Abstract:
Amplification as a group-analysis-intervention has been neglected. Clinical experience has revealed it useful in advancing the development of the group process if used adequately and in due time. Danger of an inadequate amplification is most cases stimulated with the contratransferential problems of the therapist, and is as such in the group session presentations. The relations between resonance and amplification, just as well as the confrontation through the means of amplification are discussed in the article. The constructive and destructive effects of the amplification on formulation of the group-matrix are presented. Terms of “extended” and “distant” amplification are introduced.

Abstract:
For each i = 1, ..., n constructions are given for convex bodies K and L in n-dimensional Euclidean space such that each rank i orthogonal projection of K can be translated inside the corresponding projection of L, even though K has strictly larger m-th intrinsic volumes (i.e. V_m(K) > V_m(L)) for all m > i. It is then shown that, for each i = 1, ..., n, there is a class of bodies C{n,i}, called i-cylinder bodies of R^n, such that, if the body L with i-dimensional covering shadows is an i-cylinder body, then K will have smaller n-volume than L. The families C{n,i} are shown to form a strictly increasing chain of subsets C{n,1} < C{n,2} < ... < C{n,n-1} < C{n,n}, where C{n,1} is precisely the collection of centrally symmetric compact convex sets in n-dimensional space, while C{n,n} is the collection of all compact convex sets in n-dimensional space. Members of each family C{n,i} are seen to play a fundamental role in relating covering conditions for projections to the theory of mixed volumes, and members of C{n,i} are shown to satisfy certain geometric inequalities. Related open questions are also posed.

Abstract:
A Bonnesen-type inequality is a sharp isoperimetric inequality that includes an error estimate in terms of inscribed and circumscribed regions. A kinematic technique is used to prove a Bonnesen-type inequality for the Euclidean sphere (having constant positive Gauss curvature) and the hyperbolic plane (having constant negative Gauss curvature). These generalized inequalities each converge to the classical Bonnesen-type inequality for the Euclidean plane as the curvature approaches zero.

Abstract:
Let L be a compact convex set in R^n, and let 1 <= d <= n-1. The set L is defined to be d-decomposable if L is a direct Minkowski sum (affine Cartesian product) of two or more convex bodies each of dimension at most d. A compact convex set L is called d-reliable if, whenever each d-dimensional orthogonal projection of L contains a translate of the corresponding d-dimensional projection of a compact convex set K, it must follow that L contains a translate of K. It is shown that, for 1 <= d <= n-1: (1) d-decomposability implies d-reliability. (2) A compact convex set L in R^n is d-reliable if and only if, for all m >= d+2, no m unit normals to regular boundary points of L form the outer unit normals of a (m-1)-dimensional simplex. (3) Smooth convex bodies are not d-reliable. (4) A compact convex set L in R^n is 1-reliable if and only if L is 1-decomposable (i.e. a parallelotope). (5) A centrally symmetric compact convex set L in R^n is 2-reliable if and only if L is 2-decomposable. However, there are non-centered 2-reliable convex bodies that are not 2-decomposable.

Abstract:
Let K and L be compact convex sets in R^n. The following two statements are shown to be equivalent: (i) For every polytope Q inside K having at most n+1 vertices, L contains a translate of Q. (ii) L contains a translate of K. Let 1 <= d <= n-1. It is also shown that the following two statements are equivalent: (i) For every polytope Q inside K having at most d+1 vertices, L contains a translate of Q. (ii) For every d-dimensional subspace W, the orthogonal projection of the set L onto W contains a translate of the corresponding projection of the set K onto W. It is then shown that, if K is a compact convex set in R^n having at least d+2 exposed points, then there exists a compact convex set L such that every d-dimensional orthogonal projection of L contains a translate of the corresponding projection of K, while L does not contain a translate of K. In particular, such a convex body L exists whenever dim(K) > d.

Abstract:
Let $v_1, ..., v_m$ be a finite set of unit vectors in $\RR^n$. Suppose that an infinite sequence of Steiner symmetrizations are applied to a compact convex set $K$ in $\RR^n$, where each of the symmetrizations is taken with respect to a direction from among the $v_i$. Then the resulting sequence of Steiner symmetrals always converges, and the limiting body is symmetric under reflection in any of the directions $v_i$ that appear infinitely often in the sequence. In particular, an infinite periodic sequence of Steiner symmetrizations always converges, and the set functional determined by this infinite process is always idempotent.

Abstract:
The seismic records of borehole-to-borehole me- asurements on frequency of 200 Hz in the mi-crostrain range have been analysed. Microplas-ticity manifestations caused by seismic wave are detected on seismic records. It is the lad-der-like stepwise change in amplitude course in some parts of the seismic trace. The step dura-tion (time plateau) presents the amplitude- dependent time delay that shifts the arrival time and protracts pulse front. The microplastic process occurs owing to the anomalous re-alignment of the internal stresses on the micro-structural defects in “elastic” domain. Result is the useful contribution for improvement of the theory of wave attenuation in the rocks. It can also be used in solving the applied problems in material science, seismic prospecting, diagnos-tics etc.

In the
present paper, a generalization of the method of partial summation of the
expansion of the thermodynamical potential is proposed. This generalization
allows one to obtain the corresponding equations for higher-order correlation
matrices, as well as to formulate the variational method for their solution. We
show that correlation matrices of equilibrium quantum system satisfy a
variational principle for thermodynamic potential which is functional of these
matrices that provides a thermodynamic consistency of the theory. This result
is similar to a variational principle for correlation functions of classical
systems.

Abstract:
We use a probabilistic interpretation of solid angles to generalize the well-known fact that the inner angles of a triangle sum to 180 degrees. For the 3-dimensional case, we show that the sum of the solid inner vertex angles of a tetrahedron T, divided by 2*pi, gives the probability that an orthogonal projection of T onto a random 2-plane is a triangle. More generally, it is shown that the sum of the (solid) inner vertex angles of an n-simplex S, normalized by the area of the unit (n-1)-hemisphere, gives the probability that an orthogonal projection of S onto a random hyperplane is an (n-1)-simplex. Applications to more general polytopes are treated briefly, as is the related Perles-Shephard proof of the classical Gram-Euler relations.