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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32550 matches for " Eliana Peres Rocha Carvalho Leite "
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Skilled attendance at delivery: profile of nursing staff in maternity units from alfenas city, minas gerais, brazil
Eliana Peres Rocha Carvalho Leite, Maria José Clapis, Christianne Alves Pereira Calheiros
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to identify the profile of nursing professionals providing care to pregnant women in maternity Alfenas-MG. Method: this is about a descriptive cross sectional study from quantitative approach. Participated in this study, all nursing professionals (24) who worked in the care of patients. Data collection was performed during the period from June to September 2008 using a structured interview. This study was conducted according to ethical principles of research and approved by the Ethics in Research of Universidade Federal de Alfenas/MG, under protocol number3087.001016/2008-98. Results: there was a lack of midwife in the team, keeping workload of 49.17 hours/week, 91.6% being female. As the professional category, the prevailing mid-level professionals with informal training and monitoring at work those with greater experience in the area. Conclusion it is understood that these professionals are not qualified for the obstetric care according to criteria of World Health Organization (WHO), highlighting the need for qualification of this team that assists women in maternity Alfenas, Minas Gerais.
A model for drug dispensing service based on the care process in the Brazilian health system
Luciano Soares,Eliana Elisabeth Diehl,Silvana Nair Leite,Mareni Rocha Farias
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Access to medication emphasizes the availability of the product at the expense of providing a service. The goal of this paper is to propose a theoretical model for a drug dispensing service, beginning with a reflection on the current realities of the Unified Health System and drug dispensation in Brazil. A conceptual analytical research made by a methodological course called disciplined imagination was mainly the approach applied to develop the model. The drug dispensing service is part of the care process, which considers access as an attribute; reception, connection and accountability, management, and clinical pharmaceutical aspects as components; and the rational use of drugs as the purpose. The proposed model addresses access to the dispensing service and demands a reorientation of routines, instruments, and practices. O acesso a medicamentos enfatiza a disponibilidade do produto em detrimento da provis o de um servi o. O objetivo deste trabalho é propor um modelo teórico para um servi o de dispensa o de medicamentos, iniciando com uma reflex o sobre a realidade atual do Sistema único de Saúde e a dispensa o de medicamentos no Brasil. Uma pesquisa analítica conceitual realizada por meio de um percurso metodológico chamado de imagina o disciplinada constituiu a estratégia principal para o desenvolvimento do modelo. O servi o de dispensa o é parte do processo de cuidado, o qual considera o acesso como um atributo; os aspectos acolhimento, vínculo e responsabiliza o, gest o e clínica farmacêutica como componentes e o uso racional de medicamentos como o propósito. O modelo proposto direciona o acesso para o servi o de dispensa o e demanda a reorienta o de rotinas, instrumentos e práticas.
Prevalência de doen?a hepática n?o-alcoólica em crian?as e adolescentes obesos: uma revis?o sistemática
Padilha, Patricia de Carvalho;Rocha, Hélio Fernandes da;Alves, Naylor;Peres, Wilza Arantes F.;
Revista Paulista de Pediatria , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-05822010000400016
Abstract: objective: to review studies that investigated the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (nafld) in children. data source: medline (pubmed) and latin american and caribbean centre on health sciences information (lilacs) were searched regarding the period from 1997 to 2008, using the combination of the following descriptors: "nonalcoholic fatty liver disease", "hepatic steatosis", "nonalcoholic steatohepatitis", "overweight children", "overweight adolescent", "pediatric obesity", "children obesity", "childhood obesity". data synthesis: 14 manuscripts were selected: five cross-sectional, one case-control, and eight cohort studies. evaluation of quality between reviewers showed optimal agreement (k=0.81), with a 95% confidence interval of 0.52-1.00 (p<0.001), but only one study was considered excellent. all studies showed association between obesity and nafld, with a prevalence rate varying from 3.0 to 60.3%. the studies indicate that the biochemical and image alterations normalize with programs of weight loss that apply diets and physical exercises. there was a high prevalence of nafld among boys, increasing with age. insulin resistance was often reported as associated with the progression of nafld. conclusions: carefully designed studies are needed to clarify the association between obesity and nafld during childhood. nafld, which is the main cause of infantile liver disorder, should be investigated in all obese children.
Uso de agrotóxicos na produ??o de soja do estado do Mato Grosso: um estudo preliminar de riscos ocupacionais e ambientais
Belo, Mariana Soares da Silva Peixoto;Pignati, Wanderlei;Dores, Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho;Moreira, Josino Costa;Peres, Frederico;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Ocupacional , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0303-76572012000100011
Abstract: objective: to identify and to discuss some of the major risks associated to pesticide use in the soybean production in mato grosso state, midwestern brazil. method: it is a descriptive exploratory pilot-study that was carried out between 2008 and 2009, using methodological triangulation, comprising the following: analysis of an agricultural database, analysis of biological indicators of pesticide exposure, and analysis of rainwater contamination by these chemicals. results: analysis of pesticides consumption data showed a high and growing use of pesticides in soybean production, particularly glyphosate. rainwater analysis evidenced the occurrence of different pesticide residues, indicating the amplification of the risks beyond workplace. this environmental exposure was also detected by biological indicator analysis among workers and residents of the plantation neighboring areas. conclusion: the study data indicate the need for permanent environmental and human health monitoring in soybean production areas as part of workers' health and environmental surveillance strategies.
Environmental hazard of pesticides applied in the border region between Platinum and Amazon Basins at the turn to century XXI
Arno Rieder,Eliana Freire Gaspar de Carvalho Dores,Anna Frida Hatsue Modro,Graciela da Silva Rocha
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To reveal the environmental risk of pesticide prescribed in a border region between the Amazon and Platinum Basins, at the turn of the 21st century. Methods: The study used data of agronomic prescriptions for pesticides issued in the biennium of 1999-2000 in 24 cities located in a border region between the Amazon and Platinum Basins, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Results: The most widely used pesticides in the study region are class II (very dangerous) and III (dangerous) in number of prescriptions (N = 2,828, 86.8%) andquantity prescribed (N = 344,765, 90.4%). Among class III pesticides, a strong inversion was observed in the number of prescriptions (N = 1,274; 39.1%) and quantity prescribed (N = 237,319; 62.2%), indicating a lower number of prescriptions, but with higher amountprescribed. The proportion of prescriptions for products amid the various classes of Potential of Environmental Dangers (PPA ranking model, apllied in Brazil) changed over the two years (c2=20,814; DF=3; p < 0,01). The 10 most prescribed products (11 activecompounds) were: glyphosate, 2,4-D, sulfluramid, chlorimuron ethyl, fipronil, diuron, paraquat, methamidophos, carbofuran, chlorpyrifos and lambda-cyhalothrin, and seven of them were ranked as PPA class I or II. Conclusions: The ratio between the number of pesticide prescriptions and the quantities prescribed among the various classes of PPA showed alteration over crop years. The most reported products in this border region were classified as the most dangerous ones, with diverse mechanisms of action and potential risksto living organisms. This suggests the need to define specific policies and carefully designed strategies to prevent environmental disaster in this region.
Assessment of family and neighbors of an individual infected with Wuchereria bancrofti from a non-endemic area in the city of Maceió, Brazil
Leite, Anderson B;Lima, Ana RV de;Leite, Renata B;Santos, Rafael V;Gon?alves, Johnathan EL;Rocha, Eliana MM;Fontes, Gilberto;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702010000200002
Abstract: the family and neighbors of a patient infected with w. bancrofti microfilariae were assessed aiming to evaluate the occurrence of cases of lymphatic filariasis in a non-endemic area in the city of maceió, in the brazilian state of alagoas. the patient had previously lived in an endemic focus; however, he has been living in an area where the parasite has never been detected for the past ten years. female ingurgitated culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes captured in the houses of the microfilaremic individual and of his neighbors in the non-endemic region were also examined by polymerase chain reaction (pcr) technique. the thick blood smear examination, blood membrane filtration, and rapid immunochromatography (antigen search) revealed no infected individuals in the family of the microfilaremic individual. all 334 neighbors undergoing the thick blood smear examination were negative for w. bancrofti microfilariae. in 478 ingurgitated c. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes examined by pcr, no w. bancrofti dna was detected. the microfilaremic individual had a microfilaremia considered very low according to who standards (4 microfilariae/ml of blood). as the vectorial infection depends on microfilaremia, the patient's low parasite load did not determine the contamination of other individuals in the area. our data have shown that the long-term residence of the microfilaremic individual in the non-endemic region was not sufficient to start a new transmission focus of lymphatic filariasis in maceió.
Stress and integrity analysis of steam superheater tubes of a high pressure boiler
Neves Daniel Leite Cypriano,Seixas Jansen Renato de Carvalho,Tinoco Ediberto Bastos,Rocha Adriana da Cunha
Materials Research , 2004,
Abstract: Sources that can lead to deterioration of steam superheater tubes of a high pressure boiler were studied by a stress analysis, focused on internal pressure and temperature experienced by the material at real operating conditions. Loss of flame control, internal deposits and unexpected peak charge are factors that generate loads above the design limit of tube materials, which can be subjected to strain, buckling, cracks and finally rupture in service. To evaluate integrity and dependability of these components, the microstructure of selected samples along the superheater was studied by optical microscopy. Associated with this analysis, dimensional inspection, nondestructive testing, hardness measurement and deposit examination were made to determine the resultant material condition after twenty three years of operation.
Prevalência das síndromes inflamatórias sistêmicas em uma unidade de tratamento intensivo pediátrica terciária
Carvalho, Paulo R. A.;Feldens, Letícia;Seitz, Elizabeth E.;Rocha, Taís S.;Soledade, Maria A.;Trotta, Eliana A.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572005000300010
Abstract: objective: to assess the prevalence of systemic inflammatory syndromes on admission to a tertiary-care university pediatric intensive care unit (icu), and relate this to length of hospital stay, risk of death and mortality rate. methods: cross-sectional, prospective, observational study, including all patients admitted to the hospital de clínicas de porto alegre (hcpa) icu between august 1st 1999 and july 31st 2000. patient demographic variables were considered together with the risk of mortality on admission, co-morbidities, length of hospital stay and icu outcome, in addition to variables that characterize the systemic inflammatory syndromes (systemic inflammatory response syndrome, sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock). results: we studied 447 admissions of 388 patients; 54% were male, with a median age of 20 months. the prevalence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (sirs) was 68%: 2/3 infectious (sepsis, severe sepsis or septic shock) and 1/3 non-infectious. risk of mortality scores for patients with infectious sirs were higher than for those with non-infectious sirs (6.75% [p25 = 2.25 - p75 = 21.3] vs. 2.35% [p25 = 1.1 - p75 = 6.7]; p=0) and increased according to sirs severity (2.9; 10.85, 43.9%; p < 0.05). the observed mortality was 12% for patients with sirs and 5.8% for those without sirs (p = 0.057); the observed mortality for infectious sirs was 14.9% and for non-infectious 6.3% (p = 0.041). the period spent in icu for infectious sirs was longer than for non-infectious cases: 3 days (p25 = 2 - p75 = 7) vs. 2 days (p25 = 1.5 - p75 = 4); p = 0.006. conclusions: the prevalence rate of patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome upon admission to hcpa pediatric intensive care unit was elevated, with a predominance of infectious syndromes, responsible for longer stays, increased risk of mortality and increased mortality of patients during the period evaluated.
Renal Proteome in Mice with Different Susceptibilities to Fluorosis
Juliane Guimar?es Carvalho, Aline de Lima Leite, Camila Peres-Buzalaf, Fernanda Salvato, Carlos Alberto Labate, Eric T. Everett, Gary Milton Whitford, Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053261
Abstract: A/J and 129P3/J mouse strains have different susceptibilities to dental fluorosis due to their genetic backgrounds. They also differ with respect to several features of fluoride (F) metabolism and metabolic handling of water. This study was done to determine whether differences in F metabolism could be explained by diversities in the profile of protein expression in kidneys. Weanling, male A/J mice (susceptible to dental fluorosis, n = 18) and 129P3/J mice (resistant, n = 18) were housed in pairs and assigned to three groups given low-F food and drinking water containing 0, 10 or 50 ppm [F] for 7 weeks. Renal proteome profiles were examined using 2D-PAGE and LC-MS/MS. Quantitative intensity analysis detected between A/J and 129P3/J strains 122, 126 and 134 spots differentially expressed in the groups receiving 0, 10 and 50 ppmF, respectively. From these, 25, 30 and 32, respectively, were successfully identified. Most of the proteins were related to metabolic and cellular processes, followed by response to stimuli, development and regulation of cellular processes. In F-treated groups, PDZK-1, a protein involved in the regulation of renal tubular reabsorption capacity was down-modulated in the kidney of 129P3/J mice. A/J and 129P3/J mice exhibited 11 and 3 exclusive proteins, respectively, regardless of F exposure. In conclusion, proteomic analysis was able to identify proteins potentially involved in metabolic handling of F and water that are differentially expressed or even not expressed in the strains evaluated. This can contribute to understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying genetic susceptibility to dental fluorosis, by indicating key-proteins that should be better addressed in future studies.
Stress and integrity analysis of steam superheater tubes of a high pressure boiler
Neves, Daniel Leite Cypriano;Seixas, Jansen Renato de Carvalho;Tinoco, Ediberto Bastos;Rocha, Adriana da Cunha;Abud, Ibrahim de Cerqueira;
Materials Research , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-14392004000100021
Abstract: sources that can lead to deterioration of steam superheater tubes of a high pressure boiler were studied by a stress analysis, focused on internal pressure and temperature experienced by the material at real operating conditions. loss of flame control, internal deposits and unexpected peak charge are factors that generate loads above the design limit of tube materials, which can be subjected to strain, buckling, cracks and finally rupture in service. to evaluate integrity and dependability of these components, the microstructure of selected samples along the superheater was studied by optical microscopy. associated with this analysis, dimensional inspection, nondestructive testing, hardness measurement and deposit examination were made to determine the resultant material condition after twenty three years of operation.
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