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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1077 matches for " Elvira; Bacigalupe "
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Avanzando en la evaluación del impacto en la salud: análisis de las políticas públicas sectoriales del Gobierno Vasco como paso previo a la fase de cribado sistemático
Aldasoro,Elena; Sanz,Elvira; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago; Calderón,Carlos; Cambra,Koldo; Zuazagoitia,Juan;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100016
Abstract: health not only depends on biologic or lifestyle factors but also on other economic, social, political, and environmental factors that shape the way people live and become ill. thus, health policies are not the only policies affecting health, and consequently governments are increasingly interested in identifying the effect of other non-health policies on health. health impact assessment is a prospective methodology that aims to predict the health impacts of policies before their implementation so that modifications can be suggested to maximize positive effects and avoid unexpected negative repercussions on health. the first stage in this process is screening, which can be used to select the interventions that could benefit from complete health impact assessment. since resources are limited and not all government interventions can be assessed, tools that allow prioritization are essential. as a first stage in the validation of a systematic screening tool for health impact assessment in spain, this article presents the process of compiling and classifying the non-health public policies of the eighth term of office of the basque government. of the 97 policies analyzed, 76% were related to structural determinants of health inequalities, 79% were tactical or operational, 67% were aimed at specific population groups, and 66% were already implemented. the technical staff of other participating departments perceived the entire process of this initiative and its rationale positively. this initial experience allowed the planning of non-health policies in the basque country to be determined in detail as a means to move forward in incorporating impact on health in all policies.
Review Essay: Gespr chsforschung: Zur Praxis von Fokusgruppen Review Essay: Focus Group Practices: Studying Conversation Ensayo: Estudiando la conversación
Gonzalo Bacigalupe
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2005,
Abstract: Focus Group Practice besch ftigt sich mit für den Erfolg von Fokusgruppen f rderlichen Interaktionsprozessen und Moderationstechniken. Gestützt auf theoretische und methodologische Ans tze aus der Diskurs- und Konversationsanalyse werden die für Fokusgruppen charakteristischen "Mikropraktiken" untersucht. In sieben Kapiteln werden Empfehlungen für Moderator(inn)en und Forscher(innen) gegeben, die sich für die Methodologie von Fokusgruppen interessieren. Dabei ist das Buch, in dessen Zentrum die Analyse von Gespr chsprozessen steht, nicht als "Rezeptur" für die Gestaltung von Fokusgruppen konzipiert, sondern es handelt sich vielmehr um ein vorsichtiges Herausarbeiten der Choreographie, die für erfolgreiche Gruppeninterviews notwendig ist. Zus tzlich enth lt Focus Group Practice eine Reihe kurzer Beispiele zu Fokusgruppen in der Marktforschung sowie Definitionen zur Konversationsanalyse und von Schlüsselbegriffen der diskursiven Psychologie. Ein – in jedem Kapitel vorhandener – Satz an Grundregeln bezieht sich darauf, was wirkungsvolle Fokusgruppeninteraktionen ausmacht (formaler/informeller Charakter von Interaktion, Partizipation, Meinungen, usw.). Auch werden einige zus tzliche Informationen geboten z.B. zu Transkriptionen in der Konversationsanalyse. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs050293 Focus Group Practice aims at analyzing the interactional process that supports the success of focus groups. The book makes specific observations of what effective focus group moderation can accomplish. Informed by theoretical and methodological approaches taken from conversation and discourse analysis, this work aims at an analysis of the micro-practices that characterize the focus group process. The seven chapters of the book include recommendations for moderators as well as researchers interested in studying focus group methodology as a subject in itself. The book, an analysis of what goes on in the form of conversational processes, is purposely not a "how to" of focus groups, but rather a careful unveiling of the "choreographic" movements that lead to successful group interviews. It includes a series of brief examples of market-research focus groups and pedagogical definitions of conversation analysis and discursive psychology key concepts. A set of principles related to what creates an effective focus group interaction organizes each chapter (interaction, informality, participation, and opinions). Also included are some conversational analysis artifacts like explanations about how transcription is employed in conversational analysis. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs050293 Práctic
Review Essay: Eine Einladung zum intuitiven Verstehen in der Lehre und in der Praxis: Ist Intuition neutral? Review Essay: Inviting Intuitive Understandings in Teaching and Professional Practices: Is Intuition Relationally and Culturally Neutral? Ensayo: Invitación a la comprensión intuitiva en la ense anza y en la práctica profesional: Es la intuición neutral?
Gonzalo Bacigalupe
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2002,
Abstract: Terry ATKINSON und Guy CLAXTON analysieren das Konstrukt der "Intuition" ausgehend von Forschungs- und Lehrerfahrung an der Universit t Bristol in Gro britannien. In vierzehn Kapiteln wird die meist schwer zu fassende Idee der Intuition und ihr Einfluss auf professionelles Handeln untersucht, wobei viele der Autor(inn)en Intuition eher als eine kognitive psychologische Strategie definieren und weniger als relationalen und kulturellen Austausch. Das letzte Kapitel enth lt eine kritische Zusammenfassung und Bewertung von ERAUT, der nicht der Universit t Bristol angeh rt. Das Buch ist weniger eine integrierte theoretische Zusammenschau, sondern eher ein abschlie ender Bericht, der die universit ren Diskussionen und die Forschung der Autor(inn)en versammelt. Das Resultat ist eine inspirierende Darstellung sich überlappender Konzepte, die die Leser(innen) über die Relevanz von Intuition in p dagogischen und professionellen Handlungsfeldern informiert. Allerdings ist das Buch nicht in erster Linie geeignet für Berufst tige, die konkrete Methoden für die Umsetzung intuitiver Praktiken erlernen wollen, oder für Forscher(innen), die für die Analyse der Intuition in verschiedenen kulturellen und/oder institutionellen Kontexten auf der Suche nach anwendbaren theoretischen Konstrukten sind. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0204514 To analyze the construct of intuition, Terry ATKINSON and Guy CLAXTON draw from the research, teaching experiences, and theoretical expertise of faculty at the University of Bristol, UK. The fourteen chapters by the faculty at Bristol explore the often slippery notion of "intuition" and its impact in professional practice, which is generally (and there are exceptions) defined as a cognitive psychological strategy rather than a relational and cultural exchange. The last chapter is a critical summary by ERAUT who assesses the book as an outsider to Bristol. The book reads like a final report of discussions and research by the authors within a university context rather than a cohesive theoretical summary by a sole author. The result is inspiring as a review of overlapping ideas that inform the reader of the relevance of intuition in educational and professional settings within the context of educational reforms during the last decade in several countries. It will not be compelling reading for professionals attempting to learn a set of activities that would aid them in learning how to incorporate "intuitive practices" or for researchers searching for ways of clearly formalizing intuition as a well-defined theoretical construct that can be analyzed in v
Community Violence as Psychosocial Stressor:The Case of Childhood Asthma in Boston  [PDF]
Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Takeo Fujiwara, Sabrina Selk, Meghan Woo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2010.11005
Abstract: Childhood asthma is a critical public health problem of urban centers in the United States and other industrialized nations. Population-based and laboratory research studies indicate that psychosocial stress differentially affects asthma expression. Witnessing or experiencing community violence is a psychosocial stressor that results in long-term biological changes that may in turn contribute to asthma morbidity. This is a review of the literature that examines the exposure to violence as a psychosocial stressor that is independently associated with asthma morbidity even after adjustment for income, housing, and other adverse life events. In addition to acting as a physiological trigger for the disease, community violence can also impact health behaviors and exposure to other unknown environmental risk factors. This connection leads the authors to suggest that reducing violence and the amelioration of its impact has implications beyond public health. The City of Boston in Massachusetts serves as the context to contextualize a series of recommendations that may ameliorate and/or prevent asthma incidence and prevalence. The reduction of poverty, unemployment, substandard housing, and high crime/violence rates can have significant health implications for children asthma and a decline on asthma hospitalization.
Development and Application of an Inter-Organizational PPP Knowledge Transfer Effectiveness Model for Knowledge Sourced in Public Sector Organizations  [PDF]
Geoffrey Aerts, Elvira Haezendonck
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2017.75050
Abstract: The research aim is to develop and apply the conceptual inter-organizational knowledge transfer effectiveness (IOKTE) model to the inter-organizational transfer of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) related knowledge between public sector organizations in Flanders. The model assumes a relationship between an individual’s ability to make PPP-related decisions and the extent to which knowledge is sought after, applied and shared in an inter-organisational manner within the public sector. The inter-organizational transfer of knowledge studied in this article is specific to PPP in Flanders and studied for public sector actors active at diverse policy levels. The aim is to uncover the extent to which the current system of inter-organizational knowledge transfer fits the user’s satisfaction, expressed as the extent to which the use of the system improves the perceived decision-making on PPPs. The results indicate that searching for, sharing and using PPP-related knowledge sourced in public sector organizations improve the perceived decision-making ability. The research establishes that the current public sector PPP knowledge transfer system is perceived as being effective, yet for the assessment of its efficiency, insufficient data is found. Issues that stand to be improved are the fragmentation of the knowledge assets and the access across policy levels.
Migraciones internas en Espa?a durante el siglo XX: un nuevo eje para el estudio de las desigualdades sociales en salud
Martín,Unai; Malmusi,Davide; Bacigalupe,Amaia; Esnaola,Santiago;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112012000100003
Abstract: objective: catalonia and the basque country received substantial immigration quotas from the rest of spain during the twentieth century. this study aimed to analyze inequalities in health by birthplace (the population born in the same region or other autonomous regions) in these two geographical areas. methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study in the non-institutionalized population aged 50 to 79 years, with data from the health surveys of catalonia 2006 (n=5,483) and the basque country 2007 (n=3,424). we used log-binomial models to estimate the prevalence ratios (pr) of poor self-rated health by birthplace, stratified by sex and social class, and successively adjusted for age, social class and educational attainment. results: immigrants from other autonomous regions had poorer self-rated health than the native-born population, both in the basque country (age-adjusted pr in men 1.30, 95% ci 1.11-1.54; women 1.42, 95% ci 1.25-1.62,) and in catalonia (pr in men 1.41, 95% ci 1.26-1.62; pr in women 1.25, 95% ci 1.16-1.35). prs were reduced but remained significant after adjustment for social class and educational attainment and stratification by manual or non-manual social class. conclusions: in both communities there are health inequalities that are detrimental to the immigrant population from the rest of spain, which constitutes approximately half of the population in the studied age cohorts. future studies should explore the persistence of these inequalities in other health indicators and their reproduction in second generations, and identify entry points for preventive policies.
Impacto de la morbilidad en la salud de la población del País Vasco 2002-2007: una visión integral a través de las esperanzas de salud
Martín,Unai; Esnaola,Santiago; Audicana,Covadonga; Bacigalupe,Amaia;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57272011000500006
Abstract: background: the estimation of the impact of morbidity on health is essential to health planning. the objective was to estimate this impact using disability free life expectancy, and to analyze whether the hypothetical elimination of various diseases would have led to a compression or expansion of morbidity. methods: cross-sectional study on the population of the basque country. data on mortality (2002-2006), health survey data (2007) and population based data were used. the impact of different groups of diseases on mortality rates, years of life and potential years of life lost (pyll) and disability (absolute number and rates) were calculated. an integrated analysis was also done, using disability free life expectancy (dfle), using the sullivan method. results: the diseases causing the greatest impact on mortality were tumours among men (35,2% and 39,3% of deaths and pyll respectively), and circulatory diseases (34,5% of deaths) and tumours (43,6% of pyll) among women. osteomuscular diseases had a major impact on disability, causing the 26,6% and the 45,2% of the total cases in men and women). circulatory diseases had the highest impact as a whole (4.2 years of dfle in men and 3.8 in women). however, osteomuscular diseases had the highest influence on years of life with disability. conclusions: the diseases which caused the overall greatest impact on mortality and disability were circulatory system related ones, tumors, and osteomuscular diseases. the elimination of this last group of diseases would have led to a morbidity compression, meaning the greatest reduction in life years with disability among all the causes.
Cryptosporidium parvum en animales domésticos y en monos de un zoológico Cryptosporidium parvum IN DOMESTIC ANIMAIS AND IN MONKEYS FROM A ZOO
Parasitología latinoamericana , 2006,
Abstract: El objetivo del trabajo fue detectar infecciones por Cryptosporidium sp en animales domésticos y en monos de un zoológico, en la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Se procesaron 375 muestras de materia fecal de distintas especies mediante la técnica de sedimentación de Ritchie modificada (formol -éter) para concentrar los ooquistes. El sedimento se ti ó mediante la técnica de Ziehl-Neelsen modificada. Se detectaron ooquistes de Cryptosporidium sp en 7 de 175 muestras de materia fecal de perro, en 2 de 17 de gato, en 4 de 22 de ovinos, en 21 de 131 cabras, en 29 de 109 de terneros, en 2 de 2 de equinos y en 2 de 5 de cobayos (Cavia porcellus). Se examinaron 14 muestras de heces de monos, entre ellas, se detectaron ooquistes en la muestra de 1 hembra carayá (Alouatta caraya) adulta, en la de 1 mono ara a (Ateles paniscus) macho adulto, en la muestra colectiva de 7 monos saimiri (Saimiri boliviensis) adultos, en la muestra de 2 hembras y 1 macho caí (Cebus apella), en la muestra colectiva de hamadríades (Papio hamadryas) y en la de 1 chimpancé joven (Pan troglodytes) The aim of the present study was to detect Cryptosporidium sp infection in domestic animals and in monkeys from a zoo, in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Three hundred and seventy five fecal samples from different animal species were processed by the Ritchie modified sedimentation method (formalin-ether) to concentrate the oocysts. The sediment was stained by the Ziehl Neelsen modified technique. Cryptosporidium sp was detected in 7 of 175 dogs, in 2 of 17 cats, in 4 of 22 sheep, in 21 of 31 goats, in 29 of 109 calves, in 2 of 2 horses and in 2 of 5 Guinea pigs. Fourteen feces samples from monkeys were examined, among them, oocysts were detected in the sample from 1 adult female black howler monkey (Alouatta caraya), in the sample from 1 male adult black spider monkey (Ateles paniscus), in 1 sample of faeces from 7 adult squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis), in 1 sample from 2 females and 1 male tufted capuchin (Cebus apella), in 1 sample of feces from baboons (Papio hamadryas) and n the sample from 1 young male chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
Parasitología al día , 1997,
Abstract: Se Utilizaron 100 sueros de gatos provenientes de la ciudad de La Plata y alrededores con el fin de determinar la relación entre la infección con FIV y la infección con T. gondii. Los sueros se analizaron para determinar anticuerpos anti-FIV y anti-T.gondii por las pruebas de <> e inmunofluorescencia indirecta, respectivamente. Para el análisis de los resultados los sueros se clasificaron en cuatro grupos según presentaran o no anticuerpos anti-FIV y anti-T. gondii (Tox): Grupo 1) FIV+ Tox+; Grupo 2) FIV+ Tox-; Grupo 3) FIV- Tox+; Grupo 4) FIV- Tox-. Se establecieron tres categorías por grupo con respecto a los signos clínicos de los gatos estudiados. El por- centaje de sueros positivas a FIV y a T. gondii (34,5%, 19,) fue significativamente mayor que el porcentaje de sueros positivos a FIV y nagativos a T. gondii (17,7%, 8/45; p < 0,05, prueba exacta de Fisher). Los títulos de anticuerpos anti-T. gondii fueron siqnificativamente mayores en el Grupo 1 con respecto al Grupo 3. La distribución de los signos clínicos fue significativamente diferente entre los 4 grupos. El porcentaje de animales con signos clínicos potencialmente compatibles con FIV y/o toxoplasmosis fue: Grupo 1: 57,9%, , Grupo 2: 75%; Grupo 3: 48,6% y Grupo 4: 27%. Los resultados del presente trabajo indican la asociación entre la infección con el FIV y la infección con T.gondii Serum samples from 100 cats from La Plata and surroundings were studied to determine the relation between FIV infection and Toxoplasma gondii infection. Serum samples were analized to determine anti-FIV and anti-T. gondii antibodies, using immunoblotting test and immunofluorescence test, respectively. To analize the results, serum samples were classified into 4 groups according to the presence or not of anti-FIV and anti-T. gondii antibodies (Tox): Group 1) FIV+; Tox+ Group 2) FIV+ Tox-; Group 3) FIV- Tox+; Group 4) FIV- Tox-. Each group was further divided into 3 categories according clinical signs. The percentage of sera positive for FIV and T. gondii (34.5%, 19/55) was significantly higher than the percentage of sera positive for FIV and negative for T. gondii (17.7%, 8/45; p < 0.05, Fisher exact test). Antibodies tires anti-T. gondii were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 3. Distribution of clinical signs demonstrated significant differences between groups. The percentage of animals with clinical signs consistent with FIV and/or. T. gondii infections were as follows: Group 1: 57.9%; Group 2; 75%, Group 3: 48.6% and Graup 4: 27%. Results the present study indicate the association between FIV infecti
Pasos hacia la institucionalización de la evaluación del impacto en salud en Espa a: la percepción de los profesionales de salud pública Steps towards the institutionalization of health impact assessment in Spain: perception of public health professionals
E. Sanz,S. Esnaola,E. Aldasoro,A. Bacigalupe
Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra , 2012,
Abstract: Fundamento. La actual reforma normativa de la salud pública en Espa a ha previsto la inclusión de la Evaluación del Impacto en Salud (EIS). El objetivo de este estudio es describir la visión de los profesionales de salud pública y planificación sobre la utilidad y aplicabilidad de la EIS en su trabajo diario y con ello reflexionar sobre la mejor manera de institucionalizarla. Metodología. Se han desarrollado 3 talleres de formación en EIS dirigidos a profesionales de las diferentes ramas de la salud pública. Se ofreció un cuestionario para cumplimentar por las personas asistentes. Resultados. El 41% de las personas asistentes contestaron al cuestionario. Entre quienes respondieron, el 92% consideró que el modelo de los determinantes sociales de la salud resulta de gran utilidad en el ámbito de la salud pública. Las principales vías identificadas para introducir la EIS fueron: la obligatoriedad normativa (85%), la integración en otras herramientas de evaluación ya existentes (65%) y la sistematización de esta metodología (40%). En relación a la aplicabilidad de la EIS, se propusieron estrategias específicas para su introducción en las diferentes ramas de la salud pública. Conclusiones. La institucionalización exitosa de la EIS requerirá de la opinión y colaboración del personal técnico. Se constata la aprobación generalizada de esta herramienta para su utilización en la administración. Para garantizar la viabilidad de su implementación, será necesario sensibilizar a los profesionales sobre el modelo de los determinantes sociales de la salud, y recoger sus demandas y sugerencias. Background. The current normative reform of public health policy in Spain envisages the inclusion of Health Impact Assessment (HIA). This study contributes the vision of public health and planning professionals on the usefulness and applicability of HIA in their daily work and thus reflects on how best to institutionalize it. Methodology. Three training workshop were carried out with public health professionals. Participants were specialists in different branches: epidemiological surveillance, environmental health, food safety and health promotion. In this HIA workshop, a questionnaire was given to the attendees to be completed. Results. Forty-one percent of the people attending answered the questionnaire; 92% of the staff considered that the model of social determinants of health is useful in the field of public health. The principal routes for introducing HIA were: mandatory rules (85%), integration into other existing assessment tools (65%) and the systematization of this meth
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