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Microalgae Isolation and Selection for Prospective Biodiesel?Production
Van Thang Duong,Yan Li,Ekaterina Nowak,Peer M. Schenk
Energies , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/en5061835
Abstract: Biodiesel production from microalgae is being widely developed at different scales as a potential source of renewable energy with both economic and environmental benefits. Although many microalgae species have been identified and isolated for lipid production, there is currently no consensus as to which species provide the highest productivity. Different species are expected to function best at different aquatic, geographical and climatic conditions. In addition, other value-added products are now being considered for commercial production which necessitates the selection of the most capable algae strains suitable for multiple-product algae biorefineries. Here we present and review practical issues of several simple and robust methods for microalgae isolation and selection for traits that maybe most relevant for commercial biodiesel production. A combination of conventional and modern techniques is likely to be the most efficient route from isolation to large-scale cultivation.
Cartographic Approach in Studying Landscape Northwestern of Part Western Siberia  [PDF]
Ekaterina Kuzmenko
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.613220
Abstract: The structure and dynamics of geosystems: plant of forest and bogs in the northwestern part of Western Siberia is considered by using the Kazym-Lyamin interfluve, based on the landscape-assessment map for the middle part of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District. The study used the landscape structural-dynamical approach and the methods of studying the spatio-temporal dynamics of taiga geosystems. Theoretical and methodological research on the development of the landscape-assessment map for Asian Russia is high on the cartographic agenda of the V. B. Sochava Institute of geography SB RAS. The methodic research is to be used to Landsat-5 TM in GIS Multi-Spec and Qgis. An analysis is also made of the topographic, geomorphologic and forest 1:200,000 maps, the profiles characterize the lithology, field data of geobotanical and soil descriptions, and experimental permanent station operated. The landscape structure of this area and its hierarchical subordination are represented in the map legend in terms of groups of facies which are combined into regional-typological classification units: groups of geoms, classes, and types of natural environment. Landscape mapping and planning will help to timely prevent and forecast the magnitudes of disturbances to natural environment using and be as the basis for a package of optimal nature-conservation measures and target-oriented technogenic and anthropogenic impacts.
Dual Treatment Strategy by Venous Ulcers: Pilot Study to Dual-Frequency Ultrasound Application  [PDF]
Ilja Kruglikov, Ekaterina Kruglikova
Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications (JCDSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2011.14024
Abstract: We propose a new dual treatment strategy by venous ulcer, consisting in simultaneous modulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and heat shock proteins (HSPs) in the wound. One treatment method which can efficiently modulate both these substances is based on the application of dual-frequency ultrasound (LDM). This strategy was checked in a pilot study on 10 patients with chronic venous ulcers and demonstrated excellent healing rate.
Reliability of Attenuation Properties Recovery for Viscoelastic Media  [PDF]
Ekaterina Efimova, Vladimir Cheverda
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2013.31B1017

The inverse problem of seismology for media with attenuation is considered in this paper. Generalized Standard Linear Solid is used to describe viscoelastic media. In the numerical solution certain parameterizations can be coupled, it means that true heterogeneity of the only one of parameters can be restored only as a perturbation of another. This is why important to investigate reliability of parameters recovery. By using method based on diffraction patterns it is possible to see whether the parameters are coupled. Singular value decomposition was used to study the possibility of recovering the parameters in practice. It was investigated the possibility of reconstructing of the density, impedances and attenuation properties. Coupling appears on the attenuation properties and impedances separately corresponding to the P-wave and S-wave. It is also should be noted that coupling decreases with increasing frequency range and the condition number.

New Theoretical Aspects of Software Engineering for Development Applications and E-Learning  [PDF]
Ekaterina Lavrischeva, Alexei Ostrovski
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.69A004

This paper presents new theoretical aspects of software engineering which oriented on product lines for building applied systems and software product families from readymade reusable components in conditions of program factories. These aspects are the new disciplines such as the theory of component programming; models variability and interoperability of system; theory for building systems and product families from components. Principles and methods of implementing these theories were realized in the instrumental and technological complex by lines of component development: assembling program factories using lines, e-learning to new theories and technologies in textbook of “Software Engineering” by the universities students.

Algebraic Cryptanalysis of GOST Encryption Algorithm  [PDF]
Ludmila Babenko, Ekaterina Maro
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2014.24002

This paper observes approaches to algebraic analysis of GOST 28147-89 encryption algorithm (also known as simply GOST), which is the basis of most secure information systems in Russia. The general idea of algebraic analysis is based on the representation of initial encryption algorithm as a system of multivariate quadratic equations, which define relations between a secret key and a cipher text. Extended linearization method is evaluated as a method for solving the nonlinear sys- tem of equations.

Ontology of Domains. Ontological Description Software Engineering Domain—The Standard Life Cycle  [PDF]
Ekaterina M. Lavrischeva
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2015.87033
Abstract: Basic concepts and notions of ontological description of domains are implemented in the conceptual model being understandable to ordinary users of this domain. Ontological approach is used for the presentation of software engineering domain—Life Cycle (LC) ISO/IEC 12207 with the aim to automate LC processes and to generate different variants of LC for development systems. And the second aim of Conceptual Model must teach the student to standard process LC, which includes general, organizational and supported processes. These processes are presented in graphical terms of DSL, which are transformed to XML for processing systems in the modern environment (IBM, VS.Net, JAVA and so on). The testing process is given in ontology terms of Protégé systems, and semantics of tasks of this process is implemented in Ruby. Domain ontology LC is displayed by the several students of MIPT Russia and Kiev National University as laboratory practicum course “Software Engineering”.
An Empirical Multi-Output Production Decision Model for the Profit Maximizing Multiproduct Firm  [PDF]
Ekaterina Vorotnikova, Serhat Asci
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.54065
Abstract: Empirical estimation of a theoretical multi-output production model that uses multiple inputs is difficult because of the complexities of its functional form. By using proper parameterization to linearize theoretical model’s functional form, this paper develops an empirical estimation for multi-output production decision using multiple inputs in the profit maximizing firm, namely, multi-output production decision model. The model aligns with the dual approach of cost minimization and revenue maximization for the profit maximizing multi-product firm while keeping jointness in production structurally intact.
A Statistical-Based Framework for Predicting Supplier’s Behavior to Quality Requirement Changes in Supply Chain  [PDF]
Ekaterina Koromyslova, Jerry Visser
iBusiness (IB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2015.74016
Abstract: Companies-manufacturers have to deal with demand and supply uncertainties. They need to adjust to changing customer needs and to be able to pass new quality requirements through the supply chain. Even if suppliers’ performance is satisfactory in stable environment, they can behave differently in dynamic situation. Some suppliers can fail to meet new quality requirements or even quit the supply chain. Underestimation of suppliers’ motivation can lead to loss of sales, customers, and can face the situation of need of new supplier search. The goal of this paper is to highlight an importance of consideration of informal factors in relationships with supply chain and to discuss a methodology of approach to predict high risk suppliers for changing quality requirements.
Location Optimization of a Coal Power Plant to Balance Costs against Plant’s Emission Exposure  [PDF]
Najam Khan, Ekaterina Koromyslova
American Journal of Operations Research (AJOR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajor.2019.91003
Abstract: The goal of the research is to develop a methodology to minimize the public’s exposure to harmful emissions from coal power plants while maintaining minimal operational costs related to electric distribution losses and coal logistics. The objective is achieved by combining EPA Screen3, ISC3 and Japanese METI-LIS model equations with minimum spanning tree (MST) algorithm. Prim’s MST algorithm is used to simulate an electric distribution system and coal transportation pathways. The model can detect emission interaction with another source and estimate the ground level concentrations of emissions up to distances of 25 kilometers. During a grid search, the algorithm helps determine a candidate location, for a new coal power plant, that would minimize the operational cost while ensuring emission exposure is below the EPA/NIOSH thresholds. The proposed methodology has been coded in form of a location analysis simulation. An exhaustive search strategy delivers a final candidate location for a new coal power plant to ensure minimum operational costs as compared to the random or greedy search strategy. The simulation provides a tool to industrial zone planners, environmental engineers, and stakeholders in coal-based power generation. Using operational and emissions perspectives, the tool helps ascertain a list of compromise locations for a new coal power plant facility.
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