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In this paper, an
optimisation problem for calculating the best energy bids of a set of hydro
power plants in a basin is proposed. The model is applied to a real Spanish
basin for the short-term (24-hour) planning of the operation. The algorithm
considers the ecological flows and social consumptions required for the actual
operation. One of the hydro plants is fluent, without direct-control abilities.
The results show that the fluent plant can be adequately controlled by using
the storage capacities of the other plants. In the simulations, the costs
related to the social consumptions are more significant than those due to the
ecological requirements. An estimate of the cost of providing water for social
uses is performed in the study.