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THE DISCOURSE STRUCTURE OF BOOK REVIEWS IN GHANAIAN NEWSPAPERS, 1950-2006
Dr. Gordon Adika
The Dawn Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Over the past several years there has been a remarkable scholarly interest in the book review genre in the Euro-American academic world: its prototypicality and variations across disciplines, cultures, and time. Just like western scholars, among the community of African scholars resident in Africa, the book review plays a significant role in scholarly interactions. In Ghana, for instance, where the academic book publishing industry has become vibrant the book review plays an essential role in announcing new knowledge. However, investigations into the structure and possible cross-cultural variations of the genre in a non-native English context such as Ghana’s appear non-existent. This study extends research on book reviews to a non-native English context in order to investigate cross-cultural variations relevant to the genre. The study describes and accounts for the range and variability of sub-functions within the four-move structure originally devised by Motta Roth, and further explores the extent to which the social, political and cultural dynamics of the Ghanaian community have shaped the rhetorical moves made in the reviews.
Colorectal Cancer
Dr. Andrew Knight,Dr. Michael Gordon
Australasian Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: .
Relationship Between Peer Influence, Pupils Interest in Schooling and Academic Achievement
Adika L.O,Toyobo Oluwole Majekodunmi
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study examined the relationship between peer influence, pupils interest in schooling and academic achievement. A total of 500 pupils were purposefully selected from 10 purposefully selected secondary schools in Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. Two instrument namely: Interest in schooling scale with r = 0.79 developed by Mitchell and modified by Umoinyang to suit the Nigeria environment and a modified ten items peer effect rating questionnaire developed by Tella with r = 0.72 was used to gathered data on the study. Two research questions were developed to guide the study and data collected to answer the research questions were analysed using Pearson Product Moment correlation. The results indicate that both peer influence and pupils interest correlate significantly with academic achievement. Based on these findings recommendation on how pupils academic achievement can further be strengthened were highlighted to the Nigeria parents.
Riemannian Space-Time, de Donder Conditions and Gravitational Field in Flat Space-Time  [PDF]
Gordon Liu
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.31002
Abstract:

Let the coordinate system xi of flat space-time to absorb a second rank tensor field Φij of the flat space-time deforming into a Riemannian space-time, namely, the tensor field Φuv is regarded as a metric tensor with respect to the coordinate system xu. After done this, xu is not the coordinate system of flat space-time anymore, but is the coordinate system of the new Riemannian space-time. The inverse operation also can be done. According to these notions, the concepts of the absorption operation and the desorption operation are proposed. These notions are actually compatible with Einstein’s equivalence principle. By using these concepts, the relationships of the Riemannian space-time, the de Donder conditions and the gravitational field in flat space-time are analyzed and elaborated. The essential significance of the de Donder conditions (the harmonic conditions or gauge) is to desorb the tensor field of gravitation from the Riemannian space-time to the Minkowski space-time with the Cartesian coordinates. Einstein equations with de Donder conditions can be solved in flat space-time. Base on Fock’s works, the equations of gravitational field in flat space-time are

Knowledge and Opinion on Stroke Rehabilitation and Outcome among Stroke Patients in Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Victor O. Adika,Nneoma Nzewi,Franco A. Apiyanteide
International Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ijtmed.2011.90.96
Abstract: Stroke is the third major cause of death behind cancer and heart diseases and leads to increased health burden of sensory and functional disabilities in many survivors across all parts of the world. It is a recognized fact that early rehabilitation is fundamental to the management of patients with stroke. This study is thus aimed at assessing knowledge and opinion of nurses on stroke patients rehabilitation as well as rehabilitation outcome in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was employed to determine the knowledge and opinion of nurses on stroke patients rehabilitation as well as outcome with stroke patients in the state university teaching hospital. One hundred nurses who gave their consent participated in the study. The nurses respondents were made up of females 66 and 72% of them registered nurses having some form of knowledge on stroke rehabilitation. Results reveal that 75% believed that nurses have a role to play in stroke rehabilitation and 78% of the nurses also acknowledged to a great extent that rehabilitation is a key component of nursing management of stroke patients. The result further reveals that 80% of nurses do not measure or assess outcome after stroke event before discharge from the hospital. However, 98% were familiar with the use of Glasgow Coma scale and not the Barthel index scale 1%. The study also recorded that educational status was significant for knowledge of stroke rehabilitation (χ2 = 33.035, p = 0.01) and not significant for opinion (χ2 = 19.457, p = 0.25). However, there was significant difference between knowledge and opinion on practices by nurses (χ2 = 87.889, p = 0.00) at p<0.05 for significance. Based on the findings, it could be concluded that majority of nurses showed positive opinion that adequate rehabilitation leads to better outcome although, more training on this issue should be intensified to reduce the incidence of disability and morbidity associated with stroke.
Extrinsic electromagnetic fields, low frequency (phonon) vibrations, and control of cell function: a non-linear resonance system  [PDF]
Glen A. Gordon
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2008, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2008.13025
Abstract: Chou and Chen’s report in the 1970s suggested conformational protein adaptation (CPA) might be influenced by low frequency phonons acting as “a possible information system”. This report proposes the universal force of electromagnetism initiates the phonon system they cited as it per-turbs paramagnetic/diamagnetic dampers within the protein matrix to produce a quantized low frequency phonon signal series. (http://www.phy.ilstu.edu/~ren/phononsims/page3.html) The signal series is iteratively processed by the protein beta sub-unit, the system, to posi-tion the alpha sub-unit, the outcome, a classic non-linear resonance system resulting in con-formational protein adaptation (CPA). CPA “priming” enables a secondary ATP/redox driven power system to complete cell activity. The evolutionary appearance of these two systems reflects their hierarchy: 1) a low energy phonon driven information control circuit governed by principles of physics that, along with proteins, may have preceded planet earth, and 2), an ATP/redox power completion circuit directed by principles of chemistry that evolved in living systems 1 billion or more years after earth formed.
Water Myths: The Illusion of Canada’s Endless Water Supply  [PDF]
Henry Gordon-Smith
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.410093
Abstract: This paper explores the common misconception that Canada has an infinite supply of freshwater. The true amount of water availability in Canada is explored, and the location of the majority of Canada’s water supply is described. As a consequence of a more precise assessment of Canada’s actual hydrologic situation the paper seeks to dash the dangerous myth of Canada’s water inexhaustibility, which is straining the country’s precious resource increasingly. Finally, this paper discusses the major threats to Canada’s water supply, which are from both external factors as well as its internal sociopolitical weakness. A solution to these problems is considered.
Hypertension Knowledge among Non-Academic Employees of Niger Delta University, Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Victor O. Adika,P.P.K. Joffa,Franco A. Apiyanteide
International Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ijtmed.2011.113.120
Abstract: The impact of hypertension remains a profound public health problem yet adequate knowledge on its etiology, risk factors and prevention remains poor in most developing countries of the globe. The essence of this study is thus, aimed to assess hypertension knowledge among non-academic employees in a university community of Bayelsa state, Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was employed to assess the knowledge on etiology, risk factors and prevention of hypertension among non-academic employees of Niger Delta University Wilberforce island, Bayelsa state, Nigeria. A total of hundred participants who gave consent participated in the study. The participants were made up of (53%) females and 47% males with mean age of 38.4 years. Results reveals most of the employees (73%) taught etiology of hypertension to be caused by excessive thinking, worries or stress while 27% could not decipher this fact. The result also reveals, 59% of them were able to tell that hypertension could have a hereditary basis. High fat diet, smoking and alcohol were identified as risk factors by 80, 45 and 43% of the respondents, respectively showing poor knowledge on risk factor despite the ability of most of them (72%) to identify that high salt diet is a risk factor of hypertension. Result further revealed that 65% of the participants do not know that the management of hypertension is for life and further 30% do not know that hypertension cannot be cured once in a lifetime. About 80 and 75% of the participants showed adequate knowledge on BP measuring and monitoring and regular intake of drug whereas 80% did not know that weight lost strategies are essential in controlling high blood pressure. Based on this findings it could be concluded that hypertension knowledge among non academic employees is sub optima. Thus, strengthening the knowledge base on hypertension remains the panacea to adequate management and prevention of the health and the economic burden of hypertension.
The Perspectives and Health Implications of Female Genital Mutilation among Amassoma Women in Bayelsa State, Nigeria
Victor O. Adika,Rose E. Ezonbodor-Akwagbe,Joyce E.T. Bokolo,Franko A. Apiyanteide
International Journal of Tropical Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ijtmed.2012.80.85
Abstract: A study of the perspectives and health implications of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) was carried out in Amassoma, Bayelsa State, Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to describe the perspective of practice, perspective of knowledge and quality of life after FGM. A survey was conducted, using a four-stage probability sampling technique between April 2010 and June 2010. About 98.7% of the respondents were women of Ijaw ethnic nationality. About 99.3% have knowledge of the practice of FGM and 94% have witness this event and 48.6% were not satisfied with the practice of FGM and family members constitute 92% of the main source of consent influencing the practice of FGM. However, 2% was contributed by health professionals. The study reveals that the effect of FGM on intercourse was 2.7%; quality of life assessment on pain, hemorrhage, urinary retentions infections and complications after FGM was 1.3% among study respondents. The campaign and interventions of opponents of FGM should be focused on the family and particularly parents.
Geometric scaling: a simple preconditioner for certain linear systems with discontinuous coefficients
Dan Gordon,Rachel Gordon
Computer Science , 2008,
Abstract: Linear systems with large differences between coefficients ("discontinuous coefficients") arise in many cases in which partial differential equations(PDEs) model physical phenomena involving heterogeneous media. The standard approach to solving such problems is to use domain decomposition techniques, with domain boundaries conforming to the boundaries between the different media. This approach can be difficult to implement when the geometry of the domain boundaries is complicated or the grid is unstructured. This work examines the simple preconditioning technique of scaling the equations by dividing each equation by the Lp-norm of its coefficients. This preconditioning is called geometric scaling (GS). It has long been known that diagonal scaling can be useful in improving convergence, but there is no study on the general usefulness of this approach for discontinuous coefficients. GS was tested on several nonsymmetric linear systems with discontinuous coefficients derived from convection-diffusion elliptic PDEs with small to moderate convection terms. It is shown that GS improved the convergence properties of restarted GMRES and Bi-CGSTAB, with and without the ILUT preconditioner. GS was also shown to improve the distribution of the eigenvalues by reducing their concentration around the origin very significantly.
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