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CHLAMYDIAL NEONATAL CONJUNTIVITIS (CNNC) IN ILORIN, MIDDLE BELT OF NIGERIA
E.S Kolade
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2002,
Abstract: An increasing number of babies with conjunctivitis in our center what require an urgent evaluation was observed. To evaluate Chlamydial aetiology of Neonatal conjunctivitis in our environment all babies born in the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital over a six months period were prospectively screened for Neonatal conjunctivitis using the Center for Disease Control/World Health Organization case definition for Neonatal conjunctivitis. All patients diagnosed to have Neonatal conjunctivitis had laboratory evaluation done to identify the causes. However only those from whom the inclusion bodies of chlamydia were seen got included in this study. An empirical treatment with 10% sodium sulphacetamide eye drops was given to all patients while other additional illnesses identified were managed in a standard way. Clinical re-evaluation was done by 72 hours and 7 days of treatment for clinical cure. A total number of 112 babies developed neonatal conjunctivitis within the study period among the 852 babies screened and chlamydia was seen in 36 (32%). The hospital based incidence for Chlamydial neonatal conjunctivitis was 42 per thousand live births. There was a male preponderance. Gestational Age ranged between 27 weeks and 44 weeks though there were more term babies. Majority were delivered by spontaneous vertex. The Mean Age of on-set of disease was 5 days with a standard deviation of 3.8 days. Premature rupture of fetal membrane occurred in 1 (3%) case. Fifteen (42%) of 36 mothers had antenatal vaginal discharge. All mothers were married. Purulent eye discharge was the commonest clinical presentation and was sometimes unilateral. All babies responded well to treatment. No complication was observed in any baby. It was concluded that chlamydia trachomatis was the leading cause of neonatal conjunctivitis in our environment and the disease is of a remarkable magnitude requiring attention in our sub region. It has similar outlook with those reported from other regions of the World. (Af. J. of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology: 2002 3(2): 69-71)
The Pattern Of Adult External Abdominal Hernias In Zaria
E.S. Garba
Nigerian Journal of Surgical Research , 2000,
Abstract: Over a period of 12 years seven thousand, nine hundred and fifty-two (7952) patients with general surgical problems were operated on at the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria. Of these, patients with external abdominal hernias constituted nine hundred and eighteen (918). Operation for hernias constituted about 12.5% of the operative work-load of the general surgeons in this hospital. The descending order of occurrence of external abdominal hernias were inguinal, femoral and incisional. Right inguinal hernias were commoner than left inguinal hernias with a ratio of 1.7:1. The indirect inguinal hernias accounted for 67.5% of cases of inguinal hernias. There were fifty (50) of cases of bilateral inguinal hernias. Femoral hernias were commoner in the female patient than in the males, though inguinal hernias will still the commonest hernias in the females. Generally speaking, femoral hernias were commoner on the left side than on the right side. Incisional hernias occurred in women following caesarean section for obstructed labour. The commonest mode of presentation in all hernias was a reducible simple hernia. Other modes of presentation included irreducible hernia, intestinal obstruction, intestinal strangulation with peritonitis and occasional giant hernias (fascial deflect diameter greater than 10cm). Femoral hernias obstructed more commonly than inguinal hernias. Modified Bassini repair was the method employed to repair the inguinal hernias, low approach for simple femoral hernias and high approach for complicated femoral hernias. Simple repairs also were employed for incisional hernias with Keel method for moderate-to-giant hernias (facial deflect > 10cm in diameter). Four patients died, three from overwhelming infection following strangulation obstruction of inguino-scrotal hernias and one from severe chest infection following repair for a giant incisional hernia. The follow up was poor. Most patients defaulted after their second visit to surgical out patient department . External abdominal hernias remain a significant surgical problem in our environment. (Nig J Surg Res 2000; 2:12-15) KEY WORDS: External abdominal hernia, Adults, Morbidity, Mortality
De medisch-historicus in de rol van scepticus?
E.S. Houwaart
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1989,
Abstract: Wanting
A study of cognitive reflection prerequisites in pre-school children
E.S. Knyazeva
Psihologi?eskaa Nauka i Obrazovanie , 2013,
Abstract: Cognitive reflection is a necessary condition for productivity of children education programs. Meanwhile, preconditions for the development of cognitive reflection, formed during the preschool years, are still poorly understood. The article discusses theoretical and practical significance of its study. We present tools development to identify the preconditions of cognitive reflection in preschoolers. We describe a pilot study using this tool, in which age-related features and the dynamics of reflexive abilities were identified. We define a strategy for further research on the issue of children reflective abilities. Keywords cognitive reflection --- premises of cognitive reflection --- levels of reflexive process --- experimental procedures
Safety of longterm therapy with warfarin: possibility of treatment renewing after hemorrhagic complications.
E.S. Kropacheva
Rational Pharmacotherapy in Cardiology , 2009,
Abstract: The safety of anticoagulant therapy is discussed. Warfarin position in prevention of thrombotic complications is analyzed according to the evidence base medicine approach. Possible hemorrhagic complications of warfarin are described and accompanied with clinical cases. Possibility of renewal of anticoagulant therapy in patients after hemorrhagic complications is discussed.
Improved management of drugs, hormones and pesticides in Africa : policy and trade issues
E.S. Mitema
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research , 2010, DOI: 10.4102/ojvr.v76i1.80
Abstract: Drugs, hormones and pesticides are chemical compounds used for alleviation of various diseases in animals. There are many classes of drugs which have been used and in the case of natural steroid hormones these have been used to increase mass gain by stimulating protein anabolism. Pesticides have been used for many years in the control of ectoparasites which transmit important human and livestock diseases. The purpose of the present article is to review procedures for management of veterinary products to facilitate national and international trade.
HUMAN RIGHTS-Relevant Considerations in respect of IP and Competition Law
E.S. Nwauche
SCRIPT-ed , 2005,
Abstract:
The Protection of Expressions of Folklore Through the Bill of Rights in South Africa
E.S. Nwauche
SCRIPT-ed , 2005,
Abstract: This paper uses the Bill of Rights in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa 1996 and the jurisprudence that has developed in the course of its application to demonstrate that a human rights framework for the protection of expressions of folklore is a viable, or relatively better, framework than protection through existing intellectual property and sui generis regimes.
The Nature of Disorders in Reproductive System in Unilateral Cryptorchidism
E.S. Pimenova
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2009,
Abstract: The objective of the research: assessment of the condition of the reproductive system in patients with unilateral cryptorchidism. Children and teenage boys with unilateral cryptorchidism before surgical treatment, young adult men with surgically treated in childhood unilateral cryptorchidism were used as the material for the study. Results obtained show the depression in the circulating blood volume in afflicted testis in all the patients, the presence of prostate gland and spermatocysts pathology in both teenage boys with unilateral cryptorchidism and in males in long-term period after surgical treatment, minimal changes of gonadostat as well as the absence of antisperm autoimmune process in catamnesis in men after pull-through operation of testis. Unilateral cryptorchidism is characterized by parenchymal lesion of undescended testis, disorders in bloodstream in the testis and pathology of prostate-vesicular unit. In long-term period the changes of ejaculate are noted. These findings should be considered in prognosis for fertility decrease in unilateral cryptorchidism
MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGES OF ENDOMETRIUM IN CASE OF SPONTANEOUS ABORTIONS CAUSED BY THE DIFFERENT REASONS
E.S. Voronina
Saratov Journal of Medical Scientific Research , 2008,
Abstract: By means ofhistological, immunohistochemical and cytogenetic methods of research the morphological changes of endomethum and fetoplacental tissues, obtained by the endometrectomy of the women due to spontaneous abortions of different etiology, have been investigated in this study.
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