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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 871 matches for " Elaheh Javadi Mousavi "
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Investigation of T Factor Variations along Atrak River to the Caspian Sea  [PDF]
Elaheh Javadi Mousavi, Mehran Arian, Manochehr Ghorashi
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2017.71004
Abstract: The study area has located on Atrak river basin in the Iran-Turkmenistan border zone that is the greatest river on the southeastern margin of Caspian Sea. The study area was divided into 56 sub-basins and then T factors were calculated for all streams of the Atrak river. T factor is a geomorphic index for tilting identification by active tectonics. Our results show that, there are low, moderate and high relative tectonic activities levels. Low relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 23, 25, 41 and 51, moderate relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 39, 40, 42, 43, 46, 47,48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55 and 56 and high relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 22, 26, 27, 33, 36, 37, 38, 44, 45 and 54. Also, most part of the study area has got moderate tectonic activity that it is compatible with its tectonic setting on the Kopetdagh belt in Iran. It is shows that some sub-basins on the western parts of study area that river has got west-east trending, are more active. But, some sub-basins on the eastern parts of study area that river has got northwest-southeast trending, are less active. It means that migration direction of the most streams are toward north and south and the major faults and folds in the western parts of study area caused river tilting be perpendicular to structural trend. This variation along the most important river on the northeastern part of Iran was analyzed for the first time in this research.
Effect of Iranian Honey bee (Apis mellifera) Venom on Blood Glucose and Insulin in Diabetic Rats
Seyyedeh Mahbubeh Mousavi,Sohrab Imani,Saeid Haghighi,Seyyedeh Elaheh Mousavi
Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Diabetes is an important disease. This disease is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from perturbation in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Honey bee venom contains a wide range of polypeptide agents. The principle components of bee venom are mellitin and phospholipase A2. These components increase insulin secretion from the β-cells of pancreas. This study was conducted to show the hypoglycemic effect ofhoney bee venom on alloxan induced diabetic male rats.Methods: Eighteen adult male rats weighting 200±20 g were placed into 3 randomly groups: control, alloxan monohydrate-induced diabetic rat and treated group that received honey bee venom daily before their nutrition for four months. Forty eight hours after the last injection, blood was collected from their heart, serum was dissented and blood glucose, insulin, triglyceride and total cholesterol were determined.Results: Glucose serum, triglyceride and total cholesterol level in treated group in comparison with diabetic groupwas significantly decreased (P< 0.01). On the other hand, using bee venom causes increase in insulin serum in comparisonwith diabetic group (P< 0.05).Conclusion: Honeybee venom (apitoxin) can be used as therapeutic option to lower blood glucose and lipids in diabetic rats.
Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Vitamin C on the Reproductive Performance of Female Livebearing Ornamental Fish
Javadi Mousavi Mahsa,Jafari Vali Allah
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2011.2074.2078
Abstract: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid, AA) on reproductive performance of a freshwater ornamental species, the platy (Xiphophorus maculatus). Vitamin C was incorporated in fish feed at 6 different concentrations of 0.0 (A), 0.1 (B), 0.2 (C), 0.4 (D), 0.8 (E) and 1.6 (F) g kg-1 of dry diet with 5% of their body weight daily in two split doses for a period of 20 weeks. Results indicated that Gonadosomatic Index (GSI), fry production and relative fecundity were significantly higher in group F as compared to the control group (A) and other experimental groups (p<0.05). There were no significant differences in the weight and length of fry among the dietary treatments (p>0.05). The results also showed that the percentage of deformed fry was significantly lower in experimental groups (except the group B) compared to the control group (p<0.05). Moreover, the highest and lowest fry survival (%) were observed in group F and A, respectively. Collectively, this study showed that female broodstocks benefit from inclusion of vitamin C in diet during their reproductive stages.
Effect on marital satisfaction and life skills training in problem-solving styles housewives in Iran
Mousavi V.,Khanzadeh A.,Javadi Z.,Golandam A. K.
Sociosfera , 2012,
Abstract: Background and objective: Family is the most important and suitable system to resolve physical, psychological, and spiritual requirements of human being. Today, In spite of some cultural shifts and life style changes, many of the individuals, encountering life problems lack the basic and required abilities which result in family dissatisfaction and inability due to marital life's stresses that create problems and significant challenges in family system. For this reason,a better and more effective life skill training for the family members was focused specifically for housewives who have the main role in housekeeping and life problems' management. Thus, the present study investigates the effectiveness of life skill training on marital satisfaction and housewives' problem solving procedures. Materials and methods: In this research which is the experimental and two-group pretest-posttest, 38 individuals(19 for test group-19 for control group) participated in a continues ten-session period of life skill training classes. Enrich marital satisfaction scale (short form) and Kisdy and Long problem solving scale performed in group form, were the tests used in this study.Results: The results of data analysis, using the independent-T test for a comparison between the scores in test-group in pre and post test represented that life skill training is effective in increasing marital satisfaction (P< 05/0 ) and promoting problem solving skills in four styles of avoidance, inability, nearness, and creativity (P<05/0 ).Moreover, in the two other styles (problem management and trust in problem solving), differences were not significant. A comparison between the scores in post test, in test-group and control group showed that the effect of life skill training on marital satisfaction was not a significant difference, but regarding the problem solving variable in four styles (inability, nearness, creativity and trust in problem solving) was significant in 0/05 but not in two other styles (avoidance and problem management). In addition, the results of the present research indicate a mild improvement of considered variables in these groups in consequence of life skill training. Conclusion: considering the results of the present study, it is mandatory to administer life skill training in all organizations and institutes more seriously and systematically, for the sake of increasing the couples' marital satisfaction and effective encounter with obstacles in order to prevent the problems in individual, family and society.
Evaluation of Human Albumin Use in Bone Marrow Transplantation Patients in a University Hospital in Iran: A Retrospective Study
Maryam Mousavi Nejad,Alireza Hayatshahi,Mohammadreza Javadi,Molouk Hadjibabaie
International Journal of Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Research , 2010,
Abstract: "nIntroduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of albumin in bone marrow transplanted patients and its possible economic repercussions from its inappropriate use. "nMethods and materials: This was a retrospective study in which all patients receiving albumin ) from start to end of treatment( at three bone marrow transplantation wards were assessed in two consecutive years .The clinical indications for albumin were evaluated on the basis of guidelines. The concomitant drugs that affected albumin levels were assessed. Characteristic data including age, gender, weight, body surface area(BSA), diagnosis, blood group, type of transplantation were recorded .All lab data which included serum creatinine , alanine aminotransferase , aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, total protein, albumin, hematocrite, calcium before and after albumin use were also recorded . Postconsumption data was in-hospital stay and mortality. "nResults: During the study period, 104 patients received albumin at 3 wards (BMT1:36 patients, BMT2:11 patients, BMT3:57 patients). Patients received a mean number of 24.52 ± 20.86 vials. The mean treatment duration was 13.96 ± 9.14 days. Drugs decreasing albumin level did not significantly affect the use of albumin. Weight, total protein and calcium have been significantly altered after albumin use. "nConclusion: Drug Use Evaluation is an opportunity for clinical pharmacist to help improve therapy by designing strategies to reduce the medication error and cost or changing prescriber manners.
The Effect of Air Ionization on Microbial Content of the Air
Javadi.AA,Mousavi,E,Mohseni, M,Mobasheri Zadeh,S
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2009, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?&slct_pg_id=10&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Abstract: Background and objectives: Air ionization (AI) may reduce themicrobial content of the air 'and has bactericidal effects on somebacterial Strains, which is controversial. We conducted this study toevaluate the efficacy of Air ionizer in reducing the microbialcontent of air.Material and Methods: This experimental Study was carried outin Sadi Hospital of Isfahan. Two air ionizer were placed in twoboxes. and the third box (Control) was empty. At the beginning ofexperiment and every 30 minutes up to three hours, we did airsampling in all groups. After taking the samples of every box, weincubated the samples and then performed colony counts andbacteriologic studies.Results: In all thirty-minute intervals, Colony Counts in all groupswere lower than control group (P<0.05). 'Coagulase negativestaphylococcus (CNS) was the most common bacteria isolatedfollowed by Bacillus spp, Acinetobacter and Escherichia Coli, incontrol group, no colonization of Acinetobacter and E.coli is foundin Air ionizer groups.Conclusion:Our findings qualitatively indicate that air ionizationcan reduce the microbial content of the air. Regarding the type ofmicrobial air pollution and the amount of air cleaning needed, thismethod can be used solely or in combination with other air cleaningmethods.Key words: air ionization, air cleaning air bacteria.
Telemedicine technologies and effectiveness: A review article
Elaheh Rashedi,Elaheh Barati
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Telemedicine is the use of information and communication technologies in order to provide access to medical and health care services whenever a large physical distance exists between patient and the service. Telemedicine is easily accessible for people living in remote regions and people with chronic illnesses who need long time home care. This technology is provided in different services, including telenursing, telepharmacy, telesurgery, telegenetic, telerehabilitation, telehomecare, teletrauma care, telecardiology, telepsychiatry, teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, teledentistry, teleaudiology and teleophthalmology. In this article, recent telemedicine technologies which used in developed countries are introduced and the clinical and cost-effectiveness of these services is evaluated.
Positive effect of septimeb? on mortality rate in severe sepsis: a novel non antibiotic strategy
Kaveh Eslami, Ata Mahmoodpoor, Arezoo Ahmadi, Mohammad Abdollahi, Koorosh Kamali, Sarah Mousavi, Atabak Najafi, Maryam Baeeri, Hadi Hamishehkar, Leila Kouti, Mohammad?Reza Javadi, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh
DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/2008-2231-20-40
Abstract: In this multicenter, randomized, single-blind trial, we assigned patients with severe sepsis and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE II) score of more than 20 to receive standard treatment of severe sepsis (control group) or standard treatment plus Septimeb. This group was treated with Septimeb for 14 days then followed up for another14 days. APACHE score, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) were calculated daily. Blood samples were analyzed for interleukin 2 tumor necrosis factor-α, total antioxidant power, platelet growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase 2.A total of 29 patients underwent randomization (13 in control group and 16 in Septimeb group). There was significant difference between the Septimeb and control group in the 14 days mortality rate (18.8% vs. 53.85 respectively, P=0.048). Compared to control group, Septimeb was significantly effective in improving SAPS (P= 0.029), SOFA (P=0.003) and APACHE II (P=0.008) scores. Inflammatory biomarkers didn’t change significantly between the two groups (P>0.05).Septimeb reduces mortality rates among patients with severe sepsis and it could be added as a safe adjutant to standard treatment of sepsis.Sepsis is one of the most prevalent and fatal diseases in Intensive Care Units (ICU) resulted in 30-60% mortality [1,2]. Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response to an infection leading to endothelial dysfunction, impairment of microcirculation, tissue hypoxia, apoptosis and finally multiple organ failure and death [3]. Nowadays the role of inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and immune system in the pathogenesis of sepsis is obvious. Continuous elevated levels of various cytokines in severe sepsis could result in uncontrolled inflammation [4-7]. Breaking of inflammatory cascade may lead to improving of survival [8]. A significant association exists between inflammatory cytokine levels in the first 72 hours of severe sepsis and severity of t
Randomized trial of the effect of intravenous paracetamol on inflammatory biomarkers and outcome in febrile critically ill adults
Hooshyar Honarmand, Mohammad Abdollahi, Arezoo Ahmadi, Mohammad Javadi, Mohammad Khoshayand, Hamed Tabeefar, Sarah Mousavi, Laleh Mahmoudi, Mania Radfar, Atabak Najafi, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh
DARU Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/2008-2231-20-12
Abstract: In a prospective, randomized controlled study, critically ill patients with fever (T?≥?38.3°C), SIRS diagnosed within 24 hours of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score ≥10 were randomized into two groups. Upon appearance of fever, one group received intravenous paracetamol 650?mg every 6 hours for 10?days and other group received no treatment unless temperature reached 40°C. Body temperature, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) and Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores, length of ICU stay, ICU mortality and infectious complications were recorded. Levels of Interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α), IL-6, IL-10, Tumour Necrosis Factor alpha (TNFα) and High-Sensitive C-Reactive Protein (HS-CRP) were assessed at baseline and 2, 6 and 24 hours after intervention.During a period of 15-month screening, 20 patients met the criteria and randomized to the control or paracetamol group. Body temperature decreased significantly in the paracetamol group (p?=?0.004) and control group (p?=?0.001) after 24 hours, but there was no significant difference between two groups at this time point (p?=?0.649). Levels of IL-6 and IL-10 decreased significantly (p?=?0.025 and p?=?0.047, respectively) in the paracetamol group at 24 hours but this was not of statistical significance in control group. No patterns over time in each group or differences across two groups were found for HS-CRP, TNFα, and IL-1α (p?>?0.05). There were no differences regarding ICU length of stay, mortality and infectious complications between both groups.These results suggest that antipyretic therapy may not be indicated in all ICU patients. Allowing fever to take its natural course does not appear to have detrimental effects on critically ill patients with SIRS and may avoid unnecessary expenses.Fever, defined as an increase in body temperature above 38.3°C (100.4°F), is among the most frequently detected abnormal physic
"Familial" versus "Sporadic" intellectual disability: contribution of common microdeletion and microduplication syndromes
Maryam Rafati, Elaheh Seyyedaboutorabi, Mohammad R Ghadirzadeh, Yaser Heshmati, Homeira Adibi, Zarrintaj Keihanidoust, Mohammad R Eshraghian, Gholam Javadi, Jila Dastan, Alireza Mosavi-Jarrahi, Azadeh Hoseini, Marzieh Purhoseini, Saeed R Ghaffari
Molecular Cytogenetics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1755-8166-5-9
Abstract: Among the families studied, 27.7% had 4-12, 35.6% had 3 and 36.6% had 2 affected individuals in the first-degree relatives. An autosomal dominant inheritance of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) was detected in a family with no clinical suspicion of WBS. The prevalence of CMMS was therefore,0.99%.This is the first investigation of a panel of CMMS in a large sample set of "familial ID patients". The findings of this study showed the low prevalence of CMMSs in "familial ID" patients in spite of the significant contribution of such aberrations in "sporadic ID" which has a very useful practical impact by avoiding unnecessary diagnostic tests in "familial ID" patients.Intellectual Disability, formerly Mental Retardation, is caused by heterogeneous genetic and non-genetic causes and affects 1-3% of the general population [1,2]. Regarding the heavy burden of ID, familial ID imposes much more burden on the affected families, society and health care system. Therefore, determining a specific genetic diagnosis facilitates both comprehensive medical care and accurate recurrence risk assessment for the family. As familial ID has a much lower incidence in western countries, its genetic basis has not been investigated to the extent of sporadic ID. Familial ID could be due to both chromosomal abnormalities and single gene disorders. In recent years the genetic basis of X-linked and autosomal recessive ID (ARID) has been thoroughly investigated and has lead to the identification of new genes and mutations [3-6]. However, no large scale study has so far been conducted to delineate the other underlying genetic causes of familial ID.Chromosomal aberrations are considered to be the most frequent cause of unexplained developmental delay (DD), ID and multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) [7,8]. Emerging new molecular cytogenetic techniques like fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and array-based whole genome screening has shown tha
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