUSAJose CecattiBrazilNils ChailletCanadaTinnakorn ChaiworapongsaUSABeverly ChalmersUSAJames ChalmersUni
Screening for disability in a community: the ‘ten questions' screen for children, in Bondo, Kenya.
Emily Muga
African Health Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: Background: Although the need for early identification and interventions of disabilities is evident, the current state of routine screening practice in Kenya needs intensive training of screeners before more rigorous techniques are introduced. Objective: To compare the precision and practical utility of the ‘ten questions' and EARC screens among the 2 – 9 year olds in a community setting. Method: In this analytical comparative cross-sectional survey of two disabilities screening methods. multiphase sampling and multistage data collection procedures were employed. Quantitative research utilizing structured interview checklist was used for data collection. It described the prevalence rates of different types of disabilities using both methods. It analyzed the precision and practical utility of the two methods in a community setting. Results: 64 of the 399 children under study were disabled (50.5 % male and 49.5 % female). The ‘ten questions' picks up only those problems that are of great concern to families. EARC services are a more definite case defining process of measuring the existence and degree of disability in children. It screens the children who are severely disabled leaving out the mildly disabled and medical conditions which, when left untreated, could lead to possible disablement. Conclusion: Parents need to be sensitized about symptoms requiring the ten questions that can be used to screen out the potentially disabled children and the Education Assessment and Resource Centres (EARC) be used to diagnose the type and degree of the disability and refer the ill children for treatment. The basic needs of disabled children could be met in the community and do not require highly specialized personnel. They need to be localized and accessible. African Health Sciences 2003; 3(1): 33-39
Using Technology and Innovative Designs to Build Complex Architectural Envelopes
Emily Carr
Techne : Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Permasteelisa Group is a manufacturer of curtain walls specialized worldwide in the creation of personalized architectural envelopes. The Group’s mission is to use innovative design methods and advanced technologies to construct architecturally significant fa ades. In order to meet project budget and timing requirements 3D modelling, personalized applications and automated production processes have been implemented company-wide. Together with the new technologies, the new design methods developed within the company, such as cold-formed units of curtain walls and toleran- ce compensation units, have given designers the ability to break classic design rules.
Bailando como negro : ritmo, raza y nación en esmeraldas, ecuador
Emily Walmsley
Tabula Rasa , 2005,
Abstract: Por toda la diáspora Africana, ser negro ha sido asociado con la habilidad de bailar rítmicamente. Esta asociación muchas veces es naturalizada en discursos populares que sugieren que las personas negras tienen un sentido de ritmo innato que llevan el ritmo en la sangre . Esta caracterización es a veces apropiada por individuos que se auto-identifican como negros, y los cuales consideran sus habilidades de baile como parte importante de su identidad racial incorporada. Estas representaciones de raza son una fuerza poderosa para formar relaciones sociales y por lo tanto es esencial entender como son reproducidas y hechas significantes en la vida diaria. Este artículo intenta de hacer eso mismo, analizando el enlace naturalizado entre raza y ritmo en el caso de Esmeraldas, Ecuador. Utilizando material detallado etnográfico de esta ciudad, se enfatiza los procesos cambiantes, muchas veces ambiguos, de identificación racial. Se cuestionan detalladamente las relaciones entre cuerpos y discurso, y se resalta el significado de contextos sociales y políticos particulares en la construcción de diferencias raciales.
The Space of Remembering: Collective Memory and the Reconfiguration of Contested Space in Argentina’s ESMA
Parsons, Emily
452o F : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada , 2011,
Abstract: This paper explores the ongoing history of the ESMA museum’s developmentand argues that the intrinsic and conflictual collective memory work involved is characterized by competing desires to remember and to forget, rooted in the physical,visible, and public space of ESMA.
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