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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8780 matches for " Elizabeth Slade "
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Critical Care: a good scientific citizen just got better
Pritpal S Tamber, Elizabeth Slade, Jean-Louis Vincent
Critical Care , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/cc2325
Abstract: The move to have only the abstracts of research articles in the print journal with open access to full text online was logical. Publishing research articles online as soon as they are ready means they are likely to be picked up by the most interested parties via searching well before they would have been available in print. Those that browse the print journal are unlikely to read every research article word-for-word on publication [1]. Instead, most readers tend to browse titles, abstracts or conclusions, preferring to read in detail only after searching databases like PubMed. When such a search leads to an article in Critical Care [2], the journal's online functionality will assist further – you can search PubMed for other articles by authors, email articles to colleagues, post and read comments, download references or read the abstracts in PubMed, and even link to the full text of a reference (if it's made available by its publisher). Presenting research articles as abstracts in the print journal and providing open access, full text versions online, then, satisfies both types of users – the print browsers and the online searchers.Our new way of publishing research articles will have a new citation system. Previously, research articles published online were cited as "in press" until they were included in the print journal, at which point the allotted page numbers were incorporated to make the final citation. In the new system the research articles will be paginated as soon as they are published online and separately from other types of articles. Their page numbers will have the prefix "R". The abstracts of these research articles will appear subsequently and sequentially in the print journal according to the page numbers. This system has been accepted by databases such as PubMed, and the ISI Web of Knowledge, the company that calculates impact factors.Making articles over two years old free to access online was also logical. Subscribers – whether they be personal o
Critical Care's move to fund open access
Elizabeth Slade, Pritpal S Tamber, Jean-Louis Vincent
Critical Care , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/cc2326
Abstract: Traditionally, readers pay to access research articles, either through subscriptions or by paying a fee each time they download an article (currently around US$20 per article [2]). Escalating journal subscription charges have resulted in libraries subscribing to fewer journals [3], and the range of research available to readers is therefore increasingly limited. Although traditional journals publish authors' work for free (unless there are page or colour charges), having to pay to access research articles limits how many can read, use and cite them.Critical Care's open access policy, as described in the BioMed Central Open Access Charter [4], changes the way in which research is published. First, all research articles become freely and universally accessible online, and so an author's work can be read by anyone at no cost. Second, the authors hold copyright for their work and may grant to anyone the right to reproduce and disseminate the article, provided that it is correctly cited and no errors are introduced [4]. Third, a copy of the full text of each open access article is immediately archived in an online repository separate from the journal; Critical Care's research articles are archived in PubMed Central [5] – the US National Library of Medicine's full-text repository of life science literature.Open access has four broad benefits for science and the general public. First, authors are assured that their work is disseminated to the widest possible audience, given that there are no barriers to access their work. This is accentuated by the authors being free to reproduce and distribute their work, for example by placing it on their institution's website. Second, the information available to researchers will not be limited by their library's budget, and the widespread availability of research articles will enhance literature searching and facilitate meta-analyses [6]. Third, the results of publicly funded research will be accessible to all taxpayers and not just th
Have Online International Medical Journals Made Local Journals Obsolete?
David Ofori-Adjei,Gerd Antes,Prathap Tharyan,Elizabeth Slade,Pritpal S Tamber
PLOS Medicine , 2006, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.0030359
Abstract: Background to the Debate All of the major international medical journals are now available both in print and online. Being online increases the potential for these journals to have a more global distribution. With the rise of these online international journals, what functions do local journals serve?.
Luminescent gold compounds in optical oxygen sensors
Andrew Mills,Anne Lepre,Brian R C Theobald,Elizabeth Slade,Barry A Murrer
Gold Bulletin , 1998, DOI: 10.1007/BF03214763
Abstract: The use of luminescent gold(I) phosphine complexes as oxygen sensors is reported. Room temperature phosphorescent-based sensors have advantages over those based on fluorescence, and they have significant potential for development in clinical applications.
Mental illness and well-being: the central importance of positive psychology and recovery approaches
Mike Slade
BMC Health Services Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-10-26
Abstract: New forms of evidence give a triangulated understanding about the promotion of well-being in mental health services. The academic discipline of positive psychology is developing evidence-based interventions to improve well-being. This complements the results emerging from synthesising narratives about recovery from mental illness, which provide ecologically valid insights into the processes by which people experiencing mental illness can develop a purposeful and meaningful life. The implications for health professionals are explored. In relation to working with individuals, more emphasis on the person's own goals and strengths will be needed, with integration of interventions which promote well-being into routine clinical practice. In addition, a more societally-focussed role for professionals is envisaged, in which a central part of the job is to influence local and national policies and practices that impact on well-being.If health services are to give primacy to increasing well-being, rather than to treating illness, then health workers need new approaches to working with individuals. For mental health services, this will involve the incorporation of emerging knowledge from recovery and from positive psychology into education and training for all mental health professionals, and changes to some long-established working practices.The World Health Organisation (WHO) declares that health is "A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity "[1]. However, creating health-oriented rather than illness-oriented services has proved rather more difficult than the clarity of this declaration would suggest. Efforts to generate a science of illness have been very successful, with shared taxonomies to identify types of illness, established and validated interventions to treat and manage these identified illnesses, and clinical guidelines and quality standards available to increase efficiency and equity. These succes
Conversing Across Communities: Relativism and Difference
Christina Slade
Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis , 1997,
Abstract: Does the recognition of incompatible logical and linguistic practices in different communities mean that there can be no communication across communities? Strong linguistic, cultural or logical relativism suggests not only that a culture is impenetrable unless one has complete command of the language, but also that anyparticular community is inaccessible to non participants. Weaker and more plausible forms of linguistic/cultural relativism make possible discussion about difference. This paper argues that while there are cultural differences in discourse styles, communities can be defined in which difference can be discussed across cultural divides.Such communities are defined in terms of the practices of listening and arguing according to broadly conceivedcriteria of rationality, in the fashion of so called ‘discourse ethics'.
Lattice trees, percolation and super-Brownian motion
Gordon Slade
Mathematics , 1999,
Abstract: This paper surveys the results of recent collaborations with Eric Derbez and with Takashi Hara, which show that intergrated super-Brownian excursion (ISE) arises as the scaling limit of both lattice trees and the incipient infinite percolation cluster, in high dimensions. A potential extension to oriented percolation is also mentioned.
Systematic review of beliefs, behaviours and influencing factors associated with disclosure of a mental health problem in the workplace
Elaine Brohan, Claire Henderson, Kay Wheat, Estelle Malcolm, Sarah Clement, Elizabeth A Barley, Mike Slade, Graham Thornicroft
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-11
Abstract: A systematic review was conducted for the period 1990-2010, using eight bibliographic databases. Meta-ethnography was used to provide a thematic understanding of the disclosure beliefs and behaviours of individuals with mental health problem.The searches yielded 8,971 items which was systematically reduced to 48 included studies. Sixteen qualitative, one mixed methods and seven quantitative studies were located containing evidence on the disclosure beliefs and behaviours of people with a mental health problem, and the factors associated with these beliefs and behaviours. In the meta-ethnography four super-ordinate themes were generated: 1) expectations and experiences of discrimination; 2) other reasons for non-disclosure; 3) reasons for disclosure; and 4) disclosure dimensions. Two qualitative, one mixed methods and 22 quantitative studies provided data to address the remaining two questions on the employers perspective.By presenting evidence from the perspective of individuals on both sides of the employment interaction, this review provides integrated perspective on the impact of disclosure of a mental health problem on employment outcomes.Disclosure or self-disclosure can be defined as the process of communicating information about oneself verbally to another person [1]. Mental health services users face difficulties in deciding whether to disclose a mental health problem in the employment context [2]. The recent (limited) restriction on pre-employment questionnaires by section 60 of the Equality Act 2010, has been a positive step in recognising that people with a mental health problem experience stigma and discrimination in finding work e.g.[3,4]. Furthermore, Sections 6, 15 and 20 of the Equality Act 2010 (re-enacting most of the Disability Discrimination Act 1995) prohibit unjustifiable less favourable treatment of those with a mental disability and requires an employer to make reasonable adjustments for them (in other jurisdictions often referred to as "acco
Democracy: Between the essentially contested concept and the agonistic practice: Connolly, Mouffe, Tully
Slade?ek Michal
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/fid1001065s
Abstract: The text considers points of view of theoreticians of the radical pluralism (democracy): Connolly (William Connolly), Mouffe (Chantal Mouffe) and Tully (James Tully) with regard to the status and the nature of concepts in the political discourse, as well as the consequences of these conceptual presumptions to understanding democracy. The three authors emphasize the essential contestability of political concepts, the paradox of liberal democracy and the need to revise standard rational consensus theories of democracy. Also, the three authors take over the specific interpretation of Vittgenstein to the direction of political theory the centre of which consists of everyday contingent practices of politics as well as dissent about their assessment. The text analyzes the extent to which this reading is compatible to Wittgenstein's position. The author defends the opinion that the essential contestability does not imply agonism and denial of the significance of rules and tries to indicate to the points of illegitimate transition from antiessentialism to unconsensus rules. Also, the text underlines the flaws of dissent conception of democracy and social integration.
Wittgenstein on language and nature
Slade?ek Michal
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fid1201086s
Abstract: The text begins with the analysis of two terms regarding life crucial to both Wittgenstein's early and late philosophy. These are life form and nature, specifically, human nature. Wittgenstein treats both concepts in a very specific manner, different from the traditional approach of philosophy. He also criticized philosophical attempts to attribute special characteristics to human intellectual abilities which would separate them from natural processes. A particular 'spiritual' status of epistemic and other rational powers disappears when there is an insight into their dependence on discursive practices and specific forms of life on which these powers are based. Concepts such as certainty, knowledge, or explanations do not rest on a rational foundation, that is, they do not refer to processes with particular un-natural properties. Nor can they be reduced to neuro-physiological processes, either. Instead, it is a specific grammar of their usage that makes them different from other concepts describing physical or biological processes. In that sense, Wittgenstein develops a non-reductionist version of naturalism which preserves the diversity of human relations in the world. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007]
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