Abstract:
The Loschmidt echo measures the sensitivity to perturbations of quantum evolutions. We study its short time decay in classically chaotic systems. Using perturbation theory and throwing out all correlation imposed by the initial state and the perturbation, we show that the characteristic time of this regime is well described by the inverse of the width of the local density of states. This result is illustrated and discussed in a numerical study in a 2-dimensional chaotic billiard system perturbed by various contour deformations and using different types of initial conditions. Moreover, the influence to the short time decay of sub-Planck structures developed by time evolution is also investigated.

Abstract:
When a regular classical system is perturbed, non-linear resonances appear as prescribed by the KAM and Poincar\`{e}-Birkhoff theorems. Manifestations of this classical phenomena to the morphologies of quantum wave functions are studied in this letter. We reveal a systematic formation of an universal structure of localized wave functions in systems with mixed classical dynamics. Unperturbed states that live around invariant tori are mixed when they collide in an avoided crossing if their quantum numbers differ in a multiple to the order of the classical resonance. At the avoided crossing eigenstates are localized in the island chain or in the vicinity of the unstable periodic orbit corresponding to the resonance. The difference of the quantum numbers determines the excitation of the localized states which is reveled using the zeros of the Husimi distribution.

Abstract:
Loschmidt echo (LE) is a measure of reversibility and sensitivity to perturbations of quantum evolutions. For weak perturbations its decay rate is given by the width of the local density of states (LDOS). When the perturbation is strong enough, it has been shown in chaotic systems that its decay is dictated by the classical Lyapunov exponent. However, several recent studies have shown an unexpected non-uniform decay rate as a function of the perturbation strength instead of that Lyapunov decay. Here we study the systematic behavior of this regime in perturbed cat maps. We show that some perturbations produce coherent oscillations in the width of LDOS that imprint clear signals of the perturbation in LE decay. We also show that if the perturbation acts in a small region of phase space (local perturbation) the effect is magnified and the decay is given by the width of the LDOS.

Abstract:
We study scarring phenomena in open quantum systems. We show numerical evidence that individual resonance eigenstates of an open quantum system present localization around unstable short periodic orbits in a similar way as their closed counterparts. The structure of eigenfunctions around these classical objects is not destroyed by the opening. This is exposed in a paradigmatic system of quantum chaos, the cat map.

Abstract:
We study the quantum to classical transition in a chaotic system surrounded by a diffusive environment. The emergence of classicality is monitored by the Renyi entropy, a measure of the entanglement of a system with its environment. We show that the Renyi entropy has a transition from quantum to classical behavior that scales with $\hbar^2_{\rm eff}/D$, where $\hbar_{\rm eff}$ is the effective Planck constant and $D$ is the strength of the noise. However, it was recently shown that a different scaling law controls the quantum to classical transition when it is measured comparing the corresponding phase space distributions. We discuss here the meaning of both scalings in the precise definition of a frontier between the classical and quantum behavior. We also show that there are quantum coherences that the Renyi entropy is unable to detect which questions its use in the studies of decoherence.

Abstract:
We study how decoherence rules the quantum-classical transition of the Kicked Harmonic Oscillator (KHO). When the amplitude of the kick is changed the system presents a classical dynamics that range from regular to a strong chaotic behavior. We show that for regular and mixed classical dynamics, and in the presence of noise, the distance between the classical and the quantum phase space distributions is proportional to a single parameter $\chi\equiv K\hbar_{\rm eff}^2/4D^{3/2}$ which relates the effective Planck constant $\hbar_{\rm eff}$, the kick amplitude $K$ and the diffusion constant $D$. This is valid when $\chi < 1$, a case that is always attainable in the semiclassical regime independently of the value of the strength of noise given by $D$. Our results extend a recent study performed in the chaotic regime.

Abstract:
We study the evolution of the energy distribution for a stadium with moving walls. We consider one period driving cycle, which is characterized by an amplitude $A$ and wall velocity $V$. This evolving energy distribution has both "parametric" and "stochastic" components. The latter are important for the theory of quantum irreversibility and dissipation in driven mesoscopic devices (eg in the context of quantum computation). For extremely slow wall velocity $V$ the spreading mechanism is dominated by transitions between neighboring levels, while for larger (non-adiabatic) velocities the spreading mechanism has both perturbative and non-perturbative features. We present, for the first time, a numerical study which is aimed in identifying the latter features. A procedure is developed for the determination of the various $V$ regimes. The possible implications on linear response theory are discussed.

Abstract:
The classical invariants of a Hamiltonian system are expected to be derivable from the respective quantum spectrum. In fact, semiclassical expressions relate periodic orbits with eigenfunctions and eigenenergies of classical chaotic systems. Based on trace formulae, we construct smooth functions highly localized in the neighborhood of periodic orbits using only quantum information. Those functions show how classical hyperbolic structures emerge from quantum mechanics in chaotic systems. Finally, we discuss the proper quantum-classical link.

Abstract:
The idea of perturbation independent decay (PID) has appeared in the context of survival-probability studies, and lately has emerged in the context of quantum irreversibility studies. In both cases the PID reflects the Lyapunov instability of the underlying semiclassical dynamics, and it can be distinguished from the Wigner-type decay that holds in the perturbative regime. The theory of the survival probability is manifestly related to the parametric theory of the local density of states (LDOS). In this Paper we demonstrate that in spite of the common "ideology", the physics of quantum irreversibility is {\em not} trivially related to the parametric theory of the LDOS. Rather, it is essential to take into account subtle cross correlations which are not captured by the LDOS alone.

Abstract:
The prediction of the response of a closed system to external perturbations is one of the central problems in quantum mechanics, and in this respect, the local density of states (LDOS) provides an in- depth description of such a response. The LDOS is the distribution of the overlaps squared connecting the set of eigenfunctions with the perturbed one. Here, we show that in the case of closed systems with classically chaotic dynamics, the LDOS is a Breit-Wigner distribution under very general perturbations of arbitrary high intensity. Consequently, we derive a semiclassical expression for the width of the LDOS which is shown to be very accurate for paradigmatic systems of quantum chaos. This Letter demonstrates the universal response of quantum systems with classically chaotic dynamics.