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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6579 matches for " Edward Owusu "
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An Assessment of the Methods of Development in the Essays of Business Students in Ghanaian Private Universities: A Case Study  [PDF]
Asuamah Adade-Yeboah, Edward Owusu
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103176
Abstract:
The study is an attempt to assess the methods of development in the compositions of students who are reading various business-oriented courses in private universities in Ghana. This area has received little attention from researchers in Ghana. Two private universities—Christian Service and Ghana Baptist University College—were the two selected cases. Prior investigations exposed students’ writing flaws in the form of wrong usage of the features of a particular method of development when writing essays. Therefore, the literature reviewed was mostly based on these gaps indicated. The primary data collected from the field were from texts (classroom-based and take-home-based texts). Basically, probability sampling techniques were employed to sample the population of the cases selected. All the data gathered were descriptively analysed. The findings showed that students have problems composing descriptive and comparison and contrast paragraphs or essays. But, the study brought to light that students handled narrative, argumentative, and cause and effect essays knowledgeably. It was recommended that enough attention should be given to the teaching and learning of descriptive and comparison and contrast essays. It is our expectation that the findings and recommendations of the work would influence the decisions of policy makers in the field of English language.
Genital Schistosomiasis Leading to Ectopic Pregnancy and Subfertility: A Case for Parasitic Evaluation of Gynaecologic Patients in Schistosomiasis Endemic Areas
Atta Owusu-Bempah,Alexander Tawiah Odoi,Edward Tieru Dassah
Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/634264
Abstract: Female genital schistosomiasis is a significant risk factor for ectopic pregnancy and infertility in schistosomiasis-endemic areas. A case of one previous ectopic pregnancy and subsequent obstruction of the contralateral tube in a secondary subfertility patient with chronic genital schistosomiasis is presented, emphasizing the need for a detailed history and parasitic evaluation of patients presenting with ectopic pregnancy or subfertility in areas where the disease is endemic. 1. Introduction Schistosomiasis affects over 240 million people worldwide, more than 90% of whom live in Africa [1]. Up to 50% of women in Schistosoma haematobium endemic areas suffer from genital schistosomiasis. About 23–41% of women with genital schistosomiasis may not excrete any schistosome ova in their urine [2, 3]. Female genital schistosomiasis is associated with significant morbidity including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and vesicovaginal fistulae [4–9]. A case of one previous ectopic pregnancy and subsequent distal obstruction (hydrosalpinx) of the contralateral tube in a secondary subfertility patient with chronic schistosomiasis is presented. This case highlights two different stages of untreated female genital schistosomiasis in one individual and emphasizes the need for a meticulous history and parasitic evaluation of patients presenting with ectopic pregnancy or subfertility in schistosomiasis endemic areas. 2. Case Report A 34-year-old primiparous woman with a body mass index (BMI) of 22?kg/m2 presented to our Gynaecology Clinic with a history of subfertility. She had been married for 10 years prior to her visit and her only child was eight years old. Three years prior to the current visit, she had had an emergency laparotomy on account of tubal ectopic pregnancy and a left total salpingectomy was done; no specimen was sent for histopathological evaluation. The right tube was grossly normal. She had a history of long-standing lower abdominal pain, but no menstrual abnormalities, vaginal discharge, or urinary symptoms such as dysuria, haematuria, or stress incontinence. As a teenager, she used to swim in nearby streams and her past medical history was significant for the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis 19 years prior. She had not had water body (stream, river, dam, pond, or lake) contact since she moved away from her initial location some 14 years prior to this presentation. Clinical examination, urine and stool examinations, high vaginal and endocervical swabs, and abdominal and pelvic ultrasonography were unremarkable. The husband’s semen analysis was
Perceptions of Some Africans about Post-Colonialism as Depicted in Jomo Kenyatta’s “The Gentlemen of the Jungle”  [PDF]
Edward Owusu, Asuamah Adade-Yeboah, Priscilla Appiah
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105677
Abstract:
Every human being, in addition to having his or her own personal identity, has a sense of who he or she is, in relation to the larger society. It seems that after independence is achieved by African states, one main question arises: What is the new society, culture, and identity? Africans are faced with cultural clash owing to the fact that they have been too much exposed to the colonizer’s (European’s) way of life. The identity of most Africans is gradually eroded as there is a proliferation of Westernization. This content analysis design paper, employing Jomo Kenyatta’s short story, “The Gentlemen of the Jungle”, as the main data, has examined the main theme, post-colonialism, from four sub-perspectives. These perspectives are: alienation and exclusion, retributive justice, the colonizer’s language as a tool of dominance, and double standard and abuse of power. The significance of this paper is to facilitate the shaping of new identities in African communities after the obliterating of colonialism and European imperialism. The essay is structured into four main parts: introduction, the method, the themes, and the conclusion.
Adolescents’ Willingness and Intentions to Use Contraceptives in Rural Ghana  [PDF]
Sulemana Abubakari, Yeetey A. Enuameh, Emmanuel Mahama, Obed Ernest A. Nettey, George Adjei, Gifty Fosuaa Nuamah, Edward Apraku Anane, Robert Adda, Francis Dzabeng, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Charles Zandoh, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.311029
Abstract: Efforts made to improve the availability and access to family planning services to adolescents in Ghana have not yielded the desired results. Adolescents in the Kintampo Health and Demographic Surveillance System area are no exception. This study explored contraceptive use intentions, preferences and their determinants among adolescents in rural Ghana. This was to contribute evidence towards achieving universal access to reproductive health. A cross-sectional study design was used to collect Sexual and Reproductive Health data in the Kintampo districts in 2011. A total of 1805 female adolescents were randomly sampled from a resident female adolescent population of 16,795. This study used intention and/or willingness of adolescents to use contraceptives as the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic and socioeconomic factors. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were done. The findings indicated 54.3% of adolescents’ were willing to use contraceptives. Injectable was the most preferred contraceptive method among adolescents (48.6%); this was followed by the pill (29.6%) with the least being foam or jelly (0.2%). The most commonly cited reason for not intending to use contraception was adolescents’ opposition to family planning (31.5%) followed by a fear of side effects (25.8%). Age and education influenced adolescents’ willingness to use contraceptives in the future. Formal education of the young generation coupled with knowledge of contraceptive methods could yield positive outcomes for contraceptive use and ultimately reproductive health of the adolescent population in the near future.
Floral diversity and carbon stocks and of protected forest ecosystem: A case of UENR’s Bat Sanctuary, Sunyani, Ghana  [PDF]
Nat Owusu-Prempeh, Osei Owusu Antobre, Thomas Agyei
Open Journal of Forestry (OJF) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojf.2018.81003
Abstract: The study assesses the functional status of the University of Energy and Natural Resources’ (UENR) bat sanctuary by examining its floral diversity and carbon stocks. Twenty-nine sampling points (plots) were randomly generated by using the ArcGIS random sampling algorithm. Using a three-nest sampling plot of 100m2, 25m2, and 1m2 quadrat, the enumeration of trees (DBH>10cm), saplings (>2cm DBH <10cm) and seedlings (girth <2cm) was undertaken, respectively. Additionally, the diversity of each floral species was computed using the Shannon Wiener diversity index whilst the carbon stocks were estimated using allometric equations. The total carbon stock per plot was derived from the summation of the aboveground carbon (AGC), belowground carbon (BGC) and deadwood carbon (DWC). In sum, 450 floral individuals belonging to 47 species and 22 families were enumerated with Bignoniaceae (16.4%), Apocynaceae (10.0%), Caesalpiniaceae (9.2%) and Rubiaceae (8.8%) being the most common families within the protected area (PA). The average carbon sequestered per hectare of the PA was 2,789.3 tons. However, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) between the 10m buffer created and the core area with respect to species diversity and carbon stocks. The study has provided valuable information on the functional status of the bat sanctuary which will help promote its conservation for sustained provision of ecosystem services.
Household Perceptions, Treatment-Seeking Behaviors and Health Outcomes for Buruli Ulcer Disease in a Peri-Urban District in Ghana  [PDF]
Adobea Yaa Owusu, Clement Adamba
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2012.23024
Abstract: Buruli ulcer (BU) has been associated with very unimaginable outcomes. It is flesh eating, disfiguring and economically dehydrating. Yet the disease is still mostly shrouded in mystery. Consequently, people have different perceptions about it and hence adopt different treatment behaviorss towards it; notwithstanding the free treatment for it. The purpose of this paper is to identify and examine respondents’ perceptions and the influence these have on their health seeking behaviorss. Eighty-six BU patients who had been treated or were being treated of BU in the Ga West District Health Center in Ghana were sampled for this study. A structured questionnaire and a qualitative in-depth interview guide were used to elicit the data. Some of the interviewees held the belief that the disease is caused by their adversaries, including witches. More than half of the respondents, however, did not have any idea about the disease and thought it is just the work of God. The first point of call for health care for most of the patients studied was herbalists or else they used herbs. Nearly a quarter of them also engaged in self medication, including the use of ‘pain killers’ and ointments, since they took the first signs for ordinary boils. Perceptions of the cause of the disease influenced health seeking behaviors, which further influenced treatment outcomes. A lot of education is needed on the symptoms of the disease, including encouraging early seeking of care at the District Health Center.
Funding of Agricultural Research and Development in Ghana: The Case of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)  [PDF]
Roland Asare, George Owusu Essegbey
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2016.72006
Abstract: Agricultural Research and Development (R&D) investments contribute greatly to economic growth, agricultural development and poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper examines the financial investment and expenditure trends in agricultural R&D in Ghana with emphasis on the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the implication for the policies driving agricultural research in Ghana. Data from Agricultural Science & Technology Indicator (ASTI) and in-depth studies on agricultural R&D in Ghana were used. Purposive sampling was used to gather data in thirteen agricultural research institutes and five public universities in Ghana. Through questionnaire administration, data were collected and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that, total public agricultural R&D expenditure had increased by 59 per cent from 42.5 million (2005 PPP) dollars in 2000 to 67.7 million (2005 PPP) dollars in 2011 and with an average expenditure of 54.1 million (2005 PPP) dollars per year. The total expenditure by CSIR constitutes about 50 per cent of the total agricultural research expenditure in Ghana. The study however, showed a drastic decline in capital investments from 6.7 per cent in 2000 to 0.1 per cent in 2011 of the total government funding with operational cost following similar declining pattern. Still, when considering the totality of funding including salaries and wages, government support is the main source of funding for agricultural R&D in Ghana (85 per cent) with donors (7.3 per cent), sale of goods and services (6.7 per cent) and others serving as complementary sources. Though there have been considerable government investments in agricultural R&D in CSIR over the period, impact on operational and research activities has been minimal as the chunk of it went into payment of salaries and wages. The fundamental challenge is funding the very important operational and research activities which lead to technology development and innovation. Increasing commercialization of research technologies and government investment in agricultural R&D in Ghana, are recommended to address this investment challenge.
Ecotourism as a Conservation Tool - A Case of Afadjato–Agumatsa Conservation Area, Ghana
EH Owusu
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2008,
Abstract: Nature tourism is being increasingly promoted as a means to combat the inequality and dependency in rural areas. Furthermore, ecotourism as a subset of nature tourism has emerged as a potential mechanism for involving rural communities in the management of their natural resources, and thus benefit from their conservation efforts. This paper presents the results of a study undertaken within three traditional areas around the Mt. Afadjato and Agumatsa Range in Ghana. I examined local peoples\' perceptions on whether the costs of conservation can be offset with the potential benefits of the biodiversity of the area. Local people in all traditional areas see ecotourism as an opportunity to develop the area than as a conservation tool. However, the status of biodiversity, and the range of potential opportunities and costs, suggest that local people could benefit more from conservation and ecotourism, if they are prepared to the bear the costs. Equally, this will only be possible with the adoption of a holistic strategy that embraces the conservation of the whole of the Mt. Afadjato and Agumatsa Range, rather than the piecemeal approach currently being promoted by different traditional areas. Furthermore, since poverty in diverse forms is considered as one of the major threats to sustaining biodiversity, benefits from ecotourism must be appropriately targeted so that local people benefit and understand that these benefits are linked to the conservation of natural resources of the Afadjato-Agumasta Conservation Area.
A GIS-Based Estimation of Soil Loss in the Densu Basin in Ghana
G Owusu
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2012,
Abstract: Distributed erosion simulation models are useful in evaluation of different strategies for land-use and soil management improvement in watersheds. The increased soil erosion in Densu basin of Ghana has led to siltation of the river channel that is causing flooding in some parts of Accra, Ghana. The most urbanized basin in Ghana, Densu, supplies water to 600,000 people, with agriculture employing about 40% of the active population. A PCRaster GIS soil loss risk maps have been developed for Densu basin using models of Universal Soil Equation (USLE) and Revised Universal Soil Equation (RUSLE). Soil loss factors such as rainfall erosivity, soil erodibilty, slope and slope length were also mapped for the basin. The model predicted average, minimum and maximum annual soil loss rates of 2.2, 0, and 63 t ha–1y–1 , respectively, indicating that some areas in the basin are above tolerance level of 5.0 t ha–1yr–1. The total soil loss was 756,507 tonnes per hectare per year. Among the soil types Lixisols experienced the highest soil loss of 402,080 t ha–1 yr–1 with Plinthosols experiencing the lowest soil loss of 64 t ha–1 yr–1. Among the administrative districts in the basin Suhum, Kraboa and Coaltar experienced the highest absolute soil loss of 216,957 t ha–1 yr–1 while Fanteakwa experienced the highest average soil loss of 4.5 t ha–1 yr–1. The results can serve as data and information to water resources managers and soil conservationists.
The Perceptions of Local Communities towards the Conservation of Birds in an Important Bird Area in Ghana
EH Owusu
West African Journal of Applied Ecology , 2008,
Abstract: The important bird areas (IBA) concept provides a practical index of the diversity and condition of an ecosystem on a site-by-site basis using birds as indicators. It is believed that protecting and managing such sites will result in the conservation of some of the most sensitive, fragile and ecologically rich habitats in the world. However, acceptance of the IBA concept and, thus, site conservation action, by local communities is dependent on their perception of the importance of birds with regard to some aspects of their livelihood. The study was undertaken to examine the importance local communities around an IBA, the Afadjato and Agumatsa Conservation Area in Ghana, attach to conservation of birds, and their relevance as an indicator of environmental quality. Results obtained from a questionnaire survey, combined with group interviews, suggest that the importance local communities attached to bird conservation in the area was, to a large extent, dependent on the village or locality where people lived. West African Journal of Applied Ecology Vol. 13 2008: pp. 111-116
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