Abstract:
A re-evaluation of the Molten Salt Breeder Reactor concept has revealed problems related to its safety and to the complexity of the reprocessing considered. A reflection is carried out anew in view of finding innovative solutions leading to the Thorium Molten Salt Reactor concept. Several main constraints are established and serve as guides to parametric evaluations. These then give an understanding of the influence of important core parameters on the reactor's operation. The aim of this paper is to discuss this vast research domain and to single out the Molten Salt Reactor configurations that deserve further evaluation.

Abstract:
The G$^0$ parity-violation experiment at Jefferson Lab (Newport News, VA) is designed to determine the contribution of strange/anti-strange quark pairs to the intrinsic properties of the proton. In the forward-angle part of the experiment, the asymmetry in the cross section was measured for $\vec{e}p$ elastic scattering by counting the recoil protons corresponding to the two beam-helicity states. Due to the high accuracy required on the asymmetry, the G$^0$ experiment was based on a custom experimental setup with its own associated electronics and data acquisition (DAQ) system. Highly specialized time-encoding electronics provided time-of-flight spectra for each detector for each helicity state. More conventional electronics was used for monitoring (mainly FastBus). The time-encoding electronics and the DAQ system have been designed to handle events at a mean rate of 2 MHz per detector with low deadtime and to minimize helicity-correlated systematic errors. In this paper, we outline the general architecture and the main features of the electronics and the DAQ system dedicated to G$^0$ forward-angle measurements.

Abstract:
In the G0 experiment, performed at Jefferson Lab, the parity-violating elastic scattering of electrons from protons and quasi-elastic scattering from deuterons is measured in order to determine the neutral weak currents of the nucleon. Asymmetries as small as 1 part per million in the scattering of a polarized electron beam are determined using a dedicated apparatus. It consists of specialized beam-monitoring and control systems, a cryogenic hydrogen (or deuterium) target, and a superconducting, toroidal magnetic spectrometer equipped with plastic scintillation and aerogel Cerenkov detectors, as well as fast readout electronics for the measurement of individual events. The overall design and performance of this experimental system is discussed.

The paper describes the development results on
one-dimensional (1D) asymptotic model of the formation kinetics for the objects
(clusters) of subnuclear (quark) and subatomic (nuclear) matters. A concept of
the objects distribution density wave φ(a, t)
in space of sizes a lies in the basis
for analytical description of the processes under consideration. The proposed
formalism makes it possible to describe in an adequate way the final outcomes
of the well-known catastrophic phenomena in the world of elementary particles.
Mass characteristics of different processes of approach to equilibrium in nuclear
reactions are calculated.

Abstract:
As an application of the grand unified theory (GUT) to medicine, this paper introduces two natural nanomaterials—the gene and electromagnetic wave. They are involved in the proposed treatment of genetic and infectious diseases. It introduces the superstring as the fundamental building block of matter and the basic constituent of dark matter, one of the two fundamental states of matter. It also introduces the primum, unit of visible or ordinary matter, the other fundamental state of matter. They are convertible to each other by the action of basic cosmic or electromagnetic waves. Eleven biological laws define biology as a biological and physical theory. The gene is the primitive ingredient of living things and, therefore, the beginning of biological life and the virus the simplest living thing. Treatment ranges from genetic modification and alteration to remove undesirable symptom through genetic sterilization to stop the spread of the disease and outright destruction of the disease. Genetic sterilization and outright destruction apply also to infectious diseases. The paper concludes with a blueprint for research and development of appropriate technologies for the treatment.

Abstract:
The paper reviews the most consequential defects and
rectification of traditional mathematics and its foundations. While this work
is only the tip of the iceberg, so to speak, it gives us a totally different
picture of mathematics from what we have known for a long time. This journey
started with two teasers posted in SciMath in 1997: 1) The equation 1 = 0.99…
does not make sense. 2) The concept ？does not
exist. The first statement sparked a debate that raged over a decade. Both
statements generated a series of publications that continues to grow to this day. Among the new findings are: 3) There does not exist
nondenumerable set. 4) There does not exist non-measurable set. 5) Cantor’s
diagonal method is flawed. 6) The real numbers are discrete and countable. 7)
Formal logic does not apply to mathematics. The unfinished debate between
logicism, intuitionism-constructivism and formalism is resolved. The resolution
is the constructivist foundations of mathematics with a summary of all the
rectification undertaken in 2015, 2016 and in this paper. The extensions of the
constructivist real number system include the complex vector plane and
transcendental functions. Two important results in the 2015 are noted: The
solution and resolution of Hilbert’s 23 problems that includes the resolution of Fermat’s last theorem and proof Goldbach’s conjecture.

Abstract:
Зразки д оксиду мангану отримано методом анодного осадження з фторвм сних електрол т в на основ сульфату мангану у присутност дом шок он в двовалентних зал за або кобальту. Отриман продукти характеризувалися методами ААС та ДТА. Проанал зовано вплив дом шок он в зал за кобальту на х м чний склад отриманих зразк в Manganese dioxide samples have been prepared by the anode deposition from fluoride containing electrolytes based on manganese sulphate at the presence of additives of iron(II), cobalt(II) ions. Obtained materials were characterised with AAS and DTA. The influence of doping by ions of iron(II) and cobalt(II) on the chemical composition of the samples obtained has been analysed. Образцы диоксида марганца получены методом анодного осаждения из фторсодержащих электролитов на основе сульфата марганца в присутствии примесей ионов двухвалентных железа или кобальта. Полученные продукты характеризовались методами ААС и ДТА. Проанализировано влияние примесей ионов железа и кобальта на химический состав полученных образцов.

Abstract:
Numerical investigation of a new similarity method (the Aldar-Kose method) for N-body simulations is described. Using this method we have carried out numerical simulations for two tasks: 1) calculation of the temporal behavior of different physical parameters of active galactic nuclei (AGN) containing a super massive black hole (SMBH), an accretion disk, and a compact stellar cluster; 2) calculation of the stellar capture rate to the central SMBH without accretion disk. The calculations show good perspectives for applications of the similarity method to optimize the evolution model calculations of large stellar systems and of AGN.

The aim of this work is to introduce a high performance cathode for magnesium-ion batteries. TiO_{2}/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) composites were mixed in ball mill. The samples are charac- terized using XRD and SEM. The spex-milled composites exhibit better electrochemical perfor- mance with higher reversible capacity and excellent cyclability. The excellent electrochemical performance of TiO_{2}/rGO composites is due to their unique structures, which intimately combine the conductive graphene nanosheets network with TiO_{2} nanoparticles and possess the characteristic parallel channels running along the [010] orientation, which allow easy Mg^{2}+ transport. It was found that layered TiO_{2 }and rGO nanosheets in the composite interlace with each other to form novel sandwich-structured microspheres, which exhibit preferable electrochemical performance in rechargeable Mg batteries.

Abstract:
International standards state the thermal comfort requirements that office spaces must comply with. These are based on a model developed by Prof. Paul Ole Fanger of the Centre for Indoor Environment and Energy, Denmark. Today, forty-year research shows an evolution in these experiences. The work presented here is to develop a tool to evaluate the thermal comfort of working environments of office buildings. A methodology is devised on the basis of on-site measurements and questionnaire responses. For measurements, a mobile unit equipped with sensors is used, whereas the questionnaire obtains user responses on thermal quality of the work space. The thermal conditions of thirty office buildings presenting different acclimatization systems have been surveyed. The correlation between objective and subjective data allows developing a formula that shows the thermal comfort level for a given environment as a function of local aspects. For the surveyed buildings, the resulting comfortable temperature was 23.3℃, and the minimum percentage of user individuals experiencing discomfort with such temperature was 7%.