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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 94 matches for " Emanuelle Graziottin Colossi "
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Estratégias de enfrentamento utilizadas pela equipe de enfermagem de um CTI adulto perante situa es de estresse Coping strategies used by the nursing staff of an adult ICU in stress situations
Emanuelle Graziottin Colossi,Mariana Calesso-Moreira,Adolfo Pizzinato
Ciência & Saúde , 2011,
Abstract: Introdu o: Para os profissionais da saúde lidar com situa es de estresse, como por exemplo, a eminência da morte dos pacientes, parece ser uma das maiores dificuldades vividas em sue ambiente de trabalho. Frente a este contexto, cada pessoa lan a m o de estratégias próprias para o enfrentamento de situa es estressantes (coping), as quais s o determinadas pelo ambiente e por características de personalidade. Objetivo: Identificar as estratégias de enfrentamento (coping) dos profissionais de enfermagem de um CTI adulto diante de situa es estressantes inerentes a sua profiss o. Materiais e Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo transversal, no qual foi aplicado o Inventário COPE, em trinta e oito técnicos de enfermagem e/ou enfermeiros. Os dados do inventário foram analisados em termos descritivos. Resultados: As estratégias de enfrentamento mais utilizadas foram as relacionadas à capacidade pró-ativa do sujeito (reinterpreta o positiva, coping ativo e busca por suporte social) e as menos utilizadas foram as relacionadas às emo es (foco nas emo es e humor). Conclus o: Na amostra estudada, os profissionais buscam estratégias que antecedam as dificuldades inerentes a sua prática diária, isolando os aspectos mais irrelevantes dos estressores e focalizando a aten o no resultado de suas a es, o que permite uma melhor percep o de seu trabalho e o sentimento de realiza o profissional. Introduction: For health professionals, to deal with stressful situations, such as the imminence of death of their patients, seems to be one of the greatest difficulties experienced in the workplace. In these situations, each person makes use of their own strategies in order to cope with stressful situations, which are determined by the environment and the personality traits. Objective: To identify the coping strategies used by nursing professionals of an adult ICU while facing stressful situations inherent to their profession. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in which the COPE Inventory was applied in thirty-eight nursing technicians and/or nurses. The data were analyzed using descriptive techniques. Results: The coping strategies most frequently used were those related to the proactive capacity of the subject (positive reinterpretation, active coping and seeking for social support) and the less used were those related to emotions (focus on emotions and mood). Conclusion: Considering the sample studied, the professionals used strategies that precede the difficulties inherent to their daily practice, isolating the most irrelevant aspec
Safety, efficacy and patient acceptability of the combined estrogen and progestin transdermal contraceptive patch: a review
Alessandra Graziottin
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2008, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S3233
Abstract: fety, efficacy and patient acceptability of the combined estrogen and progestin transdermal contraceptive patch: a review Review (3664) Total Article Views Authors: Alessandra Graziottin Published Date November 2008 Volume 2008:2 Pages 357 - 367 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S3233 Alessandra Graziottin Center of Gynecology and Medical Sexology, H San Raffaele Resnati, Via Santa Croce 10/a, 20123 Milano, Italy Abstract: The worldwide introduction of the first, unique patch for hormonal contraception (ethinyl estradiol/norelgestromin, EE/NGMN patch) was widely recognized as a significant event in the development of drug delivery systems. This innovation offers a number of advantages over the oral route, and extensive clinical trials have proved its safety, efficacy, effectiveness, and tolerability. The weekly administration and ease of use/simplicity of the EE/NGMN patch contribute to its acceptability, and help to resolve the two main problems of non-adherence, namely early discontinuation and inconsistent use. The patch offers additional benefits to adolescents (improvement of dysmenorrhea and acne), adults (improvement in emotional and physical well-being, premenstrual syndrome, and menstrual irregularities), and perimenopausal women (correction of hormonal imbalance, modulation of premenopausal symptoms), thus providing high satisfaction rates (in nearly 90% of users). Since its introduction, the transdermal contraceptive patch has proved to be a useful choice for women who seek a convenient formulation which is easy to use, with additional, non-contraceptive tailored benefits for all the ages.
Safety, efficacy and patient acceptability of the combined estrogen and progestin transdermal contraceptive patch: a review
Alessandra Graziottin
Patient Preference and Adherence , 2008,
Abstract: Alessandra GraziottinCenter of Gynecology and Medical Sexology, H San Raffaele Resnati, Via Santa Croce 10/a, 20123 Milano, ItalyAbstract: The worldwide introduction of the first, unique patch for hormonal contraception (ethinyl estradiol/norelgestromin, EE/NGMN patch) was widely recognized as a significant event in the development of drug delivery systems. This innovation offers a number of advantages over the oral route, and extensive clinical trials have proved its safety, efficacy, effectiveness, and tolerability. The weekly administration and ease of use/simplicity of the EE/NGMN patch contribute to its acceptability, and help to resolve the two main problems of non-adherence, namely early discontinuation and inconsistent use. The patch offers additional benefits to adolescents (improvement of dysmenorrhea and acne), adults (improvement in emotional and physical well-being, premenstrual syndrome, and menstrual irregularities), and perimenopausal women (correction of hormonal imbalance, modulation of premenopausal symptoms), thus providing high satisfaction rates (in nearly 90% of users). Since its introduction, the transdermal contraceptive patch has proved to be a useful choice for women who seek a convenient formulation which is easy to use, with additional, non-contraceptive tailored benefits for all the ages.Keywords: transdermal, hormonal contraceptive, patient satisfaction, patient adherence
Der Gyn kologe und seine Verantwortung für die Gesundheitserwartung von Frauen
Graziottin A
Journal für Menopause , 2001,
Abstract: Die Differenz zwischen Lebenserwartung und Gesundheitserwartung hat sich in verschiedenen L ndern der westlichen Welt verdoppelt oder sogar verdreifacht. Folglich besteht die Herausforderung darin, den Gewinn an Lebensjahren zu erhalten, ohne die enormen Kosten in physischer, emotionaler, pers nlicher und sozialer Hinsicht, die eine Verl ngerung der Leidensjahre mit sich bringen, die die gewonnenen Jahre eines Kranken mehr zu einem Fluch als zu einem Geschenk werden lassen. Der Gyn kologe "der Wahl" ist der lebenslange rztliche Begleiter fast jeder westlichen Frau. Mit dieser Lebensspannenperspektive tr gt er die Verantwortung für die Verbesserung seines " rztlichen Impaktfaktors", das hei t seiner F higkeit zu Heilen und zu Betreuen, um auf diese Weise einen Beitrag zur Gesundheitserwartung aller Frauen durch Erhaltung der bestm glichen Funktionsf higkeit und Verhinderung von Morbidit t zu leisten. Dieses Ziel kann durch frühzeitige interventionelle Ma nahmen und Interventionen im Erwachsenenalter ebenso wie durch peri- und postmenopausale Pr ventiv- und Behandlungsma nahmen angestrebt werden. Die Hormonsubstitutionstherapie ist ein ausgezeichnetes Mittel, das maximalen Nutzen bringt, wenn sie auf jede einzelne Frau individuell zugeschnitten wird und eine lebenslange Ma nahme darstellt, die sich zuerst auf den Lebensstil und die zwischen jeder Frau und ihrem Gyn kologen geteilte Verantwortung zur Erzielung eines umfassenden und erfolgreichen Gesundheitsprogrammes konzentriert.
Sexuality in the elderly
Graziottin A
Journal für Menopause , 1999,
Abstract:
Retinosquises
Vilela, Manuel A P;Colossi, Carina G;
Revista Brasileira de Oftalmologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72802011000200012
Abstract: retinoschisis means abnormal separation of the retinal layers, which could be congenital, acquired or secondary to myopia, trauma or other vascular disorders. we review the clinical features of the x-linked and acquired diseases, and its recent diagnostic tools and the differents options for repair.
O nexo nacional-internacional na saúde pública: o Uruguai e a circula??o das políticas e ideologias de saúde infantil, 1890-1940
Birn, Anne-Emanuelle;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702006000300007
Abstract: this paper examines the emergence of child health policy as a global concern from the perspective of uruguay's interaction with the international public health community in the early 20th century and its role in the circulation of child health ideas and practices. it considers two facets of national-international interplay: a) uruguay's exploration of and interrelationship with the international panorama of policies, research and lessons on the improvement of child health; and b) the translation of uruguay's domestic debates into the influential instituto internacional americano de protección a la infancia - iipi and the purveying of uruguay's policies, research, and lessons on child health improvement to other countries and to international health and welfare agencies.
Child health in Latin America: historiographic perspectives and challenges
Birn, Anne-Emanuelle;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702007000300002
Abstract: patterns of child health and well-being in latin america's past - have been assumed to be delayed and derivative of european and north americanexperiences. through an examination of recent historiography, this essay traces a more complex reality: interest in infant and child health in latin america arose from a range of domestic and regional prerogatives. this attention was rooted in precolumbian cultures, then relegated to the private sphere during the colonial period, except for young public wards. starting in the 19th century, professionals, reformers, and policy-makers throughout the region regarded child health as a matter central to building modern societies. burgeoning initiatives were also linked to international priorities and developments, not through one-way diffusion but via ongoing interaction of ideas and experts. despite pioneering approaches to children's rights and health in latin america, commitment to child well-being has remained uneven, constrained in many settings by problematic political and economic conditions uch.
Small(pox) success?
Birn,Anne-Emanuelle;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200022
Abstract: the 30th anniversary of the world health organization's (who) official certification of smallpox eradication was marked by a slew of events hailing the campaign's dramatic tale of technological and organizational triumph against an ancient scourge. yet commemorations also serve as moments of critical reflection. this article questions the acclaim showered upon smallpox eradication as the single greatest public health success in history. it examines how and why smallpox eradication and who's concurrent social justice-oriented primary health care approach (following from the declaration of alma-ata) became competing paradigms. it synthesizes critiques of eradication's shortcomings and debunks some of the myths surrounding the global eradication campaign as a public health priority and necessity, and as a cold war victory of cooperation. the article concludes with thoughts on integrating technical and social-political aspects of health within the context of welfare states as the means to achieving widespread and enduring global public health success.
Making it Politic(al): closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health
Anne-Emanuelle Birn
Social Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: The anniversary of the publication of Closing the Gap in a Generation (CGG) offers a moment to reflect on the report’s contributions and shortcomings, as well as to consider the political waters ahead. The issuance of CGG was not the first time the World Health Organization (WHO) raised the problem of global inequalities in health. Numerous analysts and advocates have compared CGG to the 1978 Declaration of Alma-Ata. Some see CGG as a continuation of Alma-Ata; others malign it for paying insufficient attention to the principles, background documents, and lines of action proposed in the Alma-Ata declaration. We might understand the two reports as bookends to 30 years of brutal global capitalism, punctuated by the “lost decade” of the 1980s, the end of the Cold War, and, more recently, the implosion of global finance. This period saw the publication of two seminal neoliberal health manifestos –the World Bank’s 1993 World Development Report and the WHO’s 2002 Commission on Macroeconomics and Health report. Both feature the term “investing in health” in their title, conveying “a double meaning—investing [through “cost-effective,” narrow, technical interventions] to improve health, economic productivity, and poverty; and investing capital, especially private capital, as a route to private profit in the health sector.”
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