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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 302014 matches for " Douglas J. Wulf "
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Paradigm Consistency and the Depiction of Stiltedness: The Case of than I versus than me  [PDF]
Douglas J. Wulf
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2012.23014
Abstract: Close adherence to prescriptive rules of grammar can sometimes produce stilted language, which can impart to language a pompous or stuffy impression. It is ironic that an island of potential unacceptability can arise within what is regarded as Standard English. In instances where prescriptive grammaticality and sociolinguistic appropriateness are in opposition, disagreements over language use can occur. Despite its impact, stiltedness has received little scholarly attention, probably because it is an intangible, subjective phenomenon. This paper investigates an indirect way to depict stiltedness through a quantitative measure. The example selected to demonstrate this approach is the rule of bare pronouns in comparative sentences. With tangible quantitative measurements of paradigm consistency and inconsistency, stiltedness may perhaps be understood more effectively.
Assistance in Learning and Teaching the English Article System: Diagnostics and Mnemonics  [PDF]
Douglas J. Wulf
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2016.64032
Abstract: Accurate use of the article system in English is a common problem even for advanced students of English as a second language (ESL). Articles are non-salient and there is much idiosyncrasy in their patterns of use. Extensive lists of rules and exceptions have been advanced to describe how to use articles, but such lists can be more confusing than helpful. A valuable pedagogical tool could be a simple set of diagnostics to check article patterns rapidly within their context of use coupled with mnemonics to help to summarize and recall various typical usage patterns. This paper advances such diagnostics and mnemonics drawing upon the etymology of the articles for inspiration. A small pilot study was also accomplished to indicate the potential pedagogical utility of this strategy for teaching and learning articles in English.
The Rain in Spain” Updated? An Elocution Drill for Efficiently Teaching English Consonant Clusters  [PDF]
Omar A. Alkhonini, Douglas J. Wulf
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2018.86020
Abstract: This small-scale longitudinal study investigates a technique for assisting English learners to achieve more native-like pronunciation of onset consonant clusters. Study participants were ESL students with L1s that lack onset clusters (Arabic and Mandarin Chinese). In the study’s instruction phase, participants followed the venerable pedagogy of reciting an elocution drill, a 10-word sentence containing one occurrence each of the five three-consonant onsets of English, but containing none of the two-consonant onsets. This pedagogical technique conforms to the concept of language acquisition under Skill Acquisition Theory (SAT). Furthermore, Universal Grammar (UG) and the Markedness Hypothesis predict that by practicing only the more marked three-consonant onsets, two-consonant onsets might also be acquired despite not practicing them. Indeed, the results show statistically significant modification toward more native-like pronunciation of both three-consonant and two-consonant onsets from the pre-test to the immediate post-test and the delayed post-test, given 24 weeks later.
Aggregating Qualitative Verdicts: From Social Choice to Engineering Design  [PDF]
Wulf Gaertner
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2016.65032
Abstract: At first sight, the choice of a socially best economic policy and the choice of an optimal engineering design seem to be quite separate issues. A closer look, however, shows that both approaches which aim at generating a (set of) best alternative(s) have much in common. We describe and characterize axiomatically an aggregation method that uses a set of evaluations that are arranged on a common scale. This scale establishes a common language, so to speak, which conforms to the criteria that are deemed relevant in order to compare various design options. Two conditions are able to characterize the proposed aggregation mechanism. One is a simple dominance requirement, and the other called cancellation independence makes use of the fact that for any pair of objects, rank differences of opposite sign can be reduced without changing the aggregate outcome of the ranking procedure. The proposed method has its origin in voting theory but may have the potential to prove useful in engineering design as well.
Does Aristotle Refute the Harmonia Theory of the Soul?  [PDF]
Douglas J. Young
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2013.31008

In Aristotle’s On the Soul he considers and refutes two versions of the harmonia theory of the soul’s relation to the body. According to the harmonia theory, the soul is to the body what the tuning of a musical instrument is to its material parts. Though he believes himself to have entirely dismissed the view, he has not. I argue that Aristotle’s hylomorphic account is, in fact, an instance of the harmonia theory.

Physical vulnerability modelling in natural hazard risk assessment
J. Douglas
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2007,
Abstract: An evaluation of the risk to an exposed element from a hazardous event requires a consideration of the element's vulnerability, which expresses its propensity to suffer damage. This concept allows the assessed level of hazard to be translated to an estimated level of risk and is often used to evaluate the risk from earthquakes and cyclones. However, for other natural perils, such as mass movements, coastal erosion and volcanoes, the incorporation of vulnerability within risk assessment is not well established and consequently quantitative risk estimations are not often made. This impedes the study of the relative contributions from different hazards to the overall risk at a site. Physical vulnerability is poorly modelled for many reasons: the cause of human casualties (from the event itself rather than by building damage); lack of observational data on the hazard, the elements at risk and the induced damage; the complexity of the structural damage mechanisms; the temporal and geographical scales; and the ability to modify the hazard level. Many of these causes are related to the nature of the peril therefore for some hazards, such as coastal erosion, the benefits of considering an element's physical vulnerability may be limited. However, for hazards such as volcanoes and mass movements the modelling of vulnerability should be improved by, for example, following the efforts made in earthquake risk assessment. For example, additional observational data on induced building damage and the hazardous event should be routinely collected and correlated and also numerical modelling of building behaviour during a damaging event should be attempted.
Chemical Analysis and Biological Activity of the Essential Oils of Two Endemic Soqotri Commiphora Species
Ramzi A. Mothana,Adnan J. Al-Rehaily,Wulf Schultze
Molecules , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/molecules15020689
Abstract: The barks of two endemic Commiphora species namely, Commiphora ornifolia (Balf.f.) Gillett and Commiphora parvifolia Engl., were collected from Soqotra Island in Yemen and their essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation. The chemical composition of both oils was investigated by GC and GC-MS. Moreover, the essential oils were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against two Gram-positive bacteria, two Gram-negative bacteria and one yeast species by using a broth micro-dilution assay for minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and for their antioxidant activity by measuring the DPPH radical scavenging activity. A total of 45 constituents of C. ornifolia (85.6%) and 44 constituents of C. parvifolia (87.1%) were identified. The oil of C. ornifolia was characterized by a high content of oxygenated monoterpenes (56.3%), of which camphor (27.3%), α-fenchol (15.5%), fenchone (4.4%) and borneol (2.9%) were identified as the main components. High contents of oxygenated sesquiterpenes (36.1%) and aliphatic acids (22.8%) were found in C. parvifolia oil, in which caryophyllene oxide (14.2%), β-eudesmol (7.7%), bulnesol (5.7%), T-cadinol (3.7%) and hexadecanoic acid (18.4%) predominated. The results of the antimicrobial assay showed that both oils exhibited moderate to high antibacterial activity especially against Gram-positive bacteria. C. ornifolia oil was the most active. In addition, the DPPH-radical scavenging assay exhibited only weak antioxidant activities for both oils at the high concentration tested.
Vzdelávanie v Európe — transkultúrna vyzva
Christoph Wulf
Journal of Pedagogy / Pedagogicky casopis , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10159-011-0002-4
Abstract: The author of the present study deals with the concept of learning outside the national framework with reference to global cultural diversity, which is seen as a constitutive condition of education. The author suggests incorporating the concepts of alterity and otherness into the education process, which students require in order to understand other cultures and also their own culture. In order for other cultures to understand an Other, heterologous thinking contingent on mimetic processes is required. The author gives the example of the inclusion of otherness-images in the teaching of history and points to the implementation of interculturalism in school education. European schools currently serve as contact zones for childrenlain and youth with diverse cultural backgrounds.
Historicismo y teleología: el Manual de gramática histórica espa ola en el marco del comparatismo europeo
Wulf Oesterreicher
Lexis , 2007,
Abstract: El artículo no presenta resumen.
El espa ol, lengua pluricéntrica: perspectivas y límites de una autoafirmación lingüística nacional en Hispanoamérica. El caso mexicano
Wulf Oesterreicher
Lexis , 2002,
Abstract: No contiene resúmen
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