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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3128 matches for " Economy "
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Pricing Services in a Grid of Computers Using Priority Segmentation  [PDF]
Emmanuel Fragniere, Francesco Moresino
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2010.33040
Abstract: In the past decade many grids of computers have been built among non-profit institutions. These grids are built on a voluntary participation and the resources are not charged to the users. When a resource is given free of charge its allocation is in general not optimal. In this paper, we propose an original mechanism that allows an optimal resource allocation without cash exchanges. We develop a pricing scheme where the service is segmented according to the priority level. The optimal prices of the different services are obtained by solving a Markov Decision Process (MDP). Each participant receives a credit that is proportional to its contribution that enables him to have access to services offered by the grid.
Broadband and Telecommuting: Helping the U.S. Environment and the Economy  [PDF]
Joseph P. Fuhr, Stephen Pociask
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2011.21007
Abstract: This study examines how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. through the widespread delivery of broadband services and the expansion of telecommuting. Telecommuting can reduce greenhouse gas emissions over the next 10 years by approximately 588.2 tons of which 247.7 million tons is due to less driving, 28.1 million tons is due to reduced office construction, and 312.4 million tons because of less energy usage by businesses. This paper explores these broadband services and their effects on the environment, specifically as a means to achieve better and cleaner energy use, while enhancing economic output, worker productivity and the standard of living of American consumers.
Investing in China: Opportunities and Risks in the Future  [PDF]
Yunhua Liu
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2012.11001
Abstract: Investment environment in China is changing due to the drastic change in world economic environment and the intrinsic evolution inside the Chinese economy. Although China is facing a series challenges for its further growth, a soft landing of the economy is expected. To meet the external and internal challenges and to overcome the constraints for further growth, China has to transit the growth pattern which will generate two areas of new demand, expansion of new industries for green economy and for resources saving goals and promoting the purchasing power of low income group. Fast urbanization and moving to the west are the other two major development opportunities. Risks and uncertainties in the coming time could come mainly from the slowdown of external demand growth, the appreciation of Chinese currency, the labor cost increase, domestic competition and product mimicking, resource supply constraints, and trade disputes.
Equilibrium in Classical Confucian “Economy”  [PDF]
Shirley Chan
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.22015
Abstract: In a modern economy, “equilibrium” means that supply and demand is equal. It is at this point that the allocation of goods and services is at its most efficient, this being because the amount of goods and the amount of goods in demand are equally balanced. The market equilibrium therefore is determined by supply and demand. This paper looks at the concept of “equilibrium” in some of the early Confucian texts and its possible implications in economic activities. In the Confucian context equilibrium, or what can be termed as the ultimate equilibrium, is to be understood in a broader sense where balances and harmony at different levels (e.g. individual and society) need to be sought in order to achieve a model of sustainable development. The ultimate equilibrium may provide an alternative approach to social welfare and economic prosperity creating universal harmony and better living for humans. In Confucian ideology, governing for the welfare of the people is not merely a question of increasing personal income and wealth; it requires implementation on a priority basis, taking into consideration the formation of an orderly society based on the enforcement of moral and ethical standards with the existence of a benevolent government which appropriates things according to the principles of harmony and order to achieve what can be termed as the “great equilibrium”—equilibrium that is not simply defined by balanced economic forces as in modern economic theory; but rather is used to suggest an ideal state of harmony in self fulfilment and socio-political order through incentives and by appropriate means.
Politics of Hunger and Development: A Sociological Review of India’s Developmental Discourse  [PDF]
M. Ashok Kumar
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24050
Abstract: This paper attempts to address the problem of hunger from the viewpoint of its social face against the backdrop of fast growing economy of India. Current sad state of affairs in the domain of poverty and hunger are nothing but the cumulative result of what happens in the Indian development planning since Independence, or at least in the name of development planning. This paper sociologically examines three most critical events in the history of Indian development planning, which are introduced to mitigate hunger and poverty, in both urban and rural India. The central focus of this paper is to highlight politics of those development initiatives and liquidation of public planning at the level of implementation, which eventually increased the gap between rich and poor, and left the Indian poor to their own fate. This paper also examines the most significant aspect of delinking power relations from the development discourse of India by providing more room for populist ideas with an aim to gain political mileage by the ruling elite. The present state of affairs with respect to poverty and hunger coupled with low standards of health, literacy and social awareness in India call for serious introspection. This paper, therefore, critically looks at Indian development discourse from the perspective of power relations, both established and emerging, which could alter our views on India and its growth story.
Research on the Relationship between Internet and Regional Economy: Based on the Allocation of Regional Economic Resources  [PDF]
Fan Huang
Modern Economy (ME) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/me.2017.85050
Abstract: In this paper, based on sorting out and analyzing the results of previous studies, this paper analyzes the relationship between the Internet and the regional economy from the perspective of regional economic resources allocation. Analysis of temporal and spatial evolution through the development of the Internet, the allocation of resources of regional economy and regional economy, and the relevance theory of economics from the micro perspective and macro perspective analysis and Research on the Internet and regional economic resources allocation. Finally, Empirical Study on the regional economic impact of different regions in China and the impact of the development of the Internet on different regions.
Creative Industries in Brazil: Analysis of Specifics Cases for a Country in Development  [PDF]
Ana Flávia Machado, Bárbara Freitas Paglioto, Tereza Bruzzi de Carvalho
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2018.87087
Abstract: This paper aims to focus in a theoretical approach on the traits of the Brazilian CCIs. They are marked by various forms of inequality, but yet experience a high level of cultural diversity. For this reason, we analyze the sectorial development in respect to the creation of employment, income, emphasizing the actions and policies directed to both segments, through information provided by the Social Information Annual Report (RAIS)1 and the Brazilian Association of Digital Game Developers (Abragames). Also using data from the RAIS, we analyze the factors associated with the development of the fashion industry in the major cities. The analysis of these two sectors of the CCIs in a peripheral country sought to put in evidence the institutional differences, different configurations of companies’ size, average income, educational level and gender composition. However, those differences disregard spillover potential and cross-fertilization between the fashion and games and apps sectors.
Assessment of the Effectiveness of Adjustment Programs at the Core of the Greek Economy  [PDF]
Aggelos Kotios, George Galanos, Thomas Poufinas
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.99098
Abstract: Despite the seven-year implementation of three adjustment programs to address the sovereign debt crisis, the Greek economy is still in a prolonged recession and faces problems of competitiveness, political stability and social cohesion. At the same time, the fiscal adjustment policy did not solve the original problem of public debt. On the contrary, as recent evidence shows, the country’s ability to service its debt has deteriorated. The causes of the crisis and the failure of the selected economic stabilization policies are a multidimensional and interrelated complex. The Greek economy has supported its growth in recent decades mainly in domestic consumption, with little presence in areas with high added value and extrovert features, focusing mainly on traditional business sectors with limited innovation characteristics. Ιn this study we will try on reasonable arguments but also with a series of statistical data and indicators from sources such as the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Bank, the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the Greek authorities to analyze the course of the Greek economy, evaluate the results of the selected policies and to formulate appropriate policy proposals.
The China-Africa Relations: Between the Development Cooperation and Economic Diplomacy  [PDF]
Maiga Aly
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2019.92016
Abstract: A spectacular ascent having made it possible to move from a continental economy to external influences to one of the greatest trading powers of the world, China has, in a few years debunked all the dogmas that wanted an economy initially low can very easily gain access to economic supremacy. The reform of its economy, begun in 1978 under the impetus of the Government of Deng Xiaoping and later its accession to the World Trade Organization, allowed the gradual opening of the country to the international markets and generated phenomenal growth which occurred thereafter. However, relations between China and Africa date back to the years 1960. Very early on, China developed diplomatic contacts with these African countries. China has in fact supported the newly independent African countries and has actively participated in consolidating local liberation movements in logic of anti-colonization. In Africa, since the period of socialist regimes, China has Darcy its aid in the construction of industrial fabric in some African countries and the development of production plants. These contacts between China and the African countries have succeeded, over the course of the political regimes, in developing a partnership and a particularly strong bilateral relationship. China continues to carry out major construction projects in Africa. China provides non-cost-specific loans to African countries and in return, it receives raw materials for its needs. It floods African markets with products with dubious quality and at the same time responds to African emergencies. It is therefore indispensable for the African countries affected by Chinese character and China to analyse the consequences, both positive and negative for the growth and development of their respective countries.
THE INFLUENCE OF DIGITAL ECONOMY UPON THE RURAL ECONOMY
A. TUNDUC
Lucr?ri ?tiin?ifice : Management Agricol , 2009,
Abstract: The concept of digital economy is typical to information society and is based on three essentil features: the infrastructure necessary for analyzing, assembling, processing and stocking the informations;the possibility of achieving on-line transactions; sending the informations from one individual to another, from one individual to organisations and from organisations to other organisations.
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