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Search Results: 1 - 3 of 3 matches for " ELmouloud Bouchouka "
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Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of three endemic plants from Algerian Sahara
ELmouloud Bouchouka,Abdelouaheb Djilani,Abdesselem Bekkouche
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum : Technologia Alimentaria , 2012,
Abstract: Background. Saharan plants are known by their high content of antioxidant products like phenolic compounds due to the extreme climatic conditions. They constitute the basis of treatments used by local population for various diseases. The purposes of this study were to measure the total phenolic compounds and total fl avonoid compounds, to determine antioxidant capacity, and to evaluate the antibacterial activity of three wild Saharan medicinal plants. Material and methods. Hexane and ethyl acetate fractions of ethanol:water extract and the residu of the extracted aqueous layer of Ferula vesceritensis fruits, Genista saharae aerial parts and Zilla macropterae fruits were assayed to determine their antibacterial activity using the disc diffusion method against: Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922), Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 27853). In addition, the total phenolic compounds and total fl avonoids and antioxydant activity using DPPH test of ethyl acetate fractions (EAF) of plant parts studied were investigated. Gallic acid, quercetin and vitamin C were used for these parameters. Results. Among the extracts tested, ethyl acetate fractions of all plants and hexane fraction of F. vesceritensis showed activity against S. aureus. Good activity was shown by EAF of G. saharae. According to the results, it is observed that Z. macropterae fruits possess a good antioxidant activity. Conclusion. The results indicate that the ethyl acetate fraction of G. sahara Aerial parts possesses a good antibacterial activity against S. aureus, which justifi es its use in traditional medicine for treating respiratory diseases. Furthermore, evaluation of in vitro antioxidant capacity of Ethyl acetate fractions of these plants, particular Z. macroptera fruits, has also provided interesting results. Zilla macroptera fruits may therefore be a good source of antioxidants.
Epidemiological and Clinical Study of Cardiac Diseases in the Pediatric Department of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré (UH GT), Bamako (Mali)  [PDF]
Maiga Belco, Ba Hamidou Oumar, Sacko Karamoko, Dembélé Adama, Sanogo Nouhoum, Cissé Mohamed Elmouloud, Togo Pierre, Diakité Abdoul Aziz, Dicko-Traoré Fatoumata, Sylla Mariam
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.87032
Abstract: Introduction: Children’s heart disease is a major public health problem in developing countries and especially in Mali. The purpose of our work was to determine frequency, different types of heart disease and their short term evolution in the pediatric department. Methods: We performed a retrospective study among children aged 0 to 15 years, hospitalized in the pediatric department from January to December 2015 and whose diagnosis was confirmed using trans-thoracic echocardiography. Results: We included 103 cases of heart disease out of a total of 8613 admissions in the pediatric department, giving an hospital prevalence of 1.2%. Mean age was 4.1 years (from 1 day to 15 years) and children under 5 years were the most affected with 73.80% of cases. Male predominance was noted (sex ratio = 1.2). Respiratory distress was the most common circumstance of discovery (93.20%). Cardiac murmur and tachycardia were the most common cardiac signs with respectively 88.35% and 83.50%. Congenital heart disease accounted for 70.87% and was dominated by ventricular septal defect (VSD) with 30.13%. Acquired heart disease (29.13% of the sample) was dominated by mitral regurgitation (MR) with 56.67%. Mortality rate was 31.9% for congenital heart disease and 11.1% for acquired heart disease. Conclusion: children’s heart disease is responsible for high mortality. Early detection improves the management of this pathology, which remains frequent.
Post-Infectious Acute Glomerulonephritis in Child: Epidemiological, Clinical and Evolutionary Aspects in Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital in Mali  [PDF]
Mariam Sylla, Fatoumata Dicko-Traoré, Abdoul Karim Doumbia, Aminata Coulibaly, Abdoul Aziz Diakité, Modibo Sangaré, Pierre Togo, Fousseyni Traoré, Amadou Touré, Djènèba Konaté, Karamoko Sacko, Belco Maiga, Fatoumata Léonie Diakité, Lala N’Drainy Sidibé, Mohamed Elmouloud Cissé, Adama Dembélé, Hawa Diall, Oumar Coulibaly, Ibrahim Hamadou, Leyla Maiga, Issiaka Koné, Boubacar Togo, Toumani Sidibé
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2018.84036
Abstract: Introduction: Acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis (APIGN) can be serious due to its complications that still occur in our countries. In this work, we aimed to study the epidemiological, clinical, biological and evolutionary aspects of APIGN. Patients and methods: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study from January 1st, 2015 to December 31st, 2017 in the pediatric ward of the Gabriel Touré Teaching Hospital in Bamako. All children hospitalized for APIGN were included. Results: In two years, we included 10 children aged 7 years old on average; all from low socioeconomic backgrounds. The sex ratio was 1.5. On average, the children spent 15.8 days before our consultation. Edema was the main reason for consultation. We found a history of infection and high blood pressure in 30% each, and renal failure in 10% of the children. Hematuria and proteinuria were detected in 100% and 90%, respectively. Hypocomplementemia was observed in 66.6%. One third of the children had a positive antistreptolysin O. The average duration of hospital stay was 11.2 days. The evolution was favorable in 90%. Kidney failure was the leading cause of death. Conclusion: Acute post-infectious glomerulonephritis is still a reality in our context. Emphasis should be put on its prevention by improving the hygienic conditions, detection and the management of
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