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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1373 matches for " Elaheh Hosseini "
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Unconscious Priming of Focused Attention Reduces the Attention Deficits of ADHD Patients  [PDF]
Elaheh Hosseini, Otmar Bock, Monika Thomas
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2016.76084
Abstract:

We have shown before that attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) children suffer from deficits of sustained attention, while divided, selective and distributed attention is largely spared. The present study explores whether these deficits can be ameliorated by unconscious priming of attention. Sixty children diagnosed with ADHD participated, their age ranged between eight and twelve years. Participants were primed with the scrambled sentence task: under the pretext of a language comprehension task, they were exposed to words referring to focused attention (group “focused”) or scattered attention (group “scattered”), or were not exposed to attention-related words (group “control”). All three groups were then assessed with the same battery of attention tests used in our earlier study. We found that compared to the “control” group, performance was higher in the “focused” group on tests of sustained, divided and distributed attention, and was lower in the “scattered” group on all four tests. From this we conclude that unconscious priming can modify the attention of ADHD children, and that this modification extends to the one attention component that is most affected by ADHD. Unconscious priming might therefore be an expedient supplementary method for ADHD treatment, as it can be administered at virtually no cost anytime, anywhere.

Telemedicine technologies and effectiveness: A review article
Elaheh Rashedi,Elaheh Barati
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Telemedicine is the use of information and communication technologies in order to provide access to medical and health care services whenever a large physical distance exists between patient and the service. Telemedicine is easily accessible for people living in remote regions and people with chronic illnesses who need long time home care. This technology is provided in different services, including telenursing, telepharmacy, telesurgery, telegenetic, telerehabilitation, telehomecare, teletrauma care, telecardiology, telepsychiatry, teleradiology, telepathology, teledermatology, teledentistry, teleaudiology and teleophthalmology. In this article, recent telemedicine technologies which used in developed countries are introduced and the clinical and cost-effectiveness of these services is evaluated.
Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease among Women  [PDF]
Hengameh Hosseini
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.714203
Abstract: Stroke falls under the umbrella of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the number one killer of Americans. CVD, including stroke and heart disease, takes about 267,000 women’s lives every year [1]. In the present study, a health risk assessment of a population of women residing in North-eastern Pennsylvania was conducted to provide an estimate of vulnerability to stroke on the basis of medical history, genetic predisposition, and other lifestyle factors. Using the Health Belief model of Rosenstock, Strecher, and Becker [2] and the stage model of Prochaska, Diflemente, and Norcross [3], a health promotion plan was developed to address the needs of that population. An evaluation of risks that can and cannot be modified is developed to help people understand the basic lifestyle changes that could be made to prevent CVD, which includes stroke. An action plan was developed to lower the risk of stroke among women based on their individual needs and to raise awareness throughout the United States. Individuals should take the essential precautions for their personal cases. This will substantially lower the risk of CVD, especially stroke, among women.
Optimization of Draft Tube Position in a Spouted Bed Reactor using Response Surface Methodology  [PDF]
Elaheh Baghban, Arjomand Mehrabani-Zeinabad
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2012.24B059
Abstract:

Optimization of draft tube position in a spouted bed reactor used for treatment of wastewater containing low concentration of heavy metals is investigated in this paper. Response surface methodology is used to optimize the draft tube height, the draft tube width and the gap between the bottom of the draft tube and the inlet nozzle. It is observed that the draft tube with a height of 60 millimeter, width of 12 millimeter and the gap of 13 millimeter between its bottom and inlet nozzle, results in optimum value of minimum spouting velocity, measured 45 cubic centimeter per second (2.7 Liter per minute) .



Collaborative Design Studio on Trial: A Conceptual Framework in Practice  [PDF]
Hesam Kamalipour, Zahra Mansouri Kermani, Elaheh Houshmandipanah
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.21001
Abstract:

Addressing interactive and communicative aspects of design process, architectural pedagogy, and practices of urban education, collaborative design studio (CDS) has become a considerable area of interdisciplinary research in the past years. However, a growing body of knowledge in CDS studies shows that the criteria of evidence-based practices, empirical explorations, and theoretical conceptualization of CDS have not been addressed properly yet. Thus, adopting quantitative and qualitative approaches, the study tends to provide a conceptual framework for CDS studies and explore the interrelations between three parameters of the generated model through a case study of collaborative design studio in practice. Firstly, the study tends to conceptualize various dimensions of collaborative design studio based on the previous researches in terms of place, content, process, time, and size. Secondly, the study implements correlational research methods in terms of structural equation model (SEM) and factor analysis in order to explore interrelations between parameters of size, place, and process in a case study. In this way, findings of the study indicate that the parameter of size has significant influences on the process factor in CDS practices. Moreover, it suggests that the parameter of place is not likely to have considerable impact on the factor of process.

Investigation of T Factor Variations along Atrak River to the Caspian Sea  [PDF]
Elaheh Javadi Mousavi, Mehran Arian, Manochehr Ghorashi
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2017.71004
Abstract: The study area has located on Atrak river basin in the Iran-Turkmenistan border zone that is the greatest river on the southeastern margin of Caspian Sea. The study area was divided into 56 sub-basins and then T factors were calculated for all streams of the Atrak river. T factor is a geomorphic index for tilting identification by active tectonics. Our results show that, there are low, moderate and high relative tectonic activities levels. Low relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 23, 25, 41 and 51, moderate relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 39, 40, 42, 43, 46, 47,48, 49, 50, 52, 53, 55 and 56 and high relative tectonic activities level has been found in sub-basins No. 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 22, 26, 27, 33, 36, 37, 38, 44, 45 and 54. Also, most part of the study area has got moderate tectonic activity that it is compatible with its tectonic setting on the Kopetdagh belt in Iran. It is shows that some sub-basins on the western parts of study area that river has got west-east trending, are more active. But, some sub-basins on the eastern parts of study area that river has got northwest-southeast trending, are less active. It means that migration direction of the most streams are toward north and south and the major faults and folds in the western parts of study area caused river tilting be perpendicular to structural trend. This variation along the most important river on the northeastern part of Iran was analyzed for the first time in this research.
Blended Learning Approaches in Medical Science: A Review Article
Shahram Khazaei,Elaheh Rashedi,Elaheh Barati
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Blended learning is a combination of traditional and electronic learning, which utilizes both face-to-face classrooms and information and communication technologies to educate learners. In recent years, blended learning has become a fixed feature within professional educations and has been prioritized by universities around the world, especially medical science universities. Blended learning is being used in medical science education to help improve training in many different areas, including healthcare professionals and students’ education, patients training and global health education. This article discusses blended learning approaches in medical sciences universities. This is a literature review article, which information gathering has been done by using paper and paperless documents related to the topic.
Asymmetric pulmonary edema after scorpion sting: a case report
Razi, Ebrahim;Malekanrad, Elaheh;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652008000600007
Abstract: a 12-year-old boy was referred with acute asymmetric pulmonary edema (ape) four-hour after scorpion sting to emergency department. on admission, the main clinical manifestations were: dyspnea, tachypnea, and tachycardia. chest x-ray revealed ape predominantly on the right hemithorax. the patient was treated with oxygen, intravenous frusemide and digoxin and discharged on the sixth hospital day in a good condition. this case report emphasizes the occurrence of asymmetric pulmonary edema after severe scorpion envenomation within few hours immediately after the sting.
On the Impacts of Four Collocation Instructional Methods: Web-Based Concordancing vs. Traditional Method, Explicit vs. Implicit Instruction
Elaheh Zaferanieh,Saeedeh Behrooznia
Studies in Literature and Language , 2011, DOI: 10.3968/j.sll.1923156320110303.110
Abstract: Due to the fact that collocations have been considered as one of the main concerns of both EFL learners and teachers for many years, the present study has dealt with this issue in a three-dimensional way. First, it compared the efficiency of teaching collocations both through web-based concordancing practices and through traditional methods. Second, it investigated and compared the impact of implicit and explicit collocation teaching on the students` learning. Third, it examined the effect of L1 (Farsi) on collocation learning; in other words, the effect of congruent (those collocations which have equivalent in Farsi) and non-congruent collocations. Fifty-four EFL students participated in this study. At the beginning, the researchers gave the participants a Michigan test to select those with the same level of proficiency. There were two treatments: A and B, the former investigated the effect of concordancing and traditional approaches, and the latter examined the implicit and explicit collocation teaching. In both treatments, learners were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. There were both a pre-test and a post-test to determine the effect of treatments. Subsequently, after obtaining the data, some statistical analyses (t-Tests) were performed. The results indicated that concordancing approach was highly efficient in teaching and learning collocations, and participants’ scores learning collocations through this method were higher than learners’ scores in traditional method (especially in learning non-congruent collocations that the difference was significant); in addition, learners’ performance in the group receiving explicit instruction of collocations was meaningfully better than those receiving implicit instruction through mere exposure. Key words: Collocation Learning; Web-based Concordancing; Traditional Method; Explicit Instruction; Implicit Instruction; L1
The Relationship Between Reading Self-efficacy Beliefs, Reading Strategy Use and Reading Comprehension Level of Iranian EFL Learners
Mahdieh Naseri,Elaheh Zaferanieh
World Journal of Education , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/wje.v2n2p64
Abstract: This co-relational study explored the relationship between reading self-efficacy beliefs, reading strategies use and reading comprehension level of Iranian EFL learners. In this study, Michigan reading comprehension test, a self-reported Reading Strategy Use Questionnaire, and a Reading Self-efficacy Questionnaire were administered to eighty Junior and Senior EFL students. The results of Spearman Correlation coefficient, descriptive statistics, and Canonical correlation indicated that a) there were significant strong positive correlation between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading comprehension and also between reading self-efficacy beliefs and reading strategies use, b) the most frequent use of reading strategy was found to be cognitive strategy, followed by testing strategy, meta-cognitive strategy, and finally compensatory strategy, c) regarding the gender, the relationship between Reading Self-efficacy and Reading Strategies used by Iranian EFL senior and junior students made no difference.
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