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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461774 matches for " Echandía "
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Una perspectiva feminista sobre subjetividades blanqueadas y nuevas lógicas de exclusión
Claudia Piedrahita Echandía
Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana , 2012,
Abstract: El artículo presenta consideraciones teóricas surgidas a partir de un proceso investigativo realizado en Bogotá durante el a o 2011 y dirigido a una población de mujeres jóvenes y afrocolombianas, en el tema de derechos humanos y políticas afirmativas. Entre sus objetivos se interrogaron las múltiples caras del sexismo en las actuales sociedades capitalistas, estableciendo que a pesar de las intenciones explícitas de empoderamiento de las mujeres que se recogen en los enunciados de las políticas públicas estatales, no se está avanzando hacia la inclusión y visibilización de todas ellas, sino que se están adoptando formas más sutiles y estratificadas de exclusión, provenientes de la maquinaria capitalista consumista que atraviesa en forma profunda los modos de existencia en nuestros países latinoamericanos. El artículo se estructura en cuatro partes: i. Presentación. ii. Subjetividades blancas y lógicas de exclusión iii. La estratificación de los devenires subjetivos de las mujeres. iv. Reflexiones críticas en torno discursos de género. v. Conclusiones
La violencia en el conflicto armado durante los a os 90
Camilo Echandía Castilla
Revista Opera , 2001,
Abstract:
El conflicto armado colombiano en los a os noventa: cambios en las estrategias y efectos económicos.
Camilo Echandía Castilla.
Colombia Internacional , 2000,
Abstract:
La historia de la quina desde una perspectiva regional: Colombia,1850-1882
Sandoval Yesid,Echandía Camilo
Anuario Colombiano de Historia Social y de la Cultura , 1986,
Abstract: Estudio sobre la quina colombiana en donde se describen las diferentes épocas de florecimiento del cultivo, las calidades producidas y las razones por las que decae la comercialización de dicho articulo.
Factors associated with mortality through sepsis syndrome in children 31 days to 14 years of age. Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali
Villegas,Dolly; Echandía,Carlos Armando;
Colombia Médica , 2010,
Abstract: objective: to determine factors associated with mortality by sepsis syndrome in children. methods: we performed an analytical study of cases and controls, which included patients between 31 days and 14 years of age, treated at hospital universitario del valle in cali, colombia, with sepsis syndrome between 1999 and 2003. information was gathered from medical records and books. the outcome variable was the status on discharge from hospital (alive or dead). all the dead children were verified in the hospital records and all the living children were confirmed alive four weeks after discharge. the exposure control variables were age, gender, origin, socioeconomic status, educational level of mothers, family order of the child, classification and origin of sepsis, nutritional status, underlying disease, presence and type of immunosuppression, invasive procedures, duration of surgery, broad-spectrum antibiotics, as well as preoperative, hospital and intensive care stay. results: we evaluated 110 cases and 110 controls, 79 with diagnosis of sepsis and 31 with septic shock. the cases had more days of evolution of the disease, higher proportion of family order of the child between third and fifth offspring, malnutrition, acquired immunosuppression, respiratory origin of sepsis, and shorter hospital stay and in intensive care. the logistic regression model showed that more days of disease progression (or 1.05 ci 95% 1.01-1.10), and family order of the child (1.39 ci 95% 1.11-1.74), meant greater risk of dying from sepsis syndrome. conclusions: it must be insisted to the community of the importance of consultation and early diagnosis of any infectious process for rapid identification of the bacteria, allowing the introduction of specific treatment and referral according to severity level.
Apgar bajo al nacer y convulsiones neonatales: Desarrollo motor grueso en el primer a?o de vida
Echandía,Carlos Armando; Ruiz,Juan Gabriel;
Colombia Médica , 2006,
Abstract: objective: to assess the putative association between 5 minutes apgar score, neonatal seizures and neurodevelopmental delay (infanib test) performed at 1 year of corrected age. design: historic cohort. setting: a first level hospital in cali, colombia (1989 to 1997); subjects came from a low socioeconomic stratum population. study subjects: a total of 287 infants who completed the 1 year follow up program were included. interventions: not applicable main outcome measures: incidence (cumulative and density) of neuromotor abnormalities (abnormal infanib test) at 1 year of age. results: compliance with program visits was 80%. thirty nine (13.6%) infants presented low 5 minutes apgar score. thirty six (12.5%) infants presented neonatal seizures, associated mainly with neonatal asphyxia and hypoglicemia. forty seven infants had an abnormal infanib test (cumulative incidence 16.4% and incidence density 1.3 new cases per 100 infants-year). a significant association between neonatal seizures and an abnormal infanib was found (rr crude 2.39 ic 95% 1.37-4.16). low 5 minutes apgar score is not an effect modifier neither a confounder of the association between neonatal seizures and an abnormal infanib. exploring the presence or absence of effect modification only bacterial meningitis, demonstrated a role as confounder for the association between seizures and infanib results. conclusions: both neonatal seizures and bacterial meningitis were independently associated with abnormal infanib results. neonatal seizures are not only an important risk factor (adjusted rr = 2.51 ic 95% 1.10-5.72), but an easily identifiable one that can help the physician taking the medical history to identify patients at high risk for neuromotor abnormalities during the first year of life.
Subjetividad política en el feminismo de la diferencia sexual: deseo y poder
Piedrahíta Echandía,Claudia Luz;
Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Ni?ez y Juventud , 2009,
Abstract: this article states, from the perspective of sexual difference feminism, a discussion about political subjectivity, basically understood as the women?s power and desire experience, constructed from the de-identification and deterritorialization of gender-assigned places, as well as expressed by means of a cultural revolution that exceeds the established phallocentric frameworks. accordingly, it deals with the creation of new images and ways to be a woman, far from the discussion of ?genderized? relations that are inserted and positioned in culture. through this potentializing perspective, it looks for figurations and conceptions that catch the creating dimension incarnated in women?s history, expressing new relationships with the world and, at the same time, it looks for other ways to approach power and politics. this article also puts into consideration theoretical tools that allow to make the experiences of power inserted in metamorphosis visible, in strange ways of being a woman and in vitalistic trajectories that exteriorize political subjectivities on the basis of desire and affection.
Apgar bajo al nacer y convulsiones neonatales. Desarrollo motor grueso en el primer a o de vida
Carlos Armando Echandía,Juan Gabriel Ruiz
Colombia Médica , 2006,
Abstract: Objetivo: Determinar si haber tenido un Apgar bajo a los cinco minutos y/o convulsiones neonatales aumenta el riesgo de trastornos del desarrollo motor grueso, que se identifican como resultado anormal de Infanib al a o de edad. Dise o: Cohorte histórica. Escenario: Programa de seguimiento de recién nacidos de riesgo en un hospital de nivel 1 de complejidad, con una población de estrato socioeconómico bajo de Cali entre 1989 y 1997. Población: Se incluyeron 287 lactantes que completaron un a o de seguimiento en el programa. Intervenciones: No aplica. Desenlaces principales: Frecuencia de compromiso neuromotor estimado mediante la prueba de Infanib. Resultados: Al a o se evaluaron 80% de los ni os que eran parte del programa. En 39 (13.6%) hubo un Apgar anormal a los 5 minutos. En 36 (12.5%) presentaron convulsiones neonatales, asociadas principalmente con asfixia perinatal severa e hipoglicemia. La prueba de Infanib fue anormal en 47 ni os para una incidencia acumulada de 16.4% y una densidad de incidencia de 1.3 casos nuevos por 100 lactantes-a o. La presencia de convulsiones se asoció con un Infanib anormal (RR crudo = 2.39 IC 95% 1.37-4.16). No hay modificación de efecto entre Apgar bajo y convulsiones. De los potenciales modificadores de efecto sólo el antecedente de meningitis bacteriana confundió el estimativo de la asociación entre convulsiones y un Infanib anormal. Conclusiones: Tanto las convulsiones neonatales como la meningitis bacteriana se asociaron independientemente con un Infanib anormal al a o. Las convulsiones son un factor de riesgo importante (RR ajustado = 2.51 IC 95% 1.10-5.72) y fácil de reconocer que permite al clínico identificar pacientes con alto riesgo de compromiso neuromotor durante el primer a o de vida.
Factors associated with mortality through sepsis syndrome in children 31 days to 14 years of age. Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali
Dolly Villegas,Carlos Armando Echandía
Colombia Médica , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: To determine factors associated with mortality by sepsis syndrome in children.Methods: We performed an analytical study of cases and controls, which included patients between 31 days and 14 years of age, treated at Hospital Universitario del Valle in Cali, Colombia, with sepsis syndrome between 1999 and 2003. Information was gathered from medical records and books. The outcome variable was the status on discharge from hospital (alive or dead). All the dead children were verified in the hospital records and all the living children were confirmed alive four weeks after discharge. The exposure control variables were age, gender, origin, socioeconomic status, educational level of mothers, family order of the child, classification and origin of sepsis, nutritional status, underlying disease, presence and type of immunosuppression, invasive procedures, duration of surgery, broad-spectrum antibiotics, as well as preoperative, hospital and intensive care stay.Results: We evaluated 110 cases and 110 controls, 79 with diagnosis of sepsis and 31 with septic shock. The cases had more days of evolution of the disease, higher proportion of family order of the child between third and fifth offspring, malnutrition, acquired immunosuppression, respiratory origin of sepsis, and shorter hospital stay and in intensive care. The logistic regression model showed that more days of disease progression (OR 1.05 CI 95% 1.01-1.10), and family order of the child (1.39 CI 95% 1.11-1.74), meant greater risk of dying from sepsis syndrome.Conclusions: It must be insisted to the community of the importance of consultation and early diagnosis of any infectious process for rapid identification of the bacteria, allowing the introduction of specific treatment and referral according to severity level.
Afebrile pneumonia (whooping cough) syndrome in infants at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, 2001-2007
Dolly Villegas,Connie Alejandra Echandía-Villegas,Carlos Armando Echandía
Colombia Médica , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Afebrile pneumonia syndrome in infants, also called infant pneumonitis, pneumonia caused by atypical pathogens or whooping cough syndrome is a major cause of severe lower respiratory infection in young infants, both in developing countries and in developed countries. Objective: To describe children with afebrile pneumonia syndrome.Methods: Through a cross-sectional study, we reviewed the medical records of children diagnosed with afebrile pneumonia treated at Hospital Universitario del Valle, a reference center in southwestern Colombia, between June 2001 and December 2007. We obtained data on maternal age and origin, prenatal care, the child’s birth, breastfeeding, vaccination status, symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and complications.Results: We evaluated 101 children with this entity, noting a stationary presentation: June-August and NovemberDecember. A total of 73% of the children were under 4 months of age; the most common symptoms were: cyanotic and spasmodic cough (100%), respiratory distress (70%), and unquantified fever (68%). The most common findings: rales (crackles) (50%), wheezing and expiratory stridor (37%); 66% were classified as mild and of the remaining 33%, half of them required attention in the intensive care unit. In all, there was clinical diagnosis of afebrile pneumonia syndrome in infants, but no etiologic diagnosis was made and despite this, 94% of the children received macrolides. Conclusions: These data support the hypothesis that most of these patients acquired the disease by airway, possibly caused by viral infection and did not require the indiscriminate use of macrolides.
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