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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 144684 matches for " Eder B. Muranaka "
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Hearing Preservation after Cochlear Implantation: UNICAMP Outcomes
Guilherme Machado de Carvalho,Alexandre C. Guimaraes,Alexandre S. M. Duarte,Eder B. Muranaka
International Journal of Otolaryngology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/107186
Hearing Preservation after Cochlear Implantation: UNICAMP Outcomes
Guilherme Machado de Carvalho,Alexandre C. Guimaraes,Alexandre S. M. Duarte,Eder B. Muranaka,Marcelo N. Soki,Renata S. Zanotello Martins,Walter A. Bianchini,Jorge R. Paschoal,Arthur M. Castilho
International Journal of Otolaryngology , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/107186
Abstract: Background. Electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) is an excellent choice for people with residual hearing in low frequencies but not high frequencies and who derive insufficient benefit from hearing aids. For EAS to be effective, subjects' residual hearing must be preserved during cochlear implant (CI) surgery. Methods. We implanted 6 subjects with a CI. We used a special surgical technique and an electrode designed to be atraumatic. Subjects' rates of residual hearing preservation were measured 3 times postoperatively, lastly after at least a year of implant experience. Subjects' aided speech perception was tested pre- and postoperatively with a sentence test in quiet. Subjects' subjective responses assessed after a year of EAS or CI experience. Results. 4 subjects had total or partial residual hearing preservation; 2 subjects had total residual hearing loss. All subjects' hearing and speech perception benefited from cochlear implantation. CI diminished or eliminated tinnitus in all 4 subjects who had it preoperatively. 5 subjects reported great satisfaction with their new device. Conclusions. When we have more experience with our surgical technique we are confident we will be able to report increased rates of residual hearing preservation. Hopefully, our study will raise the profile of EAS in Brazil and Latin/South America. 1. Introduction Just over a decade ago people with sensorineural hearing loss had 2 main hearing (re)habilitation options: (1) a hearing aid (HA) if they had mild to moderate hearing loss and (2) a cochlear implant (CI) if they had severe to profound hearing loss. These 2 device options improved most users’ hearing. However, people who could hear in the low frequencies (up to 1000?Hz) but not the medium and high frequencies—the downward or “ski slope” audiogram—had too much high frequency hearing loss to benefit from their hearing aid(s) but were not CI candidates because surgeons feared the surgery would destroy their residual hearing. A solution for such people is electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS), a concept developed by von Ilberg and colleagues in 1999 [1]. EAS provides synergistic unilateral acoustic (via the HA) and electrical (via the CI) stimulation and provides its users with better hearing than they had had with their HA or HAs [2–4] and better hearing than enjoyed by unilateral CI-only users [1–5], especially in noisy environments [2–4, 6–9]. EAS also provides better sound quality and more natural hearing than unilateral CIs or HAs [4, 10]. These benefits are, however, only possible if surgeons do not damage the cochlea
Microbiology of rhinosinusitis in immunosupressed patients from the university hospital
Ortiz, Erica;Ng, Ronny Tah Yen;Alliegro, Fernando Canola;Teixeira, Cristiane;Muranaka, Eder Barbosa;Sakano, Eulalia;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942011000400018
Abstract: immunosuppressed patients are often susceptible to upper airway infections, especially those of the paranasal sinuses. these can sometimes jeopardize treatment success and even lead to a fatal outcome. objective: to study the paranasal microbiology of immunosuppressed patients with clinical evidence of rhinosinusitis, and compare it with that from immunocompetent patients. material and method: retrospective study, in which 42 immunosuppressed and 16 immunocompetent patients were selected. all had clinically evident acute or recurrent rhinosinusitis and were submitted to ethmoidal or sphenoid sinusectomy or maxillary sinus puncture to gather material for microbiological cultures. results: there were 92% positive cultures, and 21% were negative. of the positive cultures, 38% were bacterial, with p. aeruginosa being the most frequent agent; 64% were fungal, which occurred in the most immunocompromised patients. in the immunocompetent group, there were 62. 5% positive cultures and 37. 5% negative ones. all the positive ones were bacterial, with no fungi. conclusions: transplant recipients were prone to develop bacterial rhinosinusitis by gram positive and gram negative agents, the most common of the latter being pseudomonas aeruginosa. fungal infections occurred in the severely immunosuppressed, and it was absent in immunocompetent patients
Molekulare Genetik in der Pr natalmedizin
Pertl B,Bauer M,Eder M
Speculum - Zeitschrift für Gyn?kologie und Geburtshilfe , 2005,
Indications of Spin-Charge Separation in the 2D Extended t-J Model
George B. Martins,Robert Eder,Elbio Dagotto
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.60.R3716
Abstract: The 2D extended $\rm t-J$ model is studied computationally in a broad region of parameter space, motivated by recent photoemission experiments for the undoped cuprate $\rm Ca_2 Cu O_2 Cl_2$ (F. Ronning et al., Science {\bf 282}, 2067 (1998)). The one-hole ground state is shown to develop robust antiferromagnetic (AF) correlations between spins separated by the mobile hole (i.e. across the hole). This effect tends to decouple charge from spin, and the quasiparticle weight becomes negligible, particularly at momenta $(0,\pi)-(\pi,0)$. Studies with more holes show precursors of metallic stripe formation, with holes sharing their individual spin arrangements, and AF-correlations generated across the stripe.
Validity and Reliability of the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self Scale: Solving a New Type of Depression  [PDF]
Itsuki Yamakawa, Masaki Muranaka, Shinji Sakamoto
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.68098
Abstract: Although “modern-type” depression (MTD), having different features than melancholic-type depression, has become problematic in Japan especially since the late 1990s, there are few psychological studies of MTD. Sakamoto, Muranaka, and Yamakawa (2014) proposed a psychological framework depicting the onset of MTD, and coined a new concept of interpersonal sensitivity/ privileged self, which is assumed to be a vulnerability factor for MTD. In the present study, we examined the validity and reliability of the Interpersonal Sensitivity/Privileged Self Scale (IPS; Muranaka, Yamakawa, & Sakamoto, 2014), which has two superordinate factors, namely Interpersonal Sensitivity (IS: 16 items) and Privileged Self (PS: 9 items). Because MTD is presumed to overlap with atypical depression, it was expected that the IPS score in an atypical depression group would be higher than in a melancholic depression group, and the IPS score would be positively correlated with the depressive symptoms. Participants were 112 (70 male, 42 female) Japanese undergraduates, aged 18 - 25 years (M = 19.19, SD = 2.07). Cronbach’s α of the IPS was 0.90 (IS: α = 0.91, PS: α = 0.72). As we predicted, the IPS, IS, and PS were positively correlated with depressive symptoms. ANOVAs revealed significant differences in the scores of the IPS, IS, and PS among depression types. Post-hoc analyses showed that scores for anatypical depression group were significantly higher than those for a melancholic group and an unclassified-type group. These results support our prediction that IPS scores manifest differently in MTD and melancholic depression; validity and reliability of the IPS were confirmed.
Utiliza??o do adesivo fibrínico em LASIK
Molinari, Hamleto;Muranaka, Claudio;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492001000300009
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the use of fibrinogen adhesive in lasik for minimization of flap complications. method: lasik was performed in 312 patients (624 eyes). both eyes were operated on the same day, one eye with the conventional technique and the other with adhesive application. results: a significant decrease of flap complications was shown. conclusion: the use of fibrinogen adhesive showed to be efficient in the decrease of flap complications. comments: this technique seems to be useful in lasik following radial keratotomy and astigmatism keratotomy, in gluing free cap, and in interface hemostasis.
Krafttraining bei Patienten mit kardiologischen Erkrankungen
Wonisch M,Hofmann P,Pokan R,Eder B
Journal für Kardiologie , 2009,
Abstract: K rperliches Training ist seit Jahren Bestandteil der Empfehlungen zur Pr vention und Rehabilitation von Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen. Lange Zeit wurde das Hauptaugenmerk auf Ausdauertraining gelegt, doch belegen immer mehr Studien den positiven Effekt von dosiert ausgeführtem Krafttraining bei kardialen Patienten. Neben Verbesserungen der Muskelkraft per se lassen sich hnlich positive Trainingseffekte wie durch ein Ausdauertraining erzielen. Darüber hinaus finden sich Verbesserungen in der Lebensqualit t und in der Mobilit t vor allem bei lteren Patienten. Bei entsprechender Ausführung ist das Risiko der Kraftanstrengung gering und kann daher auch stabilen Patienten mit eingeschr nkter linksventrikul rer Funktion empfohlen werden.
Affective Compatibility between Stimuli and Response Goals: A Primer for a New Implicit Measure of Attitudes
Andreas B. Eder, Klaus Rothermund, Jan De Houwer
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079210
Abstract: We examined whether a voluntary response becomes associated with the (affective) meaning of intended response effects. Four experiments revealed that coupling a keypress with positive or negative consequences produces affective compatibility effects when the keypress has to be executed in response to positively or negatively evaluated stimulus categories. In Experiment 1, positive words were evaluated faster with a keypress that turned the words ON (versus OFF), whereas negative words were evaluated faster with a keypress that turned the words OFF (versus ON). Experiment 2 showed that this compatibility effect is reversed if an aversive tone is turned ON and OFF with keypresses. Experiment 3 revealed that keypresses acquire an affective meaning even when the association between the responses and their effects is variable and intentionally reconfigured before each trial. Experiment 4 used affective response effects to assess implicit in-group favoritism, showing that the measure is sensitive to the valence of categories and not to the valence of exemplars. Results support the hypothesis that behavioral reactions become associated with the affective meaning of the intended response goal, which has important implications for the understanding and construction of implicit attitude measures.
Factors influencing self-efficacy in breastfeeding support among public health nurses in Japan  [PDF]
Noriko Toyama, Kayoko Kurihara, Mineko Muranaka, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.512278

This study investigated self-efficacy in breastfeeding support among public health nurses (PHNs) working at maternal and child health (MCH) services in Japanese municipalities, and its related factors such as education, working experience, breastfeeding experience, and postgraduate/continuous education. Directors of the MCH divisions were requested to select one PHN to answer the self-report questionnaires sent. The questionnaires were collected from October 2010 to January 2011. Of the 1750 questionnaires sent, 831 were returned (response rate: 47.5%); 102 were excluded from analysis because of missing data (valid response rate: 41.7%). After adjusting the weights of PHN sampling and collection rates by prefecture and population size, Model 1 of the multiple regression analysis showed that the self-efficacy in breastfeeding support was significantly higher in large/urban municipalities (β = 0.13) and in the Kanto district. Model 2 revealed that self-efficacy was significantly associated with working experience (β = 0.13) and breastfeeding experience (β = 0.22) but not with educational background. Model 3 showed that self-efficacy was significantly associated with postgraduate education (β = 0.14) and continuous education (β = 0.12). This suggested that PHNs’ self-efficacy increased through self-enrichment. It is necessary to create training opportunities about breastfeeding support for PHNs—especially those working in remote and/or small municipalities— and to provide them with new and important information.


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