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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 526 matches for " Elisabet Lindgren "
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Climate and Tickborne Encephalitis
Elisabet Lindgren
Ecology and Society , 1998,
Abstract: Climatic changes are projected to alter the abundance, dynamics, and geographical distribution of many vector-borne diseases in human populations. Tick-borne diseases such as Lyme disease and tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) are a growing concern in northern Europe and the United States. The impact of a future climate change on the transmission of tick-borne diseases is not known. To make such assumptions, more empirical data are needed on the relations between short-term fluctuations in contemporary weather and disease incidence. This paper analyzes relations between daily minimum and maximum temperatures, monthly precipitation, and TBE incidence during a 36-yr period in Stockholm County, a high-endemic region for TBE in Sweden. Multiple regression analyses were performed, with temperature variables expressed as number of days per winter or spring - summer - fall season with temperatures above, below, or in the interval between different temperature limits. The limits used for daily minimum temperatures represent bioclimatic thresholds of importance for pathogen transmission. To adjust for the length of the tick's life cycle, each TBE incidence rate was related to meteorological data over two consecutive years. Results reveal that increased incidence of tick-borne encephalitis is related to a combination of two successive years of more days with temperatures permitting prolonged seasonal tick activity and, hence, pathogen transmission (i.e., daily minimum temperatures above 5oC-10oC), and a mild winter preceding the year before the incidence year (i.e., fewer winter days with minimum temperatures below -7oC). Alternative explanations of the results are discussed. Findings of this study suggest that a climate change may extend the seasonal range and intensify the endemicity of tick-borne diseases, in particular, at northern latitudes.
Changes in the geographical distribution and abundance of the tick Ixodes ricinus during the past 30 years in Sweden
Thomas GT Jaenson, David GE Jaenson, Lars Eisen, Erik Petersson, Elisabet Lindgren
Parasites & Vectors , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-3305-5-8
Abstract: A questionnaire similar to the one used in the 1994 study was published in Swedish magazines aimed at dog owners, home owners, and hunters. The questionnaire was published together with a popular science article about the tick's biology and role as a pathogen vector in Sweden. The magazines were selected to get information from people familiar with ticks and who spend time in areas where ticks might be present.Analyses of data from both surveys revealed that during the near 30-year period from the early 1980s to 2008, I. ricinus has expanded its distribution range northwards. In the early 1990s ticks were found in new areas along the northern coastline of the Baltic Sea, while in the 2009 study, ticks were reported for the first time from many locations in North Sweden. This included locations as far north as 66°N and places in the interior part of North Sweden. During this 16-year period the tick's range in Sweden was estimated to have increased by 9.9%. Most of the range expansion occurred in North Sweden (north of 60°N) where the tick's coverage area doubled from 12.5% in the early 1990s to 26.8% in 2008. Moreover, according to the respondents, the abundance of ticks had increased markedly in LB- and TBE-endemic areas in South (G?taland) and Central Sweden.The results suggest that I. ricinus has expanded its range in North Sweden and has become distinctly more abundant in Central and South Sweden during the last three decades. However, in the northern mountain region I. ricinus is still absent. The increased abundance of the tick can be explained by two main factors: First, the high availability of large numbers of important tick maintenance hosts, i.e., cervids, particularly roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) during the last three decades. Second, a warmer climate with milder winters and a prolonged growing season that permits greater survival and proliferation over a larger geographical area of both the tick itself and deer. High reproductive potential of roe deer,
Internet-Based Support and Coaching for Adolescents and Young Adults with Neuropsychiatric Disorders—The Implementation of an Intervention from an Organizational Perspective  [PDF]
Nanna Gillberg, Elisabet Wentz
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.91006
Abstract: There is a documented and often unmet need for interventions aimed at supporting young people with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in their transition between adolescence and adulthood. Difficulties with social interaction, initiation difficulties, and impairments in executive function can complicate visits at a clinic, i.e. traditional treatment, for individuals with neuropsychiatric disorders (NPD). A model for internet-based support and coaching aimed at young people with ASD and/or ADHD was developed and tested at three treatment sites in western Sweden. The implementation was analyzed against an inventory according to which implementations are more likely to be successful if an intervention: 1) has advantages compared to other existing methods, 2) matches the individual and organizational values, norms and work practices of its recipients, 3) is perceived as easy to use, and 4) is adaptable to local conditions and the recipients’ needs. Data were collected through group interviews with professionals involved in the implementation of the intervention. The implementation of the intervention showed promising results on measures such as access, delivery/quality of healthcare services, and equality of distribution of healthcare services. The identified impediments to successful implementation related to a wide range of factors and levels, including the design of the intervention, technical issues, attitudes of staff, organizational culture, and organizational structure at the implementation sites in terms of patient stock, work division, and resource allocation. The results are consistent with previous studies that stress the need for multi-component implementation strategies.
Life cycle of Misumenops pallida (Araneae, Thomisidae)
Minervino, Elisabet;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761993000100009
Abstract: postembryonic development of misumenops pallida (keyserling) (araneae, thomisidae), one of the most abundant predator species in soybean fields in buenos aires province (argentina) was studied. the life cycle was observed in the laboratory from egg sacs collected in the field, and from egg sacs spined in the laboratory by gravid females collected in the field. results indicated that instar length and feeding rate increased throughout the life cycle being higher in females than in males. greater mortality was observed to third and fourth instars decreasing thereafter. these results may contribute to deternmine the efficiency of this species as a natural enemy of insect pests of soybean.
V lkomna (n stan) allihopa! Mellan kategoriserade olikheter och radikal skillnad
Elisabet Langmann
Utbildning & Demokrati : Tidsskrift f?r Didaktik och Utbildningspolitik , 2010,
Abstract: Welcome (almost) everyone! Between social categories and radicaldifference. This article explores the dilemmas involved in welcoming differences in education without simultaneously fostering structural conditions that reproduce discrimination and intolerance. Taking an excerpt from Fanny Abj rnsson’s doctoral thesis I en klass f r sig (2004) and Jacques Derrida’s deconstructions of the concept of hospitality as points of departure, the article unfolds in three parts. First, I make a distinction between two ways of responding to the otherness of the other: a conditional welcoming of social categories, and an unconditional welcoming of radical difference. These are further explored in part two. In part three I turn to he “double responsiveness” Derrida highlights as inherent in the paradoxes of hospitality, and ask how it is possible to act within this tension in relation to education. I argue that the welcoming of differences in education demands sensitivity to ambiguity and uncertainty, as well as tact and improvisation in concrete pedagogical situations.
Erratum: Early ERP signature of hearing impairment in visual rhyme judgment
Elisabet Classon
Frontiers in Psychology , 2013, DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00897
Monoidal structure of the category of u$_q^+$-modules
Elisabet Gunnlaugsdottir
Mathematics , 2000,
Abstract: We study the finite dimensional modules on the half-quantum group u_q^+ at a root of unity q, whose action can be extended to u_q (quotient of the quantized enveloping algebra of sl_2). We derive decomposition formulas of the tensor product of indecomposable u_q^+-modules, which includes the cases of the universal and the quantized universal enveloping algebra of sl_2 for q not a root of unity. We also prove that simple modules on u_q correspond exactly to the extendable non projective u_q^+-modules. We thus establish decomposition formulas for the tensor product of simple u_q-modules.
Recension. Nederl ndska bilderb cker blir svenska: en multimodal vers ttningsanalys / Sara van Meerbergen
Lindgren, Charlotte
Barnboken : Tidskrift f?r Barnlitteraturforskning , 2011,
Abstract: Book review
Business Model Innovation Leadership: How Do SME’s Strategically Lead Business Model Innovation?
Peter Lindgren
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n14p53
Abstract: When SME′s practice business model (BM) innovation (BMI), leading strategically BMs through the innovation process can be the difference between success and failure to a BM. Business Model Innovation Leadership (BMIL) is however extremely complex to carry out especially to small and medium size enterprises (SME). There are so many opportunities, pitfalls and strategies to consider while “the business” has to be operated simultaneously. The paper provides a study of BMIL in practise in SME′s and show different ways of how they handle BMIL and BMIL strategies. The SME′s were examined through a framework model called the BMIL strategy canvas. The research approach was action research carried out from 2008 - 2012. Intense study of 35 US and EU SME′s and 97 of their different BM′s form the empirical background. The findings represent learning and characteristic of BMIL with a strong reference to state of the art theory in BM and BMI. The research reveals that SME′s focus on very classic BMI approaches and BMIL strategies. SME′s focus in most cases on reactive “outside in and reactive “inside in” BMIL strategies. SME′s are primarily focusing on meeting needs and demands of an inside out “predefined” set of user and/or customer groups. SME′s are reacting to a specific customer or market demand but the BMIL strategies do often not put them in a better or more central strategic position in their market and industry – and in the BMI process. The research shows some common approaches about SME′s BMI and BMIL strategy - Specifically, 1) Most SME′s do not formulate explicitly a BMIL strategy – they are doing BMI rather blindly 2) Very few SME′s are structured about their BMIL strategy and BMIL strategy process 3) SME′s focus in their BMIL on very few and often the same building blocks of the BM - especially the building blocks value proposition, target customer and value chain [Internal] – often regardless of the actual specific BMIL task, market demand and context of BMI 4) SME′s often leaves big BM potential behind because they cannot see the potential and are often not able to capitalised upon these 5) SME′s is generally in lack of BMIL skills.
Sociology as a Science
Antoni Lindgren
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: In the time of Enlightenment the idea of science was to promote the Good society. There was yet not perceived to be a contradiction in science between at the same time being objective and progressive. A century ago, though philosophers and scientist discovered the problem language poses for science: there is a difference between the world and the words. The response from the scientist was paradoxically to defend objectivity. Thus when sociology was established as a science around the year 1900 it became inherently contradictory, i.e., at the same time being objective and geared at social reforms. (cf. Lindgren 2011) In this article is attempted an outline of a possible solution to this problem in terms of hermeneutics and phenomenology. The conclusion is: by taking understanding as the point of departure sociology can be progressive: promoting the good society and still be a science.
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