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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 304 matches for " EC Onyenechere "
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Effect of Day-Studentship on Study of Geography among Female Students in Secondary Schools in Owerri, Nigeria
EC Onyenechere
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of day – studentship on the study of geography among female students in the secondary schools in Owerri metropolis. Data from school records were categorized and broken into appropriate descriptive statistics some of which were presented on frequency tables. Percentages and Chi square model were also used in the analysis. The findings include the following; there is significant variation in the performance of geography candidates in geography in the WASSCE, the schools in the inner city / core area have better performance than those in the fringes. Some of the recommendations include, the making of fieldwork compulsory for both day students and boarders alike, the teaching of geography in secondary schools from J.S.S.1 to S.S 111, the re-invigoration of guidance and counseling in schools to encourage girls with a flair for exploration to study geography, the institution of prizes on a yearly basis to best performing girls’ school by the Association of Nigerian Geographers to foster competition in geography among females in secondary schools, and the sending of female children to secondary schools in the municipality which is the core area for better performance in geography WASSCE by parents/ wards.
The Constraints of Rural Women in Informal Economic Activities in Imo State, Nigeria
EC Onyenechere
Africa Development , 2009,
Abstract: The paper analyzes the constraints on rural women in the informal sector of Imo State, Nigeria. Lack of access roads, irregular means of transportation, inadequate credit facilities, inaccessibility to socio-economic facilities and land tenure are identified as among the factors that have adverse effects on the participation/activities of rural women engaged in informal economic activities in the rural areas of Imo State. The paper further reveals that a majority of rural women in Imo State, engaged in informal economic activities, do not have significant access to institutional finance, neither do they for socio-economic services that could enhance women’s informal economic activities. The paper eventually makes policy recommendations to help alleviate women’s difficulties in the informal sector.
Effect of Rainfall Variability on Water Supply in Ikeduru L.G.A. of Imo State, Nigeria
EC Onyenechere, DO Azuwike, AI Enwereuzor
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The paper examined the effect of rainfall variability on water supply in Ikeduru L.G.A., Imo State. Data collected were analyzed using regression analysis and analysis of variance. The result of the analysis led to the rejection of the first and second null hypotheses and the acceptance of the alternatives, which are that there is a strong relationship between rural water supply in the study area and the rainfall; and that there is a significant difference in the sourcing of water supply among communities. At the onset of the rainy season, most of the water sources in Ikeduru L.G.A. are not reliable. Rainfall change points were detected to be 1991 and 1997. Reduction in rainfall amount as revealed by trends and variability patterns, adversely affects rural water supply and in turn puts rural dwellers injeopardy. The indicated linkage/strong relationship implies that the aquifer; the source of borehole water in the area and source of the various rivers (Mbaa, Oramiriukwa, Okatankwo) found in Ikeduru L.G.A. mainly depends on rainfall for recharge. The study made several recommendations, one of them being that concerted efforts by the people, civil societies, government as well as N.G.Os are needed for the amelioration of the adverse effects of climate change and rainfall variability on water supply through the massive development of groundwater sources.
Water Service Provision in Owerri City, Nigeria  [PDF]
Emmanuella C. Onyenechere, Sabina C. Osuji
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.47058
Abstract: The study investigates water service provision in Owerri-a Nigerian city. For the study both primary and secondary data were obtained and analysed. Secondary data were obtained from Imo State Water Corporation (ISWC) and the Works Department of Owerri Municipal Council. While, primary data were obtained from all the 17 wards that constitute Owerri city, i.e. the municipal area. Key informants were identified and interviewed using a structured interview schedule. The analysis of variance employed showed that there are significant differences in the water service provision pattern in the seventeen wards in Owerri city. The study found that though most residents of Owerri city rely heavily on commercial borehole owners and water tanker drivers/water peddlers for their daily supplies, the government through its SWA is in control, and there is an absence of a popularly acceptable regulatory framework/water policy. It recommends that Water decree 101 from 1993 (water legislation) be reviewed to address growing challenges. In order to enhance regular water supply at less cost, the study recommends that government should collaborate with the private sector and other community based organizations in a tripartite partnership. A new regulatory framework that will carry out government ownership and control of water resources and participatory aspects of water management should be produced by ISWC.
The Informal Sector and the Environment in Nigerian Towns: What we Know and What we Still Need to Know
Emmanuella C. Onyenechere
Research Journal of Environmental and Earth Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: People of low-income in Nigerian towns/cities rely on the informal sector for survival because the sector provides ample opportunities to support their livelihood. W hether analysts are considering specific aspects of the urban informal sector in Nigeria or the role of that sector in general, it is important to understand how the sector develops and changes over time, and how it interacts w ith, and affects the environment. W e already know in a general way the many problems associated with wastes generated from urban informal economic activities; but, there are only few well documented case studies of environmental degradation associated with informal sector activities. This study draws attention to some neglected aspects of informal sector research, especially one which relates to the environment, an area which should be further investigated by researchers undertaking field research on the informal sector in N igeria . By focusing on specific sub-sectors of the informal sector, and how they affect the environment, we will be in a better position to formulate new policies that will aid environmental management and sustainability in Nigerian towns.
Impact of Physico-Chemical Factors of Contaminated Foci on the Survival of Geohelminths in Abua Communities, Niger Delta Nigeria
EC Amadi, EC Uttah
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2010,
Abstract: Physio-chemical analysis of 200 soil samples collected from contaminated foci was investigated in six communities of Abua, Niger Delta Nigeria. The Jackson’s method was used in the chemical analysis of contaminated soils while Cobb’s decanting and sieving method was used in the extraction of geohelminths. The data showed that temperature, pH, Calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (mg2+), potassium (k+) ions and electrical conductivity had much effect on the survival of eggs and larval development of geohelminths. It was also observed that the nature of the soil in the study communities was clay-loam and sandy-loamy. The continuous deposition of human faeces in these contaminated foci should be discouraged. This can be achieved by the construction of toilet facilities of whatever description in the study area by the government. @JASEM J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2010, Vol. 14 (4) 117 - 121
The Dynamics of Domestic Water Vending in Enugu North L.G.A of Enugu State, Nigeria  [PDF]
Emmanuella C. Onyenechere, Ebere I. Eleazu, Okechi D. Azuwike, Sabina Osuji, Chimezie F. Igwe
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.44025
Abstract: The present investigation provides a case study of water vending in Enugu North Local Government Area, Enugu State of South Eastern Nigeria. Questionnaire copies were randomly distributed in the study area to 200 households. Data obtained from the field were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test. The analysis revealed that almost all the residents of Enugu North L.G.A. obtain their water from independent water vending systems which are operated by the private sector. Tanker truck, distributing and small retail water vendors all operate in the study area. There are an estimated number of 250 tanker truck drivers serving Enugu North L.G.A. Approximately 35 tanker trucks serve Hill- top/Udi siding ward, while there are a total of 52 retail vendors in Onuasata ward. Majority of the respondents are low income earners who spend within the ranges of NGN500 ($3.33) and NGN1500 ($10) a month on water on the average. 50.0 percent of these respondents opined that vended water was expensive. Of the respondents, 49.4 percent consumed 91 - 100 litres per capita per day, which is less than the 120 litres per capita per day recommended by the Federal Re- public of Nigeria’s National water supply and sanitation policy document of 2000. This deficit can be attributed to the cost of vended water. From the chi-square test, there is significant difference in the unit cost of water sold by vendors in the various wards in Enugu North L.G.A. In the absence of regular water provision through pipe-connections from the public utility, water vending should be supported but regulated. Meeting the water and sanitation target and optimizing water resources for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by 2015 will require a dramatic scaling up of joint efforts by the state government and the people in ensuring that vendors provide safe water at a low cost.
The Anatomy of the Solemn in Ezenduka’s “Lee Nnukwu Ukochukwu”
EC Umezinwa
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: Among Igbo liturgical music composers of the last fifty years, Ezenduka has stood tall like a mountain peak in a range of many mountains. The popularity of his compositions has provoked unusual interest among sacred musicologists and ethnomusicologists. The search for the basic and unique elements of his compositional style has inadvertently led to the isolation of solemnity as an overriding characteristic. This work is an attempt to analyze both the intra-musical qualities of one of his best, “Lee Nnukwu Ukochukwu” as well as the extra-musical components and endowments that have shaped his style, transforming it into a veritable model for Igbo liturgical music.
Epidemiology of Eye Diseases among Timber Workers in Owerri, Nigeria
EC Esenwa
Journal of the Nigerian Optometric Association , 2008,
Abstract: Anepidemiological studyof the Timber Industry in Owerri, Nigeria was carriedout. It assessed the burden of eye diseases among Timber workers in terms of magnitude, causes and time. Certain eye diseases, notably, conjunctivitis, foreign bodies/injuries/traumas, pterygia, pinguecula and uveitis, each, accounting for 39.52%, 31.10%, 12.53%, 7.34% and 2.16% respectively, were found among theworkers. Theworkerswho have spent close to 16 -20 years in the industry recorded the highest prevalence (21.92%) of the eye diseases, while those who have spent about 1-5years recorded the least prevalence of 4.57%. Theworking environment was unsanitary and noworker wore any protective goggle. These two latter factors are believed to have contributed to the prevalence of these eye diseases among the workers.
Dapagliflozin: an evidence-based review of its potential in the treatment of type-2 diabetes
Chao EC
Core Evidence , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CE.S16359
Abstract: pagliflozin: an evidence-based review of its potential in the treatment of type-2 diabetes Review (3209) Total Article Views Authors: Chao EC Published Date June 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 21 - 28 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CE.S16359 Received: 13 March 2012 Accepted: 11 April 2012 Published: 01 June 2012 Edward C Chao University of California, San Diego and VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA Abstract: Dapagliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitor that lowers plasma glucose by decreasing its renal reabsorption. The resulting excretion of glucose in the urine (glucosuria) has transformed what was once solely regarded as an adverse facet of diabetes into a potential novel therapeutic strategy. Glucosuria leads to weight loss, due to a reduction in calories, which is thought to rehabilitate insulin sensitivity, at least partially. By acting independently of insulin action or secretion, dapagliflozin appears to avert or minimize two key barriers to optimal glycemic control: hypoglycemia and weight gain. From the clinical studies conducted thus far in patients with type 2 diabetes, dapagliflozin significantly decreases HbA1c (by ~0.5%–1%, from a baseline of 8%–9%), as well as body weight (~2–3 kg), without increased risk of hypoglycemia. Dapagliflozin thus represents a paradigm shift in the treatment of diabetes. While long-term data on safety and efficacy are forthcoming, the results published to date suggest that this agent has the potential to be another option in the treatment of diabetes treatments. This article examines the evidence currently available on the efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin.
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