oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 1 )

2016 ( 1 )

2015 ( 9 )

2014 ( 23 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 235 matches for " Einar Sneve Martinussen "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /235
Display every page Item
Depth of Field: Discursive design research through film Depth of Field: Discursive design research through film
Timo Arnall,Einar Sneve Martinussen
FORMakademisk , 2010,
Abstract: This article is about the role of film in interaction and product design research with technology, and the use of film in exploring and explaining emerging technologies in multiple contexts. We have engaged in a reflective design research process that uses graphical, audiovisual, and time-based media as a tool, a material and a communicative artefact that enables us to approach complex, obscure and often invisible emerging technologies. We give a discursive account of how film has played an intricate role in our design research practice, from revealing the materiality of invisible wireless technology, to explaining complex technical prototypes, to communicating to a public audience through online films that may fold broader social and cultural discourses back into our design research process. We conclude by elaborating on discursive design approaches to research that use film as a reflective and communicative medium that allows for design research to operate within a social and cultural frame. This article is about the role of film in interaction and product design research with technology, and the use of film in exploring and explaining emerging technologies in multiple contexts. We have engaged in a reflective design research process that uses graphical, audiovisual, and time-based media as a tool, a material and a communicative artefact that enables us to approach complex, obscure and often invisible emerging technologies. We give a discursive account of how film has played an intricate role in our design research practice, from revealing the materiality of invisible wireless technology, to explaining complex technical prototypes, to communicating to a public audience through online films that may fold broader social and cultural discourses back into our design research process. We conclude by elaborating on discursive design approaches to research that use film as a reflective and communicative medium that allows for design research to operate within a social and cultural frame.
The strengths and difficulties questionnaire as a screening instrument for norwegian child and adolescent mental health services, application of UK scoring algorithms
Br?ndbo Per,Mathiassen B?rge,Martinussen Monica,Heiervang Einar
Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1753-2000-5-32
Abstract: Background The use of screening instruments can reduce waiting lists and increase treatment capacity. The aim of this study was to examine the usefulness of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) with the original UK scoring algorithms, when used as a screening instrument to detect mental health disorders among patients in the Norwegian Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) North Study. Methods A total of 286 outpatients, aged 5 to 18 years, from the CAMHS North Study were assigned diagnoses based on a Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA). The main diagnostic groups (emotional, hyperactivity, conduct and other disorders) were then compared to the SDQ scoring algorithms using two dichotomisation levels: 'possible' and 'probable' levels. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio (ORD) were calculated. Results Sensitivity for the diagnostic categories included was 0.47-0.85 ('probable' dichotomisation level) and 0.81-1.00 ('possible' dichotomisation level). Specificity was 0.52-0.87 ('probable' level) and 0.24-0.58 ('possible' level). The discriminative ability, as measured by ORD, was in the interval for potentially useful tests for hyperactivity disorders and conduct disorders when dichotomised on the 'possible' level. Conclusions The usefulness of the SDQ UK-based scoring algorithms in detecting mental health disorders among patients in the CAMHS North Study is only partly supported in the present study. They seem best suited to identify children and adolescents who do not require further psychiatric evaluation, although this as well is problematic from a clinical point of view.
Intuition, a Part of Bipolar Disorder? The Emotional Brain-Survival and Time  [PDF]
Einar Hellbom
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2014.32009
Abstract: Survival and reproduction are essential for all living forms. Can intuition increase the survival rate and be a part of the evolution? One of our survival functions is the automatic response to fear like our reaction to snakes mediated by the amygdala also called the emotional brain. But how fast can the amygdala react? Can it react and protect even before an event has occurred? Dreams and visions bringing warnings of future danger have been described by many people. The condition can be related to psychiatric disorders and have a genetic base. If we strictly follow Einstein’s general theory, time is a dimension containing our universe’s past and future at the same time. Then a “time mirage” can be like an optical mirage where you can see people in the desert but they cannot see you. Our methods of measuring this dimension are limiting our understanding of it; but if the brain has access to the dimension, we might be able to study and understand it better with new tests.
International Collaboration on Regulatory Supervision
Sneve,Malgorzata K.;
Nucleus , 2010,
Abstract: abstract this paper describes the norwegian radiation protection authority’s experience in regulatory cooperation projects in russia, with special emphasis on inherited problems. this inheritance includes a large amount of waste sources, such as those used in radioisotope thermoelectric generators, and remediation of former military sites used for storage of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste. the goals of the cooperation programme are to promote effective and efficient regulatory supervision, taking into account international recommendations and good practice in other countries. the specific projects in the program are aimed at specific challenges, which require practical local interpretation of icrp recommendations, the iaea basic safety standards and other iaea requirements and guidance documents. in some cases, new regulatory documentation has been required, as well as new regulatory procedures. in the long term, the program is intended to lead to an enhanced and enduring safety culture. the positive experience in russia encouraged the norwegian government in 2008 to extend the regulatory collaboration programme to the countries in central asia, based on the experience gained from russian regulatory authorities as well as from support of russian technical support organisations. the programmes are evolving into a regional regulatory support group. noting this experience, the paper includes suggestions and ideas about how such regional groups can be effective in addressing common radiation safety objectives while addressing local differences in technical, geographical, economic and cultural matters in each country.
Exploring predictors of performance on a curriculum-based measure of written expression
Madison Aitken,Rhonda Martinussen
Journal of Writing Research , 2013,
Abstract: This study examined the role of word-level reading proficiency and verbal working memory in grade 4 and 5 students’ (N = 42; 23 boys) performance on a curriculum-based measure of narrative writing. Two outcomes were measured: correct minus incorrect word sequences (CMIWS; accurate-production of spelling and grammar in-text), and composition quality. CMIWS scores were moderately correlated with the holistic quality score. Word reading proficiency predicted CMIWS above and beyond the variance accounted for by gender, grade, handwriting automaticity, and working memory. Word reading proficiency also predicted composition quality controlling for gender and handwriting automaticity. Working memory, as measured by an updating task, was not a significant unique predictor of CMIWS or composition quality. Grade (5 > 4) and gender differences (girls > boys) were also found for CMIWS scores. Although handwriting automaticity was correlated with CMIWS scores and writing quality, it was not a unique predictor of either measure. The results provide further evidence of the sensitivity of the CMIWS index. They also highlight the importance of considering reading proficiency and handwriting automaticity when assessing children’s writing abilities and planning instruction for children with writing difficulties.
Deviants or Consenting Adults: A Human Rights Approach to Defining and Controlling Deviant Behavior  [PDF]
Einar Nick Larsen
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31001
Abstract:

This article examines the concept of deviance within a human rights perspective. The current debate over the need for consent, and the difficulty inherent in attempting to reach a consensus regarding definitions of deviance, are discussed. The positivist and subjectivist-constructionist approaches to defining deviance are outlined and critiqued. It is concluded that both of these models are inadequate for defining deviance and that a more objective approach is required which reflects society’s interests, while also protecting individuals from the tyranny of the majority. This conclusion leads to the development of a new model of deviance which incorporates human rights into the method for defining deviance. This model rests on the argument that there is a crucial difference between behaviors which are undesirable and those which are unacceptable. It is further argued that only unacceptable behaviors should be prohibited and that behaviors which are merely undesirable should be tolerated and regulated. A model is elaborated in which five criteria are posited as a methodology for determining whether particular behavior is deviant and/or whether it should be controlled through criminal sanctions.

The Use of Social Media in Medical Education: A Literature Review  [PDF]
Einar Arnbj?rnsson
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.524229
Abstract: Social networks are frequently used by university students, as well as by the rest of the population worldwide to communicate, collect information, and share information and images. The aim of this report was to determine if there was substantial evidence in the literature that demonstrated the benefits of using social networks to enhance the learning process, as measured by students’ performance on examinations. The main outcome measures were any measurable difference between students who used social networks as part of their education compared to those who did not. A systemic literature search was performed in the PubMed database using predefined search terms, exclusion/inclusion criteria, and primary/secondary criteria. The results disclosed in total, 636 publications were identified; however, only 77 articles met the criteria for inclusion and exclusion. After applying secondary filter criteria, 18 publications were identified that included randomized comparative studies, review articles, and meta-analyses. A review of the list of references in these publications revealed an additional seven articles. The findings demonstrate that although social media represents an important source of medical information that is widely used in education and in everyday lives, no studies have reported that it has a significant impact in enhancing the learning process. Additional comparative studies are needed on this topic.
Psychometric Properties of the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS)  [PDF]
Sigrun Sveinbjornsdottir, Einar Baldvin Thorsteinsson
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52022
Abstract:

This paper presents the collective results of three independent studies in two countries, Australia and Iceland, aimed to develop a psychometrically sound adolescent coping scale, the Measure of Adolescent Coping Strategies (MACS). Study 1, relying on 3034 Australian and 6908 Icelandic adolescents, revealed five conceptually distinct first-order factors. Two second-order factors (dimensions) were derived: (a) adaptive coping encompassing stoicism/distraction, seeking social support, and self-care, and (b) maladaptive coping encompassing acting out and rumination. This factor structure was supported by multisample confirmatory factor analysis (MSCFA) across age, gender and national samples. Study 1 established evidence of discriminant validity. In Study 2, including 534 Australian adolescents, the factor structure was verified through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Studies 1 and 2 provided evidence of construct validity. Study 3, employing 118 Icelandic adolescents, established 16-week test-retest reliability and evidence of convergent validity. Therefore, the MACS is a short, reliable and valid scale to measure adolescent coping, thus enabling clinicians, researchers and educators to improve their practice when conducting research and guiding adolescents in developing effective coping methods.

Adolescents’ Compulsive Internet Use and Depression: A Longitudinal Study  [PDF]
Einar B. Thorsteinsson, Lucy Davey
Open Journal of Depression (OJD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojd.2014.31005
Abstract: Background: The present longitudinal study examined predictors of compulsive internet use and depression. Method: Adolescents, 21 males and 20 females, completed online questionnaires with a 12-month interval. Results: Social internet use (i.e., using instant messaging and social networks) was associated with decreased levels of depression. High support satisfaction, use of social networking, and instant messaging contributed to lower changes in compulsive Internet use. Conclusion: The effects of social internet use in combination with different psychosocial factors seem to have more positive effects than negative ones on change in depression and the development of compulsive internet use.

Teacher Stress and Teacher Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Engagement, Emotional Exhaustion, and Motivation to Leave the Teaching Profession  [PDF]
Einar M. Skaalvik, Sidsel Skaalvik
Creative Education (CE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2016.713182
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore how seven potentially stressful school context variables (potential stressors) predicted senior high school teachers’ experiences of teacher self-efficacy, emotional stress, emotional exhaustion, engagement in teaching, and motivation to leave the teaching profession. A total of 523 Norwegian teachers in senior high school participated in the study. Four of the potential stressors were significantly but differently related to self-efficacy and emotional stress and indirectly to emotional exhaustion, engagement, and motivation to leave the profession. The study shows that different potential stressors predict emotional exhaustion, engagement, and motivation through different psychological processes. SEM-analysis indicated two main routes to teachers’ motivation to leave the profession: 1) one route from time pressure via emotional stress and exhaustion to motivation to quit and 2) another route from lack of supervisory support and trust, low student motivation and value conflicts via lower self-efficacy and lower engagement to motivation to quit.
Page 1 /235
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.