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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 490472 matches for " E Pérez Morán "
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The image of the Late-Francoist Spain in the films of Manolo Escobar
Má Huerta Floriano,E Pérez Morán
Revista Latina de Comunicación Social , 2013,
Abstract: As part of a research project that examines the 200 most popular films during the Late-Francoist Spain, this article offers a qualitative analysis of the ten films that were produced from 1966 and 1975 and were starred by the actor and singer Manolo Escobar, who was the most profitable artist of that time and delivered the most explicit messages. The analysis focuses on the values, ideas and beliefs transmitted by these films, which were presented to the public as just entertainment but were in essence ideological vehicles. The male dominance, the subservience of women, the exploitation of other Celtiberian issues that had relevance at that time, the glorification of the all things Spanish when in presence of foreignness are some of the characteristic features of these musical comedies whose happy endings suggested that success was within the reach of anyone who complied with the prevailing codes of conduct of the late-Francoist Spain.
La imagen de la Espa a tardofranquista en las películas de Manolo Escobar
Má Huerta Floriano,E Pérez Morán
Revista Latina de Comunicación Social , 2013,
Abstract: Nos acercamos al cine popular del tardofranquismo, del que estudiamos las 200 películas más taquilleras. Para este artículo analizamos, bajo técnicas cualitativas, el ciclo de filmes protagonizados entre 1966 y 1975 por el actor y cantante Manolo Escobar, al ser el más rentable económicamente y el más explícito en cuanto a sus mensajes. Pretendemos estudiar la transmisión de valores, ideas y creencias en este tipo de cine, que a priori se esconde bajo la fórmula del entretenimiento pero que en el fondo es un vehículo ideológico, como quedará demostrado. La preeminencia del macho, el servilismo de las mujeres, la explotación de otros tópicos celtibéricos del momento o el ensalzamiento de lo espa ol hacia lo foráneo son algunas de las constantes de estas comedias musicales cuyos finales tranquilizadores concluían que el éxito estaba al alcance de cualquiera que acatara los códigos de conducta imperantes en la Espa a tardofranquista.
Evolución de la prevalencia de infección por virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana en población reclusa al ingreso en prisión durante el período 1991-1995
Martín,Vicente; Caylà,Joan A.; Morís,María L.; Alonso,Luis E.; Pérez,Rafael;
Revista Espa?ola de Salud Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1135-57271997000300006
Abstract: background: inmates of spanish prisons include a high number of intravenous drug users (ivdus) and other people whose practices entail the risk of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv). the aim of this work is to find out the evolution of the prevalence of hiv infection at the time of admission to prison and the factors associated with it in this population group. this may enable us to form an idea of the effectiveness of risk reduction strategies and help to improve them. methods: all those people who were placed in a provincial penal institution in the northwest of spain between 1991 and 1995. socio-demographic, penal and hiv risk factor variables were gathered. the hiv infection test (elisa and western-blot) was carried out with the consent of the subjects. results: of the 1,663 people studied, 19.4% were hiv-positive. the prevalence hiv infection was particularly marked statistically in: women (26.0%), the 25-34 age group (29.1%), whites (20.9%), single people (22.8%), those people with a tattoo (29.9%), those people with a background in self-inflicted injuries (42.2%), ivdus (46.3%), those who admitted sharing syringes (61.5%) and those with a prison record of one or more years (37.3%). logistical regression analysis showed the following as predictors of hiv infection: ivdus, those who went to prison in 1992, women, the 25-34 and 35-44 age group, tattooed men, those with a background in self-inflicted injuries and those with a prison record, of more than one year. the gypsy ethnic group revealed a lower probability of hiv infection. the hiv infection time trend, stratified according to the prison record showed an almost significant drop (p=0.064). the infection trend per ivdu did not show any modification (p=0.16). conclusions: a high prevalence of hiv infection was detected in a prison located in a region which has not been particularly affected by aids. ivdus and some characteristics that may be related to this population group have an enormou
Control nutricional en pacientes de traumatología Nutritional control in orthopedic surgery patients
S. García Duque,G. Pérez Segura,E. Sanavia Morán,J. R. de Juanes Pardo
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2008,
Abstract: Objetivos: Establecer la incidencia y evolución de malnutrición en una cohorte de pacientes ingresados en un servicio de traumatología. ámbito: Es un estudio observacional y prospectivo, realizado en un hospital terciario que dispone de Unidad de Nutrición Clínica. Pacientes: Se estudian 107 pacientes (56,1% mujeres, 43,9% hombres, edad 62,1 ± 20,4 a os) al ingreso en el Servicio de Traumatología y la evolución en la primera consulta externa de los pacientes intervenidos para colocar una prótesis de cadera o rodilla. Intervenciones: Se realizó una historia clínica, recogida de datos antropométricos y tres tests de cribado nutricional: Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) y Valoración Global Subjetiva (VGS). Con ellos se calcula la prevalencia de malnutrición al ingreso, comparando las diferencias entre los métodos y la posible existencia de asociación entre la malnutrición y otros factores, tales como úlceras por presión o dependencia para las actividades de la vida diaria. Resultados: Según el MNA el 22% tiene riesgo de malnutrición, en la VGS es un 24% (un 4% están malnutridos) y en el MUST un 80% presenta alto riesgo de malnutrición. Un 1,7% de los pacientes tienen un índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) menor que 18,5. Existe una relación significativa entre la malnutrición y estado neuropsicológico (p = 0,001), dependencia para las actividades de la vida diaria (p = 0,002) y entre el MUST de alto y medio riesgo con la aparición de úlceras por presión (p = 0,003). Hay empeoramiento del estado nutricional postquirúrgico con 2 tests: MNA y VGS (p = 0,000). Conclusión: En las condiciones del estudio la prevalencia de malnutrición al ingreso en el Servicio de Traumatología es elevada, los pacientes con cirugía protésica de rodilla y cadera muestran al mes un claro empeoramiento de su estado nutricional, así como una mayor incidencia de úlceras por presión. Objective: To assess the nutritional status of orthopaedic patients. Design: Prospective observation study. Setting: Tertiary hospital, Clinical Nutrition Unit. Patients: 107 patients (56,1% women, 43,9% men, 62,1± 20,4 years) are studied at admission to the orthopaedic unit and it is observed the evolution of orthopaedic surgery patients with hip or knee prosthesis. Material and methods: Medical history, anthropometric data and three nutritional screening tools were considered: Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) y Valoración Global Subjetiva (VGS). It was assessed the prevalence of malnutrition in patients on admission to
Seguridad y efectividad de la sedoanalgesia con fentanilo y propofol: Experiencia en una unidad de medicina intensiva pediátrica
López,J. M.; Valerón,M.; Pérez,O.; Consuegra,E.; Urquía,L.; Morón,A.; González,R.;
Medicina Intensiva , 2007,
Abstract: objective. apply a sedoanalgesic (sa) protocol for invasive procedures (pi) in pediatric patients and evaluate its effectiveness and safety. design. prospective observational study. scope. pediatric intensive care unit (picu) of third level hospital. patients. a total of 110 children subjected to invasive procedures under sedoanalgesia with propofol and fentanyl. intervention. sedoanalgesic protocol for invasive procedure was applied with: fentanyl (1-2 mcg/kg with maximum dose of 100 mcg for first dose and 50 mcg for the next) and propofol (1-2 mg/kg with maximum of 100 mg for first dose and 50 mg for the next). the objective was to reach iii-iv sedoanalgesic grade for modified ramsay scale and amnesia related to invasive procedure. main endpoints. a) time to sedoanalgesia and recovery, length for invasive procedure and stay in the pediatric intensive care unit; b) mean dose of drug; c) sedoanalgesic grade and amnesia related to invasive procedure and d) adverse events. results. five hundreds sa were made for 634 ip in 110 children. the most common conditions were oncohematologics (91%), the spinal tap for intrathecal treatment was the most frequent ip (48.5%). most of the patients (96.8%) did not recall the procedure and an optimum sa was obtained in 93.4%. patients profoundly sedated presented a significant fall of systolic arterial pressure (88 ± 19 vs 98 ± 14 mmhg, p < 0.001) compared to those with minor sa level, as well as heart rate (88 ± 17 vs 91 ± 25 bpm, p < 0.05) and respiratory rate (19 ± 6 vs 23 ± 11 bpm, p < 0.05). mean time to reach adequate sedation was 4.62 ± 3.69 minutes and stay time in picu 41.8 ± 19. complication incidence was 6.6% (apnea, hypotension, bradycardia), these were resolved with manual ventilation and/or volume expansion. conclusions. sa protocol reached its goal of: a) effectiveness: sa achieved was optimal, with amnesia of the procedure in almost all patients and b) safety: complications were controlled due to monitorization and s
Control nutricional en pacientes de traumatología
García Duque,S.; Pérez Segura,G.; Sanavia Morán,E.; Juanes Pardo,J. R. de; Arrazola Martínez,M.a P.; Resines Erasun,C.;
Nutrición Hospitalaria , 2008,
Abstract: objective: to assess the nutritional status of orthopaedic patients. design: prospective observation study. setting: tertiary hospital, clinical nutrition unit. patients: 107 patients (56,1% women, 43,9% men, 62,1± 20,4 years) are studied at admission to the orthopaedic unit and it is observed the evolution of orthopaedic surgery patients with hip or knee prosthesis. material and methods: medical history, anthropometric data and three nutritional screening tools were considered: mini-nutritional assessment (mna), malnutrition universal screening tool (must) y valoración global subjetiva (vgs). it was assessed the prevalence of malnutrition in patients on admission to hospital, using different methods and determining if a correlation exists between malnutrition and other factors, such as the development of pressure sores of the dependence in activities of daily living. results: the risk of malnutrition is 22 and 24/100 patients admitted at hospital, if mna and sga are used, respectively (sga caregorized 4% of the group as "malnourished"). 80% patients are considered to be at high risk of malnutrition using must. 1,7% patients presented a body mass index (bmi) lower than 18,5. there is a strong agreement between malnutrition and neropsychological status (p = 0,001), and the dependence in activities of daily living (p = 0,002), and between medium and high risk of malnutrition and the development of pressure sores (p = 0,003). if mna and sga (p = 0,000) are used, post-surgical patients presents a deteriorating nutritional status. conclusions: the prevalence of malnutrition in patients on admission to hospital is elevated. orthopaedic surgery patients with hip and knee prosthesis presented a deteriorating nutritional status, and a higher incidence of pressure sores in a month.
Colonoscopy quality assessment
Morán Sánchez,S.; Torrella,E.; Esteban Delgado,P.; Ba?os Madrid,R.; García,A.; Ono,A.; Pérez Cuadrado,E.; Parra,P.; Cruzado Quevedo,J.; Pérez Riquelme,F.; Carballo álvarez,F.;
Revista Espa?ola de Enfermedades Digestivas , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S1130-01082009000200004
Abstract: aim: colonoscopy has become accepted as the most effective method for colon exploration. some application problems have been detected in the setting of normal clinical care due to its wide range of uses in recent years, and therefore there is a need to measure colonoscopy quality. for that purpose valid quality indicators are necessary to be defined. the application process of some quality indicators is presented in this study. the proposed indicators in this study are: quality of bowel preparation, cecal intubation rate, withdrawal time, adenoma detection rate, and adenoma removal rate. material and method: this is a prospective 12-month study where colonoscopies performed in the vi health area of murcia region were evaluated. from february 2006 to february 2007 a total of 609 subjects were eligible for colonoscopy after a positive fecal blood test in the setting of a colorectal cancer screening program. a sample of thirty patients (n: 30) was considered representative to assess the reliability of quality indicators and for a preliminary analysis of results. results: indicators results are: quality of bowel preparation (87%), kappa 0.74 (95% ci: 0.48-0.99); cecal intubation rate (90%) 0.74 (95% ci: 0.49-0.99); adenoma detection and removal rate (96%), kappa: 0.78 (95% ci: 0.53-0.99); withdrawal time: 13.36 min (95% ci: 10.48-16.11). kappa: 0.78 (95% ci: 0.49-0.99). conclusions: quality indicators definition and application in colonoscopy performance is possible. more studies are necessary to define the role of these indicators in the setting of clinical practice.
Interrelationship between the structural features and rehydration properties of spray dried manzano chilli sauce microcapsules
C., Pérez-Alonso;Fabela-Morón, M. F.;Guadarrama-Lezama, A. Y.;Barrera-Pichardo, J. F.;Alamilla-Beltrán, L.;Rodríguez-Huezo, M.E.;
Revista mexicana de ingeniería química , 2009,
Abstract: manzano chilli sauce microcapsules (mchs) were obtained by spray drying using gum arabic (ga100%), whey protein concentrate (wpc100%) and a blend of these biopolymers (ga50%-wpc50%) as wall materials in 2:1 and 4:1 wall to core material ratios (wcmr). water vapor adsorption isotherms data of microcapsules were obtained at 35 °c and fitted to gab's model. the monolayer water content values of the microcapsules varied from 9.97 to 14.32 kg h2o/100 kg dry solids, and were used for determining the surface fractal dimension (ds). ds values ranged between 2.04 to 2.30 for the 2:1 wcmr and 2.17 to 2.43 for the 4:1 wcmr, respectively. microcapsules topology was determined by scanning electronic microscopy (sem). microcapsules with wpc100% exhibited smoother and more regular shaped topology than those with ga100% which tended to exhibit surface flaws and dents, while those made with the biopolymers blend exhibited an intermediate morphology. rehydration times of the microcapsules were function of water activity (aw) and wcmr. the higher the wcmr, the higher the rehydration time required.
Actividad diurética de una decocción de Costus pictus D. Don.
Pérez Machín,Maykel; Sueiro Oyarzun,Mario L.; Boffill Cárdenas,María; Morón Rodríguez,Francisco; Victoria Amador,María del Carmen; Monteagudo Jiménez,Emilio E.; Lorenzo Monteagudo,Geidy;
Revista Cubana de Plantas Medicinales , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: costus pictus d.don. (mexican cane) is a species cultivated as ornamental in cuba and decoction of leaves is traditionally used for urinary affections including infections, lithiasis and renal colitis. objective: to assess the diuretic activity from the c. pictus leaves decoction. methods: a decoction with 30 % dry leaves was made and given to wistar male rats at 200, 400 and 800 mg doses of total solids/kg. volume was completed with saline solution to achieve a hydrosaline overload with a total volume of constant administration of 40 ml/kg for treatment group and for the positive control (20 mg/kg furosemide) and the negative control (0,9 % sodium chloride ). urine volume released were measured at half an hour, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 hours and electrolytes concentrations (na+ and k+) were assessed in total collected urine. results: there was a diuretic action depending on dose in c. pictus decoction with better results using the 800 mg/kg dose. the sodium and potassium levels released in urine were higher than those of negative control group thus, we think about a similar behavior to furosemide, despite its effect never is surmountable. the diuretic activity was higher in the last dose level (800 mg/kg). conclusions: results achieved allow us to conclude that the 30 % decoction of dry leaves of c. pictus had a dose-dependent diuretic effect.
Interaction between Calpain 5, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma and Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta genes: a polygenic approach to obesity
María E Sáez, Antonio Grilo, Francisco J Morón, Luis Manzano, María T Martínez-Larrad, Antonio González-Pérez, Javier Serrano-Hernando, Agustín Ruiz, Reposo Ramírez-Lorca, Manuel Serrano-Ríos
Cardiovascular Diabetology , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2840-7-23
Abstract: To investigate the possibility of the existence of a crosstalk between the CALPAIN 10 homologue CALPAIN 5 and nuclear receptors of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors family.Cross-sectional, genetic association study and gene-gene interaction analysis.The study sample comprise 1953 individuals, 725 obese (defined as body mass index ≥ 30) and 1228 non obese subjects.In the monogenic analysis, only the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta (PPARD) gene was associated with obesity (OR = 1.43 [1.04–1.97], p = 0.027). In addition, we have found a significant interaction between CAPN5 and PPARD genes (p = 0.038) that reduces the risk for obesity in a 55%.Our results suggest that CAPN5 and PPARD gene products may also interact in vivo.Obesity, which is among of the most hereditable human conditions (45–75%), is, with few exceptions, a polygenic disorder determined by an unknown number of genes with mild to moderate individual effects that also interacts with the environment to produce the phenotype. The importance of the genetic component in obesity has been assessed by the observation of familial aggregation, prevalence differences among ethnic groups and concordance rates in twin studies [1]. Association analysis has been the more successful strategy for the identification of these genetic factors, but these studies are not always replicated in subsequent analyses and only a small proportion of these genes have been consistently associated with the disease [2]. This situation is mainly due to small single gene effects, reason why, genetic association analysis can be strongly influenced by sample size, population structure and allele frequency. Thus, the polygenic approach is arising as the next landmark for the study of common complex diseases [3,4].The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) belong to a nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-inducible transcription factors that form functional complexes with the retinoid × recepto
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