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BIOéTICA: FASCíNIO E REPULSA
Diniz,Debora;
Acta bioethica , 2002, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2002000100005
Abstract: this article analyses bioethics and its philosophical perspectives to moral conflicts on health matters. it argues for the relevance of working with the principles of uncertainty and sufficiency of the real in bioethical theories as a way to promote moral tolerance
A poesia entrevista: uma bio-grafia de Armando Freitas Filho
Diniz, Marcelo;
Alea : Estudos Neolatinos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-106X2003000200010
Abstract: this text intends to treat a non-literary register as a literary space, through the interpretation of an interview given by the poet armando freitas filho. if the interview, in principle, is offered to the fantasy of inter-subjectivity and of immediate meaning apprehension - even more in this case since the interview concerns an author of literature - armando's interview seems to configure an exercise of resistance to fantasy, expanding the erotic space of his own work. the interview, finally, presents itself as the space of a bio-graphy, a live writing exercise of the poetic experience.
Empresariado e estratégias de desenvolvimento
Diniz, Eli;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64452002000100011
Abstract: the changes in the profile and in the forms of action of the brazilian business leaders in the 90's are analyzed with emphasis on the multidimensional (and not merely economic) character of the conditions in which they move and of their answers to them.
Uma perspectiva analítica para a reforma do Estado
Diniz, Eli;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451998000300003
Abstract: the problems and difficulties concerning the reform of the state in brazil are examined from a viewpoint scarcely found in the bibliography: that of the politico-institutional legacy of the old order. the main target of criticism are the reductionist views, which are unable to perceive the complexity of their object and to give due credit to its specifically political dimension.
Um diálogo de surdos: o projeto calha norte
Diniz, Eugenio;
Lua Nova: Revista de Cultura e Política , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-64451994000300007
Abstract: the projeto calha norte, a project conceived mainly from the standpoint of brazilian national security agencies in 1985, is examined regarding its political and institutional precedings. special attention is given to its impact on land policy and on policies directed to indian communities.
Quando a morte é um ato de cuidado: obstina??o terapêutica em crian?as
Diniz, Debora;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000800023
Abstract: this paper analyzes a court case involving parents' refusal of life support measures for an 8-month-old infant with spinal muscular atrophy type i, a fatal degenerative genetic disease. the parents filed for a court injunction to ensure that the infant would not be submitted to mechanical ventilation in case of respiratory distress. the brazilian courts recognized the parents' right to refuse life support measures, and the infant died a week after the ruling. the parents' request was to guarantee their right to avoid medical procedures that would not alter the infant's clinical prognosis. the author of this paper was called on to provide expert ethical counsel in this case, and the article is a modified and condensed version of the author's report to the presiding judge.
Dilemas éticos da vida humana: a trajetória hospitalar de crian?as portadoras de paralisia cerebral grave
Diniz, Debora;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1996000300008
Abstract: this study deals with the ethical premises of medical treatment for children with serious cerebral palsy. eight months of ethnographic research were carried out with patients at the cerebral palsy center in the sarah hospital in salvador, bahia, brazil. observation of treatment for these children, who displayed limited clinical change, led to the following question, as suggested by discussions from medical deontology: what is the purpose of medical treatment for children with serious cerebral palsy? the results of our research point to social and humanist explanations going beyond the official medical scientific explanation, which limits treatment to corporal mechanicism.
Autonomia reprodutiva: um estudo de caso sobre a surdez
Diniz, Debora;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000100019
Abstract: the ethical principle of reproductive autonomy is one of the cornerstones of bioethical theories. prenatal diagnostic techniques and advances in genetics have broadened the spectrum of possibilities for reproductive choice. consequently, they allow for selection in diagnosed cases of fetal malformation, for instance. this article analyzes the case of deafness, in particular the argument from the deaf community that supports the birth of deaf children as a way of maintaining its cultural identity. the article discusses the community's culturalist argument that deafness should not be considered a disability. furthermore, the article considers the extent to which reproductive decisions by potential parents could limit the development of their future children.
Aborto e inviabilidad fetal: el debate brasile?o
Diniz, Debora;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000200032
Abstract: the case against non-compliance with the fundamental principle concerning anencephaly, under review by the brazilian supreme court, is a milestone in the debate on abortion in latin america. since the currently prevailing version of the brazilian penal code was enacted in 1940, there has been fierce resistance to any change in the country's abortion policy. this article discusses the arguments and political strategies used in the anencephaly suit brought before the supreme court, particularly the ethical and legal position that interruption of pregnancy in cases of anencephaly does not constitute abortion, but should be considered a therapeutic anticipation of delivery.
As fronteiras da pesquisa antropológica: ética, Autonomia e Tráfico de órg?os. Um comentário a The Global Traffic in Human Organs, de Nancy Scheper-Hughes
Diniz, Debora;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000100022
Abstract: the bioethical debate over the commercialization of the human body has intensified in recent years. this article discusses the principles of ethics and autonomy in the most important ethnography on international traffic in human organs, coordinated by anthropologist nancy scheper-hughes. the author discusses how defending the ethics of non-commercialization of the human body entails absolute ethical principles pertaining to human life, a political premise whose legitimacy is not recognized by relativist anthropologists.
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