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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 168719 matches for " E. Jimenez-Bailon "
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X-ray spectroscopy of the Compton-thick Seyfert 2 ESO 138-G1
E. Piconcelli,S. Bianchi,C. Vignali,E. Jimenez-Bailon,F. Fiore
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117462
Abstract: We report on our analysis of XMM-Newton observations of the Seyfert 2 galaxy ESO 138-G1 (z = 0.0091). These data reveal a complex spectrum in both its soft and hard portions. The 0.5-2 keV band is characterized by a strong 'soft-excess' component with several emission lines, as commonly observed in other narrow-line AGN. Above 3 keV, a power-law fit yields a very flat slope (Gamma ~0.35), along with the presence of a prominent line-like emission feature around ~6.4 keV. This indicates heavy obscuration along the line of sight to the nucleus. We find an excellent fit to the 3-10 keV continuum with a pure reflection model, which provides strong evidence of a Compton-thick screen, preventing direct detection of the intrinsic nuclear X-ray emission. Although a model consisting of a power law transmitted through an absorber with Nh ~2.5 x 10^{23} cm^-2 also provides a reasonable fit to the hard X-ray data, the equivalent width value of ~800 eV measured for the Fe Kalpha emission line is inconsistent with a primary continuum obscured by a Compton-thin column density. Furthermore, the ratio of 2-10 keV to de-reddened [OIII] fluxes for ESO 138-G1 agrees with the typical values reported for well-studied Compton-thick Seyfert galaxies. Finally, we also note that the upper limits to the 15-150 keV flux provided by Swift/BAT and INTEGRAL/IBIS seem to rule out the presence of a transmitted component of the nuclear continuum even in this very hard X-ray band, hence imply that the column density of the absorber could be as high as 10^{25} cm^-2. This makes ESO 138-G1 a very interesting, heavy Compton-thick AGN candidate for the next X-ray missions with spectroscopic and imaging capabilities above 10 keV.
An X-ray view of 82 LINERs with Chandra and XMM-Newton data
O. Gonzalez-Martin,J. Masegosa,I. Marquez,M. Guainazzi,E. Jimenez-Bailon
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912288
Abstract: We present the results of an homogeneous X-ray analysis for 82 nearby LINERs selected from the catalogue of Carrillo et al. (1999). All sources have available Chandra (68 sources) and/or XMM-Newton (55 sources) observations. This is the largest sample of LINERs with X-ray spectral data (60 out of the 82 objects) and significantly improves our previous analysis based on Chandra data for 51 LINERs (Gonzalez-Martin et al. 2006). It increases both the sample size and adds XMM-Newton data. New models permit the inclusion of double absorbers in the spectral fits. Nuclear X-ray morphology is inferred from the compactness of detected nuclear sources in the hard band (4.5-8.0 keV). Sixty per cent of the sample shows a compact nuclear source and are classified as AGN candidates. The spectral analysis indicates that best fits involve a composite model: absorbed primary continuum and (2) soft spectrum below 2 keV described by an absorbed scatterer and/or a thermal component. The resulting median spectra parameters and their standard deviations are: G=2.11, =0.54 keV, =21.32 and =21.93. We complement our X-ray results with our analysis of HST optical images and literature data on emission lines, radio compactness and stellar population. Adding all these multiwavelength data, we conclude that evidence do exist supporting the AGN nature of their nuclear engine for 80% of the sample (66 out of 82 objects).
A long hard look at the minimum state of PG 2112+059 with XMM-Newton
N. Schartel,P. M. Rodriguez-Pascual,M. Santos-Lleo,E. Jimenez-Bailon,L. Ballo,E. Piconcelli
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912389
Abstract: XMM-Newton successfully detected the minimum state of PG 2112+059 during a short snapshot observation and performed a long follow-up observation. The high signal-to-noise spectra are modelled assuming different emission scenarios and compared with archival spectra taken by XMM-Newton and Chandra. The PG 2112+059 X-ray spectra acquired in May 2007 allowed the detection of a weak iron fluorescent line, which is interpreted as being caused by reflection from neutral material at some distance from the primary X-ray emitting source. The X-ray spectra of PG 2112+059 taken at five different epochs during different flux states can be interpreted within two different scenarios. The first consists of two layers of ionised material with column densities of N_H ~5 x 10^22 cm^-2 and N_H ~3.5 x 10^23 cm^-2, respectively. The first layer is moderately ionised and its ionisation levels follow the flux changes, while the other layer is highly ionised and does not show any correlation with the flux of the source. The spectra can also be interpreted assuming reflection by an ionised accretion disk seen behind a warm absorber. The warm absorber ionisation is consistent with being correlated with the flux of the source, which provides an additional degree of self-consistency with the overall reflection-based model. We explain the spectral variability with light bending according to the models of Miniutti and Fabian and constrain the black hole spin to be a/M > 0.86. Both scenarios also assume that a distant cold reflector is responsible for the Fe K \alpha emission line. Light bending provides an attractive explanation of the different states of PG 2112+059 and may also describe the physical cause of the observed properties of other X-ray weak quasars.
Suzaku observation of the Phoenix Galaxy
G. Matt,S. Bianchi,H. Awaki,A. Comastri,M. Guainazzi,K. Iwasawa,E. Jimenez-Bailon,F. Nicastro
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200811049
Abstract: In recent years, several Seyfert 2 galaxies have been discovered that change state when observed in X-rays a few years apart, switching from Compton-thin to reflection-dominated or viceversa. We observed a member of this class of "Changing-look" sources, the Phoenix Galaxy, with Suzaku, with the aim of better understanding the nature of the variations. The Suzaku spectrum was analyzed, and the results compared with previous ASCA and XMM-Newton observations. The source was caught in a Compton-thin state, as in XMM-Newton, but differently from ASCA. Comparing the Suzaku and XMM-Newton observations, a variation in the column density of the absorber on a time scale of years is discovered. A similar change, but on much shorter time scales (i.e. ks) may also explain the count-rate variations during the Suzaku observations. A soft excess is also present, likely due to continuum and line emission from photoionized circumnuclear matter.
The starburst-AGN of NGC1808 observed with XMM-Newton
E. Jimenez-Bailon,M. Santos-Lleo,M. Dahlem,M. Ehle,M. Guainazzi,J. M. Mas Hess
Physics , 2003,
Abstract: NGC1808 is a nearby spiral galaxy that harbours an active central region with an extent of 20 arcsec (i.e. 1 kpc). Previous X-ray and optical/NIR observations have provided convincing evidence for the existence of a starburst and an AGN. We present here preliminary results of the analysis of XMM-Newton data. We show a weak high-resolution soft X-ray spectrum with only emission lines typical of a starburst. Our analysis of the EPIC-pn spectrum shows two thermal components, but there is an additional, hard X-ray power law tail that is most likely due to an obscured active nucleus. Thus, our data show for the first time the presence of emission from both components, AGN and starburst, in one observation.
Physical properties and evolutionary state of the Lyman alpha emitting starburst galaxy IRAS 08339+6517
H. Oti-Floranes,J. M. Mas-Hesse,E. Jimenez-Bailon,D. Schaerer,M. Hayes,G. Ostlin,H. Atek,D. Kunth
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201323069
Abstract: Though Lyman alpha emission (Lya) is one of the most used tracers of massive star formation at high redshift, a correct understanding of radiation transfer effects by neutral gas is required to properly quantify the star formation rate along the history of the Universe. We are embarked in a program to study the properties of the Lya emission (spectral profile, spatial distribution, relation to Balmer lines intensity,...) in several local starburst galaxies. We present here the results obtained for IRAS 08339+6517. Using evolutionary population synthesis models, we have characterized the properties of the starburst (UV continuum, Halpha, total infrared and X-ray emissions, etc.), which transformed 1.4e+8 Mo of gas into stars around 5-6 Myr ago. In addition to the central compact emission blob, we have identified a diffuse Lya emission component smoothly distributed over the whole central area of IRAS 08339+6517. This diffuse emission is spatially decoupled from the UV continuum, the Halpha emission or the Halpha/Hbeta ratio. Both locally and globally, the Lya/Halpha ratio is lower than the Case B predictions, even after reddening correction, with an overall Lya escape fraction of only 4%. We conclude that in IRAS 08339+6517 the resonant scattering of Lya photons by an outflowing shell of neutral gas causes their highly-efficient destruction by dust, which explains the low Lya escape fraction measured. These results stress again the importance of a proper correction of scattering and transfer effects when using Lya to derive the star formation rate in high-redshift galaxies.
Multiwavelength analysis of the Lyman alpha emitting galaxy Haro 2: relation between the diffuse Lyman alpha and soft X-ray emissions
H. Oti-Floranes,J. M. Mas-Hesse,E. Jimenez-Bailon,D. Schaerer,M. Hayes,G. Ostlin,H. Atek,D. Kunth
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201219318
Abstract: In order to use Lyman alpha (Lya) emission as star formation tracer in cosmological studies, we must understand how the resonant scattering affects the escape fraction of the Lya photons. Thus, high spatial resolution multiwavelength studies of nearby Lya emitters, like Haro 2, are highly needed. For that purpose, we have used Chandra X-ray and HST (UV, optical and NIR) images of Haro 2, and STIS and ground-based spectral images along its major and minor axes, to characterize the Lya emission and the properties of the stellar population. The UV, Ha (Halpha) and FIR luminosities of the Haro 2 nuclear starburst are reproduced using evolutionary synthesis models assuming a young stellar population with ages ~3.5-5.0 Myr, affected by differential interstellar extinctions. The observed X-ray emission is attributed to gas heated by the mechanical energy released by the starburst (soft component) and a Ultra-Luminous X-ray source candidate (hard). Both compact and diffuse Lya components are observed. Whereas Lya is spatially decoupled from Balmer lines emission, Balmer decrement and UV continuum, the diffuse Lya component is spatially correlated with the diffuse soft X-ray emission. Moreover, unlike the compact one, diffuse Lya shows luminosities larger than predicted from Ha, assuming case B recombination and dust extinction as derived from Ha/Hbeta. We propose that, whereas the compact Lya emission is associated to the massive stellar clusters and is affected by outflows and dust extinction, the diffuse Lya originates in gas ionized by the hot plasma responsible for the soft X-ray radiation, as suggested by their spatial correlation and by the measured L(Ha)/LsoftX ratios. Calibration of Lya as star formation rate tracer should therefore include both effects (destruction vs. enhancement) to avoid biases in the study of galaxies at cosmological distances.
Searching for AGNs among unidentified INTEGRAL sources
E. Maiorano,R. Landi,J. B. Stephen,L. Bassani,N. Masetti,P. Parisi,E. Palazzi,P. Parma,A. J. Bird,A. Bazzano,P. Ubertini,E. Jimenez-Bailon,V. Chavushyan,G. Galaz,D. Minniti,L. Morelli
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19065.x
Abstract: We report on a new method to identify Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) among unidentified INTEGRAL sources. This method consists of cross-correlating unidentified sources listed in the fourth IBIS Survey Catalogue first with infrared and then with radio catalogues and a posteriori verifying, by means of X-ray and optical follow up observations, the likelihood of these associations. In order to test this method, a sample of 8 sources has been extracted from the fourth IBIS Catalogue. For 7 sources of the sample we obtained an identification, whereas the last one (IGR J03103+5706) has insufficient information for a clear classification and deserves more in-depth study. We identified three objects (IGR J08190-3835, IGR J17520-6018, IGR J21441+4640) as AGNs and suggest that three more (IGR J00556+7708, IGRJ17219-1509, IGR J21268+6203) are likely active galaxies on the basis of their radio spectra, near-infrared photometry and location above the Galaxy plane. One source (IGR J05583-1257) has been classified as a starburst galaxy but it might have been spuriously associated with the INTEGRAL detection.
Unveiling the nature of INTEGRAL objects through optical spectroscopy. IX. 22 more identifications, and a glance into the far hard X-ray Universe
N. Masetti,P. Parisi,E. Jimenez-Bailon,E. Palazzi,V. Chavushyan,L. Bassani,A. Bazzano,A. J. Bird,A. J. Dean,G. Galaz,R. Landi,A. Malizia,D. Minniti,L. Morelli,F. Schiavone,J. B. Stephen,P. Ubertini
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201118559
Abstract: (Abridged) Since its launch in October 2002, the INTEGRAL satellite has revolutionized our knowledge of the hard X-ray sky thanks to its unprecedented imaging capabilities and source detection positional accuracy above 20 keV. Nevertheless, many of the newly-detected sources in the INTEGRAL sky surveys are of unknown nature. The combined use of available information at longer wavelengths (mainly soft X-rays and radio) and of optical spectroscopy on the putative counterparts of these new hard X-ray objects allows us to pinpoint their exact nature. Continuing our long-standing program that has been running since 2004, and using 6 different telescopes of various sizes, we report the classification through optical spectroscopy of 22 more unidentified or poorly studied high-energy sources detected with the IBIS instrument onboard INTEGRAL. We found that 16 of them are active galactic nuclei (AGNs), while the remaining 6 objects are within our Galaxy. Among the identified extragalactic sources, 14 are Type 1 AGNs; of these, 6 lie at redshift larger than 0.5 and one has z = 3.12, which makes it the second farthest object detected in the INTEGRAL surveys up to now. The remaining AGNs are of type 2, and one of them is a pair of interacting Seyfert 2 galaxies. The Galactic objects are identified as two cataclysmic variables, one high-mass X-ray binary, one symbiotic binary and two chromospherically active stars. We thus still find that AGNs are the most abundant population among hard X-ray objects identified through optical spectroscopy. Moreover, we note that the higher sensitivity of the more recent INTEGRAL surveys is now enabling the detection of high-redshift AGNs, thus allowing the exploration of the most distant hard X-ray emitting sources and possibly of the most extreme blazars.
The nature of 19 X-ray sources detected with INTEGRAL
N. Masetti,P. Parisi,E. Jimenez-Bailon,L. Bassani,A. Bazzano,A. J. Bird,V. Chavushyan,A. J. Dean,G. Galaz,R. Landi,A. Malizia,D. Minniti,L. Morelli,E. Palazzi,F. Schiavone,J. B. Stephen,P. Ubertini
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: Since its launch on October 2002, the INTEGRAL satellite has revolutionized our knowledge of the hard X-ray sky thanks to its unprecedented imaging capabilities and source detection positional accuracy above 20 keV. Nevertheless, many of the newly-detected sources in the INTEGRAL sky surveys are of unknown nature. The combined use of available information at longer wavelengths (mainly soft X-rays and radio) and of optical spectroscopy on the putative counterparts of these new hard X-ray objects allows pinpointing their exact nature. Continuing our long-standing program running since 2004, here we report the classification, through optical spectroscopy, of 19 more unidentified or poorly studied high-energy sources detected with the IBIS instrument onboard INTEGRAL.
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