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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 36475 matches for " Elena; González Urrutia "
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Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica
Madrigal Rojas,Elena; González Urrutia,Ana Rocío;
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: the main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in metropolitan area of costa rica. study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. threeday food records were collected from each dancer. height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. bone density was measured by dual x-ray energy (hip and lumbar l1, l2, l3, l4). the attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the eating attitudes test (eat-26) and eating disorder inventory (edi). total energy intake (1880 kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin b6 were consumed at optimal levels. bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. the results of the present study suggest that dancers with body mass index (bmi) ≥ 20 kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutritional status of ballet dancers.
Estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico, area metropolitana de Costa Rica Nutritional status of classical ballet dancers, metropolitan area of Costa Rica
Elena Madrigal Rojas,Ana Rocío González Urrutia
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2008,
Abstract: El principal objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar el estado nutricional de bailarinas de ballet clásico de las tres academias más importantes de ballet localizadas en el área Metropolitana de Costa Rica. Se trabajó con 24 bailarinas adultas (18 a 30 a os) de niveles avanzados de ballet. Se registró el consumo de alimentos durante tres días. Se tomaron medidas de talla, peso y pliegues cutáneos. Se recolectaron muestras de sangre para análisis bioquímicos. Se evaluó además la densidad ósea (cadera y lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4) con energía dual de rayos-X. Las actitudes, creencias y riesgo de factores predisponentes a desórdenes alimentarios se evaluaron mediante una entrevista y con la aplicación del Test de Actitudes Alimentarias (EAT-26) e Inventario de Trastornos Alimentarios (EDI). El consumo promedio diario de energía fue considerablemente menor a la recomendación (1880 Kcal/d ± 448) y solamente la niacina y la vitamina B6 fueron consumidas en rangos óptimos. La densidad ósea, hemoglobina y hematocrito estuvieron dentro de los rangos de normalidad. Los resultados de este estudio sugieren que las bailarinas con índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 tienen dietas más hipocalóricas y mayor riesgo de desórdenes alimentarios. Se necesita investigación en este campo para desarrollar estrategias de educación nutricional que permitan mejorar el estado nutricional y de salud en esta población. The main objective of the present study was to examine the nutritional status of classic ballet dancers from three of the most important ballet academies located in Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. Study participants included twenty-four adult females (18 to 30 years old) of advanced ballet level. Threeday food records were collected from each dancer. Height, body weight and skin fold measurements were completed. Blood samples were collected for biochemical analysis. Bone density was measured by dual X-ray energy (hip and lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4). The attitudes, beliefs and risk factors for eating disorders were evaluated by interview and using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI). Total energy intake (1880 Kcal/d ± 448.3) was considerably lower than the dietary recommendations and only niacin and vitamin B6 were consumed at optimal levels. Bone density, hemoglobin and hematocrit were within normal ranges. The results of the present study suggest that dancers with Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥ 20 Kg/m2 have more hypocaloric diets and major risk of eating disorders. Future studies are needed to develop strategies to improve the nutrition
Biodisponibilidad del hierro
Rocío González Urrutia
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2005,
Abstract:
Sepsis estafilocócica
González Reynosa,Lismay; Urrutia Mora,Osvaldo;
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2001,
Abstract: a retrospective study of 51 patients admitted to "pedro soto alba" hospital from january 1989 to december 1998 was carried out to delve into sepsis caused by staphylococcus aureus and for this end, isolation of germ in hemoculture was required. data obtained from a review of the medical histories of the patients affected by this cause were: age, sex, nutritional assessment and sepsis favoring conditions. under one-year old age, male sex and undernourished patients favored the occurrence of sepsis. fever, affected general status and hepatomegalia were the most frequent clinical manifestations. it is stated that mortality rate from staphylococcal sepsis is high and that it is much higher if diagnosis is late. the institution gave its informed consent for the conduction of this research work.
Sepsis estafilocócica
Lismay González Reynosa,Osvaldo Urrutia Mora
Revista Cubana de Enfermer?-a , 2001,
Abstract: Con la finalidad de profundizar en el conocimiento de la sepsis por estafilococo aureus, se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de 51 pacientes, todos ingresados en el hospital "Pedro Soto Alba", en el período de enero 1989 hasta diciembre 1998; se precisó el aislamiento del germen en hemocultivo. Los datos que se obtuvieron mediante la revisión de las historias clínicas de los pacientes afectados por esta causa fueron: edad, sexo, valoración nutricional y condiciones favorecedoras de la sepsis. La edad menor de 1 a o, el sexo masculino y los pacientes desnutridos favorecieron la sepsis. La fiebre, la toma del estado general y la hepatomegalia fueron las manifestaciones clínica más frecuentes. Se plantea que existe una alta mortalidad por sepsis estafilocócica y que ésta es más elevada cuando el diagnóstico se realiza tardíamente. Para esta investigación se tuvo el consentimiento informado de la institución. A retrospective study of 51 patients admitted to "Pedro Soto Alba" hospital from January 1989 to December 1998 was carried out to delve into sepsis caused by Staphylococcus aureus and for this end, isolation of germ in hemoculture was required. Data obtained from a review of the medical histories of the patients affected by this cause were: age, sex, nutritional assessment and sepsis favoring conditions. Under one-year old age, male sex and undernourished patients favored the occurrence of sepsis. Fever, affected general status and hepatomegalia were the most frequent clinical manifestations. It is stated that mortality rate from staphylococcal sepsis is high and that it is much higher if diagnosis is late. The institution gave its informed consent for the conduction of this research work.
Aplicación de los métodos de pirólisis Rock-Eval y Fischer al estudio de la materia orgánica contenida en rocas sedimentarias de Guipúzcoa
Dorronsoro Urrutia, C.,González G., A.
Estudios Geologicos , 1987, DOI: 10.3989/egeol.87433-4589
Abstract: The sedimentary rocks are geochemically studied throughout the geological history of the provinces of Guipúzcoa and Vizcaya. The pyrolisis is made following fischer's modified method. On a whole of one hundred and eigthy five samples. We haven't found oil shale, except in Garay (Durango-Vizcaya), where we have managed to distil appreciable quantities of oil from the samples, oscillating between 1.5 l/Tm. and 28 l/Tm. From these ones, whe have choosed twenty which showed a bigger content of organic material than the otheres. We have made the rock-eval pyrolisis with the purpose of checking fischer's modified method. We have managed to define that the petroliferous potential is variable. As for the type of organic material and its stage of evolution (maturity), we have concluded that it is a type II (marine origin) with a stage of evolution that places us on the oil generation. Se estudian geoquímicamente rocas sedimentarias a lo largo de la historia geológica de las provincias de Guipúzcoa y Vizcaya. Se realiza la pirólisis según el método modificado de Fischer sobre un total de ciento ochenta y cinco muestras. No se han encontrado rocas bituminosas, salvo en Garay (Durango-Vizcaya) donde se han llegado a destilar de las muestras, cantidades apreciables de aceite, que oscilan entre 1,5 l/Tm. y 28 l/Tm. De éstas, hemos escogido veinte que presentaban un contenido mayor de materia orgánica que el resto. Hemos realizado la pirólisis Rock-Eval de ellas con el fin de contrastar el método modificado de Fischer. Hemos llegado a definir que el potencial petrolífero es variable. En cuanto al tipo de materia orgánica y su grado de evolución (madurez), hemos concluido que se trata de un tipo II (origen marino), con un grado de evolución que nos coloca en la ventana de generación de aceite.
De qué se mueren los ancianos en Espa a?
Robles González, Elena
Estudios Geográficos , 2009,
Abstract: Following the analyses of the standardized mortality rates, that allows to eliminate the effect of age structure, the impact of mortality is directly appreciated and the evolution of the main causes of death in the 80+ population in Spain between 1975 and 2007, is described. Using the Short-List of Eurostat, causes of death have been divided into 17 broad groups. The article analyzes the decline of mortality caused by the fall of circulatory diseases, mainly the cerebrovascular ones, and to a lesser extent, the respiratory diseases, ill-defined diseases and external causes. Inversely, in the remaining thirteen groups the mortality has increased over such period particularly, the neoplasms, nervous system diseases and mental disorders. Important differences by gender have been found, being neoplasms and respiratory diseases much higher in men, which would explain the greater men oldest-old mortality in Spain. Se analiza la evolución, entre 1975 y 2007, de las principales causas de muerte en la población espa ola de 80+ a os, a partir del análisis de las tasas estandarizadas de mortalidad que, al eliminar el efecto de la estructura por edad, permiten apreciar el impacto de la mortalidad. Las causas de muerte se han agrupado en 17 grandes grupos, siguiendo la Lista Abreviada de Eurostat. Se describe la caída de la mortalidad debida al descenso de las enfermedades circulatorias, (en especial las cerebrovasculares) y, en menor medida, de las respiratorias, las mal definidas y las causas externas. Por el contrario, la mortalidad en los 13 grupos restantes se ha incrementado durante el período, sobre todo la relativa a tumores, enfermedades del sistema nervioso y trastornos mentales. Se constatan importantes diferencias por género, siendo los tumores y las enfermedades respiratorias muy superiores en los hombres. Ello explicaría la mayor mortalidad masculina de la población anciana. [fr] On analise l’évolution des principales causes de mort chez la population espagnole de plus de 80 ans de 1975 à 2007, sur la base de l’analyse des taux standarisés de mortalité qui permettent aprécier l’impact de la mortalité en éliminant l’effet de la structure par age. Les causes de mort ont été groupées en 17 grands groupes suivant la liste abrégée d’Eurostat. On découvre la chute de la mortalité, due à la déscente des maladies circulatoires, en particulier les cardiovasculaires et, à une moindre échelle, des respiratoires, les mal définies et les causes externes. La mortalité chez le reste des groupes est augmenté au long de cette periode, surtout les tumeurs et les maladie
The social and educational inequalities of black students studying English in rural Puerto Rico
Elena González Rivera
Centro Journal , 2008,
Abstract: This paper presents findings from a micro-ethnographic study of black ESL students from the community of Florencio, Orocovis, Puerto Rico. Social inequalities identified included negative labeling, isolation due to race resulting in the practice of intermarriage, virtually no access to government services, low level of living, and few work opportunities. Educational inequalities included negative labeling by school personnel and students and perceptions of rejection and unfair treatment by teachers. The labels functioned as subtle, covert, and latent racism curtailing and controlling the possibilities of social and educational opportunities. Suggestions are made for changing racial attitudes and creating environments of well-being.
The Geography as a Regulator of Genetic Flow and Genetic Structure in Andorra  [PDF]
Elena Campoy, Antonio González-Martín
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2017.72008
Abstract: The Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe. Traditionally its economy has been based on the agriculture and cattle ranch although in the last decades it has developed an important tourist activity that has become a collector of emigrants. The origin of marriage consorts has been analyzed in the six parishes that have traditionally constituted the Principality. In total, there have been 10,208 marriages covering a continuous period from 1606 to 1960. From this information, two migration matrices have been constructed, one general and one intra-population. The study of the first one shows the existence of a male migration to long distance, mainly from the nearby Catalan provinces. It also shows that the main parameter that regulates migration is geography and that it indirectly defines the language’s performance and political boundaries as the genetic filters. For the study of the intrapopulation matrix, two methods have been used. On the one hand, a tree has been constructed and has been linked to Principal Component Analysis (PCA). Different matrices have also been tested by applying the Mantel test. The results indicate that there is no asymmetry in the mobility of men and women in an intra-population level, a result that is justified by the demographic and social structure of the small population centers of the Pyrenees. It is also shown that geography is the main governing factor travel within the Principality. And finally, we can observe the existence of a genetic substructure in the Andorran population marked again by geography.
Los apodos en el léxico del adolescente Venezolano
González,María Elena;
Letras , 2010,
Abstract: the lexicon used by young people, specifically the creation of nicknames used by them, is the object of study in this work. teenagers constitute a linguistic community with particular traits that identify them as a group. creativity is thus manifested as an essential feature of language. field research methodology of a qualitative type was followed. the instruments employed were an open-question interview and a language workshop designed for the compilation of the corpus. for the interpretation of the data, four categories were established: names, binominal compositions, adjectival compositions, and syntactic structures linked with prepositions. the following results emerged: the most frequently used category for the creation of nicknames is that referred to names. in such creation there is a motivation that emerges form surrounding reality, from which some meaningful features that constitute the semantic basis of the nickname are taken. such semantic basis thus becomes a syntactic structure as two levels of language are interrelated: the semantic and the syntactic levels. besides, teenagers foreground both physical and behavioral traits, from which the former are outstanding. also, nicknames reflect some values present in our society, such as: machism, virginity and racism.
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