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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19307 matches for " Elizabeth Jennifer Coelho "
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Repensant la formació inicial del professorat per a la diversitat lingüística i cultural a l'aula Rethinking Initial Teacher Education for Linguistic and Cultural Diversity in the Classroom Repensando la educación inicial del profesorado para la diversidad lingüística y cultural en el aula
Elizabeth Jennifer Coelho,Judith Oller,Josep María Serra
@tic : Revista d'Innovació Educativa , 2011, DOI: 10.7203/attic.7.1016
Abstract: Durant les últimes dècades els sistemes educatius europeus estan fent front a nombrosos reptes relacionats amb el tractament de la diversitat cultural i lingüística de l’alumnat. Per tal de poder afrontar aquesta diversitat es fa necessari impulsar plantejaments globals que s’adrecin al conjunt de la població amb la finalitat de construir una societat cohesionada. A l’article exposem algunes de les principals dificultats relatives a la formació inicial del professorat en quan a la gestió i al tractament de la diversitat lingüística i cultural, així com diferents projectes i enfocaments que pretenen establir noves directrius per a la seva formació competencial. In recent decades, European educational systems are facing many challenges related to the treatment of cultural and linguistic diversity. The need to address this diversity requires new approaches to education; this in turn requires changes in the way we prepare teachers for the new reality they face in their classrooms. In this article we highlight some of the major problems that initial teacher training has to address in order to enable teachers to deal effectively, respectfully, and fairly with students whose linguistic and cultural background is different from their own. We also present several models for teacher education from Europe and North America based on clearly identified teacher competences for linguistic and cultural diversity. Los sistemas educativos europeos están afrontando en las últimas décadas numerosos retos relacionados con el tratamiento de la diversidad cultural y lingüística. La necesidad de afrontar dicha diversidad requiere de planteamientos globales dirigidos al conjunto de la población en aras de construir una sociedad cohesionada lingüística, social y culturalmente. En este artículo exponemos algunos de los principales problemas que afectan a la formación inicial del profesorado por lo que se refiere a la gestión y el tratamiento de la diversidad cultural y lingüística así como diferentes proyectos y enfoques que justamente tienen por objetivo establecer su formación competencial.
Pregnant Women’s Perceptions of Patient-Provider Communication for Health Behavior Change during Pregnancy  [PDF]
Jenn Leiferman, Elizabeth Sinatra, Jennifer Huberty
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.411094
Abstract:

Aim: The primary aim of the project was to conduct focus groups with pregnant women to examine their perceptions on patient and health care provider (HCP) communication during prenatal visits pertaining to health behavioral change. In particular, to determine what types of communication facilitate or prevent patient engagement and adherence to certain health behaviors related to smoking cessation, engagement in physical activity, healthy eating and healthy weight gain, and stress management. Methods: Participants were recruited from the obstetric and midwifery clinics at the University of Colorado Hospital. Twenty-four pregnant, English-speaking women between the ages of 18 and 46 years old, the majority of which had full health insurance coverage, participated in one of three focus groups that were conducted. The transcripts were coded for themes and patterns. Results identified numerous current practices of HCPs, facilitators and barriers in care, and patient recommendations related to effective patient-provider communication. Results: Overall many women received basic information about most health behaviors (i.e. healthy eating, physical activity, and smoking cessation) with the exception of stress management from their HCPs via their introductory information packet. However, typically there was no follow-up beyond receipt of the packet. As a result, women sought information online from numerous sources. Unfortunately, this information often conflicted with HCP provided information, as did the information provided from multiple HCPs in group care settings. A major facilitator of behavioral change pertained to building trust and rapport as it directly enhanced the perceived quality of patient-provider communication on prenatal health behaviors. Across all behaviors, women voiced the need for available resources that were credible and referenced by their HCPs. Conclusions: These findings provide a better understanding of what facilitates and prevents women from engaging in healthy behaviors during their pregnancy, in addition to improving patient and provider communication.

Low Dose Total Skin Electron Beam Radiation in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: Review  [PDF]
Misty Gamble, Elizabeth Tocci, Jennifer A. DeSimone
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2014.514138
Abstract: The treatment of advanced stage MF is especially challenging as single agent overall response rates are in the 35% range and chronic recurrence is the rule. The treatment of CTCL across all stages of disease is aimed at the goal of achieving and sustaining remission. Increasingly, low dose total skin electron beam therapy (TSEBT) is being utilized as a skin directed component in combination therapy for advanced stage CTCL. Researchers are seeking to better define the utility of low dose TSEBT as a method of debulking skin disease while simultaneously treating other disease compartments and in combination with sustained maintenance therapies of both the skin directed and systemic varieties. Data exists showing the efficacy of low dose TSEBT in early and advanced disease. There is also data documenting prolonged treatment responses with TSEBT plus adjuvant skin directed therapies such as PUVA and topical nitrogen mustard. Emerging data examining the role of low dose TSEBT in the prestem cell transplant preparation is also promising. This brief review summarizes the utility of low dose TSEBT in multiagent treatment regimens in CTCL.
The Safety of Physics Science Activities in a High School Physics Classroom  [PDF]
Jennifer Bolla, Retha Meier, Elizabeth Meyr
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.48017
Abstract: High school physics teachers often turn to various resources, including the Internet, as they search for engaging physics activities for their students. An important question, especially for new physics teachers, concerns the safety of these activities. Have safety issues been adequately addressed within these activities? The purpose of this article is to emphasize potential safety issues involving high school physics projects as well as to provide a checklist for physics teachers to use as they evaluate activities. If the activity is deemed to contain safety issues, physics teachers are encouraged to attempt to modify the activity to make it safe. If the activity cannot be modified for safety purposes, then it is recommended that the physics teacher search for a different activity. The intention of this article is to provide high school physics teachers with safety information that can be used in preparing safe, inquiry-based, hands-on, engaging and topic-appropriate physics activities for their students.
Mulheres de corpo e alma: aspectos biopsicossociais da meia-idade feminina
Mori, Maria Elizabeth;Coelho, Vera Lucia Decnop;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722004000200006
Abstract: this study investigated biological, psychological and sociocultural aspects that interact in middle-aged women in order to better understand their feelings and experiences. the advent of the menopause - characterized by the end of the menstruation and by psychic and physical manifestations - imposes fundamental questions that, on the limit, may elicit depressive symptoms. hormonal changes are implicated in the aging process, that point to the finitude. a feeling of not being themselves makes many women experience difficulties with losses inherent to this life period.
Women in body and soul: biopsychosocial factors in menopause / Mulheres de corpo e alma: aspectos biopsicossociais da meia-idade feminina
Maria Elizabeth Mori,Vera Lucia Decnop Coelho
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2004,
Abstract: This study investigated biological, psychological and sociocultural aspects that interact in middle-aged women in order to better understand their feelings and experiences. The advent of the menopause — characterized by the end of the menstruation and by psychic and physical manifestations — imposes fundamental questions that, on the limit, may elicit depressive symptoms. Hormonal changes are implicated in the aging process, that point to the finitude. A feeling of not being themselves makes many women experience difficulties with losses inherent to this life period.
Measuring Coverage in MNCH: Evaluation of Community-Based Treatment of Childhood Illnesses through Household Surveys
Elizabeth Hazel ,Jennifer Requejo,Julia David,Jennifer Bryce
PLOS Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001384
Abstract: Community case management (CCM) is a strategy for training and supporting workers at the community level to provide treatment for the three major childhood diseases—diarrhea, fever (indicative of malaria), and pneumonia—as a complement to facility-based care. Many low- and middle-income countries are now implementing CCM and need to evaluate whether adoption of the strategy is associated with increases in treatment coverage. In this review, we assess the extent to which large-scale, national household surveys can serve as sources of baseline data for evaluating trends in community-based treatment coverage for childhood illnesses. Our examination of the questionnaires used in Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) conducted between 2005 and 2010 in five sub-Saharan African countries shows that questions on care seeking that included a locally adapted option for a community-based provider were present in all the DHS surveys and in some MICS surveys. Most of the surveys also assessed whether appropriate treatments were available, but only one survey collected information on the place of treatment for all three illnesses. This absence of baseline data on treatment source in household surveys will limit efforts to evaluate the effects of the introduction of CCM strategies in the study countries. We recommend alternative analysis plans for assessing CCM programs using household survey data that depend on baseline data availability and on the timing of CCM policy implementation.
The Satellite Cell in Male and Female, Developing and Adult Mouse Muscle: Distinct Stem Cells for Growth and Regeneration
Alice Neal, Luisa Boldrin, Jennifer Elizabeth Morgan
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037950
Abstract: Satellite cells are myogenic cells found between the basal lamina and the sarcolemma of the muscle fibre. Satellite cells are the source of new myofibres; as such, satellite cell transplantation holds promise as a treatment for muscular dystrophies. We have investigated age and sex differences between mouse satellite cells in vitro and assessed the importance of these factors as mediators of donor cell engraftment in an in vivo model of satellite cell transplantation. We found that satellite cell numbers are increased in growing compared to adult and in male compared to female adult mice. We saw no difference in the expression of the myogenic regulatory factors between male and female mice, but distinct profiles were observed according to developmental stage. We show that, in contrast to adult mice, the majority of satellite cells from two week old mice are proliferating to facilitate myofibre growth; however a small proportion of these cells are quiescent and not contributing to this growth programme. Despite observed changes in satellite cell populations, there is no difference in engraftment efficiency either between satellite cells derived from adult or pre-weaned donor mice, male or female donor cells, or between male and female host muscle environments. We suggest there exist two distinct satellite cell populations: one for muscle growth and maintenance and one for muscle regeneration.
Capturing the Data: Nutrition Risk Screening of Adults in Hospital
Elizabeth Frew,Robyn Cant,Jennifer Sequeira
Nutrients , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/nu2040438
Abstract: This study aims to explore limitations with the Malnutrition Screening Tool in identifying malnutrition risk, in a cohort of 3,033 adult Australian medical and surgical hospital inpatients. Seventy-two percent of patients were screened; illness and medical care limited access to others. Malnutrition risk (16.5%; n = 501) was found in all age groups with a trend to higher risk in medical wards; 10% (n = 300) of patients with communication barriers were excluded. Systematic screening increased dietitians’ referrals by 39%. Further research is required to enable screening of all patients, including those with communication issues with an easy to use valid tool.
The genetic basis for survivorship in coronary artery disease
Jennifer R. Dungan,Elizabeth R. Hauser
Frontiers in Genetics , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fgene.2013.00191
Abstract: Survivorship is a trait characterized by endurance and virility in the face of hardship. It is largely considered a psychosocial attribute developed during fatal conditions, rather than a biological trait for robustness in the context of complex, age-dependent diseases like coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this paper is to present the novel phenotype, survivorship in CAD as an observed survival advantage concurrent with clinically significant CAD. We present a model for characterizing survivorship in CAD and its relationships with overlapping time- and clinically-related phenotypes. We offer an optimal measurement interval for investigating survivorship in CAD. We hypothesize genetic contributions to this construct and review the literature for evidence of genetic contribution to overlapping phenotypes in support of our hypothesis. We also present preliminary evidence of genetic effects on survival in people with clinically significant CAD from a primary case-control study of symptomatic coronary disease. Identifying gene variants that confer improved survival in the context of clinically appreciable CAD may improve our understanding of cardioprotective mechanisms acting at the gene level and potentially impact patients clinically in the future. Further, characterizing other survival-variant genetic effects may improve signal-to-noise ratio in detecting gene associations for CAD.
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