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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3469 matches for " Elisa; Brugulat "
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La práctica de la mamografía preventiva en Catalu?a: un paso adelante
Masuet,Cristina; Séculi,Elisa; Brugulat,Pilar; Tresserras,Ricard;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112004000400010
Abstract: objective: to determine and compare the practice of periodic preventive mammography in women aged 50-69 years in the eight health regions of catalonia in 1994 and 2002. methods: data from the 1994 and 2002 catalan health survey interview were used. a cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of the non-institutionalized population of catalonia was performed. all women aged 20 years old or older who directly answered the questionnaire (5,986 and 3,265 women in 1994 and 2002, respectively) were included. the influence of age, social class, type of health insurance and health region was evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis. results: in 1994, women aged 40-49 years reported a higher proportion of mammographic screening (42.8% of women in this age group) than the other groups, while in 2002 the highest proportion (76.3%) was observed in women aged 50-59 years. rates of screening mammography in women aged 50-69 years were 26.9% in 1994 and 69.1% in 2002, increasing in all health regions and reducing differences among regions. in 1994 and 2002 women in the most advantaged social classes (i, ii and iii) reported higher proportions of mammographic screening than those in social class v, although this gap was smaller in 2002. conclusions: the practice of preventive periodic mammography has significantly increased in women in the target group (women aged 50-69 years). preventive mammography was lower in non-targeted age groups except in the group of women aged 40-49 years old, in which it was significantly increased. no significant differences in the practice of mammographic screening were observed among health regions in 2002.
Población con cobertura pública o doble cobertura de aseguramiento sanitario: ?Cuál es la diferencia?
Fusté,Josep; Séculi,Elisa; Brugulat,Pilar; Medina,Antonia; Juncà,Salvi;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112005000100005
Abstract: objective: to identify differences in socioeconomic characteristics, health status, health services' utilization, and satisfaction with health services between the population with public healthcare coverage only and the population with double healthcare coverage through additional affiliation to mutual or private health insurance companies. methods: data from the 2002 catalan health interview survey with interviews to 8,400 individuals were used. individuals with public healthcare insurance were differentiated from those who also had private health insurance. multivariate logistic regression analysis was used. results: a total of 99.2% of the population reported public healthcare coverage and 24.7% also had voluntary mutual or private insurance. individuals with double coverage were younger, had a high level of education, belonged to advantaged classes, and reported better self-perceived health and fewer chronic diseases and disabilities. no significant differences in the percentage of individuals who reported visiting a health professional in the previous 15 days were observed. significant differences in the type of professional visited were observed: 65% of individuals with public healthcare coverage only visited primary care settings but 51.1% of those with double coverage visited specialists. the proportion of persons reporting that they were satisfied or very satisfied with professional attitudes, waiting times and administrative procedures was higher in the double coverage group. conclusions: distinct sociodemographic and health profiles were found between persons with public coverage only and those with double coverage. health services' utilization also differed between the two groups.
La opinión de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el Plan de Salud de Catalu a: punto de partida para una reflexión orientada al futuro
Brugulat P.,Séculi E.,Fusté J.,Juncà S.
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2003,
Abstract: Objetivos: Conocer la opinión de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el Plan de Salud (PS) de Catalu a y obtener nuevos elementos para la formulación y gestión de nuevos planes. Dise o: Combinación de metodología cuantitativa y cualitativa. Encuesta postal a personal médico y de enfermería, por muestreo aleatorio polietápico con estratificación. Se obtuvieron 3.223 cuestionarios (tasa de respuesta del 34,1%). Entrevista a una muestra de conveniencia formada por 41 profesionales asistenciales y de la gestión. Mediciones y resultados principales: El PS es conocido por el 78,8% (intervalo de confianza del 95%: ± 1,4) de los profesionales y es valorado positivamente por la mayoría de los consultados. Según el 28,9% (IC del 95%: ± 1,7) de los encuestados que lo conocen, el PS ha tenido repercusiones favorables en su labor diaria, y el 51,8% (IC del 95%: ± 1,9) opina que no ha tenido repercusiones. Se critican aspectos de su elaboración, contenido, difusión y la escasa asignación de recursos específicos. Se observan diferencias por edad, sexo, ámbito asistencial y colectivo profesional. Conclusiones: Es necesaria una mayor implicación de los profesionales en la discusión, dise o e implementación de las propuestas del PS. Se debe avanzar en la identificación de problemas, en el establecimiento de prioridades y en la asignación de recursos. También hay que lograr un mayor compromiso intersectorial y desarrollar estrategias de comunicación específicas para políticos, gestores y profesionales que permitan mejorar la proyección de los objetivos del PS en el sistema sanitario y otros sectores con responsabilidad en el ámbito de la salud. En definitiva, es necesario replantearse el papel del PS en el sistema y, de acuerdo con él, redise ar los procesos para el establecimiento y aplicación de estrategias de salud.
Human Mobility Control and Labour Market of Migrants in Sicily the Case Study of the Cara of Mineo  [PDF]
Antonella Elisa Castronovo
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.32023
Abstract: This paper analyses human mobility control in Sicily, linking it with immigrants’ employment segregation. The focus is on the Cara of Mineo that, since 2011, has represented one of the most important “laboratory” in order to observe the effects of Italian migration governance. The study is supported by several interviews to stakeholders and to migrant farm hands. The first aim is to show how a place designed to contain the mobility of people [1] can be seen as area where the migration movements are intersected with the economic needs of local context.
Dissemination of periodic mammography and patterns of use, by birth cohort, in Catalonia (Spain)
Montserrat Rue, Misericordia Carles, Ester Vilaprinyo, Montserrat Martinez-Alonso, Josep-Alfons Espinas, Roger Pla, Pilar Brugulat
BMC Cancer , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-8-336
Abstract: Cross-sectional data from three Catalan Health Surveys for the calendar years 1994, 2002 and 2006 was used. The dissemination of mammography by birth cohort was modeled using a mixed effects model and repeat mammography behavior was described by age and survey year.For women born from 1938 to 1952, mammography clearly had a period effect, meaning that they started to have periodic mammograms at the same calendar years but at different ages. The age at which approximately 50% of the women were receiving periodic mammograms went from 57.8 years of age for women born in 1938–1942 to 37.3 years of age for women born in 1963–1967. Women in all age groups experienced an increase in periodic mammography use over time, although women in the 50–69 age group have experienced the highest increase. Currently, the target population of the Catalan Breast Cancer Screening Program, 50–69 years of age, is the group that self-reports the highest utilization of periodic mammograms, followed by the 40–49 age group. A higher proportion of women of all age groups have annual mammograms rather than biennial or irregular ones.Mammography in Catalonia became more widely implemented during the 1990s. We estimated when cohorts initiated periodic mammograms and how frequently women are receiving them. These two pieces of information will be entered into a cost-effectiveness model of early detection in Catalonia.In the European Union, age standardized breast cancer mortality declined by 7% from 1988 to 1996 [1] and by 1.7% from 1997 to 2002 [2,3]. In Catalonia (Spain), breast cancer was the leading cause of cancer death in women during 1997–1998. After a sustained increase starting in 1975–1976, mortality has declined 2.0% annually since 1989–1990 [4]. The dissemination of early detection by mammography and the introduction of adjuvant treatments are among the possible causes of this decrease, and both were almost coincident in time. Thus, understanding how these procedures were incorporated in
La opinión de los profesionales sanitarios sobre el Plan de Salud de Catalu?a: punto de partida para una reflexión orientada al futuro
Brugulat,P.; Séculi,E.; Fusté,J.; Juncà,S.; Martínez,V.; Medina,A.; Mercader,M.; Sánchez,E.;
Gaceta Sanitaria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0213-91112003000100009
Abstract: objectives: to know health professional's opinion of the health plan for catalonia (spain) in order to get news elements for the formulation and management of new plans. design: combination of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. postal survey to doctors and nurses (multistage randomised sample). 3.223 questionnaires were obtained (response rate: 34,1%). interview to a selected sample of 41 health care professionals and managers. measurements and main results: 78,8% (ic95%: ± 1,4) of health professionals are familiar with the health plan, and for most of them it is valued as important. 28,9% (ic95%: ± 1,7) of the professionals who know the plan consider that it has repercussions in their daily work and 51,8% (ic95%: ± 1,9) declare that it doesn't have any repercussions. different issues such as the planning process, the contents, the dissemination strategy, as well as a the poor impact on the health budget are critised. differences by age group and sex, care setting and type of health professional are observed. conclusions: the implication of health professionals in the discussion, formulation and implementation of the health plan proposals needs to be improved. it will be necessary to make progress in identifying health problems and needs, in setting priorities and in the allocation of resources. to increase the multisectorial involvement and to develop marketing strategies directed to politicians, managers and health professionals will also be needed in order to increase the impact of the health plan on both the health system and the other sectors involved in health. the role to be played by the health plan in the health system must be redefined and this will lead to redesigning the planning process and the implementation of health strategies.
Livestock Antibiotic Effects on Nitrification, Denitrification, and Microbial Community Composition in Soils  [PDF]
Sagarika Banerjee, Elisa D’Angelo
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2013.35024
Abstract:

The broiler (Gallus gallus domesticus) industry in the United States and several other countries routinely includes subtherapeutic levels of antibiotics such as roxarsone, virginiamycin, and bacitracin in the feed to improve bird growth yields. Large fractions of the antibiotics fed to the birds are excreted in manure (litter), which is often applied to soils to improve fertility. Some concerns with this practice are antibiotic-induced alterations in microbially-mediated nutrient cycling, which could influence plant productivity and environmental quality. To investigate this possibility, a series of lab experiments were conducted to determine the effects of increasing levels of the three livestock antibiotics on nitrification, denitrification, and microbial community composition (fatty acid methyl ester profiles) of soils collected along a catena. Roxarsone and virginiamycin significantly influenced microbial community composition and inhibited nitrification in the soils, but only at levels that were several-fold higher than expected in poultry litter-applied soils. Bacitracin did not affect microbial growth, microbial community composition, or nitrification at any concentration tested (up to 500 mg·kg-1). None of the antibiotics influenced denitrification at environmentally-relevant concentrations. Amounts of antibiotics in soil solution were greatly reduced by sorption, which followed Freundlich models in the concentration range of 1 - 500 mg·L-1. Results from this study indicated that addition of roxarsone, virginiamycin, or bacitracin to these soils at environmentally-relevant concentrations would not likely impact microbial community composition, nitrification or denitrification due to intrinsic resistance/insensitivity of microorganisms to these antibiotics and reductions in the bioavailable amounts due to sorption by soil surfaces.

Structure and dynamics of the post-transcriptional mRNA-processing machinery
Elisa Izaurralde
Genome Biology , 2000, DOI: 10.1186/gb-2000-1-6-reports4025
Abstract: Eukaryotic gene expression depends on the synthesis, processing, export and translation of mRNA. These minisymposia tackled multiple aspects of the post-transcriptional pathway of mRNAs including the structure and dynamics of proteins implicated in splicing, polyadenylation and nuclear export.It has been known for some time that the mammalian cell nucleus contains numerous subcompartments, or bodies, which have been implicated in essential processes such as transcription and RNA processing. Cytological studies in which researchers observed the localization of various nuclear proteins have led to the definition of distinct nuclear subcompartments: the nucleolus, the nuclear speckles and several small nuclear bodies including the Cajal bodies (also called coiled bodies). An emerging theme of the meeting was the realization that these nuclear subcompartments are extremely dynamic and that proteins that are usually localized within these compartments are in fact moving rapidly throughout the entire nucleus. Highlights of these minisymposia included reports on the dynamics of proteins localized in these nuclear compartments from Tom Misteli (National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, USA) and the biochemical purification of nucleoli and Cajal bodies from Angus Lamond (University of Dundee, UK).Using photobleaching techniques, Misteli and co-workers have shown that the vast majority of proteins move within the nucleoplasm by a passive, energy-independent mechanism. Photobleaching experiments have been used for many years to measure the mobility of proteins within lipid bilayers. Misteli and co-workers applied the method to analyze the mobility of proteins in the nucleus of living cells. In these experiments, a small area in the nucleus of a living cell that expresses a protein fused to green fluorescent protein (GFP) is bleached with a short, targeted laser pulse (Figure 1). The recovery of the fluorescent signal in the bleached area as the conseq
A imigra??o para o Jap?o
Sasaki, Elisa;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142006000200009
Abstract: this paper presents a panorama about migration process between brazil and japan. in the beginning of the 20th century, the japanese immigrated to brazil and, in the end of the same century, the japanese descendant brazilians were taken the inverse way: they were going to japan as migrant workers, being well known as "dekassegui". we can call this brazilian?s migration movement to japan as "absence of return". it means, can this populational movement between brazil and japan be considered as "return migration"? we should consider, first, different contexts and contingents.
CRíTICA Y POESíA: ELEMENTOS PARA UNA TRADICIóN
Calabrese,Elisa;
Alpha (Osorno) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012007000100004
Abstract: this essay studies the acting epistemological operations in current argentinian critics of poetry, taking into account the theoretical-philosophical statement of its discourse. for that purpose, it postulates an emerging tradition located in the last decades of the 20th century, from the constitution of a foundational work: the essay by noé jitrik entitled “alturas de machu picchu. una marcha piramidal a través de un discurso poético incesante”. afterwards it was shown, by two eminent critics of the next generation -cristina pi?a and daniel freidemberg- the coexistence of opposite trends regarding aesthetics choices, typical of the poetics of the sixties, and continued to the eighties, but with the common feature, by the critics, of productive processing of modern literary theory
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