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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1074 matches for " Elisabetta Sagone "
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The Relationship of Positive Affect with Resilience and Self-Efficacy in Life Skills in Italian Adolescents  [PDF]
Elisabetta Sagone, Maria Luisa Indiana
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813142
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships of positive affect with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills in a sample of 147 Italian healthy adolescents. We used the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), the Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (RASP), and the Perceived Self-Efficacy Scales in Life Skills. Statistical analyses indicated that adolescents with high positive affect reported higher levels of perceived self-efficacy in life skills than those with low positive affect; in addition, adolescents with high positive affect reached higher levels of resilience (that is, adaptability and engagement) than those with low positive affect. Given the relationship of positive affect both with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills, future investigations could better understand the functioning of protective factors actively engaged in facing up to the transition from childhood to adolescence, in line with the flourishing approach in supporting the promotion of psychological well-being and the increasing of individual’s bio-psycho-social skills.
Prejudicial and Stereotypical Attitudes about the Issue of Obesity: An Action Project  [PDF]
Maria Elvira De Caroli, Elisabetta Sagone, Orazio Licciardello, Zira Hichy
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813138
Abstract: Scientific literature about stereotypical and prejudicial attitudes toward obese people indicates rejection toward the obese individuals and preferences toward thin and average ones, as well as a stereotypical profile that attributes to obese people traits such as weakness, laziness, and sickness, while to thin and average people characteristics as beauty, strength, health, and successfulness (Tiggemann & Anesbury, 2000; Carels & Musher-Eizenman, 2010). One of the most useful strategies for reducing the effects of negative prejudices and stereotypes toward the obesity and obese people is constituted by contact, achievable both in face to face and imagined setting. Purpose: analysis of the exposure effects to stimuli (training course about prejudice on obesity) functional to reduce negative attitudes toward obese people. Participants: 55 psychology university students at University of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Implicit and explicit measures: 1) Anti-fat Attitudes and Dislike of Fat People Scale; 2) Semantic Differential Technique for Fat and Thin People Representation and Physical Self; 3) Fat Stereotypes Questionnaire; 4) GNAT (Nosek & Banaji, 2001). All measures were used before and after the training course (for three months) about the “obesity issue”. Results (before-after the training course): a) low levels of anti-fat prejudice and of dislike of fat people; b) absence of change of fat stereotypes; c) significant increase in fat and thin people positive representation, as well as in self-representation; d) significant effects of the training course only in relation to an increase of accuracy in the GNAT application. Future suggestions regarding to the effects of the direct and imagined contact with obese people functional to reduce negative attitudes toward these target were discussed.
Psychological Well-Being and Self-Efficacy in Life Skills among Italian Preadolescents with Positive Body Esteem: Preliminary Results of an Intervention Project  [PDF]
Elisabetta Sagone, Maria Elvira De Caroli, Maria Luisa Indiana, Salvatore Luciano Orazio Fichera
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.96084
Abstract: The main purpose of this project will be to increase the psychological well-being, self-efficacy in life skills, and body esteem in a group of Italian preadolescents who will participate in the life skills training. This project will be divided into three phases consisting of a verification of the changes that will take place following the realization of laboratory activities useful to enhance the psychological well-being of students in the scholastic context. For the first phase, an exploratory analysis of the main life skills, psychological well-being and body esteem levels was carried out with 49 participants aged 12 to 14 years recruited from three classes of a Public Junior School in Catania (Sicily, Italy). We used the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving-CIT (Andolfi et al., 2017), the Perceived Self-efficacy Scales in Life Skills (Sagone & Indiana, 2017), and the Body Esteem Scale (Confalonieri et al., 2008). Results showed positive correlations between perceived self-efficacy in life skills and almost all factors of psychological well-being, as well as positive correlations between perceived self-efficacy in life skills and body esteem; in detail, the weight satisfaction was mainly related with self-efficacy in managing of negative emotions and poorly with self-efficacy in interpersonal communication; in addition, the external evaluation from the others regarding own body image was positively correlated with self-efficacy in managing of positive emotions. In the intermediate phase, these preadolescents will attend the specific training about the life skills during the school time in order to increase these abilities and enhance well-being at school. At the third phase, we will compare the final results with the initial ones to verify the efficacy of the abovementioned training. This project will be useful to deep the role of life skills as mediators between psychological well-being and self-esteem.
A Wood Preservative Based on Commercial Silica Nanodispersions and Boric Acid against Fungal Decay through Laboratory and Field Tests  [PDF]
Sabrina Palanti, Elisabetta Feci
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2013.32009
Abstract:

The paper is based on the development of a wood preservative without metal salts to be used in use classes 3 and 4 (EN 335), eco-friendly and harmless to humans and animals. Boric acid was used as a biocide, due to its effectiveness against fungi and insects. It is also known to be easily leached from wood exposed to weather action. Colloidal silica was therefore added in the formulations to guarantee the fixation of boric acid to wood. The different formulations were tested for the protective efficacy against decay fungi through laboratory tests (EN 113) and field trials (EN 252). The results were promising, especially those concerning boron fixation and efficacy against decay fungi through laboratory tests, where some formulations and retentions gave a durability class 1 (very durable) according to EN 350-1. The fourth evaluation, after 50 months of field trials showed only a slight difference between the treated samples and controls.

 

 

Measuring the Horizon: Objectivity, Subjectivity and the Dignity of Human Personal Identity  [PDF]
Francis J. Ambrosio, Elisabetta Lanzilao
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.34A006
Abstract: It is argued in what follows that “culture warfare” is symptomatic of an imminent threat to the continued sustainability of human culture as a whole. The nature of this threat can be characterized as trauma induced paralysis of the human cultural imagination, without which cooperative adaptation to potential credible dangers of self-induced species or even planetary life extinction is impossible. The structure of this paradoxical “possible impossibility” as the destiny of humanity is examined here within the context of an interpretive framework which is broadly characterized as “cultural genetics”. On the basis of a schematic and preliminary outline of that framework, a suggestion is made regarding the direction in which hope of avoiding that destiny might be sought.
Complete III Cranial Nerve Palsy in a Leather Worker: An Unusual Case Report  [PDF]
Adriano Magli, Elisabetta Chiariello Vecchio
Open Journal of Ophthalmology (OJOph) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojoph.2014.43014
Abstract:

This case report describes features and surgical management in one patient that developed a worsening total III cranial nerve palsy in his right eye. Our 45 year-old male patient worked for about 25 years in leather tanning industry. He underwent medical history, routine blood test, eye exams that included visual acuity measurement, slit-lamp examination, dilated retinal biomicroscopy and indirect ophthalmoscopy, fundus photography, tonometry, corneal pachymetry, Krimsky test, oculomotor examination and eye deviation surgery. On examination of the fellow eye wasn’t found any disease. Stroke, aneurysm and intracerebral causes of third nerve palsy were excluded, and medical history was negative for diabetes, cardiovascular disease, trauma, neurological disease unless two previous polyneuropathies episodes and one herpetic keratitis episode. Result of any neuroimaging studies were recorded (Our patients performed in hospital CT, MRI and MRI angiography and all the testes were normal). To our knowledge third cranial nerve palsy has never been observed in literature in leather workers. In conclusion, it is important for ophthalmologists to evaluate carefully work history and lifestyle persons and plan the surgical approach focusing the different characteristics of these patients.

Calcium ion currents mediating oocyte maturation events
Elisabetta Tosti
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7827-4-26
Abstract: Oogenesis is characterized by a unique process of cell division occurring only in gametes, called meiosis; whose goal is the production of haploid cells highly specialized for fertilization. In the majority of species the oocyte arrests in different stages of meiotic division, in particular, the block occurring in the first meiotic prophase (PI) marks the state of immature oocyte characterized by a prominent nucleus called the germinal vesicle (GV), which contains de-condensed transcriptionally active chromatin [[1] for a review]. As a general scheme, in response to a stimulus, meiosis is resumed and manifested by a germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), it then progresses to metaphase I (MI) or II (MII) where it undergoes a second arrest that is removed after successful fertilization.Oocyte maturation is usually defined as the period of progression from the first to the second meiotic arrest and involves coordinated nuclear and cytoplasmic modifications [2]. These are highly complex processes and their interplay is regulated by a series of sequential molecular events. Nuclear maturation starts with the GVBD, ends at the meiosis exit, and is marked by the presence of the two polar bodies. Cytoplasmic maturation is a more obscure process and involves both morphological and functional alterations related to: i) changes in the expression profile of cell cycle control proteins responsible for driving the oocyte towards developmental competencies [3-5]; ii) relocation of organelles [6-8]; iii) transcriptional modifications of mRNA [9], modification of the plasma membrane permeability [10,11]; iv) the differentiation of the calcium signalling machinery [12].Although the arrest at the PI stage seems to be strictly correlated with the oocyte growth, the meiotic stage correlated with fertilizable oocyte is species-specific. In some animals, oocytes are fertilized at the PI stage (anellida, plateyhelminthes, polychaeta, mollusca, arthropoda, echinoderms, and some mammals) or, on
Travelling Through a Sea of Poppies: from the Geographical to the Cultural Frontier In viaggio attraverso un Mare di Papaveri: dal superamento della frontiera geografica al superamento della frontiera culturale
Elisabetta Zurru
Between , 2011,
Abstract: The paper focuses on the relation between the concepts of geographical and cultural frontiers, using Sea of Poppies (2008), Amitav Ghosh’s last novel, as a case study. Indeed, the journey of the ship Ibis from the Gulf of Bengal to the Mauritius islands provides the backdrop against which the theme of the crossing of religious, social and caste boundaries is developed: as the Ibis crosses the frontier which divides India from the Mauritius, the men and women on board, embodiments of both colonizing and colonized values, are subjected to a series of (religious, linguistic, social) negotiation processes. The aim of the paper will be to analyze some of these processes in order to show that in the novel negotiation and contamination become synonymic with cultural resource and new beginnings. The paper focuses on the relation between the concepts of geographical and cultural frontiers, using Sea of Poppies (2008), Amitav Ghosh’s last novel, as a case study. Indeed, the journey of the ship Ibis from the Gulf of Bengal to the Mauritius islands provides the backdrop against which the theme of the crossing of religious, social and caste boundaries is developed: as the Ibis crosses the frontier which divides India from the Mauritius, the men and women on board, embodiments of both colonizing and colonized values, are subjected to a series of (religious, linguistic, social) negotiation processes. The aim of the paper will be to analyze some of these processes in order to show that in the novel negotiation and contamination become synonymic with cultural resource and new beginnings.
Fabio Vittorini, Il sogno all’opera. Racconti onirici e testi melodrammatici
Elisabetta Abignente
Between , 2012,
Abstract: Uno dei tratti caratteristici del libretto d’opera è quello di essere un componimento quasi del tutto privo di originalità. Frutto di un più o meno mediato processo di adattamento da una precedente opera letteraria – può trattarsi di tragedia, commedia, romanzo, racconto, cronaca, fiaba – il testo melodrammatico si pone inevitabilmente come un prodotto letterario di secondo grado, una riscrittura dunque, che sembra rinunciare però ad ogni forma di tensione agonistica col modello.
Yogini and Witches, Isolated Places, Wild Animals, Female Border Figures Yoginī e Streghe: luoghi isolati, animali selvatici, figure femminili di confine
Elisabetta Cangelosi
Between , 2011,
Abstract: In the folklore some female figures are related to border situations. Women, less relevant in the social and cultural context, can take a relevant role in the traditional, mythic and religious imagery. These figures are strictly linked to irrational and mystery. The analysis compares a group of tantric semi-deities, called Yogini, with witches: they are both confined in a border condition under the religious and social point of view since they are considered dangerous as well as respectful; they fly (sometimes after a metamorphosis in wild and dangerous birds like), they dance in circle, they turn into terrestrial animals (like snakes and toads) they prefer isolated places and trees. They can live close to cemeteries but they can also be attracted by places where new born children are, in a sort of relation with both birth and death, the limits of human life. Following a comparison between these two groups that are very far away one from the other some interesting aspects appear: a major characteristic is their ambiguity. They are positive and negative at the same time, they are dangerous but attractive (being usually beautiful and sensual) and even dangerous because so attractive. They are part of a wild world which clash with a tidy and urbanized world: the first one is inhabited by demons which are not included in the official religious and cultural dimension; in the second one, which considers Yogini and witches as dangerous entities, a rational and male-influenced approach prevails. In the folklore some female figures are related to border situations. Women, less relevant in the social and cultural context, can take a relevant role in the traditional, mythic and religious imagery. These figures are strictly linked to irrational and mystery. The analysis compares a group of tantric semi-deities, called Yogini, with witches: they are both confined in a border condition under the religious and social point of view since they are considered dangerous as well as respectful; they fly (sometimes after a metamorphosis in wild and dangerous birds like), they dance in circle, they turn into terrestrial animals (like snakes and toads) they prefer isolated places and trees. They can live close to cemeteries but they can also be attracted by places where new born children are, in a sort of relation with both birth and death, the limits of human life. Following a comparison between these two groups that are very far away one from the other some interesting aspects appear: a major characteristic is their ambiguity. They are positive and negative at the same tim
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